Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor.
Final rule; corrections and technical amendments.
On December 29, 2005, OSHA published a direct final rule in the Federal Register reinstating its original construction and agriculture standards that regulate the testing of roll-over protective structures (“ROPS”) used to protect employees who operate wheel-type tractors. OSHA received one comment to the direct final rule; this comment recommended a number of clarifications to the original ROPS standards published in the direct final rule. In the present notice, the Agency is making corrections and technical amendments to the ROPS standards in response to this comment, as a result of editorial errors found in the ROPS standards published in the direct final rule, and to improve consistency among the figures generated for these standards. The Agency finds that these corrections and technical amendments do not change the substantive requirements of the ROPS standards.
The corrections and technical amendments specified by this rulemaking become effective on July 20, 2006.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Press inquiries: Kevin Ropp, OSHA Office of Communications, Room N-3647, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20210; telephone: (202) 693-1999.
General and technical information: Matthew Chibbaro, Acting Director, Office of Safety Systems, Directorate of Standards and Guidance, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, Room N-3609, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20210; telephone (202) 693-2255.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
On December 29, 2005, OSHA published a direct final rule in the Federal Register reinstating its original construction and agriculture standards that regulate the testing of roll-over protective structures (“ROPS”) used to protect employees who operate wheel-type tractors (see 70 FR 76979). The Agency received only one public comment (Ex. 3-1) on the direct final rule, which it determined was not a significant adverse comment. The commenter recommended several clarifications to the ROPS standards published in the direct final rule.
The table below describes the clarifications recommended by the commenter who responded to the direct final rule, and OSHA's response to these recommendations. This response provides the Agency's rationale for accepting a recommendation or excluding it from further consideration. Accordingly, OSHA is making a number of corrections and technical amendments to the ROPS standards for construction (§ 1926.1002) and agriculture (§§ 1928.52 and 1928.53) based on the commenter's recommendations. Start Printed Page 41128
|• 05T needs to be 0.5T and 09T needs to be 0.9T • (50 DEG ± 5 DEG) (1270 plus/minus 127 mm) needs to be (50 inches plus/minus 5 inches) (1270 plus/minus 127 mm) • Path of travel should also state center of tractor||OSHA added the decimal points as recommended. However, instead of revising “DEG” to “INCHES,” OSHA is replacing the entire caption with “45 in. min. (1143 mm)” to make this figure consistent with Figure C-10. Regarding the third recommendation, OSHA is adding a caption to the figure indicating the center of the tractor on the path of travel. For consistency, OSHA added this caption as well to Figure C-10. However, this caption applies only to the linear center of the tractor, which does not necessarily represent the tractor's center of gravity.|
|Under 1926.1002(i)(1)(i), Dimension D equals 2 inches (51 mm) inside of the frame upright to the vertical centerline of the seat. However, because Dimension G is 24 inches (610 mm), Dimension D should be 12 inches (305 mm)||OSHA is not making a change in response to this comment. Dimension D represents the minimum deflection from the true horizontal permitted during side-load testing, which must be at least 2 inches (51 mm). Dimension G is the minimum design limit for the width of a ROPS (i.e., the ROPS must have a width of at least 24 inches). Therefore, the dimensions in Figure W-16 are correct.|
|Under 1926.1002(i)(1)(i), Dimension F equals not less than 0 inches (0 mm) and not more than 12 inches (305 mm) measured at the centerline of the seat backrest to the crossbar along the line of load application. Clarify whether the distance between the seat backrest and the frame cannot be more than 12 inches after impact||OSHA is not making a change in response to this comment. Dimension F represents two values: 12 inches is the pre-load design dimension and 0 is the maximum deflection permitted during rear-load testing (i.e., the distance between the two lines circumscribed by Dimension F can be no greater than 12 inches during testing). Therefore, the dimensions in Figure W-17 are correct and clear.|
