Defense Acquisition Regulations System, Department of Defense (DoD).
DoD has adopted as final, with changes, an interim rule amending the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) to implement Section 847 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004. Section 847 authorizes DoD to carry out a pilot program that permits the use of streamlined contracting procedures for the production of items or processes begun as prototype projects under other transaction agreements.
Effective Date: April 12, 2006.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Ms. Robin Schulze, Defense Acquisition Regulations System, OUSD (AT&L) DPAP (DARS), IMD 3C132, 3062 Defense Pentagon, Washington, DC 20301-3062. Telephone (703) 602-0326; facsimile (703) 602-0350. Please cite DFARS Case 2003-D106.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
DoD published an interim rule at 69 FR 63329 on November 1, 2004, to implement Section 847 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Pub. L. 108-136). Section 847 authorizes DoD to carry out a pilot program for follow-on contracting for the production of items or processes begun as prototype projects under other transaction agreements. Contracts and subcontracts awarded under the program may be treated as those for the acquisition of commercial items; and items or processes acquired under the program may be treated as developed in part with Federal funds and in part at private expense for purposes of negotiating rights in technical data.
One association submitted comments on the interim rule. A discussion of the comments is provided below.
1. Comment: Definition of nontraditional defense contractor. The respondent noted that the definition in the rule is consistent with the statutory definition at 10 U.S.C. 2173, but stated Start Printed Page 18668that the term “performed on” in paragraph (2) of the definition could be interpreted to include commercial subcontractors that “performed on” traditional defense contractors' prime contracts; this would inappropriately exclude those contractors from the pilot program. The respondent recommended revising paragraph (2)(ii) of the definition to clarify that only contracts with Federal agencies subject to the FAR for both prototype projects and basic, applied, or advanced research projects will be considered in the determination of a nontraditional defense contractor, because the current language could be interpreted to include contracts not subject to the FAR.
DoD Response: The definition in the DFARS rule is consistent with the definition provided in the statute, and the terminology referenced by the respondent (i.e., “performed on”) is identical to terminology used by DoD in related longstanding policy and guidance (e.g., DoD's audit policy for prototype projects that use other transaction authority (32 CFR part 3) and DoD's Other Transactions Guide for Prototype Projects). DoD is unaware of any issues with its interpretation and believes that revising the definition could cause unnecessary confusion. If a contractor has entered into another transaction agreement and has not, for a period of at least 1 year prior to the date of the other transaction agreement, been a direct party to a contract (prime or subcontract) that was subject to full cost accounting standards coverage or one that exceeded $500,000 to carry out prototype projects or to perform basic, applied, or advanced research projects for a Federal agency that is subject to the FAR, the contractor qualifies as a nontraditional defense contractor.
2. Comment: Qualifying subcontracts. The respondent stated that the interim rule incorrectly interprets the statute to mean that both the prime contract and the subcontract must qualify in order for the subcontract to be treated as a subcontract for a commercial item.
DoD Response: The statute does not require that the prime contract also qualify; it only requires that the prime contract be a contract for the prototype items or processes, which means a prime contract that includes the prototype item or process, rather than one that is only for the prototype items or processes. DoD has amended the rule to be consistent with the statute.
3. Comment: Guidance on using fixed-price contracts. The respondent stated that the use of firm-fixed-price contracts or fixed-price contracts with economic price adjustment, as required by the statute, can be very difficult for the first production contract and recommended providing high level guidance for (i) adequately defining performance, including addressing difficult-to-quantify risks expressly; (ii) using interim fixed-price milestones and considering allowing later milestones to be priced during performance as more knowledge is gained; and (iii) ensuring that payments, including incentives, are linked to achieving clearly defined cost and technical performance objectives.
DoD Response: Issues related to contract type are not unique to the application of this statutory authority and are outside the scope of this case.
4. Comment: Treating intellectual property flexibly. The respondent stated that the final rule should expressly state that the statute reconfirms the existing authority at DFARS 227.7103-5(d) and 227.7103-1(a), since contracting officers already have the authority to negotiate the minimum rights needed to satisfy the agency's needs. The respondent also stated that the final rule should expressly state that contractors are not required to change their accounting practices if the Government uses this authority to agree to deem the funding mixed, since the fact that the contractor allocates no private funding to a “deemed” mixed funding project should not be grounds to question costs or the “deemed” mixed funding status.
DoD Response. DoD does not believe it is necessary to expressly reconfirm this policy. However, DoD has amended the rule to add cross-references to the appropriate sections. Adding these cross-references introduced some potential confusion regarding the distinction between delivery requirements and license rights. To clarify this distinction, the text on delivery requirements (at 212.7003(d) of the interim rule) has been relocated to 212.7003(a), including cross-references; and the text on license rights in 212.7003 has been included in a new paragraph (b). To further clarify that 212.7003 covers both delivery requirements and license rights, additional changes were made to the heading and introductory text of 212.7003, and to the cross-references in 212.7002-1(b) and 212.7002-2(b).
