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Atlantic Highly Migratory Species; Bluefin Tuna Fisheries

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.


Quota transfer; fishery reopening; catch limit adjustment.


NMFS has determined that Atlantic bluefin tuna (BFT) quota transfers from the Atlantic tunas General, Harpoon, and Incidental Longline categories to the Angling and Reserve categories, are warranted. In addition, NMFS is reopening the coastwide General category BFT fishery and reopening the Angling category BFT fishery. Finally, NMFS prohibits retention of school BFT less than 47 inches (119 cm) in the recreational fishery for the remainder of the fishing year. These actions are being taken to ensure that U.S. BFT harvest is consistent with recommendations of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), pursuant to the Atlantic Tunas Convention Act (ATCA), and to meet domestic management objectives under the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act) and the Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Tunas, Swordfish and Sharks (HMS FMP).


The effective date of the BFT quota transfers and recreational catch limit adjustment is December 7, 2004 through May 31, 2005. The effective dates for the reopening of the General and Angling categories, as specified in this rule, are provided in Table 1 under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

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Brad McHale at (978) 281-9260.

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Regulations implemented under the authority of the ATCA (16 U.S.C. 971 et seq.) and the Magnuson-Stevens Act (16 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) governing the harvest of BFT by persons and vessels subject to U.S. jurisdiction are found at 50 CFR part 635. Section 635.27 subdivides the U.S. BFT quota recommended by ICCAT among the various domestic fishing categories, and together with General category effort controls are specified annually under procedures specified at 50 CFR 635.23(a) and 635.27(a). The proposed initial 2004 BFT Quota and General category effort controls were filed with the Office of the Federal Register on December 7, 2004.

Quota Transfer

Under the implementing regulations at 50 CFR 635.27(a)(8), NMFS has the authority to transfer quotas among categories, or, as appropriate, subcategories, of the fishery, after considering the following factors: (1) The usefulness of information obtained from catches in the particular category for biological sampling and monitoring of the status of the stock; (2) the catches of the particular category quota to date and the likelihood of closure of that segment of the fishery if no allocation is made; (3) the projected ability of the vessels fishing under the particular category quota to harvest the additional amount of BFT before the end of the fishing year; (4) the estimated amounts by which quotas established for other gear segments of the fishery might be exceeded; (5) the effects of the transfer Start Printed Page 71733on BFT rebuilding and overfishing; and (6) the effects of the transfer on accomplishing the objectives of the HMS FMP.

If it is determined, based on the factors listed here and the probability of exceeding the total quota, that vessels fishing under any category or subcategory quota are not likely to take that quota, NMFS may transfer inseason any portion of the remaining quota of that fishing category to any other fishing category or to the Reserve quota.

The 2004 fishing year proposed initial BFT quota specifications were prepared in accordance with the 2002 ICCAT quota recommendation, the ICCAT recommendation regarding the dead discard allowance, the HMS FMP percentage shares for each of the domestic categories, including restrictions on landings of school BFT, and the addition or subtraction of any underharvest or overharvest from the previous fishing year. NMFS proposed initial quota specifications for the 2004 fishing year as follows: General category - 659.0 mt; Harpoon category - 81.4 mt; Purse Seine category - 389.4 mt; Angling category - 65.5 mt; Longline category - 171.2 mt; and Trap category - 2.3 mt. Additionally, 36.6 mt would be allocated to the Reserve category.

On November 19, 2004, (69 FR 68094, November 23, 2004) NMFS closed the coastwide General and Angling category BFT fisheries due to uncertainties in the amount of available quota remaining given preliminary landing estimates for the 2004 fishing year. Since that closure, NMFS has been able to more accurately assess the level of BFT landings to date after applying quality assurance procedures for commercial dealer reports. Current landings of incidentally caught BFT in the Longline category total approximately 27.8 mt, not including landings against the NED set-aside. The Harpoon category closed on November 15, 2004 (68 FR 74504, December 24, 2003) with a total of 29.9 mt landed by vessels in this category. The General category has landed a total of 251.5 mt to date. In addition, and also since the closure, NMFS has completed a report that analyzes the recreational catch estimate procedures and provides final BFT landings estimates for both the 2002 and 2003 fishing years. Based on the above report, the filing of the 2004 proposed BFT specifications, an assessment of the commercial landings data to date, and considering the factors for making quota transfers between categories, NMFS has determined that BFT quota transfers are warranted and that quota remains available for limited General and Angling category BFT fisheries.

Landings and effort information from the General and Angling category BFT fisheries are used by NMFS scientists for calculation of Catch-Per-Unit-Effort (CPUE) indices and are useful for stock assessment purposes. Extending the General and Angling category seasons has traditionally provided for enhanced CPUE data estimates due to the collection of additional data over a greater time frame and with broader spatial coverage. Without conducting an inseason transfer, NMFS would not be able to obtain an optimal temporal or geographic distribution of CPUE data for the 2004 fishing year. Based on previous fishing years catch rates late in the season, availability of quota, and availability of BFT on the fishing grounds, NMFS expects that transferred quota would be harvested prior to the end of the 2004 fishing year.