|Figure W-18 does not have any dimension specifications or an explanation of what it is and what it does||OSHA is not making a change in response to this comment. The figure legend states that the figure represents a method for measuring instantaneous deflection, which is explained in § 1926.1002(g)(1)(ii) and (g)(2)(v).|
|• 08Lmax needs to be 0.8Lmax. • Load L, lb (kg) − Define as L = static load, lb (kg) • Deflection D, in. (mm) − Define as D = deflection under L, in. (mm)||OSHA added the decimal point as recommended. However, OSHA is not revising “Load L, lb (kg)” or “Deflection D, in. (mm)” because these terms are defined in the regulatory text at § 1926.1002(j)(3).|
|• EU = OQD/12 ft-lb − Add an explanation that dividing by 12 converts [to] in-lb • Load L, lb (kg) − Define L = static load, lb (kg) • Deflection D, in. (mm) − Define D = deflection under L, in. (mm)||OSHA is not making a change in response to this comment. OSHA does not believe it is necessary to specifically explain that dividing by 12 converts ft-lbs to in-lbs. See OSHA's response above for Figure W-19 regarding the comment on defining “Load L, lb (kg)” and “Deflection D, in. (mm).”|
|Add the weight of the pendulum (4,410 lbs (2,000 kg)) and the height of the pendulum (18-22 ft (5.5-6.7 m)) on the drawing||OSHA is not making a change in response to this comment because the information in the figure is provided in § 1926.1002(h)(1)(ii).|
|• Correct the first notation to read: H = 4.92 + 0.00190 W or H′ = 125 + 0.107 W′ • Correct the second notation to read: W = tractor weight as specified by 29 CFR 1926.1002(e)(1) and (e)(3), in lb. (W′, kg)||OSHA is adding the decimal points in the notation “H = 4.92 + 0.00190W or H′ = 125 + 0.107W′,” as well as correcting the second notation to read “W = tractor weight as specified by 29 CFR 1926.1002(e)(1) and (e)(3) in pounds (W′ in kg).”|
|Figures C-2, C-3, C-8, C-9, C-13, C-14, C-15, C-16:|
|Define SRP as “Seat Reference Point.”||OSHA is not making a change in response to this comment. Both 1928.52(d)(iv) and 1928.53(d)(iv) define this term, and OSHA believes these definitions are sufficient.|
|This drawing does not have any dimension specifications or an explanation of what it is and what it does||See OSHA's response above for Figure W-18. In this case, the method is explained in §§ 1928.52(d)(3)(i)(E) and 1928.53(d)(3)(i)(E).|
|• Load L, lb (kg) − Define as L = static load, lb (kg) • Deflection D, in. (mm) − Define as D = deflection under L, in. (mm)||See OSHA's response above for Figure W-19. In this case, the terms are defined in §§ 1928(d)(2)(ii) and 1928(d)(2)(ii).|
|Add the weight of the pendulum (4,410 lbs (2,000 kg)) and the height of the pendulum (18-22 ft (5.5-6.7 m)) on the drawing||See OSHA's response above for Figure W-21. In this case, the information is provided in §§ 1928.52(d)(3)(i)(B) and 1928.53(d)(3)(i)(B).|
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|• The second notation should read: W = tractor weight (see 29 CFR 1928.51(a) in lb. (W′, kg) • Clarify whether impact energy is in ft-lbs × 1000 instead of lb × 1000||OSHA is substituting Figure W-24 for this figure, but is correcting the notation in the new figure to read “W = tractor weight as specified by 29 CFR 1928.51(a) in pounds (W′ in kg).” This correction clarifies that impact energy is in ft-lbs.|
|29 CFR 1928.53(d)(2)(ii):|
|Revise the notation to read W = Tractor weight (see 29 CFR 1928.51(a)) in lb (W′ in kg)||OSHA is revising this notation as recommended.|
Other corrections and technical amendments. In addition to the revisions described in the table above, OSHA carefully reviewed the direct final rule and found that several additional corrections should be made to the original ROPS standards published in the direct final rule. In this regard, the Agency is making the following two corrections to § 1926.1002(h)(1)(v): Correcting the typographical error in the first sentence from “f” to “of”; and, in the second sentence, correcting the reference to Figure W-23 to “Figure W-18.”
A number of figures appear in the original ROPS standards. These figures are: W-14 through W-24 of § 1926.1002; W-25 through W-28 of § 1926.1003; C-1 through C-11 of § 1928.52; and C-12 through C-16 of § 1928.53. After publishing the direct final rule for ROPS in the Federal Register (70 FR 76979), the Agency reproduced the figures in these ROPS standards using state-of-the-art computer-design technology to obtain images that are clearer and more comprehensible than the images used in the direct final rule. Therefore, OSHA is replacing the figures published in the direct final rule with these newly generated figures.