It is unnecessary to expressly state that contractors are not required to change their accounting practices when the Government uses this statutory authority, and the statute does not mandate that these technologies will be “deemed” as mixed funding in all cases. However, the comment highlights potential confusion created by the interim rule using the statute's permissive statement that data/software acquired under contracts awarded using this authority “may be treated” as mixed funding (former 212.7003 introductory text), combined with imperative language that directs negotiation of special license rights “* * * in view of the parties” relative contributions to the development of the items or processes” (former 212.7003(d)). To clarify the intent of the rule, the introductory text at 212.7003 has been revised to state that there shall be a rebuttable presumption of mixed funding, and 212.7003(b)(4) has been revised to specify when special license rights should be negotiated, with cross-references to the existing DFARS policy regarding such negotiations. This approach preserves many of the efficiencies of the “normal” procedures for acquiring commercial technologies (e.g., a rebuttable presumption regarding the most likely funding profiles and their associated license rights), while preserving the parties' ability to establish more appropriate license rights when the presumption is not accurate or equitable (e.g., by negotiating special license rights, or by using the validation of restrictive marking procedures).
This rule was not subject to Office of Management and Budget review under Executive Order 12866, dated September 30, 1993.
B. Regulatory Flexibility Act
DoD has prepared a final regulatory flexibility analysis consistent with 5 U.S.C. 604. A copy of the analysis may be obtained from the point of contact specified herein. The analysis is summarized as follows:
This rule amends the DFARS to implement Section 847 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004. Section 847 authorizes DoD to carry out a pilot program for follow-on contracting for the production of items or processes begun as prototype projects under other transaction agreements. Contracts and subcontracts awarded under the program may be treated as those for the acquisition of commercial items; and items or processes acquired under the program may be treated as developed in part with Federal funds and in part at private expense for purposes of negotiating rights in technical data.
DoD received no public comments with regard to the impact of the rule on small entities. As a result of comments received on other aspects of the interim rule, the final rule contains changes that clarify the types of subcontracts that may be treated as “commercial” under the pilot program, and contains changes that clarify the distinction between delivery requirements and license rights for technical data and computer Start Printed Page 18669software for items or processes acquired under the program.
The commercial procedures authorized by the rule are intended to ease the transition of nontraditional defense contractors from other transactions agreements to standard DoD contracts and, therefore, are expected to improve opportunities for such entities to receive DoD contract awards. In fiscal year 2005, DoD awarded 78 other transaction agreements totaling $150 million in value. Of these, 22 were awarded to small business concerns, totaling approximately $40 million in value.
C. Paperwork Reduction Act
The Paperwork Reduction Act does not apply, because the rule does not impose any information collection requirements that require the approval of the Office of Management and Budget under 44 U.S.C. 3501, et seq.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 48 CFR Part 212End List of Subjects Start Signature
Michele P. Peterson,
Editor, Defense Acquisition Regulations System.
Accordingly, the interim rule amendingEnd Amendment Part Start Part
PART 212—ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMSEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation forEnd Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 212.7002-1 is amended by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(b) See 212.7003 for special procedures pertaining to technical data and computer software.
3. Sections 212.7002-2 and 212.7003 are revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) A subcontract for an item or process that does not meet the definition of “commercial item” may be treated as a subcontract for a commercial item, if the subcontract—
(1) Is for the production of an item or process begun as a prototype project under an other transaction agreement;
(2) Does not exceed $50,000,000;
(3) Is awarded on or before September 30, 2008;
(4) Is awarded to a nontraditional defense contractor; and
(5) Is either—
(i) A firm-fixed-price subcontract; or
(ii) A fixed-price subcontract with economic price adjustment.
(b) See 212.7003 for special procedures pertaining to technical data and computer software.
For purposes of establishing delivery requirements and license rights for technical data under 227.7102 and for computer software under 227.7202, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that items or processes acquired under a contract or subcontract awarded in accordance with 212.7002 were developed in part with Federal funds and in part at private expense (i.e., mixed funding).
(a) Delivery requirements. Acquire only the technical data and computer software that are necessary to satisfy agency needs. Follow the requirements at 227.7103-1 and 227.7103-2 for technical data, and 227.7203-1 and 227.7203-2 for computer software.
(b) License rights. Acquire only the license rights in technical data and computer software that are necessary to satisfy agency needs.
(1) For technical data, use the clauses at 252.227-7013, Rights in Technical Data—Noncommercial Items, and 252.227-7037, Validation of Restrictive Markings on Technical Data.
(2) For computer software, use the clauses at 252.227-7014, Rights in Noncommercial Computer Software and Noncommercial Computer Software Documentation, and 252.227-7019, Validation of Asserted Restrictions—Computer Software.
(3) Require the contractor to include the clauses prescribed by paragraphs (b)(1) and (2) of this section in subcontracts awarded in accordance with 212.7002-2.
(4) When the standard license rights for items or processes developed with mixed funding do not provide the minimum rights necessary to satisfy agency needs, negotiate for special license rights in accordance with 227.7103-5(d) and 227.7203-5(d).
[FR Doc. 06-3455 Filed 4-11-06; 8:45 am]
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