The effects on rebuilding and overfishing as a result of an inseason transfers are predicted to be neutral. The prime effect is to transfer quota among categories and no additional harvest above the quota level authorized in the BFT rebuilding plan is anticipated. The transfers are consistent with the objectives of the HMS FMP as they would provide for fair and reasonable fishing opportunities, allow for maximum utilization of the 2004 U.S. BFT allocation while preventing an overharvest of that allocation.

Therefore, NMFS has determined to transfer 223.1 mt of the proposed General category quota of approximately 659.0 mt to the Angling category. Also, in part to address the anticipated landings from the 2004 recreational season, NMFS has determined to transfer 76.9 mt of the proposed General category quota, 45 mt of the proposed Longline category quota, and 40 mt of the proposed Harpoon category quota to the Reserve category. The Reserve category was established, in part, for the purpose of compensating overharvest in any category and to ensure overall U.S. landings do not exceed ICCAT recommended quotas.

Reopening of the General and Angling BFT Fisheries

Table 1. Reopening Effective Dates

CategoryEffective DatesAreasBFT Size Class Limit
GeneralDecember 8 through December 20, 2004, inclusiveAllOne large medium or giant BFT per vessel/day/trip, measuring 73 inches (185 cm) CFL or greater.
AnglingDecember 8 through May 31, 2005, inclusiveAllOne large school or small medium BFT per vessel/day/trip, measuring 47 to less than 73 inches (119 cm to less than 185 cm) CFL. One large medium or giant “trophy” BFT per vessel/year, measuring 73 inches (185 cm) or greater (no sale).

General category

The General category fishery was closed (69 FR 68094, November 23, 2004) and is reopened to provide commercial fishing opportunities to both General and Charter/Headboat category fishery participants to harvest the remainder of the available General category quota. Given the proposed specifications and the above transfers, a limited quota of approximately 107 mt remains available which is approximately the same level of landings attributed to southern area fishermen during last winter's commercial fishery. Recent information indicates that the commercial sized BFT have now migrated off the coast off North Carolina and are available to General and Charter/Headboat category fishery participants. Due to the Start Printed Page 71734anticipated General category catch rates in December, the unpredictable nature of the weather, the availability of BFT on the fishing grounds, and the amount of available quota, NMFS has determined to limit the coastwide General category reopening period for large medium and giant BFT to 13 days.

Therefore, the coastwide General category is scheduled to reopen on 12:30 a.m. December 8, 2004, and close at 11:30 p.m. December 20, 2004. The General category daily retention limit during this reopening is one large medium or giant BFT, measuring 73 inches or greater (185 cm or greater) curved fork length (CFL) per vessel/day/trip and applies in all areas, for all vessels fishing under the General category quota (i.e., permitted HMS General and Charter/Headboat vessels). Fishing for, retaining, possessing, or landing large medium or giant BFT by persons fishing under the General category quota must cease at 11:30 p.m. local time December 20, 2004.

Angling category

The Angling category fishery was closed on November 19, 2004 (69 FR 68094, November 23, 2004) and is reopened to provide recreational fishing opportunities to both Angling and Charter/Headboat category fishery participants. Given the 2004 proposed specifications and the above transfer, an approximate quota of 288 mt is available for the 2004 fishing year. Preliminary 2004 recreational landings estimates to date are not yet available. Winter recreational BFT landings are very limited (less than 30 mt) due to the low numbers of participants and limited availability of recreational sized BFT through the winter to spring time frame.

This transfer is intended to ensure sufficient quota remains available for the Angling category for the 2004 fishing year. In addition, under the western BFT rebuilding plan, ICCAT recommended limiting the catch of recreationally caught school BFT, measuring 27 to less than 47 inches (69 to less than 119 cm) CFL, to no more than 8-percent by weight of the total domestic landings quota over each 4-consecutive-year period. NMFS implements this ICCAT recommendation through annual and inseason adjustments to the school BFT retention limits, as necessary, and through the establishment of a school BFT reserve (64 FR 29090, May 28, 1999; 64 FR 29806, June 3, 1999). This ICCAT recommendation allows NMFS the flexibility to enhance fishing opportunities and to collect information on a broad range of BFT size classes and to make interannual adjustments for overharvests and underharvests, provided that the 8-percent landings limit is met over the applicable 4-consecutive-year period.

