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Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

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AGENCY:

National Institutes of Health, Public Health Service, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The inventions listed below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results of federally-funded research and development. Foreign patent applications are filed on selected inventions to extend market coverage for companies and may also be available for licensing.

ADDRESSES:

Licensing information and copies of the U.S. patent applications listed below may be obtained by writing to the indicated licensing contact at the Office of Technology Transfer, National Institutes of Health, 6011 Executive Boulevard, Suite 325, Rockville, Maryland 20852-3804; telephone: 301/496-7057; fax: 301/402-0220. A signed Confidential Disclosure Agreement will be required to receive copies of the patent applications.

A Method With Increased Yield for Production of Polysaccharide-Protein Conjugate Vaccines Using Hydrazide Chemistry

Description of Technology: Current methods for synthesis and manufacturing of polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccines employ conjugation reactions with low efficiency (about twenty percent). This means that up to eighty percent of the added activated polysaccharide (PS) is lost. In addition, inclusion of a chromatographic process for purification of the conjugates from unconjugated PS is required.

The present invention utilizes the characteristic chemical property of hydrazide groups on one reactant to react with aldehyde groups or cyanate esters on the other reactant with an improved conjugate yield of at least sixty percent. With this conjugation efficiency the leftover unconjugated protein and polysaccharide would not need to be removed and thus the purification process of the conjugate product can be limited to diafiltration to remove the by-products of small molecules. The new conjugation reaction can be carried out within one or two days with reactant concentrations between 1 and 25 mg/mL at PS/protein ratios from 1:2 to 3:1, at temperatures between 4 and 40 degrees Centigrade, and in a pH range of 5.5 to 7.4, optimal conditions varying from PS to PS.

Application: Cost effective and efficient manufacturing of conjugate vaccines.

Inventors: Che-Hung Robert Lee and Carl E. Frasch (CBER/FDA).

Patent Status: U.S. Patent Application No. 10/566,899 filed 01 Feb 2006, claiming priority to 06 Aug 2003 (HHS Reference No. E-301-2003/0-US-10); U.S. Patent Application No. 10/566,898 filed 01 Feb 2006, claiming priority to 06 Aug 2003 (HHS Reference No. E-301-2003/1-US-02); International rights available.

Licensing Status: Available for non-exclusive licensing.

Licensing Contact: Peter A. Soukas, J.D.; 301/435-4646; soukasp@mail.nih.gov.

A Method of Immunizing Humans Against Salmonella Typhi Using a Vi-rEPA Conjugate Vaccine

Description of Technology: This invention is a method of immunization against typhoid fever using a conjugate vaccine comprising the capsular polysaccharide of Salmonella typhi, Vi, conjugated through an adipic dihydrazide linker to nontoxic recombinant exoprotein A (rEPA) from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The three licensed vaccines against typhoid fever, attenuated S. typhi Ty21a, killed whole cell vaccines and Vi polysaccharide, have limited efficacy, in particular for children under 5 years of age, which make an improved vaccine desirable.

It is generally recognized that an effective vaccine against Salmonella typhi is one that increases serum anti-Vi IgG eight-fold six weeks after immunization. The conjugate vaccine of the invention increases anti-Vi IgG, 48-fold, 252-fold and 400-fold in adults, in 5-14 years-old and 2-4 years-old children, respectively. Thus this is a highly effective vaccine suitable for children and should find utility in endemic regions and as a traveler's vaccine. The route of administration can also be combined with routine immunization. In 2-5 years old, the protection against typhoid fever is 90% for 4 years. In school age children and in adults the protection could mount to completer protection according to the immunogenicity data.

Application: Immunization against Salmonella typhi for long term prevention of typhoid fever in all ages.

Developmental Status: Conjugates have been synthesized and clinical studies have been performed. The synthesis of the conjugates is described by Kossaczka et al. in Infect Immun. 1997 June;65(7):2088-2093. Phase III clinical studies are described by Mai et al. in N Engl J Med. 2003 October 2; 349(14):1390-1391. Dosage studies are described by Canh et al. in Infect Immun. 2004 Nov;72(11):6586-6588.

