Federal Communications Commission.
Further notice of proposed rulemaking.
This document seeks further comment on the Commission's presubscribed interexchange carrier (PIC)-change charge policies. PIC-change charges are federally-tariffed charges imposed by incumbent local exchange carriers on end-user subscribers when these subscribers change their presubscribed long distance carriers. In light of recent cost information filed by BellSouth in support of an increase to its PIC-change charge, the further notice of proposed rulemaking seeks comment on creating separate PIC-change charges based on the method used to process the request. The further notice of proposed rulemaking also seeks comment on whether, to encourage interexchange carriers to utilize electronic processing, the charge should be assessed on the Start Printed Page 29914entity submitting the change request to the local exchange carrier, either the end user or the interexchange carrier. The charge currently is imposed on the end user.
Comments due June 15, 2004 and reply comments due June 25, 2004.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Jennifer McKee, Wireline Competition Bureau, Pricing Policy Division, (202) 418-1530.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
This is a summary of the Commission's Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) in CC Docket No. 02-53 released on April 23, 2004. The full text of this document is available on the Commission's website Electronic Comment Filing System and for public inspection during regular business hours in the FCC Reference Center, Room CY-A257, 445 Twelfth Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554.
In this Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, adopted April 14, 2004 and released April 23, 2004 in CC Docket No. 02-53, FCC 04-96, the Commission is seeking to refresh the record and specifically to seek comment on cost support information recently filed by BellSouth in support of its PIC-change charge increase. On March 20, 2002, the Commission released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, 67 FR 34665, May 15, 2002, in this proceeding seeking comment on the Commission's PIC-change charge policies, and on the $5 PIC-change charge safe harbor. At the time the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking was released, BellSouth charged a PIC-change charge of $1.49, substantially below the $5 safe harbor. BellSouth's $1.49 PIC-change charge was supported by a cost study that had been filed in 1990. In the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, the Commission sought comment on whether BellSouth's $1.49 charge should be used in establishing a lower or upper bound on any future PIC-change charge safe harbor. Comments on the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking were due on June 14, 2002 and reply comments were due on July 1, 2002. Since the record closed on the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, BellSouth has filed with the Commission a tariff revision, with the requisite cost support, that increased its PIC-change charge from $1.49 per change to $3.07 per change.
BellSouth's tariff filing highlights the significant disparity in costs for manual and electronic (mechanized) processing of PIC-change charges. BellSouth's analysis submitted in support of its tariff filing reflects that the percentage of manual processing has increased in recent years. This filing raises questions about the incentives that are created by a PIC-change charge that does not differentiate between electronic and manual processing. Therefore, as set forth below, we seek comment on BellSouth's filing, and whether and how we should take account of the information in that filing in analyzing our PIC-change charge policies and safe harbor. We also take this opportunity to refresh the record in this proceeding.
BellSouth's recently filed cost study indicates that manually processed PIC changes cost substantially more than mechanized PIC changes. BellSouth's filing indicates that the costs of manual PIC changes are cross-subsidized to some degree by the lower cost mechanized PIC changes because end users pay a single rate regardless of how the PIC-change request is submitted. Such subsidization will reduce carriers' incentives to invest in the equipment necessary to submit mechanized PIC change requests to the local exchange carriers (LECs). We therefore seek comment on whether there should be a separate PIC-change charge (and associated safe harbor) for orders that require manual processing by a LEC and for orders that are submitted to a LEC in a mechanized format. We also seek comment on whether manual versus mechanized processing of PIC changes is the correct categorization for any multiple safe harbors, or whether other classifications of PIC-change charges should be adopted. We also seek comment on how small entities may be affected by changes to our existing PIC-change charge policies.
To date, the PIC-change charge has been assessed on end users. This removes, to some extent, the incentive for interexchange carriers (IXCs) to reduce the costs of PIC changes because the charge is passed on to end users. Should the charge instead be assessed on the entity that submits the order to the LEC, i.e., if an IXC submits the order, the LEC would assess the charge on the IXC, and if an end user submits the order to the LEC directly, the LEC would assess the charge on the end user?
