Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
Direct final rule.
EPA is taking direct final action to approve revisions to the Ventura County Air Pollution Control District (VCAPCD) portion of the California State Implementation Plan (SIP). These revisions concern volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from surface cleaning operations. We are approving local rules that regulate these emission sources under the Clean Air Act as amended in 1990 (CAA or the Act).
This rule is effective on December 27, 2005 without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comments by November 25, 2005. If we receive such comments, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that this direct final rule will not take effect.
Submit comments, identified by docket number R09-OAR-2005-CA-0005, by one of the following methods:
1. Agency Web site: http://docket.epa.gov/rmepub/. EPA prefers receiving comments through this electronic public docket and comment system. Follow the on-line instructions to submit comments.
2. Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions.
3. E-mail: email@example.com.
4. Mail or deliver: Andrew Steckel (Air-4), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, CA 94105-3901.
Instructions: All comments will be included in the public docket without change and may be made available online at http://docket.epa.gov/rmepub/, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Information that you consider CBI or otherwise protected should be clearly identified as such and should not be submitted through the agency Web site, eRulemaking portal or e-mail. The agency Web site and eRulemaking portal are “anonymous access” systems, and EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send e-mail directly to EPA, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the public comment. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment.
Docket: The index to the docket for this action is available electronically at http://docket.epa.gov/rmepub and in hard copy at EPA Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, California. While all documents in the docket are listed in the index, some information may be publicly available only at the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material), and some may not be publicly available in either location (e.g., CBI). To inspect the hard copy materials, please schedule an appointment during normal business hours with the contact listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Cynthia G. Allen, EPA Region IX, (415) 947-4120, firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Throughout this document, “we,” “us” and “our” refer to EPA.
Table of Contents
I. The State's Submittal
A. What rules did the State submit?
B. Are there other versions of these rules?
C. What is the purpose of the submitted rule revisions?
II. EPA's Evaluation and Action.
A. How is EPA evaluating the rules?
B. Do the rules meet the evaluation criteria?
C. EPA recommendations to further improve the rules.
D. Public comment and final action.
III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
I. The State's Submittal
A. What Rules Did the State Submit?
Table 1 lists the rules we are approving with the dates that they were adopted by the local air agencies and submitted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB).
|Local agency||Rule No.||Rule title||Adopted||Submitted|
|VCAPCD||74.6||Surface Cleaning and Degreasing||11/11/03||04/26/05|
|VCAPCD||74.6.1||Batch Loaded Vapor Degreasers||11/11/03||04/26/05|
|VCAPCD||74.12||Surface Coating of Metal Parts and Products||11/11/03||04/26/05|
|VCAPCD||74.13||Aerospace Assembly and Component Manufacturing Operations||11/11/03||04/26/05|
|VCAPCD||74.19.1||Screen Printing Operations||11/11/03||04/26/05|
|VCAPCD||74.24||Marine Coating Operations||11/11/03||04/26/05|
|VCAPCD||74.30||Wood Products Coatings||11/11/03||04/26/05|
On June 3, 2005, these rule submittals were found to meet the completeness criteria in 40 CFR part 51, appendix V, which must be met before formal EPA review.
B. Are There Other Versions of These Rules?
We approved versions of these rules into the SIP on the dates listed: Rule 74.6 on December 11, 2000 (adopted on November 10, 1998 and submitted on February 16, 1999), Rules 74.6.1, 74.6.2, and 74.6.3 on July 21, 2000 (adopted on July 9, 1996 and submitted on October 18, 1996), Rules 74.12, 74.13, 74.24, and 74.30 on April 19, 2001 (adopted on September 10, 1996 and submitted on March 3, 1997), 74.19 on May 23, 2002 (adopted on April 10, 2001 and submitted on October 30, 2001), and 74.19.1 on August 21, 1998 (adopted on June 11, 1996 and submitted on October 18, 1996.
C. What Is the Purpose of the Submitted Rule Revisions?
VOCs help produce ground-level ozone and smog, which harm human health and the environment. Section 110(a) of the CAA requires states to submit regulations that control VOC emissions. Start Printed Page 61562
Rule 74.6 limits most cleaning activities to using solvents containing no more than 25 grams per liter. The rule will still allow hydrocarbon solvents to be used for cleaning operations where water-based cleaners would cause problems. The rule applies to any non-boiling surface cleaning operation, including handwipe cleaning, flushing, and cleaning conducted in degreasing tanks and other non-boiling surface cleaning apparatus. Most of the requirements in revised Rule 74.6 are carried over from existing Rules 74.6 and 74.6.1.
