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Rule

Amendment of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations: Policy With Respect to Somalia

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Department of State.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

Notice is hereby given that the Department of State is amending the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) regarding Somalia at 22 CFR 126.1 to make it United States policy to consider on a case-by-case basis licenses, or other approvals, for exports of defense articles and defense services destined for Somalia that conform to the provisions of United Nations Security Council resolution 1744, which amends United Nations Security Council resolution 733. The United States will deny licenses, other approvals, exports or imports of defense articles and defense services destined for or originating in Somalia that do not conform to the provisions of the resolution.

EFFECTIVE DATE:

This rule is effective upon publication of this Federal Register Notice.

ADDRESSES:

Interested parties may submit comments at any time by any of the following methods:Start Printed Page 28603

  • E-mail: DDTCResponseTeam@state.gov with an appropriate subject line.
  • Mail: Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, ATTN: Regulatory Change, 12th Floor, SA-1, Washington, DC 20522-0112.
  • Fax: 202-261-8199.
  • Hand Delivery or Courier (regular work hours only): Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, ATTENTION: Regulatory Change, SA-1, 12th Floor, 2401 E Street, NW., Washington, DC 20037.

Persons with access to the Internet may also view this notice by going to the regulations.gov Web site at: http://www.regulations.gov/​index.cfm.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ann K. Ganzer, Office of Defense Trade Controls Policy, Department of State, 12th Floor, SA-1, Washington, DC 20522-0112; Telephone 202-663-2792 or FAX 202-261-8199; e-mail: DDTCResponseTeam@state.gov. ATTN: Regulatory Change.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

On February 20, 2007, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) adopted resolution 1744 which, inter alia, amends the complete embargo on weapons and military equipment imposed by UNSC resolution (UNSCR) 733 (1992). In resolution 1744, the UNSC decided that the embargo shall no longer apply to the export to Somalia of weapons and military equipment, technical training, and assistance when intended solely for either of two purposes: (1) Support for the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM), an effort to establish an initial stabilization phase in Somalia, and (2) support for the purpose of helping develop security sector institutions in Somalia that further the objectives of peace, stability and reconciliation in Somalia. Proposed exports for the latter purpose will require advance notification by the United States Government to the UN Somalia Sanctions Committee and the absence of a negative decision by that Committee. In addition, exemptions from licensing requirements may not be used with respect to exports to Somalia without prior written authorization by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.

To implement this new policy the ITAR is amended in the following manner: the specific reference to Somalia in 126.1(a) is removed, and all relevant information pertaining to Somalia is set forth in a new paragraph (m) in Section 126.1.

Regulatory Analysis and Notices

Administrative Procedure Act

This amendment involves a foreign affairs function of the United States and, therefore, is not subject to the procedures required by 5 U.S.C. 553 and 554.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

This rule does not require analysis under the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

Unfunded Mandates Act of 1995

This rule does not require analysis under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act.

Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996

This amendment has been found not to be a major rule within the meaning of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996. It will not have substantial direct effects on the States, the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

Executive Orders 12372 and 13132

It is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant application of the consultation provisions of Executive Orders 12372 and 13132.

Executive Order 12866

This amendment is exempt from review under Executive Order 12866, but has been reviewed internally by the Department of State to ensure consistency with the purposes thereof.

Paperwork Reduction Act

This rule does not impose any new reporting or recordkeeping requirements subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35.

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List of Subjects 22 CFR Part 126

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Accordingly, for the reasons set forth above, Title 22, Chapter I, Subchapter M, part 126 is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for part 126 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: Secs. 2, 38, 40, 42, and 71, Pub. L. 90-629, 90 Stat. 744 (22 U.S.C. 2752, 2778, 2780, 2791, and 2797); E.O. 11958, 42 FR 4311; 3 CFR, 1977 Comp., p. 79; 22 U.S.C. 2651a; 22 U.S.C. 287c; E.O. 12918, 59 FR 28205, 3 CFR, 1994 Comp., p. 899; Sec.1225, Pub. L. 108-375.

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2. Section 126.1 is amended by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows and adding paragraph (m):

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Prohibited exports and sales to certain countries.

(a) General. It is the policy of the United States to deny licenses and other approvals for exports and imports of defense articles and defense services, destined for or originating in certain countries. This policy applies to Belarus, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria, and Venezuela. This policy also applies to countries with respect to which the United States maintains an arms embargo (e.g., Burma, China, Liberia, and Sudan) or whenever an export would not otherwise be in furtherance of world peace and the security and foreign policy of the United States. Information regarding certain other embargoes appears elsewhere in this section. Comprehensive arms embargoes are normally the subject of a State Department notice published in the Federal Register. The exemptions provided in the regulations in this subchapter, except § 123.17 of this subchapter, do not apply with respect to articles originating in or for export to any proscribed countries, areas, or persons in this § 126.1.

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(m) Somalia. It is the policy of the United Sates to deny licenses, or other approvals, for exports or imports of defense articles and defense services destined for or originating in Somalia. A denial policy will remain for exports or imports of defense articles and defense services destined for or originating in Somalia except, on a case-by-case basis, for defense articles and defense services intended solely for:

(1) Support for the African Union Mission to Somalia (AMISOM), and

(2) Support for the purpose of helping develop security sector institutions in Somalia that further the objectives of peace, stability and reconciliation in Somalia, after advance notification of the proposed export by the United States Government to the UN Somalia Sanctions Committee and the absence of a negative decision by that committee.

Exemptions from the licensing requirement may not be used with respect to any export to Somalia unless specifically authorized in writing by the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.

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Dated: April 27, 2007.

Stephen D. Mull,

Acting Assistant Secretary for Political-Military Affairs, Department of State.

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[FR Doc. E7-9860 Filed 5-21-07; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4710-25-P