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Notice of Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review: Stainless Steel Bar from India

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce.


On March 7, 2005, the Department of Commerce published the Start Printed Page 54024preliminary results of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on stainless steel bar from India. The period of review is February 1, 2003, through January 31, 2004. We gave interested parties an opportunity to comment on the preliminary results. Based on our analysis of the comment received, we have made certain changes for the final results. The final dumping margin for Chandan Steel, Ltd. is listed below in the “Final Results of the Review” section of this notice.


September 13, 2005.

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Scott Holland or Andrew McAllister, AD/CVD Operations, Office 1, Import Administration, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington DC 20230; telephone (202) 482-1279 and (202) 482-1174, respectively.

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Since the publication of the preliminary results of this review (see Notice of Preliminary Results and Partial Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review: Stainless Steel Bar from India, 70 FR 10977 (March 7, 2005) (“Preliminary Results”)), the following events have occurred:

On March 11, 2005, the Department of Commerce (the “Department”) issued a supplemental questionnaire to the respondent in this review, Chandan Steel, Ltd. (“Chandan”). We received Chandan's response on March 21, 2005. On March 28, 2005, the Department received a submission from Chandan attempting to supplement its U.S. sales, and corresponding costs, for a group of stainless steel flat bar (“SSFB”) sales made to the United States during the period of review (“POR”). On April 4, 2005, Carpenter Technology Corp., Crucible Specialty Metals Division of Crucible Materials Corp., Electralloy Corp., Slater Steels Corp., Empire Specialty Steel and the United Steelworkers of America (“AFL-CIO/CLC”) (collectively, the “petitioners”), argued that Chandan's March 28, 2005, submission should be rejected by the Department on the basis that it was untimely filed. On May 12, 2005, the Department rejected Chandan's March 28, 2005, submission because the information and the data contained in the submission represented untimely filed factual information. See letter from Susan Kuhbach to Peter Koenig, counsel to Chandan Steel Ltd., dated May 12, 2005.

In May and June of 2005, we conducted verification of the sales and cost of production (“COP”) information contained in Chandan's questionnaire responses at the company's production facilities located in Umbergaon, Gujarat, India. The verification report was issued on July 22, 2005. See Memorandum to the File, “Verification of the Sales and Cost Responses of Chandan Steel, Ltd. in the 2003/2004 Antidumping Duty Administrative Review of Stainless Steel Bar from India,” (“SCVR”) dated July 22, 2005. The report is on file in the Central Records Unit, Room B-099 of the main Department building (“CRU”).

On June 1, 2005, the Department published in the Federal Register an extension of the time limit for the final results in the antidumping duty administrative review to no later than August 25, 2005, in accordance with 751(a)(3)(A) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (“the Act”). See Stainless Steel Bar from India: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 70 FR 31425 (June 1, 2005).

On July 29, 2005, we received a case brief from the petitioners. We did not receive a case or a rebuttal brief from Chandan.

On August 24, 2005, the Department published in the Federal Register an extension of the time limit for the final results in the antidumping duty administrative review to no later than September 6, 2005, in accordance with 751(a)(3)(A) of the Act. See Stainless Steel Bar from India: Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results of the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 70 FR 49567 (August 24, 2005).

Scope of the Order

Merchandise covered by the order is shipments of stainless steel bar (“SSB”). SSB means articles of stainless steel in straight lengths that have been either hot-rolled, forged, turned, cold-drawn, cold-rolled or otherwise cold-finished, or ground, having a uniform solid cross section along their whole length in the shape of circles, segments of circles, ovals, rectangles (including squares), triangles, hexagons, octagons, or other convex polygons. SSB includes cold-finished SSBs that are turned or ground in straight lengths, whether produced from hot-rolled bar or from straightened and cut rod or wire, and reinforcing bars that have indentations, ribs, grooves, or other deformations produced during the rolling process.

Except as specified above, the term does not include stainless steel semi-finished products, cut-to-length flat-rolled products (i.e., cut-to-length rolled products which if less than 4.75 mm in thickness have a width measuring at least 10 times the thickness, or if 4.75 mm or more in thickness having a width which exceeds 150 mm and measures at least twice the thickness), wire (i.e., cold-formed products in coils, of any uniform solid cross section along their whole length, which do not conform to the definition of flat-rolled products), and angles, shapes, and sections.

