Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is amending 12 CFR part 313, Procedures for Corporate Debt Collection, to include delinquent criminal restitution debt within the debt covered by part 313.
Effective Date: This rule is effective on December 18, 2006.Start Further Info Start Printed Page 75660
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Rex Taylor, (703) 562-2453, or Catherine A. Ribnick, (202) 898-3728, of the Legal Division, or Richard Romero, (202) 898-8652, of the Division of Resolutions and Receiverships.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (DCIA) requires federal agencies to collect debts owed to the United States in accordance with regulations that either adopt, or at least are consistent with, standards prescribed by the Department of Justice (DOJ) and Department of the Treasury (Treasury). 31 U.S.C. 3711. These standards, known as the Federal Claims Collection Standards (FCCS), became effective on December 22, 2000. (see 31 CFR 900-904). The purpose of the DCIA is to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the federal government's efforts to collect debt owed to the United States. A principal feature of the DCIA was the creation of the Treasury Offset Program (TOP), a government-wide database of delinquent debtors that offsets (reduces) federal payments to recipients who also owe delinquent debt to the United States and that remits the offset amount to the creditor agency. The FDIC is the creditor agency for delinquent restitution debts owed to the FDIC. The recommended amendments do not affect the FDIC's existing authority under part 313 to collect certain debts owed to the FDIC in its corporate capacity.
In 2002, the FDIC in compliance with the DCIA promulgated 12 CFR part 313 governing the collection of certain debt owed to the FDIC in its corporate capacity by federal employees, including FDIC employees, and certain third parties. Part 313 in its present form “applies only to [certain] debts owed to and payments made by the FDIC acting in its corporate capacity; that is, in connection with employee matters such as travel-related claims and erroneous overpayments, contracting activities involving corporate operations, debts related to requests to the FDIC for documents under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) or where a request for an offset is received by the FDIC from another federal agency.” (See 12 CFR 313.1(c)). Part 313 also explicitly states that it “does not apply to debts owed to or payments made by the FDIC in connection with the FDIC's liquidation, supervision, enforcement, or insurance responsibilities.” (Id.)
Under part 313, when the Director of the Division of Administration (DOA) or the Director of the Division of Finance (DOF) determines that it is appropriate to initiate procedures to collect corporate debt of the type authorized by part 313, the Director must conform to the procedural standards for collecting such debts set forth in part 313. These standards generally prescribe the following steps in the debt collection process: Prompt demand for payment of the debt; upon the debtor's demand for a final agency determination, verification of the existence and amount of the debt; standards for collecting debts in installment payments; the assessment of interest, penalties, and administrative costs on delinquent debts; standards for the compromise of overdue debt; standards to be followed in determining whether to suspend or terminate collection action; the required referral of delinquent debts to FMS for collection; the reporting of debts to consumer reporting agencies and the use of credit reports; and the sale of delinquent debts. The Director also must follow the procedures for the specific type of offset remedy to be utilized, which are provided by the following subparts of part 313: Subpart B (administrative offset), subpart C (salary offset), subpart D (administrative wage garnishment), subpart E (tax refund offset), subpart F (Civil Service retirement and disability fund offset), and subpart G (mandatory centralized administrative offset).
The criminal restitution orders that the FDIC holds in almost all instances are initially acquired by the FDIC in its receivership capacity. Over time, the FDIC as receiver has transferred a substantial number of individual restitution orders to the FDIC in its corporate capacity, with the result that today criminal restitution debt is held by the FDIC in both its receivership and corporate capacities. Because part 313 as currently drafted excludes all of the FDIC's receivership and liquidation functions (among other functions) from its scope, it must be amended for the FDIC to have the authority to collect criminal restitution debt through TOP.
The legal authority for the proposed amendments is found in the DCIA itself. The DCIA's definition of “debt” includes criminal restitution debt owed to federal agencies including the FDIC. Thus, section 3701(b)(1)(D) of the DCIA defines “claim” or “debt” to include:
(D) Any amount the United States is authorized by statute to collect for the benefit of any person.
Criminal restitution debt owed to the FDIC falls squarely within this definition, regardless of whether that debt is owed to the FDIC in its receivership capacity or its corporate capacity.
The United States Department of Justice is primarily responsible for collecting unpaid federal criminal restitution debt. The Mandatory Victims Restitution Act (MVRA) of 1996, 18 U.S.C. 3556 & 3663 seq., which makes imposition of restitution a mandatory component of sentencing for many federal crimes, including banking crimes, expressly provides in section 3664(m) that the United States has the authority to enforce all federal criminal restitution orders in all cases. Moreover, the Federal Debt Collection Procedures Act (FDCPA), 28 U.S.C. 3001 et seq., originally enacted in 1990, is the primary statutory authority that DOJ uses to collect criminal restitution orders on behalf of the victims identified in those orders, which include the FDIC in the case of restitution orders held by the FDIC. The FDCPA also explicitly defines “debt” to include “an amount that is owing to the United States on account of * * * restitution.” 28 U.S.C. 3002(3)(B). United States Attorney's Offices throughout the United States use the MVRA and FDCPA to collect and enforce criminal restitution debt on behalf of the FDIC and other victims including other federal agencies. If DOJ does not enforce an individual order, the victim named in the order may seek to enforce it instead.
II. Discussion of the Amendments to Part 313
The amendments would modify part 313 in three ways:
1. A number of individual sections of part 313 are amended to provide that part 313 applies to criminal restitution debt owed to the FDIC in either its corporate or receivership capacity in addition to the already-covered corporate debts currently identified in § 313.1.
