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Airworthiness Directives; General Electric Company (GE) CF6-80C2 Turbofan Engines

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The FAA is adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for GE CF6-80C2 series turbofan engines. This AD requires replacing certain installed part number (P/N) and serial number (SN) cast titanium weld-repaired forward engine mount platforms and cast titanium forward mount yokes, with a forged titanium or a non-welded cast titanium part. This AD results from the discovery of cracks, in a weld-repaired area on a forward engine mount platform and a forward engine mount yoke, found during a fluorescent penetrant inspection (FPI). These parts were weld-repaired during manufacture. We are issuing this AD to prevent cracks in the forward engine mount platform and forward engine mount yoke that could result in possible separation of the engine from the airplane.

DATES:

This AD becomes effective April 9, 2007.

ADDRESSES:

You can get the service information identified in this AD from General Electric Company via Lockheed Martin Technology Services, 10525 Chester Road, Suite C, Cincinnati, Ohio 45215, telephone (513) 672-8400, fax (513) 672-8422.

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://dms.dot.gov or in Room PL-401 on the plaza level of the Nassif Building, 400 Seventh Street, SW., Washington, DC.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

James Lawrence, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; telephone (781) 238-7176; fax (781) 238-7199.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The FAA proposed to amend 14 CFR part 39 with a proposed AD. The proposed AD applies to GE CF6-80C2 series turbofan engines. We published the proposed AD in the Federal Register on December 13, 2006 (71 FR 74873). That action proposed to require replacing certain installed part number (P/N) and serial number (SN) cast titanium weld-repaired forward engine mount platforms and cast titanium forward mount yokes, with a forged titanium or a non-welded cast titanium part.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the docket that contains the AD, any comments received, and any final disposition in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The Docket Office (telephone (800) 647-5227) is located on the plaza level of the Department of Transportation Nassif Building at the street address stated in ADDRESSES. Start Printed Page 9663Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after the DMS receives them.

Comments

We provided the public the opportunity to participate in the development of this AD. We have considered the comments received.

Add Airbus A310 and MD-11 Airplanes to the Applicability

Commenters from Lufthansa Technik, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Airbus and Alitalia state that this AD is also applicable to the engines installed in the A310 and MD-11 airplanes. We agree. We inadvertently omitted the Airbus A310 and MD-11 airplanes from the Applicability section of the proposed rule. These airplanes are included in the Applicability section of the AD.

Reference GE Service Bulletins

Commenters from Lufthansa Technik, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Airbus and Alitalia also state that because the AD mandates requirements contained in GE Service Bulletins, CF6-80C2 S/B 72-1206 and CF6-80C2 S/B 72-1207, the FAA should reference the service bulletins in the final rule. We agree. The service bulletins' accomplishment instructions contain information such as applicable Aircraft Maintenance Manual sections that would clarify requirements of the AD. A reference to the service bulletins is included in the Related Information Section of the AD.

Location of Weld Repair

Representatives from Lufthansa Technik and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines note that paragraph (h) of the applicability section identifies a weld repair in a redundant area of the yoke, but Table 3 identifies the weld repair in a non-redundant area of the yoke. The FAA needs to correct this inconsistency in the final rule. We agree and have changed the heading of Table 3 to read, “Weld-Repaired Forward Engine Mount Yokes Requiring Replacement That Have a Weld Repair in a Redundant Area of the Yoke.”

Conclusion

We have carefully reviewed the available data, including the comments received, and determined that air safety and the public interest require adopting the AD with the changes described previously. We have determined that these changes will neither increase the economic burden on any operator nor increase the scope of the AD.

