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Notice

Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review; Comment Request; Voluntary Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Manuals for Operators and Regulators of Retail and Food Service Establishments

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that a proposed collection of information has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and clearance under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995.

DATES:

Fax written comments on the collection of information by January 23, 2006.

ADDRESSES:

OMB is still experiencing significant delays in the regular mail, including first class and express mail, and messenger deliveries are not being accepted. To ensure that comments on the information collection are received, OMB recommends that comments be faxed to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, OMB, Attn: Fumie Yokota, Desk Officer for FDA, FAX: 202-395-6974.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Jonna Capezzuto, Office of Management Programs (HFA-250), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-827-4659.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In compliance with 44 U.S.C. 3507, FDA has submitted the following proposed collection of information to OMB for review and clearance.

Voluntary Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) Manuals for Operators and Regulators of Retail and Food Service Establishments

The draft Operator's Manual contains information and recommendations for operators of retail and foodservice establishments who wish to develop and implement a voluntary food safety management system based on HACCP principles. Operators may decide to incorporate some or all of the principles presented in the draft manual into their existing food safety management systems. The recordkeeping practices discussed in the draft manual are voluntary and may include documenting certain activities, such as monitoring and verification, which the operator may or may not deem necessary to ensure food safety. The draft manual includes optional worksheets to assist operators in developing and validating a voluntary food safety management system.

The draft Regulator's Manual contains recommendations for State, local, and tribal regulators on conducting risk-based inspections of retail and foodservice establishments, including recommendations about recordkeeping practices that can assist operators in preventing foodborne illness. These recommendations may lead to voluntary actions by operators based on consultation with regulators. For example, an operator may develop a risk control plan as an intervention strategy for controlling specific out-of-control foodborne illness risk factors identified during an inspection. Further, the draft manual contains recommendations to assist regulators when evaluating voluntary food safety management systems in retail and foodservice establishments. Such evaluations typically consist of the following two components: Validation (assessing whether the establishment's voluntary food safety management system is adequate to control food safety hazards) and verification (assessing whether the establishment is following its voluntary food safety management system). The draft manual includes a sample “Verification Inspection Checklist” to assist regulators when conducting verification inspections of establishments with voluntary food safety management systems.

Types of operator records discussed in the manuals and listed in the following burden estimates include: Food safety management systems (plans that delineate the formal procedures to follow to control all food safety hazards in an operation); risk control plans (HACCP-based, goal-oriented plans for achieving active managerial control over specific out-of-control foodborne illness risk factors); hazard analysis (written assessment of the significant food safety hazards associated with foods prepared in the establishment); prerequisite programs (written policies or procedures, including but not limited to, standard operating procedures, training protocols, and buyer specifications that address maintenance of basic operational and sanitation conditions); monitoring (records showing the observations or measurements that are made to help determine if critical limits are being met and maintained); corrective action (records indicating the activities that are completed whenever a critical limit is not met); ongoing verification (records showing the procedures that are followed to ensure that monitoring and other functions of the food safety management system are being implemented properly); and validation (records indicating that scientific and technical information is collected and evaluated to determine if the food safety management system, when properly implemented, effectively controls the hazards).

All recommendations in both manuals are voluntary. For simplicity and to avoid duplicate estimates for operator recordkeeping practices that are discussed in both manuals, the burden for all collection of information recommendations for retail and foodservice operators are estimated together in table 1 of this document, regardless of the manual in which they appear. Collection of information recommendations for regulators in the Regulator's Manual are listed separately in table 2 of this document.

The likely respondents to this collection of information are operators and regulators of retail and foodservice establishments.

In the Federal Register of July 21, 2005 (70 FR 42072), FDA published a 60-day notice requesting public comment on the information collection provisions. No comments were received.

