Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Justice.
Notice of aggregate production quotas for 2005.
This notice establishes initial 2005 aggregate production quotas for controlled substances in Schedules I and II of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).
Effective Date: January 3, 2005.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Christine A. Sannerud, Ph.D., Chief, Drug & Chemical Evaluation Section, Drug Enforcement Administration, Washington, DC 20537, Telephone: (202) 307-7183.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Section 306 of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 826) requires that the Attorney General establish aggregate production quotas for each basic class of controlled substance listed in Schedules I and II. This responsibility has been delegated to the Administrator of the DEA by Section 0.100 of Title 28 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The Administrator, in turn, has redelegated this function to the Deputy Administrator, pursuant to Section 0.104 of Title 28 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
The 2005 aggregate production quotas represent those quantities of controlled substances that may be produced in the United States in 2005 to provide adequate supplies of each substance for: the estimated medical, scientific, research and industrial needs of the United States; lawful export requirements; and the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks (21 U.S.C. 826(a) and 21 CFR 1303.11). These quotas do not include imports of controlled substances for use in industrial processes.
On December 3, 2004, a notice of the proposed initial 2005 aggregate production quotas for certain controlled substances in Schedules I and II was published in the Federal Register (69 FR 70284). All interested persons were invited to comment on or object to these proposed aggregate production quotas on or before December 27, 2004.
Nine responses were received resulting in comments on a total of fourteen Schedules I and II controlled substances within the published comment period. The responses commented that the proposed aggregate production quotas for alfentanil, amphetamine, codeine, fentanyl, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), hydromorphone, levorphanol, methadone, methadone intermediate, methamphetamine (for conversion), methylphenidate, oxymorphone and tetrahydrocannabinols were insufficient to provide for the estimated medical, scientific, research and industrial needs of the United States, for export requirements and for the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. One comment stated that the proposed aggregate production quota for 2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine was too high.
DEA has taken into consideration the above comments along with the relevant 2004 manufacturing quotas, current 2004 sales and inventories, 2005 export requirements, and research and product development requirements. Based on this information, the DEA has adjusted the initial aggregate production quotas for hydromorphone, lysergic acid diethylamide, marihuana, methamphetamine (for conversion), and tetrahydrocannabinols to meet the legitimate needs of the United States.
Regarding 2,5-dimehthoxyamphetamine, alfentanil, amphetamine, codeine, fentanyl, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), levorphanol, methadone, methadone intermediate, methylphenidate and oxymorphone, the DEA has determined that the proposed initial 2005 aggregate production quotas are sufficient to meet Start Printed Page 121the current 2005 estimated medical, scientific, research and industrial needs of the United States.
Pursuant to Part 1303 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations, the Deputy Administrator of the DEA will, in 2005, adjust aggregate production quotas and individual manufacturing quotas allocated for the year based upon 2004 year-end inventory and actual 2004 disposition data supplied by quota recipients for each basic class of Schedule I or II controlled substance.
Therefore, under the authority vested in the Attorney General by Section 306 of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 826), and delegated to the Administrator of the DEA by Section 0.100 of Title 28 of the Code of Federal Regulations, and redelegated to the Deputy Administrator pursuant to Section 0.104 of Title 28 of the Code of Federal Regulations, the Deputy Administrator hereby orders that the 2005 initial aggregate production quotas for the following controlled substances, expressed in grams of anhydrous acid or base, be established as follows:
|Established initial 2005 quotas (g)|
|Basic Class—Schedule I:|
|Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)||61|
|Start Printed Page 122|
|Basic Class—Schedule II:|
|Codeine (for sale)||39,605,000|
|Codeine (for conversion)||55,000,000|
|Hydrocodone (for sale)||37,604,000|
|Hydrocodone (for conversion)||1,500,000|
|Methadone (for sale)||13,900,000|
|[680,000 grams of levo-desoxyephedrine for use in a non-controlled, non-prescription product; 2,200,000 grams for methamphetamine mostly for conversion to a Schedule III product; and 52,000 grams for methamphetamine (for sale)]|
|Morphine (for sale)||35,000,000|
|Morphine (for conversion)||110,774,000|
|Noroxymorphone (for sale)||1,002|
|Noroxymorphone (for conversion)||4,000,000|
|Oxycodone (for sale)||49,200,000|
|Oxycodone (for conversion)||920,000|
The Deputy Administrator further orders that aggregate production quotas for all other Schedules I and II controlled substances included in Sections 1308.11 and 1308.12 of Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations be established at zero.
The Office of Management and Budget has determined that notices of aggregate production quotas are not subject to centralized review under Executive Order 12866.
This action does not preempt or modify any provision of state law; nor does it impose enforcement responsibilities on any state; nor does it diminish the power of any state to enforce its own laws. Accordingly, this action does not have federalism implications warranting the application of Executive Order 13132.
The Deputy Administrator hereby certifies that this action will have no significant impact upon small entities whose interests must be considered under the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq. The establishment of aggregate production quotas for Schedules I and II controlled substances is mandated by law and by international treaty obligations. The quotas are necessary to provide for the estimated medical, scientific, research and industrial needs of the United States, for export requirements and the establishment and maintenance of Start Printed Page 123reserve stocks. While aggregate production quotas are of primary importance to large manufacturers, their impact upon small entities is neither negative nor beneficial. Accordingly, the Deputy Administrator has determined that this action does not require a regulatory flexibility analysis.
This action meets the applicable standards set forth in Sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988 Civil Justice Reform.
This action will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $114,000,000 or more in any one year, and will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
This action is not a major rule as defined by Section 804 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996. This action will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100,000,000 or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.Start Signature
Dated: December 29, 2004.
Michele M. Leonhart,
[FR Doc. 04-28746 Filed 12-29-04; 10:58 am]
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