Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
Notice of proposed order and request for comment.
The Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. (CME) has petitioned the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (Commission) for exemptive relief, pursuant to section 4(c) of the Commodity Exchange Act (Act or CEA), from the requirement that the China Foreign Exchange Trade System and National Interbank Funding Center (CFETS) or its members register as futures commission merchants (FCMs). The Commission seeks comment on CME's petition. Copies of the petition are available for inspection at the Office of the Secretariat by mail at the address listed below, by telephoning (202) 418-5100, or on the Commission's Web site (http://www.cftc.gov).
Comments must be received on or before September 24, 2007.
Comments should be sent to David A. Stawick, Secretary, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Three Lafayette Centre, 1155 21st Street, NW., Washington, DC 20581. Comments may be sent by facsimile transmission to (202) 418-5521, or by e-mail to email@example.com. Reference should be made to “CME Petition for Exemption from FCM Registration on Behalf of CFETS.” Comments may also be submitted by connecting to the Federal eRulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov and following the comment submission instructions. Comments will be published on the Commission's Web site.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Robert B. Wasserman, Associate Director, (202) 418-5092, firstname.lastname@example.org, Division of Clearing and Intermediary Oversight, Commodity Futures Trading Commission, Three Lafayette Centre, 1155 21st Street, NW., Washington, DC 20581.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
By petition dated July 27, 2007 (Petition), CME applied for an exemption, pursuant to section 4(c) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6(c), from the requirement (pursuant to section 4d of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6d) that CFETS or its members register as FCMs.
According to the Petition, CFETS is a non-profit affiliate of the People's Bank of China (PBC). CFETS operates an electronic trading system with respect to trading in the interbank foreign exchange market, Renminbi (RMB) lending, and trading on the bond market in China. The foreign currencies traded against the RMB through CFETS include the U.S. dollar, Japanese yen, Euro, and Hong Kong dollar, and CFETS provides trading services for foreign exchange spot, forwards, and swaps. CFETS also operates China's interbank RMB money Start Printed Page 48263market and facilitates the trading of government securities and repo transactions. CFETS has over 270 members engaged in foreign exchange trading, including all of the major Chinese banks. CFETS members also include insurance and securities companies, fund management companies, and foreign financial institutions.
CME and CFETS have entered into an agreement pursuant to which CFETS will become a “super-clearing” member of CME authorized to clear foreign currency and interest rate futures transactions on behalf of CFETS members and their customers domiciled in China. Although CFETS members include non-Chinese financial institutions, only those of its members (and their customers) that are domiciled in China would be permitted to clear CME contracts through CFETS under the agreement. Pursuant to the agreement, CME will, among other things, provide consulting services and technical assistance to CFETS. In addition, CME and CFETS will cooperate to complete both a comprehensive training program and a marketing program. Under the arrangement, CFETS' compliance with CME operational procedures will not be enforced via regulatory processes applicable to other clearing members, but instead under the terms of the agreement.
As a clearing member of CME, CFETS would fall within the FCM definition of section 1a(20) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 1a(20), in that it would “accept orders for the purchase or sale of [a] commodity for future delivery on or subject to the rules of [a] contract market * * * and * * * in or in connection with such * * * acceptance of orders, [would] accept * * * money, securities, or property * * * to margin, guarantee, or secure * * * trades or contracts that * * * result therefrom.” While the Commission and its predecessor agencies have not applied the FCM registration requirement to foreign brokers  that clear through U.S. FCMs, Commission staff have stated that the FCM registration requirement of Section 4d(a)(1) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6d(a)(1), applies to foreign brokers that clear directly through a U.S.-based clearinghouse, as CFETS will under the proposed arrangement with CME.
CME states that, given CFETS' status as an entity that is not separately capitalized, “CFETS itself will not be in a position to provide net capital information to CME. Therefore, CFETS cannot meet the requirements that would apply if it were required to register as an FCM.”  CME further states that, in light of CFETS' existing business environment, CFETS is currently unable to establish a capitalized subsidiary in the U.S. that could otherwise meet the requirements applicable to registered FCMs. Consequently, CME is seeking an exemption, pursuant to section 4(c) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6(c), on behalf of CFETS, from the FCM registration requirement. CME is also seeking relief from any FCM registration requirement that might apply to CFETS members.