If there are separate charges for electronic and manual processing, or if the charge or charges are assessed on the entity placing the order, customers will need to be made aware of their options regarding PIC changes and what they can do to pay a lower PIC-change charge. For example, if an end-user customer calls a LEC requesting a PIC change, the LEC will have to enter the request manually, possibly resulting in a higher charge to the end user. If the end user instead requested the change through an IXC, however, either the lower mechanized PIC-change rate could potentially apply, or the customer could avoid paying a PIC-change charge at all if the charge was instead assessed on the IXC. If different PIC-change charge rates are adopted, how should end-user customers be made aware of the different rates when they request a PIC change? Would different PIC-change charge rates improve or hinder consumers' ability to understand how charges are incurred? Would any benefit from adopting separate charges for electronic and manual processing outweigh potential consumer confusion over the charges to be incurred when switching providers?
Consideration of separate charges raises the question of whether all entities placing PIC-change orders will be able to submit orders using a mechanized process. Can an end-user customer currently change its PIC electronically through the LECs' Web sites, or must a PIC change be processed by a LEC (manually) or through an IXC (manually or mechanized)? Should carriers that do not make available to end-user customers an option to submit PIC changes directly through a mechanized system be precluded from assessing a higher manual charge on its end-user customers?
Do separate charges for manual and electronic processing raise anti-competitive issues that should be addressed if the LEC is also providing long distance service? How much, if any, of the increase in the manual-to-electronic processing ratio as set out in the BellSouth filing may be attributed to the entrance of incumbent LECs in the long distance market? How do incumbent LEC long distance entities handle PIC-change requests? Are the requests processed by the long distance entities, or are customers referred to the local exchange entities to make the change? Will these processes change when incumbent LEC local and long distance operations are integrated after the sunset of the separate affiliate requirements of section 272 of the Act, 47 U.S.C. 272?
BellSouth's recent PIC-change charge tariff filing reflects weighted costs of $2.45 for a manual PIC change and $0.48 for a mechanized PIC change. These costs, multiplied by a common cost factor of 1.0497, yield BellSouth's total PIC change cost of $3.07. Should we adopt a PIC-change charge safe harbor (or harbors) based on the BellSouth cost study? Is the cost information submitted by BellSouth in Start Printed Page 29915its tariff filing typical for similarly situated carriers? If the BellSouth cost study is used as a basis for setting a PIC-change charge safe harbor (or harbors), should the study be revised in any way? For example, customers are entitled to one initial free PIC preselection. Therefore, is it appropriate to recover costs for new installations in the PIC-change charge?
Some customers request a “PIC freeze” from their LEC. A PIC freeze prevents a change in a subscriber's preferred carrier selection unless the subscriber gives the carrier from whom the freeze was requested his or her express written or oral consent. Should the additional costs of processing PIC changes to customers with PIC freezes be recovered through the PIC-change charge, or through a separate PIC-freeze charge? What entity should be responsible for paying any additional charges associated with changing PIC-freeze customers' PICs?
Finally, given the passage of time since the record in this proceeding closed, parties may refresh the record with any new information or arguments that they believe to be relevant to deciding the issues raised in this proceeding.
Ex Parte Requirements
This matter shall be treated as a “permit-but-disclose” proceeding i006n accordance with the Commission's ex parte rules, 47 CFR 1.1200 et seq. Persons making oral ex parte presentations are reminded that memoranda summarizing the presentations must contain summaries of the substance of the presentations and not merely a listing of the subjects discussed. More than a one-or two-sentence description of the views and arguments presented generally is required. See 47 CFR 1.1206(b)(2). Other requirements pertaining to oral and written presentations are set forth in section 1.1206(b) of the Commission's rules, 47 CFR 1.1206(b).
Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis
As required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980, as amended (RFA), 5 U.S.C. 603, the Commission has prepared this Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis (IRFA) of the possible significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities by the policies and rules proposed in this FNPRM. The RFA, see 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., has been amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA), Pub. L. 104-121, Title II, 110 Stat. 857 (1996). Written public comments are requested on this IRFA. Comments must be identified as responses to the IRFA and must be filed by the deadlines for comments on the FNPRM. The Commission will send a copy of the FNPRM, including this IRFA, to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration (SBA). See 5 U.S.C. 603(a). In addition, the FNPRM and IRFA (or summaries thereof) will be published in the Federal Register.
Need for, and Objectives of, the Proposed Rules
In this FNPRM, the Commission seeks additional comment on its policies for regulating PIC-change charges. Specifically, we seek comment on whether there should be separate PIC-change charges for manual and electronic processing of change requests, and on whether the charge should be assessed on the entity that places the order. We also seek comment on recent PIC-change charge cost information filed by BellSouth. We seek comment on these issues, as well as any alternative means of ensuring the reasonableness of PIC-change charges.
This FNPRM is adopted pursuant to sections 1, 4(i), 4(j), 201-205, and 303 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. 151, 154(i), (j), 201-205, and 303.
Description and Estimate of the Number of Small Entities to Which the Proposed Rules Will Apply
The RFA directs agencies to provide a description of, and, where feasible, an estimate of the number of small entities that will be affected by the proposed rules, if adopted. 5 U.S.C. 603(b)(3). The RFA generally defines the term “small entity” as having the same meaning as the terms “small business,” “small organization,” and “small governmental jurisdiction.” 5 U.S.C. 601(6). For the purposes of this NPRM, the RFA defines a “small business” to be the same as a “small business concern” under the Small Business Act, 15 U.S.C. 632, unless the Commission has developed one or more definitions that are appropriate to its activities. 5 U.S.C. 601(3) (incorporating by reference the definition of “small business concern” in 5 U.S.C. 632). Under the Small Business Act, a “small business concern” is one that: (1) is independently owned and operated; (2) is not dominant in its field of operation; and (3) meets any additional criteria established by the SBA. 15 U.S.C. 632.
We have included small incumbent LECs in this present RFA analysis. As noted above, a “small business” under the RFA is one that, inter alia, meets the pertinent small business size standard (e.g., a wired telecommunications carrier having 1,500 or fewer employees), and “is not dominant in its field of operation.” 5 U.S.C. 601(3). The SBA's Office of Advocacy contends that, for RFA purposes, small incumbent LECs are not dominant in their field of operation because any such dominance is not “national” in scope. See Letter from Jere W. Glover, Chief Counsel for Advocacy, SBA, to William E. Kennard, Chairman, FCC (May 27, 1999). The Small Business Act contains a definition of “small business concern,” which the RFA incorporates into its own definition of “small business.” See 15 U.S.C. 632(a) (Small Business Act); 5 U.S.C. 601(3) (RFA). SBA regulations interpret “small business concern” to include the concept of dominance on a national basis. 13 CFR 121.102(b). We have therefore included small incumbent LECs in this RFA analysis, although we emphasize that this RFA action has no effect on Commission analyses and determinations in other, non-RFA contexts.
Wired Telecommunications Carriers. The SBA has developed a small business size standard for Wired Telecommunications Carriers, which consists of all such companies having 1,500 or fewer employees. 13 CFR 121.201, NAICS code 513310 (changed to 517110 in October 2002). According to Census Bureau data for 1997, there were 2,225 firms in this category, total, that operated for the entire year. Of this total, 2,201 firms had employment of 999 or fewer employees, and an additional 24 firms had employment of 1,000 employees or more. The census data do not provide a more precise estimate of the number of firms that have employment of 1,500 or fewer employees; the largest category provided is “Firms with 1,000 employees or more.” Thus, under this size standard, the majority of firms can be considered small.
