Customs and Border Protection, Homeland Security.
This document modifies the Customs and Border Protection Automated Commercial System (ACS) Reconciliation prototype test by: Adding to the kinds of issues that may be subject to Reconciliation post-entry importation claims arising under the United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement; requiring the use of compact disks (CDs) instead of floppy disks for submitting Reconciliation spreadsheets; requiring that the name identifying the spreadsheet on the CD be the Reconciliation entry number; and requiring use of .txt or .xls format for the spreadsheet. Other than these modifications, the test remains the same as set forth in previously published Federal Register notices. The document also announces the new addresses for the Reconciliation team (e-mail) and for Reconciliation submissions for the port of NY/Newark.
The test modifications set forth in this document are effective on October 4, 2004. The two-year testing period of this Reconciliation prototype commenced on October 1, 1998, and was extended indefinitely starting October 1, 2000. Applications to participate in the test will be accepted throughout the duration of the test.
Written inquiries regarding participation in the Reconciliation prototype test and/or applications to participate should be addressed to Mr. Richard Wallio, Reconciliation Team, Customs and Border Protection, 1300 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Room 5.2A, Washington, DC 20229-0001. The e-mail address for inquiries regarding the Start Printed Page 53731test is also available at Recon.Help@dhs.gov.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Mr. Richard Wallio at (202) 344-2556.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Initially, it is noted that on November 25, 2002, the President signed the Homeland Security Act of 2002, 6 U.S.C. 101 et seq., Pub. L. 107-296 (the HS Act), establishing the Department of Homeland Security and, under section 403(1) (6 U.S.C. 203(1)), transferring the U.S. Customs Service, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating to the Customs Service, to the new department, effective on March 1, 2003. Most of the elements that comprised the U.S. Customs Service are now collectively known as U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). The agency will be referred to by that name in this document, unless reference to the Customs Service (or Customs) is appropriate in a given context.
Reconciliation, a planned component of the National Customs Automation Program (NCAP), as provided for in Title VI (Subtitle B) of the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act (Pub. L. 103-182, 107 Stat. 2057 (December 8, 1993)), is currently being tested by CBP under the CBP Automated Commercial System (ACS) Prototype Test. Customs initially announced and explained the test in a general notice document published in the Federal Register (63 FR 6257) on February 6, 1998. Clarifications and operational changes were announced in six subsequent Federal Register notices: 63 FR 44303, published on August 18, 1998; 64 FR 39187, published on July 21, 1999; 64 FR 73121, published on December 29, 1999; 66 FR 14619, published on March 13, 2001, 67 FR 61200, published on September 27, 2002, and 67 FR 68238, published on November 8, 2002. A Federal Register (65 FR 55326) notice published on September 13, 2000, extended the prototype indefinitely. This document modifies the Reconciliation test by: (1) Expanding the issues subject to Reconciliation to include post-entry importation claims arising under the United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement; (2) requiring the use of compact disks (CDs) instead of floppy disks for submitting Reconciliation spreadsheets; (3) requiring that the name identifying the spreadsheet on the CD be the Reconciliation entry number; and (4) requiring use of .txt or .xls format for the spreadsheet. Aside from these modifications, the test remains as set forth in the previously published Federal Register notices.
The document also sets forth the new address for submitting Reconciliation entries for the port of NY/Newark and the new e-mail address for the Reconciliation team.
For application requirements, see the Federal Register notices published on February 6, 1998, and August 18, 1998. Additional information regarding the test can be found at http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/import/cargo_summary/reconciliation/.
Reconciliation is the process that allows an importer, at the time an entry summary is filed, to identify undeterminable information (other than that affecting admissibility) to CBP and to provide that outstanding information at a later date. The importer identifies the outstanding information by means of an electronic “flag” which is placed on the entry summary at the time the entry summary is filed. The issues for which an entry summary may be “flagged” (for the purpose of later reconciliation) are limited and relate to: (1) Value issues; (2) classification issues, on a limited basis; (3) issues concerning value aspects of entries filed under heading 9802, Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS); (9802 issues); and (4) post-entry claims under 19 U.S.C. 1520(d) for the benefits of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) for merchandise as to which such claims were not made at the time of entry.
The flagged entry summary (the underlying entry summary) is liquidated for all aspects of the entry except those issues that were flagged. The means of providing the outstanding information at a later date relative to the flagged issues is through the filing of a Reconciliation entry. The flagged issues will be liquidated at the time the Reconciliation entry is liquidated. Any adjustments in duties, taxes, and/or fees owed will be made at that time. (The Reconciliation test procedure for making post-entry NAFTA claims is explained in the February 6, 1998, and December 29, 1999, Federal Register notices.)
Use of Reconciliation To Make a Post-Entry US-CFTA Claim
On June 6, 2003, the United States and the Republic of Chile (Chile) entered into an agreement, the United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement (US-CFTA), which provides for, among other things, preferential tariff treatment (including duty free treatment) for goods that qualify as goods originating in the United States or Chile. The provisions of the US-CFTA were adopted by the United States with enactment of the United States—Chile Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act, Pub. L. 108-78, 117 Stat. 909 (19 U.S.C. 3805 note) (the Implementation Act).
