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Antidumping Proceedings: Calculation of the Weighted Average Dumping Margin During an Antidumping Duty Investigation

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Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce.


The Department of Commerce (“the Department”) is requesting comments regarding the calculation of the weighted average dumping margin in an antidumping duty investigation. Currently, the Department usually makes comparisons between average export prices and average normal values and does not offset any dumping that is found with the results of comparisons for which the average export price exceeds the average normal value. A recent WTO dispute settlement report has found that the United States application of this methodology was inconsistent with our WTO obligations. In response to this report, the Department will abandon the use of average-to-average comparisons without such offsets. The Department seeks comment on the alternative approach(s) that may be appropriate in future investigations.


March 6, 2006.


To be assured of consideration, written comments must be received no later than 30 days after the date of publication in the Federal Register. Rebuttal comments must be received no later than 45 days after the publication date.


Submit comments to David Spooner, Assistant Secretary for Import Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, Central Records Unit, Room 1870, Pennsylvania Avenue and 14th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20230; Attention: Weighted Average Dumping Margin.

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Michael Rill at 202) 482-3058, Mark Barnett at (202) 482-2866, or William Kovatch at (202) 482-5052.

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Pursuant to section 777A(d)(1)(A) of the Tariff Act of 1930, in an investigation, the Department may determine whether the subject merchandise is being sold at less than fair value either by comparing weighted average normal values to weighted average export prices of comparable merchandise (the average-to-average comparison methodology), or by comparing normal values of individual transactions to the export prices1 of individual transactions for comparable merchandise (the transaction-to-transaction comparison methodology). The Department's regulations state that the Department will normally use the average-to-average comparison methodology in an investigation. 19 C.F.R. 351.414(c)(1).

In applying the average-to-average methodology during an investigation, the Department usually divides the export transactions into groups by model and level of trade (“averaging groups”), and compares an average of the export price of transactions within one group to an average normal value for the same or similar model of the foreign like product at the same or most similar level of trade. When aggregating the results of the comparisons of averaging groups in order to determine the weighted average dumping margin, the Department has not allowed the results of averaging groups for which export price exceeds normal value to offset the results of averaging groups for which export price is less than normal value.2

The European Communities (“EC”) challenged the denial of offsets, both “as such,” and “as applied” in certain administrative determinations, as being inconsistent with the World Trade Organization (“WTO”) Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 (“Antidumping Agreement”) before a dispute settlement panel. The panel circulated its report on October 31, 2005, finding, with respect to the specific antidumping duty investigations subject to the EC's challenge, that the Department's denial of offsets when using the average-to-average comparison methodology in an investigation is inconsistent with Article 2.4.2 of the Antidumping Agreement.3 The United States has not appealed this aspect of the panel's report.

Proposal for Calculating the Weighted Average Dumping Margin in an Antidumping Investigation and Request for Comments

Pursuant to section 123(g)(1) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (“the URAA”), “[i]n any case in which a dispute settlement panel or the Appellate Body finds in its report that a regulation or practice of a department or agency of the United States is inconsistent with any of the Uruguay Round Agreements,” certain requirements must be met before “that regulation or practice” may be “amended, rescinded, or otherwise modified . . . .” Section 123(g)(1)(C) of the URAA requires that the Department provide opportunity for public comment by publishing “the proposed modifications and the explanation of the modification” in the Federal Register.

The WTO panel in US - Zeroing has found the denial of offsets in certain antidumping duty investigations, when using the average-to-average comparison methodology, to be inconsistent with Article 2.4.2 of the Antidumping Agreement.4 Accordingly, the Department proposes that it will no longer make average-to-average comparisons without providing offsets for non-dumped comparisons.

The Department is soliciting comments pertaining to this proposal and appropriate methodologies to be applied in future antidumping duty investigations in light of the panel's report in US - Zeroing.


After considering all comments received, the Department intends to publish in the Federal Register a final notice regarding the calculation of the weighted average dumping margin using the average-to-average comparison methodology in an investigation. See section 123(g)(1)(F) of the URAA (19 U.S.C. 3533(g)(1)(F)). Any changes in methodology will be applied in all investigations initiated on the basis of petitions received on or after the first day of the month following the date of publication of the Department's final notice of the new weighted average dumping margin calculation methodology.

Comments - Format

Parties wishing to comment should submit a signed original and six copies of each set of comments, including reasons for any recommendations, along with a cover letter identifying the commenter's name and address. To help simplify the processing and distribution Start Printed Page 11190of comments and rebuttals, the Department requests that a submission in electronic form accompany the required paper copies. Comments filed in electronic form should be on CD-ROM in either WordPerfect format or a format that the WordPerfect program can convert into WordPerfect.

Comments received on CD-ROM will be made available to the public on the Web at the following address:​. In addition, upon request, the Department will make comments filed in electronic form available to the public on CD-ROMs (at cost) with specific instructions for accessing compressed data (if necessary). Any questions concerning file formatting, document conversion, access on the Web, or other electronic filing issues should be addressed to Andrew Lee Beller, IA Webmaster, at (202) 482-0866 or via e-mail at

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Dated: February 28, 2006.

David M. Spooner,

Assistant Secretary for Import Administration.

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1.  The Department may also use constructed export prices, if appropriate. Because the use of export prices or constructed export prices is not relevant to the substance of this notice, the Department refers only to export prices hereafter.

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2.  Section 771(35)(A) of the Act defines the dumping margin as the amount by which normal value “exceeds” export or constructed export price. Section 771(35)(B) defines the weighted average dumping margin as the percentage determined by dividing the aggregate dumping margins determined for a specific exporter or producer by the aggregate export or constructed export price of that exporter or producer.

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3.  Panel Report, United States - Laws, Regulations and Methodology for Calculating Dumping Margins (“US - Zeroing”), WT/DS294/R, para. 7.32, circulated October 31, 2005 (“Zeroing”).

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4.  US - Zeroing, para. 7.32.

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[FR Doc. 06-2134 Filed 3-3-06; 1:14 pm]

Billing Code: 3510-DS-R