In the process of generating the new figures, the Agency made stylistic, editorial, and technical corrections to them. The following table describes the technical corrections made to the figures.
|W-15||Added the same legend as the legend to Figure C-10; added the caption “CENTER OF TRACTOR” as in Figure C-10.|
|C-4||Replaced the legend with the legend to Figure W-18.|
|C-5||Substituted Figure W-19 for this figure.|
|C-6||Added the phrase “PIN MARKING POSITION OF” to the caption “CENTER OF GRAVITY” as in Figure W-21.|
|C-7||Substituted Figure W-24 for this figure.|
|C-8, C-15, and W-22||Revised the caption addressing the beam under the tractor to read, “BEAM CLAMPED IN FRONT OF BOTH REAR WHEELS AFTER ANCHORING, 6 IN. (15 CM) SQUARE.”|
|C-10||Added the captions “PATH OF TRAVEL” and “RAMP” as in Figure W-15; added the phrase “TEST TRACTOR” to the caption “REAR WHEEL TREAD” as in Figure W-15.|
Exemption from notice and comment procedures. OSHA has determined that the corrections and technical amendments made by this rulemaking are not subject to the procedures for public notice-and-comment rulemaking specified under Section 4 of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553), or Section 6(b) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 655(b)), because these corrections and technical amendments do not affect the substantive requirements or coverage of the ROPS standards for the construction and agriculture industries. This rulemaking does not modify or revoke existing rights and obligations, and new rights and obligations have not been established by this rulemaking. Under this rulemaking, the Agency is merely correcting or clarifying the existing regulatory requirements of the ROPS standards. Therefore, OSHA finds that public notice-and-comment procedures are unnecessary within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B) and § 1911.5.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects
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Authority and Signature
This document was prepared under the direction of Edwin G. Foulke, Jr., Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Department of Labor, 200 Constitution Avenue, NW., Washington, DC 20210. The Agency is issuing this notice under the following authorities: Sections 4, 6, and 8 of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (29 U.S.C. 653, 655, 657); Section 3704 of the Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act (40 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.); Secretary of Labor's Order 5-2002 (67 FR 65008); and 29 CFR part 1911.Start Signature
Signed at Washington, DC on July 12, 2006.
Edwin G. Foulke, Jr.,
Assistant Secretary of Labor.
Amended StandardsStart Amendment Part
Based on the explanations provided by the preamble to this document, OSHA is amendingEnd Amendment Part Start Part
Subpart W—[Amended]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for subpart W of part 1926 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Revise paragraph (h)(1)(v) of § 1926.1002 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(h) * * *
(1) * * *
(v) Means shall be provided for indicating the maximum instantaneous deflection along the line of impact. A simple friction device is illustrated in Figure W-18.
3. In Appendix A to subpart W, remove existing Figures W-14 through W-28 and add in their place new Figures W-14 through W-28. [insert figures W-14 through W-28]End Amendment Part
Subpart C—[Amended]End Part Start Amendment Part
4. The authority citation to part 1928 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Printed Page 41131 Start Printed Page 41132 Start Printed Page 41133 Start Printed Page 41134 Start Printed Page 41135 Start Printed Page 41136 Start Printed Page 41137 Start Printed Page 41138 Start Printed Page 41139 Start Printed Page 41140 Start Printed Page 41141 Start Printed Page 41142 Start Printed Page 41143 Start Printed Page 41144 Start Printed Page 41145 Start Amendment Part
5. Revise paragraph (d)(2)(ii) of § 1928.53 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(d) * * *
(2) * * *
(ii) The following definitions shall apply:Start Printed Page 41146
W = Tractor weight (see 29 CFR 1928.51(a)) in lb (W ′ in kg);
Eis = Energy input to be absorbed during side loading in ft-lb (E ′is in J [joules]);
Eis = 723 + 0.4 W (E ′is = 100 + 0.12 W ′);
Eir = Energy input to be absorbed during rear loading in ft-lb (E ′ir in J);
Eir = 0.47 W (E ′ir = 0.14 W ′);
L = Static load, lbf [pounds force], (N) [newtons];
D = Deflection under L, in. (mm);
L-D = Static load-deflection diagram;
Lmax = Maximum observed static load;
Load Limit = Point on a continuous L-D curve where the observed static load is 0.8 Lmax on the down slope of the curve (see Figure C-5);
Eu = Strain energy absorbed by the protective enclosure in ft-lbs (J); area under the L-D curve;
FER = Factor of energy ratio;
FERis = Eu/Eis; and
FERir = Eu/Eir.
6. In Appendix B to subpart C, remove existing Figures C-1 through C-16 and add in their place new Figures C-1 through C-16.End Amendment Part Start Printed Page 41147 Start Printed Page 41148 Start Printed Page 41149 Start Printed Page 41150 Start Printed Page 41151 Start Printed Page 41152 Start Printed Page 41153 Start Printed Page 41154 Start Printed Page 41155 Start Printed Page 41156 Start Printed Page 41157 Start Printed Page 41158 Start Printed Page 41159 Start Printed Page 41160 Start Printed Page 41161
BILLING CODE 4510-26-P
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BILLING CODE 4510-26-P
[FR Doc. 06-6327 Filed 7-19-06; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4510-26-C