Rule 74.6.1 adds requirements to retrofit existing units with an automated parts handling system and to retrofit existing units with either a superheated vapor zone or a refrigerated freeboard chiller. The revised rule was rewritten and rearranged from existing Rule 74.6.2 for clarity and to delete obsolete language. Rule 74.6.1 replaces existing Rule 74.6.2.
Rule 74.6.3 is being repealed because there are currently no conveyorized degreasers operating in the District.
Rules 74.12, 74.13, 74.19, 74.19.1, 74.24, and 74.30 are being revised to prohibit the use of cleaning solvents containing more than 25 grams of reactive organic compounds (ROC) per liter (25 g/l) in degreasing tanks and handwipe operations. This restriction applies to cold surface cleaning operations conducted in degreasing equipment as well as cleaning outside of degreasing equipment.
The TSD has more information about these rules.
II. EPA's Evaluation and Action
A. How Is EPA Evaluating the Rules?
Generally, SIP rules must be enforceable (see section 110(a) of the Act), must require Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT) for major sources in nonattainment areas (see section 182(a)(2)(A)), and must not relax existing requirements (see sections 110(l) and 193). The VCAPCD regulates a 1-hour ozone nonattainment area (see 40 CFR part 81), so these rules must fulfill RACT.
Guidance and policy documents that we use to help evaluate specific enforceability and RACT requirements consistently include the following:
1. Portions of the proposed post-1987 ozone and carbon monoxide policy that concern RACT, 52 FR 45044, November 24, 1987.
2. “Issues Relating to VOC Regulation Cutpoints, Deficiencies, and Deviations,” EPA, May 25, 1988 (the Bluebook).
3. “Guidance Document for Correcting Common VOC & Other Rule Deficiencies,” EPA Region 9, August 21, 2001 (the Little Bluebook).
4. Control Technique Guideline (CTG) titled, “Control of Volatile Organic Emissions from Solvent Metal Cleaning” (EPA-450/2-77-022, November 1977), CARB's RACT/BARCT guidance titled, “Organic Solvent Cleaning and Degreasing Operations” (July 18, 1991).
B. Do the Rules Meet the Evaluation criteria?
We believe these rules are consistent with the relevant policy and guidance regarding enforceability, RACT, and SIP relaxations.
The TSD has more information on our evaluation.
C. EPA recommendations To Further Improve the Rules
We have no recommendations.
D. Public Comment and Final Action
As authorized in section 110(k)(3) of the Act, EPA is fully approving the submitted rules because we believe they fulfill all relevant requirements. We do not think anyone will object to this approval, so we are finalizing it without proposing it in advance. However, in the Proposed Rules section of this Federal Register, we are simultaneously proposing approval of the same submitted rules. If we receive adverse comments by November 25, 2005, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register to notify the public that the direct final approval will not take effect and we will address the comments in a subsequent final action based on the proposal. If we do not receive timely adverse comments, the direct final approval will be effective without further notice on December 27, 2005. This will incorporate these rules into the federally enforceable SIP.
Please note that if EPA receives adverse comment on an amendment, paragraph, or section of this rule and if that provision may be severed from the remainder of the rule, EPA may adopt as final those provisions of the rule that are not the subject of an adverse comment.
III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by state law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4).
This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This action also does not have Federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves several district rules implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.
In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Start Printed Page 61563Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).
The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).
Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by December 27, 2005. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52
- Environmental protection
- Air pollution control
- Incorporation by reference
- Intergovernmental relations
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- Volatile organic compounds
Dated: August 31, 2005.
Acting Regional Administrator, Region IX.
Part 52, Chapter I, Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 52—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart F—CaliforniaStart Amendment Part
2. Section 52.220 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(336)(i)(B) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(c) * * *
(336) * * *
(i) * * *
(B) Ventura County Air Pollution Control District.
(1) Rules 74.6, 74.6.1, 74.12, 74.13, 74.19, 74.19.1, 74.24, and 74.30, adopted on November 11, 2003.
[FR Doc. 05-21264 Filed 10-24-05; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P