National Park Service, Interior.
Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3005, of the intent to repatriate cultural items in the possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that meet the definition of unassociated funerary objects under 25 U.S.C. 3001.
This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003 (d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the cultural items. The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.
The 36 cultural items are three stone axes, three jars, five ladles, three bowls, one bag of fragments of a jar, one bone fragment, one bag of stones, one turquoise bead, two stone discs, 12 shells, one bag of soil fragments and powder, one bag of textile fragments, one bag of raw material, and one partial ladle. Accession records indicate that the cultural items were found in graves.
Between 1886 and 1889, the cultural items were removed from Halonawan, within the Zuni Indian Reservation, McKinley County, NM, by the Hemenway Southwestern Archaeological Expedition, directed by Frank Cushing. The items were donated to the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology by the estate of Mrs. Mary Hemenway at an unknown date and accessioned into the Museum collections in 1946.
The interments most likely date to the Pueblo IV period or later (circa A.D. 1300 or later). Archeological evidence, including an overwhelming presence of Zuni ceramic types, along with oral tradition and historical documentation, indicate that Halonawan was occupied by ancestral Zuni people. The present-day group that represents ancestral Zuni people is the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico.
Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (3)(B), the cultural items described above are reasonably believed to have been placed with or near individual human remains at the time of death or later as part of the death rite or ceremony and are believed, by a preponderance of the evidence, to have been removed from specific burial sites of Native American individuals. Officials of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology also have determined that, pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001 (2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the unassociated funerary objects and the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico.
Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes itself to be culturally affiliated with the unassociated funerary objects should contact Patricia Capone, Repatriation Coordinator, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, telephone (617) 496-3702, before February 7, 2005. Repatriation of the unassociated funerary objects to the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico, may proceed after that date if no additional claimants come forward.
The Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology is responsible for notifying the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Jicarilla Apache Nation, New Mexico; Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation, New Mexico; Navajo Nation, Arizona, New Mexico & Utah; Pueblo of Acoma, New Mexico; Pueblo of Cochiti, New Mexico; Pueblo of Isleta, New Mexico; Pueblo of Jemez, New Mexico; Pueblo of Laguna, New Mexico; Pueblo of Nambe, New Mexico; Pueblo of Picuris, New Mexico; Pueblo of Pojoaque, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Felipe, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico; Pueblo of San Juan, New Mexico; Pueblo of Sandia, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Ana, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santa Clara, New Mexico; Pueblo of Santo Domingo, New Mexico; Pueblo of Taos, New Mexico; Pueblo of Tesuque, New Mexico; Pueblo Start Printed Page 1270of Zia, New Mexico; San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona; Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona; White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation, Arizona; Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation, Arizona; Ysleta del Sur Pueblo of Texas; and the Zuni Tribe of the Zuni Reservation, New Mexico that this notice has been published.Start Signature
Dated: December 6, 2004
Manager, National NAGPRA Program.
[FR Doc. 05-243 Filed 1-5-05; 8:45 am]
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