The SSB subject to these reviews is currently classifiable under subheadings 7222.11.00.05, 7222.11.00.50, 7222.19.00.05, 7222.19.00.50, 7222.20.00.05, 7222.20.00.45, 7222.20.00.75, and 7222.30.00.00 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (“HTSUS”). Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, our written description of the scope of the order is dispositive.

On May 23, 2005, the Department issued a final scope ruling that SSB manufactured in the United Arab Emirates out of stainless steel wire rod from India is not subject to the scope of this proceeding. See Memorandum to Barbara E. Tillman, Antidumping Duty Orders on Stainless Steel Bar from India and Stainless Steel Wire Rod from India: Final Scope Ruling (May 23, 2005).

Period of Review

The POR is February 1, 2003, through January 31, 2004.


As provided in section 782(i) of the Act, we conducted verification of the sales and cost information submitted by Chandan. We used standard verification procedures, including an on-site examination of Chandan's production facilities, and an examination of the relevant sales, cost, and financial records.

Analysis of Comments Received

The issue raised in the case brief submitted by the petitioners in this review is addressed in the “Issues and Decision Memorandum for the Final Results in the Antidumping Duty Administrative Review of Stainless Steel Bar from India” from Barbara E. Tillman, Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary for Import Administration, to Joseph A. Spetrini, Acting Assistant Secretary for Import Administration, dated September 6, 2005 (“Decision Memorandum”), which is hereby adopted by this notice. Attached to this notice as an appendix is a description of the issue that the petitioners have raised and to which we have responded in the Decision Memorandum. Parties can find a complete discussion of the issue raised in this review and the corresponding recommendation in this Start Printed Page 54025public memorandum, which is on file in the Department's CRU. In addition, a complete version of the Decision Memorandum can be accessed directly on the Web at​frn/​index.html. The paper copy and electronic version of the Decision Memorandum are identical in content.

A. Application of Facts Available

Section 776(a)(1) and (2) of the Act provides that the Department will apply “facts otherwise available” if, inter alia, necessary information is not on the record or an interested party (A) withholds information requested by the Department; (B) fails to provide information within the deadlines established, or in the form or manner requested by the Department, subject to subsections (c)(1) and (e) of section 782 of the Act; (C) significantly impedes a proceeding; or (D) provides information which cannot be verified as provided by section 782(i).

Where the Department determines that a response to a request for information does not comply with the request, section 782(d) of the Act provides that the Department will so inform the party submitting the response and will, to the extent practicable, provide the party the opportunity to remedy or explain the deficiency within the applicable time limits. If that party submits further deficient information, then, subject to section 782(e) of the Act, the Department may disregard all or part of the original and subsequent responses, as appropriate. Section 782(e) of the Act provides further that the Department shall not decline to consider submitted information by an interested party that is necessary to the determination but does not meet all the applicable requirements established by the Department if (1) the information is submitted by the established deadline; (2) the information can be verified; (3) the information is not so incomplete that it cannot serve as a reliable basis for reaching the applicable determination; (4) the interested party has demonstrated that it acted to the best of its ability; and (5) the information can be used without undue difficulties. Thus, if any one of these criteria is not met, the Department may decline to consider the information at issue in making its determination.

As discussed in the “Background” section above, on March 28, 2005, the Department received a submission from Chandan with additional information and data with respect to sales of SSFB, which is covered under the scope of this order. On May 12, 2005, we determined that the information and data contained in the submission represented untimely filed factual information; therefore, we rejected this submission. See section 351.302(c)(2) of the Department's regulations. At verification, we verified the quantity of sales of SSFB to the United States. Additionally, we reviewed invoices for two of the sales of SSFB to the United States and confirmed that, according to the product characteristics, these sales should have been reported in Chandan's U.S. sales listing.

In addition, at verification we found numerous errors and omissions with respect to Chandan's sales information contained in its comparison market (“CM”) and U.S. sales databases. Specifically, Chandan: (1) failed to report marine insurance expenses on certain U.S. sales and reported all marine insurance expenses in U.S. dollars rather than the currency in which they were incurred (i.e., rupees); (2) misreported foreign inland freight charges and international freight charges for certain U.S. and CM sales; (3) calculated credit expenses in both the U.S. and CM sales listings incorrectly; and (4) misclassified its fumigation expenses incurred on CM sales as indirect selling expenses rather than direct selling expenses in accordance with 19 CFR 351.410(c) of the Department's regulations.