Costs of Compliance

There are 25 engines in service that contain the substandard forward engine mount platforms and 59 engines in service that contain the substandard forward engine mount yokes. We estimate that this proposed AD would affect 84 CF6-80C2 engines installed on airplanes of U.S. registry. We estimate that it would take 34 work-hours per engine to replace the weld-repaired cast titanium forward engine mount platforms and the weld-repaired cast titanium forward engine mount yokes. The average labor rate is $80 per work-hour. Required forward engine mount parts would cost about $12,168 per engine. Required forward engine mount yoke parts would cost about $39,560 per engine. Based on these figures, we estimate the total cost of the proposed AD to U.S. operators to be $2,866,720.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in subtitle VII, part A, subpart III, section 44701, “General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

We have determined that this AD will not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This AD will not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify that this AD:

(1) Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;

(2) Is not a “significant rule” under DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and

(3) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

We prepared a summary of the costs to comply with this AD and placed it in the AD Docket. You may get a copy of this summary at the address listed under ADDRESSES.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

End List of Subjects

Adoption of the Amendment

Start Amendment Part

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the Federal Aviation Administration amends

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]
Start Amendment Part

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new airworthiness directive:

End Amendment Part

2007-05-14 General Electric Company: Amendment 39-14975. Docket No. FAA-2006-23871; Directorate Identifier 2006-NE-01-AD.

Effective Date

(a) This airworthiness directive (AD) becomes effective April 9, 2007.

Affected ADs

(b) None.

Applicability

(c) This AD applies to the following General Electric Company (GE) turbofan engines with cast titanium assembly engine mount platforms part numbers (P/Ns) 1292M13G06, 1301M28G08, 1459M70G07, and 1846M24G04 and cast titanium assembly engine mount yokes P/Ns 9383M43G14 and 9383M43G16 installed.

CF6-80C2A1

CF6-80C2A2

CF6-80C2A3

CF6-80C2A5

CF6-80C2A8

CF6-80C2A5F

CF6-80C2B1

CF6-80C2B2

CF6-80C2B4

CF6-80C2B6

CF6-80C2B1F

CF6-80C2B2F

CF6-80C2B4F

CF6-80C2B5F

CF6-80C2B6F

CF6-80C2B6FA

CF6-80C2B7F

CF6-80C2B8F

CF6-80C2D1F

These engines are installed on, but not limited to, Boeing 747, Boeing 767, MD-11 and Airbus A300-600 and A310 airplanes. Start Printed Page 9664

Unsafe Condition

(d) This AD results from the discovery of cracks in a forward engine mount platform and a forward engine mount yoke found during fluorescent penetrant inspection (FPI). We are issuing this AD to prevent cracks in the forward engine mount platform and forward engine mount yoke that could result in possible separation of the engine from the airplane.

Compliance

(e) You are responsible for having the actions required by this AD performed within the compliance times specified unless the actions have already been done.

P/N and SN Weld-Repaired Forward Engine Mount Platforms and Forward Engine Mount Yokes Requiring Replacement

(f) Table 1 of this AD lists the P/Ns and serial numbers (SNs) of the weld-repaired forward engine mount platforms that have a weld repair in a non-redundant area of the mount and must be replaced.

Table 1.—Weld-Repaired Forward Engine Mount Platforms Requiring Replacement That Have a Weld Repair in a Non-Redundant Area of the Mount

P/NsSNs
1292M13G06 or 1846M24G04WACHH228 WACHH254
WACHH285
WACHH290
WACHH292
WACHH295
WACHH299
WACHH384
WACHH427
WACHH440
WACHH604
1301M28G08WACAR292
WACAR354

(g) Table 2 of this AD lists the P/Ns and SNs of the weld-repaired forward engine mount platforms that have a weld repair in a redundant area of the mount. Because it is impossible to detect whether the mount is operating on the redundant feature, each of these mounts must be replaced. The compliance time for mounts in this category can be longer than for the mounts listed in Table 1 of this AD.

Table 2.—Weld-Repaired Forward Engine Mount Platforms Requiring Replacement That Have a Weld Repair in a Redundant Area of the Mount

P/NsSNs
1292M13G06 or 1846M24G04WACHH173 WACHH189
WACHH274
WACHH278
WACHH314
WACHH325
WACHH486
1301M28G08WACAR294
WACAR304
WACAR353
WACAR372
1459M70G07MTXT1282

(h) Table 3 of this AD lists the P/Ns and SNs of the weld-repaired forward engine mount yokes that have a weld repair in a redundant area of the yoke. Because it is impossible to detect whether the mount yoke is operating on the redundant feature, each of these mount yokes must be replaced. The compliance time for mounts in this category can be longer than for the mounts listed in Table 1 of this AD.