After the transfers mentioned above and the resultant available quota, the expected Angling category catch rates during the winter months, availability of BFT on the fishing grounds, NMFS has determined to reopen the Angling category BFT fishery. Based on school size class BFT landing estimates from the 2002 and 2003 fishing years and the most recently available 2004 Angling category landings estimates, NMFS has determined to limit the recreational BFT retention of school BFT for the remainder of the 2004 fishing year to ensure the 8-percent school landings limit is not exceeded.

Therefore, the Angling category BFT fishery is reopened at 12:30 a.m. December 8, 2004, and continue through May 31, 2005. The Angling category daily retention limit will be one large school or small medium BFT, measuring 47 to less than 73 inches (119 to less than 185 cm) CFL and per vessel/day/trip. In addition, one large medium or giant BFT per vessel per year is available under the trophy fishery program (no sale), for all vessels fishing under the Angling category quota (i.e., permitted HMS Angling and Charter/Headboat vessels).

Monitoring and Reporting

NMFS selected the duration of the openings and the daily retention limits based on a review of 2004 proposed quotas, transfers, dealer reports, daily landing trends, the availability of BFT on the fishing grounds, and previous fishing years effort and landings rates from December through May. NMFS will continue to monitor both the General and Angling category BFT fisheries closely.

The General category will be monitored via the commercial BFT landing reports submitted by authorized BFT dealers. Should the available quota projected to be reached, any interim closures will be published in the Federal Register. Once the General category BFT fishery has closed, NMFS will assess reported landings and available quota and determine if a reopening in January is warranted.

The Angling category will be monitored through the Automated Landings Reporting System (ALRS) and the state harvest tagging programs in North Carolina and Maryland. Depending on the level of fishing effort and catch rates of BFT, NMFS may determine that an interim closure or an additional retention limit adjustment is necessary to enhance scientific data collection from, and fishing opportunities in, all geographic areas. Closures or subsequent adjustments to the Angling category fishery, if any, will be published in the Federal Register. All BFT landed under the Angling category quota must be reported within 24 hours of landing to the NMFS ALRS via toll-free phone at (888) 872-8862; or the Internet (; or, if landed in the state of North Carolina, to a reporting station prior to offloading. Information about North Carolina's harvest tagging program, including reporting station locations, can be obtained by calling (800) 338-7804. Information about Maryland's harvest tagging program can be obtained from the Maryland Department of Natural Resources at (410) 213-1531. In addition, BFT fishery participants may call the Atlantic Tunas Information Line at (888) 872-8862 or (978) 281-9305 for updates on quota monitoring and regulatory updates.


The Assistant Administrator for Fisheries, NOAA (AA), finds that it is impracticable and contrary to the public interest to provide prior notice of, and an opportunity for public comment on, this action. The General and Angling category fisheries have been closed since November 23, 2004 (69 FR 68094) due to uncertainty in availability of quota and accurate landings estimates and concern over potential overharvest of anticipated quotas. Since that time NMFS has completed a Report analyzing recreational BFT landings estimates from 2002 and 2003, and the information was used to prepare the proposed initial 2004 BFT specifications, which show that quota is available for a limited fishery for the remainder of the current fishing year. Recent information shows BFT in both recreational and commercial size classes are now available off southern Atlantic states in nearshore areas and accessible to recreational and commercial anglers as well as Charter/Headboat operations. Under ATCA and the HMS FMP, NMFS is obliged to provide fishing opportunities to catch the available quota. Through this action, NMFS is using its authority to transfer quota among categories, which is biologically neutral with respect to the ICCAT BFT rebuilding plan, is consistent with the HMS FMP to ensure specific categories do not overharvest allocated quota, and will provide equitable fishing opportunities to a wide geographic range of fishery participants. Restricting retention of school size BFT will ensure that the ICCAT recommended 8-percent Start Printed Page 71735limit on school size over a 4-year consecutive period is not exceeded, and closing the General category fishery on December 20 will reduce the likelihood of overharvest of quota in this commercial fishery.

Delaying this action would be contrary to the public interest as BFT are now available in nearshore waters and will soon migrate out of range of the commercial and recreational fleets. As both the Angling and General categories are currently closed, fishery participants are not currently able to access the BFT while the fish are available and accessible in nearshore areas off the south Atlantic states. It is in the public interest to act quickly to open the fisheries while the BFT are available so that the short window of fishing opportunity is not lost. Therefore, the AA finds good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B) to waive prior notice and the opportunity for public comment. For all of the above reasons and because this action relieves a restriction (e.g., reopens fisheries), there is good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(d) to waive the delay in effectiveness of this action.

This action is being taken under 50 CFR 635.23(a)(4) and is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866.

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Authority: 16 U.S.C 971 et seq. and 1801 et seq.

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Dated: December 7, 2004.

Alan D. Risenhoover,

Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine Fisheries Service.

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[FR Doc. 04-27193 Filed 12-7-04; 8:45 am]