Similarly, in verifying Chandan's cost information, we identified errors and information from Chandan's response that could not be supported. Specifically, Chandan (1) provided revised production quantities during the course of verification which precluded the Department from verifying this information; (2) could not support its billet cost allocation for certain raw materials such as chromium, nickel, and titanium to certain grades of SSB; (3) could not support its allocation of rolling costs; (4) could not support its allocation of costs at the bright bar stage of production; and (5) misreported the scrap value in offsetting its reported rolling and bright bar costs for certain grades of bright bar. See Decision Memorandum.

For some of the deficiencies and omissions cited above, the Department finds that the information necessary to calculate an accurate and otherwise reliable margin for Chandan is not available on the record. Furthermore, the Department finds that Chandan failed to provide information requested by the Department in a timely manner and in the form required, significantly impeded the proceeding, and provided unverifiable information pursuant to sections 776(a)(2)(B) and (D) of the Act. Although, in isolation, the aforementioned deficiencies may not have warranted the application of facts otherwise available, the multitude of missing and incorrect data, in conjunction with Chandan's inability to support much of its submitted cost data at verification and the fact that Chandan submitted the information regarding sales and cost data for SSFB after the established deadline, leads the Department to conclude that Chandan's sales and cost information does not meet the standards for consideration of information as outlined in section 782(e) of the Act. For these reasons, we find that the use of facts otherwise available is necessary for Chandan.

B. Adverse Facts Available

According to section 776(b) of the Act, if the Department finds that an interested party fails to cooperate by not acting to the best of its ability to comply with a request for information, the Department may use an inference that is adverse to the interests of that party in selecting from the facts otherwise available. See, e.g., Notice of Final Determination of Sales of Less Than Fair Value and Final Negative Critical Circumstances: Carbon and Certain Alloy Steel Wire Rod from Brazil, 67 FR 55792, 55794-96 (August 30, 2002). Adverse inferences are appropriate “to ensure that the party does not obtain a more favorable result by failing to cooperate than if it had cooperated fully.” See Statement of Administrative Action accompanying the Uruguay Round Agreements Act, H.R. Rep. No. 103-316, at 870 (1994) (“SAA”). Furthermore, “affirmative evidence of bad faith on the part of a respondent is not required before the Department may make an adverse inference.” See Antidumping Duties; Countervailing Duties; Final Rule, 62 FR 27296, 27340 (May 19, 1997) and Nippon Steel Corp. v. United States, 337 F.3d 1373, 1382-1384 (Fed. Cir. 2003) (“Nippon”).

In determining the appropriate facts available to assign to Chandan, we find that Chandan did not act to the best of its ability in this proceeding, within the meaning of section 776(b) of the Act. See Nippon 337 F.3d 1373, 1382-83; see also Decision Memorandum. In not reporting its sales and cost data for SSFB at the time it provided its questionnaire responses for other categories of SSB, Chandan did not provide the Department with full and complete answers. With respect to discrepancies in its reporting of sales expenses, we note that Chandan did not put forth its maximum effort, resulting in numerous errors discovered by the Department at verification. With respect to its reporting of costs, although the Start Printed Page 54026Department did not find inherent flaws in Chandan's cost methodology, we find that Chandan did not act to the best of its ability by virtue of its inadequate record keeping. We note that, for each stage of production (i.e., billet, rolling, and bright bar), Chandan failed to retain essential documentation to support its allocation methodologies.

Therefore, we find that an adverse inference is warranted in selecting facts otherwise available. Section 776(b) of the Act further provides that the Department may use as adverse facts available (“AFA”), information derived from: (1) the petition, (2) a final determination in the investigation, (3) any previous review, or (4) any other information placed on the record.

As AFA for Chandan, we have assigned a margin of 19.80 percent. This margin was calculated for Uday Engineering Works in the 2001 antidumping duty new shipper review and represents the highest calculated weighted-average margin determined for any respondent in any segment of this proceeding. See Stainless Steel Bar from India: Final Results of New Shipper Antidumping Duty Administrative Review, 67 FR 69721 (November 19, 2002) (“New Shipper Review Final Results”).