Table 3.—Weld-Repaired Forward Engine Mount Yokes Requiring Replacement That Have a Weld Repair in a Redundant Area of the Yoke

P/NsSNs
9383M43G14WACV0388
WACV0394
WACV0405
WACV0406
WACV0477
WACV0498
WACV0529
WACV0556
WACV0579
WACV0581
WACV0582
WACV0600
WACV0605
WACV0617
WACV0625
WACV0627
WACV0633
WACV0645
WACV0683
WACV0703
WACV0733
WACV0737
WACV0759
WACV0775
WACV0791
WACV0799
WACV0875
WACV0883
WACV0885
WACV0909
WACV1097
WACV1615
WACV1713
WACV1753
WACV1797
WACV1867
WACV1987
WACV2131
WACV2159
WACV2185
WACV2343
WACV2511
WACV2695
WACV2707
WACV2881
WACV2899
9383M43G16WACV0511
WACV0515
WACV0518
WACV0540
WACV0542
WACV0571
WACV0689
WACV0721
WACV0727
WACV0730
WACV0786
WACV0816
WACV0954

(i) GE advises that forward engine mount platform, P/Ns 1292M13G06 and 1846M24G04, are the same, except that P/N 1846M24G04 incorporates a previously approved field rework. This rework allows the thrust pin hole in the forward engine mount platform to be bored out to accept installation of an oversized thrust pin. GE cannot identify which SN goes with which P/N, but all SNs are affected.

Welded Cast Titanium Forward Engine Mount Platform and Forward Engine Mount Yoke Removal

(j) If the P/N and SN of the forward engine mount platform listed in Table 1 and Table 2 and the forward engine mount yoke listed in Table 3 of this AD are not installed on the engine, no further action is necessary.

(k) If the P/N and SN of the forward engine mount platform listed in Table 1 of this AD is installed on the engine:

(1) Remove the forward engine mount platform from the engine within 500 cycles or 6 months, after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs first.

(2) Information for removal of the forward engine mount platform from the engine can be found in the CF6-80C2 Engine Manual, 72-00-01, Disassembly.

(l) If the P/N and SN of the forward engine mount platform listed in Table 2 of this AD is installed on the engine:

(1) Remove the forward engine mount platform at the next shop visit, or within 4,800 cycles after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs first.

(2) Information for removal of the forward engine mount yoke can be found in the CF6-80C2 Engine Manual, 72-00-01, Disassembly.

(m) If the P/N and SN of the forward engine mount yoke listed in Table 3 of this AD is installed on the engine:

(1) Remove the forward engine mount yoke at the next shop visit, or within 4,800 cycles after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs first. Start Printed Page 9665

(2) Information for removal of the forward engine mount yoke can be found in the CF6-80C2 Engine Manual, 72-00-01, Disassembly.

(n) Replace the affected forward engine mount platform and or the affected forward engine mount yoke with a non-weld-repaired cast titanium forward engine mount platform and or the forward engine mount yoke or a forged titanium forward engine mount platform or a forged titanium forward engine mount yoke.

(o) Information for installing the forward engine mount platform and forward engine mount yoke can be found in the CF6-80C2 Engine Manual, 72-00-01, Assembly.

(p) Location of the forward engine mount platform and forward engine mount yoke and SN are illustrated in the following Figure 1.

(q) After the effective date of this AD, do not install a weld-repaired, cast forward engine mount platform or a weld-repaired, cast forward engine mount yoke in any engine.

Alternative Methods of Compliance

(r) The Manager, Engine Certification Office, has the authority to approve alternative methods of compliance for this AD if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19.

Related Information

(s) Contact James Lawrence, Aerospace Engineer, Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; telephone (781) 238-7176; fax (781) Start Printed Page 9666238-7199 for more information about this AD.

(t) General Electric Company Service Bulletins CF6-80C2 S/B 72-1206, dated December 23, 2005, and CF6-80C2 S/B 72-1207, Revision 01, dated July 05, 2006, pertain to the subject of this AD.

Start Signature

Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on February 27, 2007.

Peter A. White,

Acting Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

BILLING CODE 4910-13-P

[FR Doc. 07-986 Filed 3-2-07; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-13-P