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Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Ivermectin Liquid

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Food and Drug Administration, HHS.


Final rule.


The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental new animal drug application (NADA) filed by Merial Ltd. The supplemental NADA provides revised labeling, including the addition of four new species of internal parasites, for ivermectin oral liquid used in horses.


This rule is effective September 24, 2004.

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Martine Hartogensis, Center for Veterinary Medicine (HFV-216), Food and Drug Administration, 7519 Standish Pl., Rockville, MD 20855, 301-827-7815, e-mail:

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Merial Ltd., 3239 Satellite Blvd., Bldg. 500, Duluth, GA 30096-4640, filed a supplement to NADA 140-439 for EQVALAN (ivermectin) Oral Liquid for Horses. The supplemental application provides for revisions to the labeled indications. Specifically, the supplement provides for the use of ivermectin oral liquid for the treatment and control of Craterostomum acuticaudatum, Petrovinema poculatum, and Coronocyclus spp., including Coronocyclus coronatus and Coronocyclus labratus. The label descriptions of some currently approved parasite genera are also being revised to add included species for which data already exists in the NADA file and to reflect changes in scientific nomenclature. In addition, under the sub-heading “Small Strongyles,” the labeling has been revised to separate the listing of adult species from the fourth-stage larvae. The supplemental NADA is approved as of August 9, 2004, and 21 CFR 520.1195 is amended to reflect the approval. The basis of approval is discussed in the freedom of information summary.

In accordance with the freedom of information provisions of 21 CFR part 20 and 21 CFR 514.11(e)(2)(ii), a summary of safety and effectiveness data and information submitted to support approval of this application may be seen in the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Room 1061, Rockville, MD 20852, between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

Under section 512(c)(2)(F)(iii) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360b(c)(2)(F)(iii)), this supplemental approval qualifies for 3 years of marketing exclusivity beginning August 9, 2004. This marketing exclusivity only applies to the parasites for which new data were required.

The agency has determined under 21 CFR 25.33(d)(1) that this action is of a type that does not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. Therefore, neither an environmental assessment nor an environmental impact statement is required.

This rule does not meet the definition of “rule” in 5 U.S.C. 804(3)(A) because it is a rule of “particular applicability.” Therefore, it is not subject to the congressional review requirements in 5 U.S.C. 801-808.

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List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 520

  • Animal drugs
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Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs and redelegated to the Center for Veterinary Medicine, 21 CFR part 520 is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for 21 CFR part 520 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 21 U.S.C. 360b.

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2. Section 520.1195 is amended by revising paragraphs (b), (e)(1)(ii), and (e)(1)(iii) to read as follows:

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Ivermectin liquid.
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(b) Sponsors. See sponsor numbers in § 510.600(c) of this chapter.

(1) No. 050604 for use of product described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section as in paragraph (e)(1)(i), (e)(1)(ii)(A), and (e)(1)(iii) of this section.

(2) Nos. 051259, 058829, and 059130 for use of product described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section as in paragraph (e)(1)(i), (e)(1)(ii)(B), and (e)(1)(iii) of this section.

(3) Nos. 050604 and 058829 for use of product described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section as in paragraph (e)(2) of this section.

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(e) * * *

(1) * * *

(ii) Indications for use. For treatment and control of:

(A) Large Strongyles (adults): Strongylus vulgaris (also early forms in blood vessels), S. edentatus (also tissue stages), S. equinus, Triodontophorus spp. including T. brevicauda and T. serratus, and Craterostomum acuticaudatum; Small Strongyles (adults, including those resistant to some benzimidazole class compounds): Coronocyclus spp. including C. coronatus, C. labiatus, and C. labratus, Cyathostomum spp. including C. catinatum and C. pateratum, Cylicocyclus spp. including C. insigne, C. leptostomum, C. nassatus, and C. brevicapsulatus, Cylicodontophorus spp., Cylicostephanus spp. including C. calicatus, C. goldi, C. longibursatus, and C. minutus, and Petrovinema poculatum; Small Strongyles (fourth-stage larvae); Pinworms (adults and fourth stage larvae): Oxyuris equi; Ascarids (adults and third- and fourth-stage larvae): Parascaris equorum; Hairworms (adults): Trichostrongylus axei; Large mouth Stomach Worms (adults): Habronema muscae; Bots (oral and gastric stages): Gasterophilus spp. including G. intestinalis and G. nasalis; Lungworms (adults and fourth-stage larvae): Dictyocaulus arnfieldi; Intestinal Threadworms (adults), Strongyloides westeri; Summer Sores caused by Habronema and Draschia spp. cutaneous third-stage larvae; Dermatitis caused by neck threadworm microfilariae, Onchocerca sp.

(B) Large Strongyles (Strongylus equinus (adult), S. vulgaris (adult and arterial larval stages), S. endentatus (adult and migrating tissue stages), Triodontophorus spp. (adult)); Small Strongyles including those resistant to some benzimidazole class compounds (Cyathostomum spp. (adult and fourth-stage larvae), Cylicocyclus spp., Cylicodontophorus spp., Cylicostephanus spp.); Pinworms (Oxyuris equi (adult and fourth-stage larvae)); Ascarids (Parascaris equorum (adult and third- and fourth-stage larvae)); Hairworms (Trichostongylus Start Printed Page 57174axei (adult)); Large mouth Stomach Worms (Habronema muscae (adult)); Stomach Bots (Gastrophilus spp. (oral and gastric stages)); Lungworms (Dictyocaulus arnfieldi (adult and fourth-stage larvae)); intestinal threadworms (Strongyloides westeri (adult)); Summer Sores caused by Habronema and Draschia spp. cutaneous third-stage larvae; and Dermatitis caused by neck threadworm microfilariae (Onchocerca spp.).

(iii) Limitations. Do not use in horses intended for human consumption. Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

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Dated: September 14, 2004.

Daniel G. McChesney,

Director, Office of Surveillance and Compliance, Center for Veterinary Medicine.

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[FR Doc. 04-21415 Filed 9-23-04; 8:45 am]