Information from prior segments of the proceeding constitutes secondary information and section 776(c) of the Act provides that the Department shall, to the extent practicable, corroborate that secondary information from independent sources reasonably at its disposal. The Department's regulations provide that “corroborate” means that the Department will satisfy itself that the secondary information to be used has probative value. See 19 CFR 351.308(d).

To corroborate secondary information, the Department will, to the extent practicable, examine the reliability and relevance of the information to be used. However, unlike other types of information, such as input costs or selling expenses, there are no independent sources for calculated dumping margins. Thus, in an administrative review, if the Department chooses as AFA a calculated dumping margin from a prior segment of the proceeding, it is not necessary to question the reliability of the margin for that time period. See Heavy Forged Hand Tools, Finished or Unfinished, With or Without Handles, From the People's Republic of China: Final Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative Reviews, Final Partial Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Reviews, and Determination Not to Revoke in Part, 69 FR 55581 (September 15, 2004), and attached Issues and Decision Memorandum at Comment 18.

The highest calculated margin in the history of this proceeding is 19.80 percent. See New Shipper Review Final Results. In this review, there are no circumstances indicating that this margin is inappropriate as facts available. There are no calculated margins for any other respondents in this administrative review. Therefore, there is no reason to question the relevance of this margin for Chandan, and for the reasons stated above, we find that the 19.80 percent rate is corroborated to the greatest extent practicable in accordance with section 776(c) of the Act.

Final Results of the Review

For the firm listed below, we find that the following percentage margin exists for the period February 1, 2003, through January 31, 2004:

Chandan Steel, Ltd.19.80

Assessment Rates

The Department shall determine, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) shall assess, antidumping duties on all appropriate entries. For Chandan, we will instruct CBP to liquidate entries at the rate indicated above. The Department will issue appropriate assessment instructions directly to the CBP within 15 days of publication of these final results of review.

Cash Deposit Rates

The following antidumping duty deposits will be required on all shipments of SSB from India entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption, effective on or after the publication date of the final results of this administrative review, as provided by section 751(a)(1) of the Act: (1) the cash deposit rates for the reviewed company will be the rate listed above (except no cash deposit will be required if a company's weighted-average margin is de minimis, i.e., less than 0.5 percent); (2) for previously reviewed or investigated companies not listed above, the cash deposit rate will continue to be the company-specific rate published for the most recent period; (3) if the exporter is not a firm covered in this review, the previous review, or the original investigation, but the manufacturer is, the cash deposit rate will be the rate established for the most recent period for the manufacturer of the merchandise; and (4) if neither the exporter nor the manufacturer is a firm covered in this or any previous reviews, the cash deposit rate will be 12.45 percent, the “all others” rate established in the less than fair value investigation. See Stainless Steel Bar from India; Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, 59 FR 66915 (December 28, 1994). These cash deposit requirements shall remain in effect until publication of the final results of the next administrative review.

Notification to Importers

This notice serves as a final reminder to importers of their responsibility under 19 CFR 351.402(f)(2) to file a certificate regarding the reimbursement of antidumping duties prior to liquidation of the relevant entries during this review period. Failure to comply with this requirement could result in the Secretary's presumption that reimbursement of antidumping duties occurred and the subsequent assessment of doubled antidumping duties.

Notification Regarding APOs

This notice also serves as a reminder to parties subject to administrative protective orders (“APOs”) of their responsibility concerning the return or destruction of proprietary information disclosed under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305, which continues to govern business proprietary information in this segment of the proceeding. Timely written notification of the return/destruction of APO materials or conversion to judicial protective order is hereby requested. Failure to comply with the regulations and terms of an APO is a violation which is subject to sanction.

We are issuing and publishing these results of review in accordance with sections 751(a)(1) and 777(i)(1) of the Act.

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Dated: September 6, 2005.

Joseph A. Spetrini,

Acting Assistant Secretary for Import Administration.

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Comment in the Issues and Decision Memorandum

Comment 1: Use of Total Adverse Facts Available for Chandan

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[FR Doc. E5-4976 Filed 9-12-05; 8:45 am]