Local Exchange Carriers. Neither the Commission nor the SBA has developed a size standard for small businesses specifically applicable to local exchange services. The closest applicable size standard under SBA rules is for Wired Telecommunications Carriers. Under that size standard, such a business is small if it has 1,500 or fewer employees. 13 CFR 121.201, NAICS code 513310 (changed to 517110 in October 2002). According to Commission data, 1,337 carriers reported that they were incumbent local exchange service Start Printed Page 29916providers. Trends in Telephone Service, Federal Communications Commission, Wireline Competition Bureau, Industry Analysis and Technology Division, Table 5.3 (Aug. 2003) (Trends in Telephone Service). Of these 1,337 carriers, an estimated 1,032 have 1,500 or fewer employees and 305 have more than 1,500 employees. Trends in Telephone Service, Table 5.3. In addition, according to Commission data, 609 companies reported that they were engaged in the provision of either competitive access provider services or competitive local exchange carrier services. Trends in Telephone Service, Table 5.3. Of these 609 companies, an estimated 458 have 1,500 or fewer employees and 151 have more than 1,500 employees. Trends in Telephone Service, Table 5.3. In addition, 35 carriers reported that they were “Other Local Exchange Carriers.” Trends in Telephone Service, Table 5.3. Of the 35 “Other Local Exchange Carriers,” an estimated 34 have 1,500 or fewer employees and one has more than 1,500 employees. Trends in Telephone Service, Table 5.3. Consequently, the Commission estimates that most providers of local exchange service, competitive local exchange service, competitive access providers, and “Other Local Exchange Carriers” are small entities that may be affected by the rules and policies adopted herein.
Interexchange Carriers. Neither the Commission nor the SBA has developed a size standard for small businesses specifically applicable to interexchange services. The closest applicable size standard under SBA rules is for Wired Telecommunications Carriers. Under that size standard, such a business is small if it has 1,500 or fewer employees. 13 CFR 121.201, NAICS code 513310 (changed to 517110 in October 2002). According to Commission data, 261 companies reported that they were interexchange carriers. Trends in Telephone Service, Table 5.3. Of these 261 companies, an estimated 223 have 1,500 or fewer employees and 38 have more than 1,500 employees. Trends in Telephone Service, Table 5.3. Consequently, the Commission estimates that the majority of interexchange service providers are small entities that may be affected by the rules and policies adopted herein.
Description of Projected Reporting, Recordkeeping and Other Compliance Requirements
As described in the previous Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis in this proceeding, 67 FR 34665, May 15, 2002, we are seeking comment on whether we can rely on market forces to set reasonable PIC-change charges, or whether these charges must be regulated. If we find that the market reasonably sets these charges, there will be no additional reporting or recordkeeping burden on incumbent LECs with respect to these charges. If we determine that the market will not successfully constrain PIC-change charges, we must determine whether to establish a safe harbor below which PIC-change charges are to be deemed reasonable, or whether these charges should be cost-based. If we adopt a safe harbor, incumbent LECs will be in the same situation as under the current rules, i.e., PIC-change charges tariffed at rates below the safe harbor are deemed reasonable, and LECs have the option of charging more if they can demonstrate that their costs for PIC changes exceed that rate. If we decide not to adopt a safe harbor and require incumbent LECs to set PIC-change charges at cost, incumbent LECs will be required to file information demonstrating the costs of providing PIC changes.
Steps Taken To Minimize Significant Economic Impact on Small Entities, and Significant Alternatives Considered
The RFA requires an agency to describe any significant, specifically small business, alternatives that it has considered in reaching its proposed approach, which may include the following four alternatives (among others): (1) The establishment of differing compliance or reporting requirements or timetables that take into account the resources available to small entities; (2) the clarification, consolidation, or simplification of compliance or reporting requirements under the rule for small entities; (3) the use of performance, rather than design standards; and (4) an exemption from coverage of the rule, or any part thereof, for small entities. 5 U.S.C. 603(c)(1)-(c)(4).