Ordinarily, a claim for preferential tariff treatment under the US-CFTA is made at the time of entry, in accordance with the terms of the US-CFTA, the Implementation Act, and any applicable regulations. However, in some instances an importer is unable to make the claim at that time. In that instance, an importer can make a post-entry US-CFTA claim under 19 U.S.C. 1520(d) (section 1520(d)), pursuant to an amendment to that statute made by the Implementation Act. Under this amendment to section 1520(d), entries of goods qualifying under US-CFTA rules of origin were made eligible for liquidation or reliquidation when preferential tariff treatment under the US-CFTA was not claimed at the time of entry, notwithstanding that a protest under 19 U.S.C. 1514 (section 1514) was not filed. A claimant must file a claim under section 1520(d) within one year of the applicable importation and meet other requirements, such as documentary requirements. CBP has accepted post-entry 1520(d) US-CFTA claims before liquidation; these claims do not require reliquidation.
This notice announces that a post-entry 1520(d) claim for preferential tariff treatment under the US-CFTA also can be made under the Reconciliation test, in the same way as can a post-entry NAFTA claim. This alternative requires that an importer follow the Reconciliation test procedure which, in contrast to the ordinary section 1520(d) procedure described above, requires action at the time of entry. That action is to flag the entry summary for Reconciliation and later file a Reconciliation entry within one year of the applicable importation. As programming for US-CFTA Reconciliations is not yet complete, for the time being, a participant wishing to file a US-CFTA Reconciliation must follow the NAFTA Reconciliation process by flagging the entry summary for NAFTA. When programming is complete, participants will be notified with instructions on how to make a post-entry US-CFTA Reconciliation claim.
CBP emphasizes that once an importer flags an entry summary for US-CFTA issues (by, for the time being, actually flagging the entry summary for NAFTA), indicating that it is pursuing Start Printed Page 53732the post-entry section 1520(d) claim through the Reconciliation process, the only means of perfecting the US-CFTA claim is by completing the Reconciliation process by filing a timely Reconciliation entry. (See the September 27, 2002, Federal Register notice for an explanation of this same limitation relative to NAFTA issues.) In this way, the flagging of an entry summary constitutes a commitment by the importer to perfect the US-CFTA 1520(d) claim through the Reconciliation process. Thus, once a Reconciliation program participant flags an entry summary to make a US-CFTA 1520(d) claim under the Reconciliation process, CBP will not accept a claim filed under the ordinary section 1520(d) procedure.
CBP notes that a NAFTA 1520(d) claim and a US-CFTA 1520(d) claim cannot be made together on the same Reconciliation entry. They must be filed as separate Reconciliation entries.
CBP recommends the use of the Reconciliation test for making post-entry US-CFTA claims because the test procedure provides the importer with several benefits. First, using the test procedure is a simpler means of filing claims: i.e., the importer is able to make potentially thousands of US-CFTA claims on one Reconciliation entry. Second, the importer can receive one check from CBP rather than many (even up to thousands) upon CBP's liquidation of a Reconciliation entry and issuance of a refund. Third, because processing US-CFTA claims under Reconciliation is simpler for CBP, the refund delivery system is more efficient.
The test modification discussed above will be effective 30 days from the date this notice is published in the Federal Register. (The Reconciliation test procedure for making post-NAFTA claims is explained in the February 6, 1998, and the December 29, 1999, Federal Register notices.)
This notice also announces other changes to the Reconciliation test program procedure relative to submission of the Reconciliation spreadsheets. Because floppy disks are destroyed by X-ray and irradiation applications now used to screen government mail, participants must use CDs for submitting Reconciliation spreadsheets. CBP will upload the spreadsheet information on the CD to a secure Web site where it will be identified according to the Reconciliation entry number. Therefore, participants must save the spreadsheet on the CD according to the Reconciliation entry number in .txt or .xls format. Use of these formats is required to better protect the information from computer viruses. Finally, the CDs must be labeled as previously required (see the ACS Reconciliation Prototype: A Guide to Compliance at http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/import/cargo_summary/reconciliation).
These modifications to the test are effective 30 days from the date this notice is published in the Federal Register.
Change of Addresses
Finally, this notice announces the new mailing address for Reconciliation submissions for importers assigned to the port of NY/Newark (port 1001) and the new e-mail address for Recon.Help. The new mailing address is: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, 1100 Raymond Blvd., Newark, NJ 07201. Participants may still transmit the ABI portion of their Reconciliations to port 1001. The new e-mail address is Recon.Help@dhs.gov.Start Signature
Dated: August 27, 2004.
Jason P. Ahern,
Assistant Commissioner, Office of Field Operations.
[FR Doc. 04-19977 Filed 9-1-04; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4820-02-P