National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS.
The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results of federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing.
Licensing information and copies of the U.S. patent applications listed below may be obtained by writing to the indicated licensing contact at the Office of Technology Transfer, National Institutes of Health, 6011 Executive Boulevard, Suite 325, Rockville, Maryland 20852-3804; telephone: 301/496-7057; fax: 301/402-0220. A signed Confidential Disclosure Agreement will be required to receive copies of the patent applications.
Generation of Regulatory T Cells for Immunotherapy
Description of Technology: Abnormalities in immunoregulation are responsible for a wide variety of disorders such as autoimmune disease, chronic inflammatory diseases, and allergic diseases. These diseases include systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, type I diabetes mellitus, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, Crohn's disease and asthma. The defining event for induction of an immune-mediated disorder is the loss of T cell tolerance to self-antigens, which is provided by regulatory T cells. Traditional methods for treating immune-mediated disorders involve the use of steroids or other immunosuppressive drugs, which have significant undesirable side effects.
This invention provides methods for generating regulatory T cells by culturing CD4+CD25−T cells with autologous antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in the presence of the Th2 cytokines interleukin-4 (IL-4) and/or interleukin-13 (IL-13). Immunotherapy via this mechanism is anticipated to have a large number of potential therapeutic applications. Methods are also provided for treatment of Start Printed Page 34378autoimmune disease or inflammation in a subject by administration of an IL-4 agonist, as well as methods of treating cancer by administration of an IL-4 antagonist.
Applications: Therapeutic method for treatment of autoimmune disease or inflammation; Therapeutic method to prevent graft rejection in a transplant recipient; Therapeutic method for treatment of cancer; Diagnostic test for efficacy of an IL-4 antagonist in cancer treatment.
Development Status: Early stage.
Inventors: Peter E. Lipsky (NIAMS) et al.
Publication: A Skapenko et al., “The IL-4 receptor alpha-chain-binding cytokines, IL-4 and IL-13, induce forkhead box P3-expressing CD25+CD4+ regulatory T cells from CD25−CD4+ precursors,” J Immunol. (2005 Nov 1) 175(9):6107-6116.
Patent Status: U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/728,475 filed 19 Oct 2005 (HHS Reference No. E-010-2005/1-US-01).
Licensing Status: This technology is available for exclusive, co-exclusive, or nonexclusive licensing.
Licensing Contact: Marlene K. Astor, JD, MS, MIP; 301/435-4426; firstname.lastname@example.org.
Collaborative Research Opportunity: The NIAMS, Autoimmunity Branch, is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize a process for the generation of regulatory T cells for immunotherapy. Please contact Dr. Peter E Lipsky at 301/594-0596 or email@example.com for more information.
Method Evolved for Recognition of Thrombophilia (MERT): Clinical Predictive Genetic Test for Venous Thrombosis
Description of Technology: Venous thrombosis (VT) is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity resulting in approximately 300,000 hospitalizations and 50,000 fatalities per year in the United States with an incidence of 141 per 100,000 African-Americans, 104 per 100,000 Caucasians and 21 per 100,000 Asian/Pacific Islanders. However, it is an avoidable disease if effective preventive measures such as early thromboprophylaxis are instituted.
It is highly beneficial to estimate individual thrombotic risk to aid in development of individualized risk-adapted prophylaxis.
Venous thrombosis is a multifactorial disorder and occurs as an outcome of a combination of environmental and genetic risk factors. In addition to well-established venous thrombosis associated acquired or environmental factors such as surgery, use of oral contraceptives and/or hormone replacement therapy, trauma, bone fractures, prolonged immobilization, advanced age, previous thrombosis history, malignancy and pregnancy, genetic predisposition via a number of variably penetrant genetic mutations or polymorphisms impart an increased risk for venous thrombosis.
In pregnant women, inherited thrombophilia can greatly increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriages, intrauterine growth restriction, preeclampsia, placental abruption, or stillbirth as well as thrombosis during the recovery period after childbirth.
In addition to the differences in the prevalence of venous thrombosis among ethnic groups, there are accumulating data revealing differences in genetic determinants among ethnic groups such as differences in susceptibility associated genes and even in sequence alterations of the same gene. Furthermore some of the mutations and polymorphisms are mainly restricted to the specific populations. Such examples are FV Leiden, prothrombin G20210A polymorphisms. Whereas FV Leiden and prothrombin G0210A polymorphisms are the most prevalent risk factors for venous thrombosis in Caucasians, the patients from ethic populations other than Caucasians exhibit no or very rare FV Leiden or prothrombin G20210A polymorphisms.
This invention describes a highly-predictive genetic test to identify individuals with increased risk for venous thrombosis. It comprises a rapid, accurate and affordable genetic screen, utilizing genomic DNA microarray technology consisting of a combination of venous thrombosis associated mutations and polymorphisms that is applicable to diverse ethnic populations. Eight genes (antithrombin III, PC, PS, fibrinogen, factor V, prothrombin (factor II), MTHFR and ACE) are screened for the 143 known venous thrombosis-associated recurrent mutations and polymorphisms. This multi-gene test increases the predictive power for detection of genetic susceptibility to thrombosis over 20-fold compared to single-gene analysis, in multiple ethnic populations.
Applications: (1) Rapid, cost-effective predictive test kit to identify asymptomatic individuals at risk for venous thrombosis in diverse ethnic populations; (2) Rapid, cost-effective predictive test kit to identify pregnant women at risk for thrombophilia-associated adverse pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction, preeclampsia, placental abruption, or stillbirth as well as postpartum thrombosis; (3) Provides reduction of the yearly incidence of venous thrombosis by early identification of individuals at inherited risk, allowing protection before they develop symptoms by instituting effective preventive measures, such as early thromboprophylaxis or even decisions such as avoiding the use of oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy; (4) Provides advantages over currently available plasma-based thrombophilia screening panel by avoiding underdetermination of anticoagulant protein deficient individuals or by avoiding high rates of false positivity; (5) Allows individualized management and anticoagulation treatment of patients according to inherited thrombophilia status.
Market: (1) Individuals before or during exposure to situations that increase the risk of venous thrombosis, such as surgery, use of oral contraceptives and/or hormone replacement therapy, trauma, bone fractures, prolonged immobilization, long air journeys, advanced age, malignancy, or combinations thereof; (2) Pregnant women, or women who plan to become pregnant, as inherited thrombophilia is a significant risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes such as miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction, preeclampsia, placental abruption, stillbirth and postpartum thrombotic events.
Development Status: Validation stage.
Inventors: Cigdem F. Dogulu, Owen M. Rennert, and Wai-Yee Chan (NICHD).
Patent Status: PCT Application No. PCT/US2005/01419 filed 14 Jan 2005, which published as WO 2005/071114A1 on 04 Aug 2005 (HHS Reference No. E-282-2003/0-PCT-02).
Licensing Status: Available for licensing.
Licensing Contact: Fatima Sayyid, M.H.P.M.; 301/435-4521; firstname.lastname@example.org.Start Signature
Dated: June 8, 2006.
David R. Sadowski,
Acting Director, Division of Technology Development and Transfer, Office of Technology Transfer, National Institutes of Health.
[FR Doc. E6-9302 Filed 6-13-06; 8:45 am]
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