We are seeking comment on alternative methods of setting a PIC-change charge, including whether market forces will successfully constrain these charges, and whether to adopt a safe harbor below which rates are presumed reasonable. These proposals would reduce the reporting and recordkeeping burden on all incumbent LECs, including small LECs. We also are seeking comment on whether to assess the PIC-change charge on the entity making the change request, which could be the IXC. We also are seeking comment on whether to create separate PIC-change charges for manual and electronic processing of PIC changes. This would allow IXCs to control whether they paid a higher manual processing charge or a lower electronic processing charge based on how they submit the order to the LEC. We also are seeking comment on how small entities may be affected by changes to our existing PIC-change charge policies.
Federal Rules That May Duplicate, Overlap, or Conflict With the Proposed Rules
Filing of Comments and Reply Comments
Pursuant to sections 1.415 and 1.419 of the Commission's rules, 47 CFR 1.415, 1.419, interested parties may file comments on or before June 15, 2004, and reply comments on or before June 25, 2004. Comments may be filed using the Commission's Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS) or by filing paper copies.
Comments filed through the ECFS can be sent as an electronic file via the Internet to http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs/. Generally, only one copy of an electronic submission must be filed. If multiple docket or rulemaking numbers appear in the caption of a proceeding, however, commenters must transmit one electronic copy of the comments to each docket or rulemaking number referenced in the caption. In completing the transmittal screen, commenters should include their full name, U.S. Postal Service mailing address, and the applicable docket or rulemaking number. Parties may also submit an electronic comment by Internet e-mail. To get filing instructions for e-mail comments, commenters should send an e-mail to email@example.com, and should include the following words in the body of the message, “get form.” A sample form and directions will be sent in reply. Parties who choose to file by paper must file an original and four copies of each filing. If more than one docket or rulemaking number appear in the caption of a proceeding, commenters must submit two additional copies for each additional docket or rulemaking number.
Filings can be sent by hand or messenger delivery, by commercial overnight courier, or by first-class or overnight U.S. Postal Service mail (although we continue to experience delays in receiving U.S. Postal Service mail).
The Commission's contractor, Natek, Inc., will receive hand-delivered or messenger-delivered paper filings for the Commission's Secretary at 236 Massachusetts Avenue, NE., Suite 110, Washington, DC 20002.Start Printed Page 29917
—The filing hours at this location are 8 a.m. to 7 p.m.
—All hand deliveries must be held together with rubber bands or fasteners.
—Any envelopes must be disposed of before entering the building.
—Commercial overnight mail (other than U.S. Postal Service Express Mail and Priority Mail) must be sent to 9300 East Hampton Drive, Capitol Heights, MD 20743.
—U.S. Postal Service first-class mail, Express Mail, and Priority Mail should be addressed to 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554.
—All filings must be addressed to the Commission's Secretary, Office of the Secretary, Federal Communications Commission.
Parties shall also serve one copy with Qualex International, Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 20554, (202) 863-2893, or via e-mail to <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Parties are strongly encouraged to file comments electronically using the Commission's Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS). Parties are also requested to send a courtesy copy of their comments via e-mail to email@example.com. If parties file paper copies, parties are requested to send two (2) copies of the comments and reply comments to Chief, Pricing Policy Division, Wireline Competition Bureau, Federal Communications Commission, 445 12th Street, SW., Room 5-A221, Washington, DC 20554.
Documents in CC Docket No. 02-53 are available for public inspection and copying during business hours at the Federal Communications Commission Reference Information Center, Portals II, 445 12th St. SW., Room CY-A257, Washington, DC 20554. The documents may also be purchased from Qualex International, telephone (202) 863-2893, facsimile (202) 863-2898.
It is ordered that, pursuant to the authority contained in sections 1, 4(i), 4(j), 201-205, and 303 of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. 151, 154(i), (j), 201-205, and 303, the further notice of proposed rulemaking is adopted.
It is further ordered that the Commission's Consumer Information Bureau, Reference Information Center, shall send a copy of this Further Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, including the Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis, to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration.Start Signature
Federal Communications Commission.
Marlene H. Dortch,
[FR Doc. 04-11657 Filed 5-25-04; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6712-01-P