Section 4(c)(1) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6(c)(1), empowers the Commission to “promote responsible economic or financial innovation and fair competition” by exempting any transaction or class of transactions, including any person offering or entering into such transaction, from any of the provisions of the CEA (subject to exceptions not relevant here) where the Commission determines that the exemption would be consistent with the public interest.
The Petition includes, among other things, the following conditions that could be included in any order granting an exemption to CFETS pursuant to section 4(c), § 6(c):
- CFETS shall be required to comply with financial requirements that substitute for those applicable to CME's clearing members. Specifically, CFETS shall be required to satisfy CME's security deposit requirement, which is currently a minimum of $500,000. CFETS shall be required to maintain “surrogate capital”  of 8% of aggregate required customer performance bond, but in any case, no less than $10 million. All such surrogate capital shall be required to be held in the form of U.S. dollars or Treasury securities (subject to any haircuts required by Regulation 1.17) in a CME-controlled account in the U.S.
- CME shall be required to provide the Commission a monthly report detailing surrogate capital amounts and calculation (which report, or portions thereof, would be published on the Commission's Web site). CME shall be required to provide next-day notice to the Commission if: (i) Surrogate capital falls below 110% of the requirement; or (ii) if a customer margin call exceeds excess surrogate capital on deposit. Start Printed Page 48264CME shall be required to provide the Commission immediate notice of any deficiency in surrogate capital.
- CME and CFETS shall be required to provide all large-trader reporting information at the same time and in the same format that CFETS would be required to provide if CFETS were registered as an FCM. CME and CFETS shall be required to act as agent for service of process regarding trading on CME for both CFETS members and customers of CFETS members.
- CME shall not hold CFETS positions and associated funds in U.S. customer accounts segregated pursuant to section 4d of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6d.
- CME and CFETS shall be required to maintain records, in English, in the U.S., sufficient to permit the Commission to confirm compliance with any provision of any order issued by the Commission. CME and CFETS shall be required to make such records available to the Commission in the U.S. within 72 hours of any request.
- CME and CFETS shall be required to comply with U.S. anti-money laundering requirements as determined by the U.S. Treasury.
- CME and CFETS shall be required to accept joint and several liability in any Commission enforcement action relating to compliance with any order issued by the Commission.
- CME and CFETS shall be required to file a report with the Commission providing statistics and analyzing issues (to be determined) within 18 months after issuance of any relief.
II. Request for Comments
The Commission requests public comment on any aspect of the Petition that commenters believe may raise issues under the CEA or Commission regulations. In particular, the Commission invites comment regarding: (1) Whether the proposed exemption is consistent with the requirements for relief set forth in section 4(c) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6(c), including whether granting the exemption would be consistent with the public interest and the purposes of the CEA; (2) whether CME's representations, as discussed above, if imposed as conditions of an order pursuant to section 4(c)(1), section 6(c)(1), would provide adequate safeguards with respect to the U.S. clearing system in light of CFETS' exemption from the FCM registration requirement; (3) whether an order granting the request for relief should include requirements different from or in addition to those discussed above; (4) whether an order granting the request for relief should exclude any one or more of the requirements discussed above; (5) any material adverse effects that granting the petition would have upon other derivatives clearing organizations, exchanges, or other Commission registrants from a competitive  or other perspective  ; and (6) any other issues relevant to this petition.Start Signature
Issued in Washington, DC, on August 8, 2007 by the Commission.
David A. Stawick,
Secretary of the Commission.
