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Zoxamide; Pesticide Tolerance

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Direct Final rule.

SUMMARY:

EPA issued a final rule in the Federal Register of September 26, 2001, concerning a tolerance for combined residues of zoxamide, 3,5-dichloro-N-(3-chloro-1-ethyl-1-methyl-2-oxopropyl)-4-methylbenzamide and its metabolites 3,5-dichloro-1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid, and 3,5-dichloro-4-hydroxymethylbenzoic acid in or on tomato and in or on the cucurbit vegetable crop group 9. This rule is being issued to correct the expression and placement of the tolerance for residues of zoxamide in or on tomato, and in or on cucurbit, vegetable crop group 9.

DATES:

This Direct Final Rule is effective on August 30, 2006 without notice, unless EPA receives adverse comment by July 31, 2006. If, however, EPA receives adverse comment, EPA will publish a Federal Register document to withdraw the direct final rule before the effective date.

If this Direct Final Rule becomes effective on August 30, 2006, any person may file an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a hearing on those objections. Objections and requests for hearings must be received on or before October 30, 2006.

ADDRESSES:

If this regulation becomes effective on August 30, 2006 because no adverse comment is received, any person may file an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a hearing on those objections. To submit a written objection or hearing request follow the detailed instructions as provided in Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. EPA has established a docket for this action under docket identification (ID) number EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0088. All documents in the docket are listed in the index for the docket. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available in the electronic docket at http://www.regulations.gov, or, if only available in hard copy, at the OPP Regulatory Public Docket in Rm. S-4400, One Potomac Yard (South Building), 2777 S. Crystal Drive, Arlington, VA. The Docket Facility is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Docket is (703) 305-5805.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Rose Mary Kearns, Registration Division (7505P), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001; telephone number: (703) 305-5611; fax number: (703) 308-1825; e-mail address: kearns.rosemary@epa.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. General Information

A. Does this Action Apply to Me?

You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. Potentially affected entities may include, but are not limited to:

  • Crop production (NAICS code 111).
  • Animal production (NAICS code 112).
  • Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311).
  • Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532).

This listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in this unit could also be affected. The North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes have been provided to assist you and others in determining whether this action might apply to certain entities. To determine whether you or your business may be affected by this action, you should carefully examine the applicability provisions in 40 CFR Part 180. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.

B. How Can I Access Electronic Copies of this Document?

In addition to accessing an electronic copy of this Federal Register document through the electronic docket at http://www.regulations.gov, you may access this Federal Register document electronically through the EPA Internet under the “Federal Register” listings at http://www.epa.gov/​fedrgstr. You may also access a frequently updated electronic version of 40 CFR part 180 through the Government Printing Office's pilot e-CFR site at http://www.gpoaccess.gov/​ecfr.

C. Can I File an Objection or Hearing Request?

Under section 408(g) of the FFDCA, as amended by the FQPA, any person may file an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a hearing on those objections. The EPA procedural regulations which govern the submission of objections and requests for hearings appear in 40 CFR part 178. You must file your objection or request a hearing on this regulation in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0088 in the subject line on the first page of your submission. All requests must be in writing, and must be mailed or delivered to the Hearing Clerk on or before July 31, 2006.

In addition to filing an objection or hearing request with the Hearing Clerk as described in 40 CFR part 178, please submit a copy of the filing that does not contain any CBI for inclusion in the public docket that is described in ADDRESSES. Information not marked confidential pursuant to 40 CFR part 2 Start Printed Page 31103may be disclosed publicly by EPA without prior notice. Submit your copies, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0088, by one of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
  • Mail: Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) Regulatory Public Docket (7502P), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001.
  • Delivery: OPP Regulatory Public Docket (7502P), Environmental Protection Agency, Rm. S-4400, One Potomac Yard (South Building), 2777 S. Crystal Drive, Arlington, VA. Deliveries are only accepted during the Docket's normal hours of operation (8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays). Special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information. The telephone number for the Docket is (703) 305-5805.

II. Background

A. What Action is the Agency Taking?

In the Federal Register of August 24, 2000 (65 FR 51612) (FRL-6739-1), EPA issued a notice pursuant to section 408 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), 21 U.S.C. 346a as amended by the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA) (Public Law 104-170) announcing the filing of a pesticide petition (PP 9F5058) for a tolerance by Rohm and Haas Company, 100 Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19108-2399. This notice included a summary of the petition prepared by Rohm and Haas, the registrant. There were no comments received in response to the notice of filing. A correction to the notice of filing was published in the Federal Register of December 15, 2000 (65 FR 78490) (FRL-6756-3).

The petition requested that 40 CFR part 180 be amended by establishing a tolerance for combined residues of the fungicide zoxamide, 3,5-dichloro-N-(3-chloro-1-ethyl-1-methyl-2-oxopropyl)-4-methylbenzamide, and its metabolites, in or on tomatoes and cucurbit, vegetable group 9 at 2.0 parts per million (ppm). EPA established the requested tolerances in 40 CFR 180.567(a)(2) (66 FR 49110, September 26, 2001, FRL-6803-7).

