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Notice

Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Adverse Experience Reporting for Licensed Biological Products; and General Records

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on the information collection requirements relating to FDA's adverse experience Start Printed Page 64070reporting (AER) for licensed biological products, and general records associated with the manufacture and distribution of biological products.

DATES:

Submit written or electronic comments on the collection of information by January 3, 2004.

ADDRESSES:

Submit electronic comments on the collection of information to http://www.fda.gov/​dockets/​ecomments. Submit written comments on the collection of information to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Jonna Capezzuto, Office of Information Resources Management (HFA-250), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-827-4659.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), Federal agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes agency request or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires Federal agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. To comply with this requirement, FDA is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.

With respect to the following collection of information, FDA invites comments on these topics: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.

Adverse Experience Reporting for Licensed Biological Products; and General Records—21 CFR Part 600 (OMB Control Number 0910-0308)—Extension

Under the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262), FDA is required to ensure the marketing of only those biological products which are safe and effective. FDA must, therefore, be informed of all adverse experiences occasioned by the use of licensed biological products. FDA issued the AER requirements in part 600 (21 CFR part 600) to enable FDA to take actions necessary for the protection of the public health in response to reports of adverse experiences related to licensed biological products. The primary purpose of FDA's AER system is to flag potentially serious safety problems with licensed biological products, focusing especially on newly licensed products. Although premarket testing discloses a general safety profile of a biological product's comparatively common adverse effects, the larger and more diverse patient populations exposed to the licensed biological product provides the opportunity to collect information on rare, latent, and long-term effects. Reports are obtained from a variety of sources, including patients, physicians, foreign regulatory agencies, and clinical investigators. Information derived from the adverse experience reporting system contributes directly to increased public health protection because such information enables FDA to recommend important changes to the product's labeling (such as adding a new warning), to initiate removal of a biological product from the market when necessary, and to assure the manufacturer has taken adequate corrective action if necessary.

The regulation in § 600.80(c)(1) requires the licensed manufacturer to report each adverse experience that is both serious and unexpected, whether foreign or domestic, as soon as possible but in no case later than 15 calendar days of initial receipt of the information by the licensed manufacturer and to submit any follow-up reports within 15 calendar days of receipt of new information or as requested by FDA. Section 600.80(e) requires licensed manufacturers to submit a 15-day alert report obtained from a postmarketing clinical study only if there is a reasonable possibility that the product caused the adverse experience. Section 600.80(c)(2) requires the licensed manufacturer to report each adverse experience not reported under paragraph (c)(1)(i) at quarterly intervals, for 3 years from the date of issuance of the biologics license, and then at annual intervals. The majority of the periodic reports will be submitted annually since a large percentage of the current licensed biological products have been licensed longer than 3 years. Section 600.80(i) requires the licensed manufacturer to maintain, for a period of 10 years, records of all adverse experiences known to the licensed manufacturer, including raw data and any correspondence relating to the adverse experiences. Section 600.81 requires the licensed manufacturer to submit information about the quantity of the product distributed under the biologics license, including the quantity distributed to distributors at an interval of every 6 months. The semiannual distribution report informs FDA of the quantity, certain lot numbers, labeled date of expiration, the number of doses, and date of release. Under § 600.90, a licensed manufacturer may submit a waiver request that applies to the licensed manufacturer under §§ 600.80 and 600.81. A waiver request submitted under § 600.90 must be submitted with supporting documentation.

Manufacturers of biological products for human use must keep records of each step in the manufacture and distribution of products including the recalls of the product. The recordkeeping requirements serve preventative and remedial purposes. These requirements establish accountability and traceability in the manufacture and distribution of products, and enable FDA to perform meaningful inspections.

Section 600.12 requires that all records of each step in the manufacture and distribution of a product be made and retained for no less than 5 years after the records of manufacture have been completed or 6 months after the latest expiration date for the individual product, whichever represents a later date. In addition, records of sterilization of equipment and supplies, animal necropsy records, and records in cases of divided manufacturing of a product are required to be maintained. Section 600.12(b)(2) requires complete records to be maintained pertaining to the recall from distribution of any product.

Respondents to this collection of information are manufacturers of biological products. In table 1 of this document, the number of respondents is based on the estimated number of manufacturers that submitted the required information to FDA in fiscal year (FY) 2002 and 2003. Based on information obtained from the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research's Start Printed Page 64071(CBER's) database system, there were 90 licensed biologics manufacturers. This number excludes those manufacturers who produce blood and blood components and in-vitro diagnostic licensed products because these products are specifically exempt from the regulations under § 600.80(k). The total annual responses are based on the average estimated number of submissions received annually by FDA for FY 2002 and 2003. However, not all manufacturers have submissions in a given year and some may have multiple submissions. There were an estimated 15,126 15-day alert reports, 6,550 periodic reports, and 323 lot distribution reports submitted to FDA. The number of 15-day alert report for postmarketing studies under § 600.80(e) is included in the total number of 15-day alert reports. FDA received an average of 5 waiver requests for FY 2002 and 2003 under § 600.90, all of which were approved for exemption of the AER requirements. The hours per response are based on FDA's experience. The burden hours required to complete the MedWatch Form for § 600.80(c)(1), (e), and (f) are reported under OMB control number 0910-0291.

FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:

Table 1.—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden1

21 CFR SectionNo. of RespondentsAnnual Frequency per ResponseTotal Annual ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal Hours
600.80(c)(1) and 600.80(e)90168.0715,126115,126
600.80(c)(2)9072.786,55028183,400
600.81903.593231355
600.9051515
Total198,886
1 There are no capitol costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

In table 2 of this document, the number of respondents is based on the number of manufacturers subject to those regulations. Based on information obtained from CBER's database system, there were 320 licensed manufacturers of biological products in FY 2002 and 2003. However, the number of recordkeepers listed for § 600.12(a) through (e) excluding paragraph (b)(2) is estimated to be 116. This number excludes manufacturers of blood and blood components because their burden hours for recordkeeping have been reported under § 606.160 in OMB control number 0910-0116. The total annual records is based on the annual average of lots released (6,630), number of recalls made (1,958), and total number of AER reports received (35,484) in FY 2002 and 2003. The hours per record are based on FDA's experience.

FDA estimates the burden of this recordkeeping as follows:

Table 2.—Estimated Annual Recordkeeping Burden1

21 CFR SectionNo. of RecordkeepersAnnual Frequency per RecordkeepingTotal Annual RecordsHours per ResponseTotal Hours
600.1211657.166,63032212,160
600.12(b)(2)3206.121,9582446,992
600.80(i)90394.2735,484135,484
Total294,636
1 There are no capitol costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.
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Dated: October 27, 2004.

Jeffrey Shuren,

Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 04-24445 Filed 11-2-04; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-S