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Web-based Reporting Systems for Tobacco Control: A Nationwide Assessment—New—The Office on Smoking and Health (OSH), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
Implementation of a Web-based reporting system assessment for the state health departments' tobacco control programs.
As state health departments strive to standardize data collections to better evaluate progress toward strategic goals and objectives, a movement to develop web-based reporting systems is sweeping the field of public health. In October of 2002, through a Prevention Research Center (PRC) grant, researchers from the University of Minnesota conducted a national assessment of tobacco control program monitoring practices among state health departments. Results indicated that all states monitor tobacco control program activities through either paper or computer-based systems. In 1998, three states had computerized systems operating, whereas in 2002, thirteen states had launched systems and twenty-two more were in the planning/development stage (Blaine & Petersen, presented at National Conference on Tobacco or Health, San Francisco, November 20, 2002). Clearly, there is a trend toward developing database systems to assess and to monitor state tobacco prevention and control programs.
However, recent loss of resources available to state tobacco control programs begs several questions: (1) How have tightened public health budgets affected the development of proposed and in-progress web-based monitoring systems? (2) What can we learn from states that have already implemented and upgraded their systems that can save time and money for states still in the development process? (3) How can we institute knowledge management systems that can facilitate horizontal information sharing? (4) Is there utility in creating a guidance document to better promote best practices in monitoring system development? (5) How can this information be used by the CDC to highlight the benefits to public health of state level computerized program reporting and monitoring systems?
Roundtable discussions facilitated by the Office on Smoking and Health with state tobacco control program staff have focused on standardized data collection for contract management and process evaluation purposes. Participants expressed frustration that states are often “recreating the wheel,” with each state developing a unique system without the benefit of learning from states with web-based systems already in production. These discussions motivated the CDC to explore more efficient means of sharing lessons learned about computerized reporting systems.
The proposed research will build on the findings of the previous study. Enhanced understanding of the proliferation, costs and benefits of these web-based reporting systems can (1) improve the capacity of the CDC to service state health departments' cooperative agreement technical assistance needs, (2) provide a template for the CDC as it considers how electronic monitoring systems could be expanded to other public health arenas besides tobacco control, and (3) save state health departments time and money by using the information gleaned from this research to create an accessible forum for knowledge sharing.
The proposed study has three separate methodological components: (1) A nationwide baseline survey, (2) a follow-up phone interview with early adopters, and (3) select case studies. This is a one time only research study. This tiered research approach will provide a systematic overview of web-based reporting systems ranging from the macro-level to the micro-level. Aside from the minimal time needed to participate in the interviews, there will be no cost to participants. Start Printed Page 25575
|Respondents||Number of respondents||Number of responses per respondent||Average burden per response (in hours)||Total burden (in hours)|
|States and DC baseline survey via phone interview||51||1||30/60||25.5|
|Early Adopters focused responses via phone interview||15||1||1.0||15.0|
|Case Studies 3 per state X 3 states via site visit||9||1||1.5||13.5|
Dated: May 6, 2005.
Joan F. Karr,
Acting Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 05-9561 Filed 5-12-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4163-18-P