Federal Railroad Administration (FRA), Department of Transportation (DOT).
To comply with the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, FRA is adjusting the minimum and maximum civil monetary penalties (CMP) that it will apply when assessing a penalty for a violation of the Federal hazardous material transportation laws and regulations. Consistent with past FRA practice, FRA's penalty increase will mirror that made by DOT's lead agency for administration of the hazardous materials transportation laws and regulations, the Research and Special Program Administration (RSPA). In particular, FRA is increasing the minimum civil penalty from $250 to $275 and the maximum civil penalty from $27,500 to $32,500.
Effective Date: June 28, 2004.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Melissa L. Porter, Trial Attorney, Office of Chief Counsel, FRA, 1120 Vermont Avenue, NW., Mail Stop 10, Washington, DC 20590 (telephone 202-493-6034).End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (Act) requires that agencies adjust by regulation each maximum CMP, or the range of minimum and maximum CMPs within that agency's jurisdiction, by October 23, 1996 and adjust those penalty amounts once every four years thereafter to reflect inflation. (Public Law 101-410, 104 Stat. 890, 28 U.S.C. 2461, note, as amended by section 31001(s)(1) of the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996, Public Law 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321-373, April 26, 1996.) The inflation adjustment is to be calculated by increasing the maximum CMP or the range of minimum and maximum CMPs by the percentage that the Consumer Price Index (CPI) for the month of the calendar year preceding the adjustment exceeds the CPI for the month of June of the last calendar year in which the amount of such penalty was last set or adjusted. These adjusted amounts are subject to a rounding formula found in section 5 of the Act, and the first adjustment may not exceed an increase of ten percent.
FRA is responsible for enforcement of the hazardous material transportation law and regulations primarily in instances where violations involve railroads and those who ship by rail. 49 CFR 1.49(s). The hazardous material transportation regulations are issued not by FRA, but by RSPA. 49 CFR 1.53(b). RSPA's regulations contain CMP provisions that are subject to the Act, and RSPA has twice amended its regulations by final rules to reflect changes in its maximum and minimum CMPs. FRA's minimum and maximum CMPs that it applies when assessing penalties for violations of the hazardous material transportation laws and regulations have historically mirrored RSPA's minimum and maximum CMPs that it applies when assessing penalties for violations of the hazardous material transportation laws and regulations.
The hazardous materials transportation law at 40 U.S.C. 5123 (a)(1) established a CMP for a knowing violation of the Federal hazardous material transportation law (49 U.S.C. ch. 51) or RSPA's regulations (49 CFR Parts 171-180), in an amount of “at least $250 but not more than $25,000 for each violation.” Pursuant to the Act, in a final rule published in the Federal Register on January 21, 1997, RSPA increased the maximum CMP for a violation from $25,000 to $27,500. 62 FR 2970. (This increase in the maximum CMP was subject to the initial rounding limitations discussed above.) Accordingly, on March 10, 1998, FRA issued a final rule that revised its own regulations and added a reference to FRA's previously issued policy statement concerning its enforcement of RSPA's regulations to reflect RSPA's increase in the maximum CMP. On September 8, 2003, RSPA again increased the maximum CMP, this time to $32,500, based on the increase in the CPI from June 1997 to June 2002. 68 FR 52844. (Because this was the second time RSPA had increased the maximum CMP under the Act, the increase in the maximum CMP was not subject to the 10 percent limit in the Act.) In this final rule, FRA is amending its regulations and policy statement once again to reflect the most recent change in RSPA's maximum CMP.
Prior to September 8, 2003, RSPA has not adjusted the $250 minimum CMP amount specified in its regulations. By the final rule issued in 2003, RSPA increased its minimum CMP to $275. 68 FR 52844. (Because it was a first time adjustment to the minimum CMP, the increase was subject to the 10 percent limitation required by the Act.) FRA is now amending its regulations and policy statement to reflect this change in RSPA's minimum CMP.
RSPA determined that the new minimum and maximum CMPs for hazardous material transportation violations apply to violations that occur after September 30, 2003, for which a civil penalty is assessed by RSPA. FRA's changes will be applicable to all violations occurring after June 28, 2004, for which a civil penalty is assessed by FRA.
FRA is proceeding to a final rule without providing a notice of proposed rulemaking or an opportunity for public comment. The adjustments required by the Act are ministerial acts over which FRA has no discretion, making public comment unnecessary.
A. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures
This rule has been evaluated in accordance with existing policies and procedures. It is not considered a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 and, therefore was not reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget. This rule is not significant under the Regulatory Policies and Procedures of the Department of Transportation (44 FR 11034) because it is limited to a ministerial act on which the agency has no discretion. The economic impact of the final rule is minimal to the extent that preparation of a regulatory evaluation is not warranted.
B. Regulatory Flexibility Determination
FRA certifies that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Although this rule will apply to railroads and shippers who are considered small entities there is no economic impact on any person who complies with the Federal hazardous material transportation laws and the regulations and orders issued under those laws.
This final rule will not have a substantial effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Thus, in accordance with Executive Order 13132, Start Printed Page 30591preparation of a Federalism assessment is not warranted.
D. Paperwork Reduction Act
There are no new information collection requirements in this final rule.
E. Compliance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
The final rule issued today will not result in the expenditure, in the aggregate, of $100,000,000 or more in any one year by State, local or Indian Tribal governments, or the private sector, and thus preparation of a statement is not required.
F. Environmental Assessment
There are no significant environmental impacts associated with this final rule.
G. Energy Impact
According to definitions set forth in Executive Order 13211, there will be no significant energy action as a result of the issuance of this final rule.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 49 CFR Part 209
- Hazardous materials
The Final RuleStart Amendment Part
Therefore, in consideration of the foregoing, chapter II subtitle NB of title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 209—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 209 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
2. Section 209.103 is amended by removing the numerical amount “$250” and adding in its place the numerical amount “$275”, and by removing the numerical amount “$27,500” and adding in its place the numerical amount “$32,500”.End Amendment Part
3. Section 209.105(c) is amended by removing the numerical amount “$25,000” and adding in its place the numerical amount “$32,500”.End Amendment Part
Appendix B to Part 209—[Amended]Start Amendment Part
4. In appendix B to part 209, the text before the table is amended by removing all references to the numerical amount “$25,000” and adding in their place the numerical amount “$32,500,” and by removing the reference to the numerical amount “$250” and adding in its place the numerical amount “$275”.End Amendment Part Start Signature
Issued in Washington, DC, on May 18, 2004
Administrator, Federal Railroad Administration.
[FR Doc. 04-11964 Filed 5-27-04; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-06-P