2. Section 313.4 is amended to provide that the FDIC Board delegates to the Director of the Division of Resolutions and Receiverships (DRR) authority to refer delinquent criminal restitution debt to FMS.
3. A new section 313.125 is added to subpart E, the Tax Refund Offset regulations, to clarify that duplicate notice to a debtor is not required if notice and an opportunity for review were previously provided to the same debtor. This provision is identical to the existing § 313.28 found in the Administrative Offset regulations in subpart B. While § 313.28 arguably already applies to subpart E (because tax refund offset is generally considered to be a form of “administrative” offset), the new § 313.125 is added to eliminate any Start Printed Page 75661uncertainty in the FDIC's regulations on this point.
III. Administrative Procedure Act
Neither advance notice of proposed rulemaking nor an opportunity to comment on the amendments to part 313 is required under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), because these amendments relate solely to agency procedure and practice. 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(A).
IV. Regulatory Flexibility Act
Pursuant to the Regulatory Flexibility Act, the FDIC hereby certifies that the amendments to part 313 do not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small business entities. As amended, part 313 applies primarily to federal agencies and to a limited number of individuals and/or business entities. 5 U.S.C. 605(b).
V. Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule is not subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501, because it does not contain any new information collection requirements.
VI. Assessment of Impact of Federal Regulation on Families
The FDIC has determined that part 313 as amended will not affect family well-being within the meaning of section 654 of the Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act, enacted as part of the Omnibus Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1999 (Pub. L. 105-277, 112 Stat. 2681).
VII. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act
The Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA) (Pub. L. 104-121) provides generally for agencies to report rules to Congress for review. The reporting requirement is triggered when the FDIC issues a final rule as defined by the APA at 5 U.S.C. 551. Because the FDIC is issuing a final rule as defined by the APA, the FDIC will file the reports required by SBREFA. The Office of Management and Budget has determined that this final rule does not constitute a “major rule” as defined by SBREFA.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 313End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the FDIC hereby amends part 313 of chapter III of title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 313—PROCEDURES FOR COLLECTION OF CORPORATE DEBT AND CRIMINAL RESTITUTION DEBTEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 313 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Revise § 313.1(c) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(c) This part applies only to:
(1) Debts owed to and payments made by the FDIC acting in its corporate capacity, that is, in connection with employee matters such as travel-related claims and erroneous overpayments, contracting activities involving corporate operations, debts related to requests to the FDIC for documents under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), or where a request for an offset is received by the FDIC from another federal agency; and
(2) Criminal restitution debt owed to the FDIC in either its corporate capacity or its receivership capacity.
(3) With the exception of criminal restitution debt noted in paragraph (c)(2) of this section, this part does not apply to debts owed to or payments made by the FDIC in connection with the FDIC's liquidation, supervision, enforcement, or insurance responsibilities, nor does it limit or affect the FDIC's authority with respect to debts and/or claims pursuant to 12 U.S.C. 1819(a) and 1820(a).
3. In § 313.3 revise paragraphs (d), (h), and (j); redesignate paragraphs (n) through (v) as paragraphs (o) through (w), respectively; add a new paragraph (n); and revise the newly designated paragraph (r) to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(d) Certification means a written statement transmitted from a creditor agency to a paying agency for purposes of administrative or salary offset, to FMS for offset or to the Secretary of the Treasury for centralized administrative offset. The certification confirms the existence and amount of the debt and verifies that required procedural protections have been afforded the debtor. Where the debtor requests a hearing on a claimed debt, the decision by a hearing official or administrative law judge constitutes a certification.
(h) Debt means an amount owed to the United States from loans insured or guaranteed by the United States and all other amounts due the United States from fees, leases, rents, royalties, services, sales of real or personal property, overpayments, penalties, damages, interest, restitution, fines and forfeitures, and all other similar sources. For purposes of this part, a debt owed to the FDIC constitutes a debt owed to the United States.
(j) Director means the Director of the Division of Finance (DOF), the Director of the Division of Administration (DOA), or the Director of the Division of Resolutions and Receiverships (DRR), as applicable, or the applicable Director's delegate.
(n) Division of Resolutions and Receiverships (DRR) means the Division of Resolutions and Receiverships of the FDIC.
(r) Notice of Intent to Offset or Notice of Intent means a written notice from a creditor agency to an employee, organization, entity, or restitution debtor that claims a debt and informs the debtor that the creditor agency intends to collect the debt by administrative offset. The notice also informs the debtor of certain procedural rights with respect to the claimed debt and offset.
4. Revise the introductory paragraph in § 313.4 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Authority to conduct the following activities to collect debt, other than criminal restitution debt, on behalf of the FDIC in its corporate capacity is delegated to the Director of DOA or Director of DOF, as applicable; and authority to collect criminal restitution debt on behalf of the FDIC in either its receivership or corporate capacity is delegated to the Director of DRR; or to the applicable Director's delegate; to:
5. Redesignate § 313.125 through 313.127 as § 313.126 through 313.128 and add a new § 313.125 to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Where the director has previously given a debtor any of the required notice and review opportunities with respect to a particular debt, the Director is not required to duplicate such notice and review opportunities prior to initiating tax refund offset.
By order of the Board of Directors.
Dated at Washington, DC, this 5th day of December, 2006.Start Printed Page 75662
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Robert E. Feldman,
[FR Doc. E6-21470 Filed 12-15-06; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6714-01-P