1. In this context, “foreign broker” means any person located outside the U.S., its territories, or possessions who is engaged in soliciting or in accepting orders only from persons located outside the U.S., its territories, or possessions for the purchase or sale of any commodity interest transaction on or subject to the rules of any designated contract market or derivatives execution facility and that, in or in connection with such solicitation or acceptance of orders, accepts any money, securities, or property (or extends credit in lieu thereof) to margin, guarantee, or secure any trades or contracts that result or may result therefrom. See Exemption From Registration for Certain Foreign Persons, 72 FR 15,637 (Apr. 2, 2007) (proposing to revise and redesignate a definition for the term “foreign broker”).Back to Citation
2. The Commission has recently proposed to codify its longstanding view that a foreign broker is not required to register if the foreign broker: (1) Limits its customers to foreign customers; (2) submits the trades of such foreign customers that are entered into on U.S. markets for clearing on an omnibus basis through a registered FCM; and (3) does not solicit or accept orders from U.S. customers for trading on U.S. markets. See supra note 1; see also CFTC Staff Letter 89-07, [1987-1990 Transfer Binder] Comm. Fut. L. Rep. (CCH) ¶ 24,479 at 36,096-97 (June 22, 1989) (“The Commission has not required a person located outside the United States which engages in the conduct described in section 2(a)(1)(A) of [the Act] for or on behalf of foreign customers through a U.S. FCM to register as an FCM”). In the proposal, the Commission specifically noted that, by limiting exemptive relief in the past to activities conducted “though a U.S. FCM” “staff did not extend the exemptive relief available to a foreign broker to include the submission of trades executed for its customer and non-customer accounts directly to a clearing organization for a U.S. market.” See 72 FR at 15,638.Back to Citation
3. Petition, at 3.Back to Citation
4. Section 4(c)(1) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6(c)(1), provides that:
In order to promote responsible economic or financial innovation and fair competition, the Commission by * * * order, after notice and opportunity for hearing, may ( * * * on application of any person, including any board of trade designated or registered as a contract market * * *) exempt any agreement, contract, or transaction (or class thereof) that is otherwise subject to subsection (a) of this section (including any person or class of persons offering, entering into, rendering advice or rendering other services with respect to, the agreement, contract, or transaction), either unconditionally or on stated terms or conditions or for stated periods * * * from any * * * provision of this chapter (except subparagraphs (C)(ii) and (D) of section 2(a)(1) of this title, except that the Commission and the Securities and Exchange Commission may by rule, regulation, or order jointly exclude any agreement, contract, or transaction from section 2(a)(1)(D) of this title), if the Commission determines that the exemption would be consistent with the public interest.
While Section 4(c)(2) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6(c)(2), imposes additional requirements with respect to any exemption from the requirements of Section 4(a) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6(a), CME is not seeking such relief.Back to Citation
5. If the Commission were to grant CFETS' request for relief, CFETS would not be required to meet the minimum capital requirements of Regulation 1.17. See Regulation 1.17, 17 CFR 1.17 (minimum capital requirements applicable to persons “registered as a futures commission merchant”). “Surrogate capital” refers to alternative minimum capital requirements that CME represents that CFETS would be required to meet that are intended to parallel, in effect, the minimum capital requirements of Regulation 1.17. These requirements may be imposed on CFETS as conditions of a Commission order pursuant to Section 4(c)(1), 6(c)(1).Back to Citation
6. For example, if CFETS had a surrogate capital requirement of $10 million, it would be required to maintain surrogate capital of $11 million (110% of the requirement) in a CME-controlled account in order to avoid providing the Commission with next-day notice of its surrogate capital on deposit.Back to Citation
7. As noted above, the Commission may grant an exemption pursuant to Section 4(c)(1) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 6(c)(1), “[i]n order to promote responsible economic or financial innovation and fair competition.” Section 15(b) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 19(b), provides that the “Commission shall take into consideration the public interest to be protected by the antitrust laws and endeavor to take the least anticompetitive means of achieving the objectives of this chapter, as well as the policies and purposes of this chapter, in issuing any order * * *.”Back to Citation
8. The Commission notes that Section 15(a) of the Act, 7 U.S.C. 19(a), requires that the Commission, before issuing an order, consider the costs and benefits in light of considerations of protection of market participants and the public; considerations of the efficiency, competitiveness, and financial integrity of futures markets; considerations of price discovery; considerations of sound risk management practices; and other public interest considerations.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. E7-16641 Filed 8-22-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6351-01-P