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The Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative: Access to HIV Care and Testing in the Rural South—New—The National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHSTP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
CDC is requesting from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a 2-year approval to administer a survey to local health departments and testing sites. As part of the Minority HIV/AIDS Research Initiative (MARI), CDC is funding a study that examines access to HIV care and testing in the rural South. The objectives of the study are twofold: (1) Determine the local availability of HIV counseling and testing, and identify HIV treatment venues (HIV doctor or clinic) in non-urban counties in the South, and (2) provide information to improve the availability of testing and treatment in the South.
Identifying barriers to accessing care in the South is relevant to selected goals and objectives in the CDC's “HIV Prevention Strategic Plan Through 2005.” This plan identifies the goal to increase from the current estimated 70% to 95% the proportion of HIV-infected people in the United States who know they are infected through voluntary counseling and testing. CDC plans to meet this goal by: (1) Increasing the motivation of at-risk individuals to know their infection status and decrease real and perceived barriers to HIV testing; and (2) improve access to voluntary, client-centered counseling and testing (VCT) in high seroprevalence communities and populations at risk, focusing particularly on populations with high rates of undiagnosed infection. This study is relevant to the goals of CDC's Strategic Plan for 2005 and the Advancing HIV Prevention Initiative (AHP) to reduce barriers to HIV testing that impede those at risk from receiving HIV prevention services. Moreover, this study complements the AHP by providing the local service systems with a current visual depiction of HIV testing barriers in rural counties that will help address programming concerns to ultimately improve access to HIV testing and prevention services.
A sample from 325 counties will be selected from ten U.S. Southern states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia). Census Bureau Statistical Area data were used to identify 325 rural counties within the 10 Southern states that meet the definition of a non-metropolitan statistical area and/or cluster with a population of less than 50,000. There will be two phases to the survey of the rural counties. The first phase will be based on quantitative survey design, while the second will use qualitative face-to-face, one-on-one interviewing techniques.
During the initial phase, the following will be contacted and surveyed from each county: (a) Local Health Department; (b) two HIV testing & counseling venues; and (c) two HIV treatment sites. This will result in a total of 2,275 contacts over a 2-year period. To help reduce burden, respondents will be interviewed by survey over the telephone using a Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) technology. Telephone surveys will take approximately 30 minutes to complete, and will be limited to the absolute minimum number of questions required for the intended use of the data.
CDC has contracted this study to an Alliance Quality Education organization Start Printed Page 61679to provide support costs for data collection and analysis. There is no cost to respondents except for their time. The estimated annualized burden is 570 hours.
|Respondents||Number of respondents||Number of responses per respondent||Average burden response (in hrs.)|
|(1) Health Department Workers||163||1||30/60|
|(2) HIV Counseling and Testing Site||488||1||30/60|
|(3) HIV Treatment Site Workers||488||1||30/60|
Dated: October 12, 2004.
Director, Management Analysis and Services Office, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 04-23434 Filed 10-19-04; 8:45 am]
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