FDA estimates the burden of the collection of information as follows:

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Table 1.—Estimated Annual Recordkeeping Burden for Operators1

Types of RecordsNo. of RecordkeepersAnnual Frequency of RecordkeepingTotal Annual RecordsHours per RecordkeeperTotal Hours
Food Safety Management System50,0002150,000603,000,000
Hazard Analysis50,0002150,000201,000,000
Prerequisite Program Records100,000336536,500,0000.13,650,000
Monitoring Records100,000336536,500,0000.310,950,000
Corrective Action Records100,000336536,500,0000.13,650,000
Ongoing Verification Records (includes calibration records)100,000336536,500,0000.13,650,000
Validation Records50,0003150,0004200,000
Total First Year Burden4:26,100,000
Annual Burden4:22,100,000
Risk Control Plan50,000150,0002100,000
Monitoring Records100,000909,000,0000.32,700,000
Corrective Action Records100,000909,000,0000.1900,000
Ongoing Verification Records (includes calibration records)100,000909,000,0000.1900,000
Annual Burden54,600,000
Total Annual Burden for Operators (Excluding First Year)26,700,000
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.
2 First year burden only.
3 Annual burden.
4 Burden for developing and implementing a food safety management system based on the Operator's Manual.
5 Annual burden for developing and implementing a risk control plan based on the Regulator's Manual.

The burden for these activities may vary among retail and foodservice operators depending on the type and number of products involved, the complexity of an establishment's operation, the nature of the equipment or instruments required to monitor critical control points, and the extent to which an operator uses the Operator's Manual and/or the Regulator's Manual. The estimate does not include collections of information that are a usual and customary part of an operator's normal activities. FDA has established as a goal to have 50,000 (1/2 of 1 percent) of the approximately one million U.S. retail and foodservice operators implement the recommendations outlined in the two manuals. This target figure is used in calculating the burden in tables 1 and 2 of this document because the agency lacks data on how to base an estimate of how many retail and foodservice establishments are likely to use one or more of the manuals to voluntarily implement a comprehensive food safety management system based on HACCP principles or a risk control plan for out-of-control processes identified during an inspection. FDA's estimate of the total number of retail and foodservice establishments is based on numbers obtained from the two major trade organizations representing these industries, the Food Marketing Institute and the National Restaurant Association, respectively. FDA seeks comments on this estimate.

The hour burden estimates in table 1 of this document for operators who follow the HACCP-based recommendations in the Operator's Manual are based on the estimated average annual information collection burden for mandatory HACCP rules, including seafood HACCP (60 FR 65096 at 65178, December 18, 1995) and juice HACCP (66 FR 6138 at 6202, January 19, 2001). FDA estimates that during the first year, 20 labor hours are needed to conduct the hazard analysis and 60 labor hours are needed to develop a food safety management system (HACCP plan). Once the system is in place, the annual frequency of records is based on 365 operating days per year. Assuming there is one recordkeeper per shift of operation, the agency estimates that two recordkeepers per day would be needed to conduct monitoring, corrective action, recordkeeping, and verification outlined in the system. The agency further estimates that validation will be conducted once per year, based on menu or food list changes, changes in distributors, or changes in food preparation processes used. The validation will require a total of 4 labor hours.

The second set of estimates in table 1 of this document shows the annual burden for developing and implementing a risk control plan to control specific out-of-control foodborne illness risk factors identified during an inspection by a State, local, or tribal regulatory authority. If an operator decides to use a risk control plan as recommended in the Regulator's Manual, one person from the establishment is needed to work with the regulator to develop the written plan. FDA estimates that two recordkeepers per day (one recordkeeper for each shift) would be needed to conduct monitoring, corrective action, recordkeeping, and verification outlined in the risk control plan. The estimated duration of Start Printed Page 76058implementation for a risk control plan is 90 days, which is the minimum recommended time to achieve long-term behavior change.

Table 2.—Estimated Annual Recordkeeping Burden for Regulators1

Types of RecordsNo. of RecordkeepersAnnual Frequency of RecordkeepingTotal Annual RecordsHours per RecordkeeperTotal Hours
Voluntary Food Safety Management System Evaluation (includes validation, verification, and completion of verification inspection checklist)50,000150,00016800,000
Total Annual Burden for Regulators800,000
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

It is difficult to predict the number of State, local, and tribal regulatory jurisdictions that will use the Regulator's Manual. But FDA anticipates that retail and foodservice establishments which voluntarily develop and implement a food safety management system based on the Operator's Manual will request their regulatory authorities to conduct an evaluation of their system. The estimates in table 2 of this document for the annual burden to State, local, and tribal regulators that follow the recommendations in the Regulator's Manual were calculated based on the usual time needed for one person to evaluate a voluntarily-implemented food safety management system and record the findings. The number of times an inspector may be asked by an operator to evaluate a voluntarily-implemented system is not expected to exceed once per year.

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Dated: December 8, 2005.

Jeffrey Shuren,

Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. E5-7644 Filed 12-21-05; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-S