This rule amends 40 CFR 180.567 by taking the tomato and vegetable, cucurbit, group 9 tolerances out of § 180.567(a)(2) and placing them in § 180.567(a)(1). This change corrects an error made at the time the tomato and vegetable, cucurbit, group 9 tolerance were established. Prior to establishing those tolerances the Agency had determined that the residue of concern in connection with the use of zoxamide on tomatoes and cucurbits is only the parent compound zoxamide, not zoxamide and its metabolites. EPA mistakenly, however, established the tomato and cucurbits tolerances in § 180.567(a)(2) which applies to tolerances for residues of zoxamide and its metabolites instead of § 180.567(a)(1) which applies to tolerances of zoxamide only.

The relevant metabolism data shows that the parent compound, zoxamide, is the major residue component identified in cucumber fruit (representing about 87% of total residues), cucumber foliage (representing about 92% of total residues), green tomatoes (representing about 48% of total residues), and red tomatoes (representing about 44% of total residues). In addition, only residues of zoxamide exceeded 10% of the total residues in all cucumber matrices and tomato samples. In comparison, most metabolite residues were present at less than 5% of the total residues. The low level of metabolites that are present in these commodities was taken into account when assessing the risk of zoxamide exposure. It was not deemed appropriate, however, to include the metabolites in the tolerances for tomatoes and cucurbits because the amounts detected were so low.

As a result of this amendment the listed tolerance levels (in “ppm”) on tomato (2.0 ppm) and vegetable, cucurbit, group 9 (1.0 ppm), are not being changed. The existing tolerances in 180.567(a)(2) for potato, tuber; potato, granule/flakes; and potato, wet peel are not being revised because EPA has determined that for these commodities the tolerance expression should be written in terms of the combined residues of the parent compound zoxamide and its metabolites.

B. What is the Agency's Authority for Taking this Action?

This action is taken pursuant to EPA's initiative under FFDCA section 408(e), 201 U.S.C. 346a(e).

III. Direct Final Rule Procedures

EPA is publishing this rule without prior proposal because the Agency views this as a noncontroversial amendment and anticipates no adverse comment. This Direct Final Rule will be effective August 30, 2006 without further notice unless the Agency receives adverse comment by July 31, 2006. If EPA receives adverse comment on this rulemaking, the Agency will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register and will publish a notice of proposed rulemaking in a further issue of the Federal Register. The Agency will address the comments as part of that proposed rulemaking.

If EPA receives no adverse comment and this regulation becomes effective August 30, 2006, any person will have 60 days from that date to file objections to the rule as specified in Unit I.C.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. Exexcutive Order 12866

This direct final rule implements minor changes to 40 CFR part 180. Since this direct final rule does not impose any new requirements it is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under Executive Order 12866, entitled Regulatory Planning and Review (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993).

B. Paperwork Reduction Act

This direct final rule does not contain any information collections subject to OMB approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act

Since this action makes minor changes to 40 CFR part 180, that do no more than ensure that two commodities are not incorrectly deemed to be in noncompliance with their respective tolerances, EPA certifies this action will not have significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. There will be no adverse impact on small entities resulting from this action. The requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) do not apply.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

This action does not impose any enforceable duty or contain any unfunded mandate as described under Title II of the Unfunded Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) (Public Law 104-4).

E. Executive Order 13132

The Agency has determined that this action will not have a substantial direct effect on States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132, entitled Federalism (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). Executive Order 13132 requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.” “Policies that have Start Printed Page 31104federalism implications” is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations that have “substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.” This action does not alter the relationships or distribution of power and responsibilities established by Congress.

F. Executive Order 13175

The Agency has determined that this rule does not have any “tribal implications” as described in Executive Order 13175, entitled Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments (65 FR 67249, November 6, 2000). Executive Order 13175, requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure “meaningful and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory policies that have tribal implications.” This direct final rule will not have substantial direct effects on tribal governments, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified in Executive Order 13175. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule.

V. Congressional Review Act

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the Agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. This rule is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

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List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 180

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Dated: May 16, 2006.

Lois Rossi,

Director, Registration Division, Office of Pesticide Programs.

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Therefore, 40 CFR chapter I is amended as follows:

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PART 180—AMENDED

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1. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 21 U.S.C. 321(q), 346a and 371.

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2. Section 180.567 is amended by removing the commodities “tomato” and “vegetable, cucurbit, group 9” from the table in paragraph (a)(2), and by alphabetically adding the following commodities to the table in paragraph (a)(1) to read as follows:

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Zoxamide; tolerances for residues.

(a) * * * (1) * * *

CommodityParts per million
*    *    *     *   *
Tomato2.0
Vegetable, cucurbit, group 91.0
* * * * *
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FR Doc. E6-8395 Filed 05-31-06; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-S