A safety and immunogenicity study in infants are underway. The aim is to administer the conjugate vaccine with routine infant immunization. Preliminary results show the vaccine is safe in 2 months old infants.

Inventors: Zuzana Kossaczka, Shousun C. Szu, and John B. Robbins (NICHD).

Patent Status: U.S. Patent 6,797,275 issued 28 Sep 2004 (HHS Reference No. E-020-1999/0-US-02); U.S. Patent Application No. 10/866,343 filed 10 Jun 2004 (HHS Reference No. E-020-1999/0-US-03); U.S. Patent Application No. 11/726,304 filed 20 Mar 2007 (HHS Reference No. E-020-1999/0-US-04).

Licensing Status: Available for non-exclusive licensing.

Licensing Contact: Peter A. Soukas, J.D.; 301/435-4646; soukasp@mail.nih.gov.

Collaborative Research Opportunity: The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Laboratory of Developmental and Molecular Immunity, is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize A Method of Immunizing Humans Against Salmonella Typhi Using a Vi-rEPA Conjugate Vaccine. Please contact John D. Hewes, Ph.D., at 301-435-3121 or hewesj@mail.nih.gov for more information. Start Printed Page 28512

Vaccine Against Escherichia Coli 0157 Infection, Composed of Detoxified LPS Conjugated to Proteins

Description of Technology: This invention is a conjugate vaccine to prevent infection by E. coli 0157:H7, particularly in young children under 5 years of age. E. coli 0157:H7 is an emerging human pathogen which causes a spectrum of illnesses with high morbidity and mortality, ranging from diarrhea to hemorrhagic colitis and hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Infection with E. coli 0157:H7 occurs as a result of consumption of water, vegetables, fruits or meat contaminated by feces from infected animals, such as cattle. The most recent large outbreak in the U.S. was from contaminated bag spinach. The conjugate is composed of the O-specific polysaccharide isolated from E. coli 0157, or other Shiga-toxin producing bacteria, conjugated to carrier proteins, such as non-toxic P. aeruginosa exotoxin A or Shiga toxin 1. A Phase I clinical trial, involving adult humans, showed the vaccine is safe and highly immunogenic. Adults, after one injection containing 25 μ g of antigen, responded with high titers of bactericidal antibodies. Similarly in a phase II study, fifty 2-to-5- years old children in U.S. were injected with the conjugate vaccines. There were only mild local adverse reactions. More than 90% of the children responded with greater than 10 fold rise of E. coli O157 antibodies of bactericidal ability. Thus the conjugates of the invention are promising vaccines, especially for children and the elderly, who are most likely to suffer serious consequences from infection.

Application: Prevention of E. coli O157 infection.

Development Status: Clinical studies have been performed and are described in Konadu et al., J Infect Dis. 1998 Feb; 177(2):383-387 and Ahmed et al., J Infect Dis. 2006 Feb; 193(2):515-526.

Inventors: Shousun C. Szu, Edward Konadu, and John B. Robbins (NICHD).

Patent Status: U.S. Patent 6,858,211 issued 22 Feb 2005 (HHS Reference No. E-158-1998/0-US-06); U.S. Patent Application No. 10/987,428 filed 12 Nov 2004 (HHS Reference No. E-158-1998/0-US-07); U.S. Patent Application No. 11/015,436 filed 16 Dec 2004 (HHS Reference No. E-158-1998/0-US-08).

Licensing Status: Available for non-exclusive or exclusive licensing.

Licensing Contact: Peter A. Soukas, J.D.; 301/435-4646; soukasp@mail.nih.gov.

Collaborative Research Opportunity: The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Laboratory of Developmental and Molecular Immunity, is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize Vaccine for E. coli O157 for Children and Adults. Please contact John D. Hewes, Ph.D., at 301-435-3121 or hewesj@mail.nih.gov for more information.

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Dated: May 11, 2007.

Steven M. Ferguson,

Director, Division of Technology Development and Transfer, Office of Technology Transfer, National Institutes of Health.

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[FR Doc. E7-9656 Filed 5-18-07; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4140-01-P