Pursuant to section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”)  and Rule 19b-4 thereunder, notice is hereby given that on July 5, 2007, the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc. (n/k/a Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”)) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I and II below, which Items have been substantially prepared by FINRA. FINRA has designated the proposed rule change as constituting a “non-controversial” rule change under paragraph (f)(6) of Rule 19b-4 under the Act, which renders the proposal effective upon receipt of this filing by the Commission. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
FINRA is proposing to amend certain rules and repeal Rule 5100 and IM-5100 in light of the elimination of SEC Rule 10a-1 of the Act and the amendments to Regulation SHO under the Act.
The text of the proposed rule change is available at FINRA, the Commission's Public Reference Room, and http://www.finra.org.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, FINRA included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. FINRA has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
Background and Discussion
On June 13, 2007, the Commission voted to adopt certain amendments to SEC Rule 10a-1 and Regulation SHO under the Act. The amendments, among other things: (1) Eliminate the short sale price test contained in SEC Rule 10a-1; (2) add Rule 201(a) of Regulation SHO to provide that no price test, including any price test of any self-regulatory organization (“SRO”), shall apply to short sales in any security; (3) add Rule 201(b) of Regulation SHO to prohibit any SRO from having a price test; and (4) amend Rule 200(g) of Regulation SHO to remove the requirement that a broker-dealer mark a sell order of an equity security as “short exempt” if the seller is relying on an exception from the price test of Rule 10a-1, or any price test of any exchange or national securities association. The amendments to SEC Rule 10a-1 and Regulation SHO became effective on July 3, 2007. However, the compliance date of the amendments was July 6, 2007.
The purpose of this proposed rule change is to make conforming changes to FINRA rules to reflect the elimination of SEC Rule 10a-1 and other amendments to Regulation SHO by: (1) Eliminating references to SEC Rule 10a-1 in FINRA rules; (2) repealing FINRA's short sale rule contained in Rule 5100 and IM-5100, as well as amending FINRA rules that reference Rule 5100 or IM-5100; and (3) removing any “short exempt” marking requirements in FINRA rules.
Elimination of References to SEC Rule 10a-1 in FINRA Rules
Currently, Rule 3360 (Short-Interest Reporting) requires members to record and report short interest information to FINRA. Reportable short positions are those resulting from “short sales” as the term is defined in SEC Rule 200 of Regulation SHO, with the exception of positions that meet the requirements of subsections (e)(1), (6), (7), (8), and (10) of Rule 10a-1 of the Act. As a result of the repeal of SEC Rule 10a-1, these subsections will no longer exist. Therefore, FINRA is proposing a technical change to Rule 3360 to replace the references to these exceptions to SEC Rule 10a-1 with the underlying rule text of each provision. FINRA also is proposing to make conforming amendments to IM-6130, IM-6130C, IM-6130D, IM-6130E to remove references to SEC Rule 10a-1.
Repeal of FINRA's Short Sale Rule
As noted above, the Commission has removed the restrictions on the execution prices of short sales and prohibited SROs from having price tests. Rule 5100 governs short sales of over-the-counter (“OTC”) transactions reported to the Alternative Display Facility or a Trade Reporting Facility. More specifically, Rule 5100 generally prohibits a member from effecting short sales in NASDAQ Global Market securities otherwise than on an exchange for a customer account, or the member's own account, at or below the current national best (inside) bid, when the current national best (inside) bid is below the preceding national best (inside) bid. As an SRO, FINRA now is prohibited from having such a short sale price test under newly adopted SEC Rule 201.
Accordingly, FINRA is proposing to repeal its short sale rule contained in Rule 5100 and the related interpretive material in IM-5100 and is proposing conforming changes to IM-6130, IM-6130C, IM-6130D, IM-6130E and Rule 9610 to delete references to Rule 5100 in such rules.
Removal of Short Exempt Marking Requirements
Currently, Rule 200(g)(2) of Regulation SHO provides that a short sale order must be marked short exempt if relying on an exception from the short sale price test in SEC Rule 10a-1 or any short sale price test of an exchange or national securities association. Start Printed Page 48714Likewise, certain FINRA rules require members to indicate on their transaction reports whether a transaction is a short exempt transaction, in conformance with SEC Rule 200(g)(2). In light of the Commission's recent amendments to delete the short exempt marking requirement from its rule, FINRA is proposing conforming changes to delete any references to that requirement in its rules. As such, FINRA proposes to amend Rules 4632, 4632A, 4632C, 4632D, 4632E, 6130, 6130C, 6130D, 6130E, and IM-6130, IM-6130C, IM-6130D, IM-6130E to remove the short exempt marking requirements.
FINRA also is proposing to make certain technical changes to the text of Rule 3360. Specifically, Rule 3360(b) provides that, subject to certain limited exceptions, short positions required to be reported under the rule are those resulting from short sales as the term is defined in Rule 200 of Regulation SHO. The term “short sale” is actually defined in Rule 200(a) of Regulation SHO. Therefore, FINRA is proposing to amend the text of Rule 3360 to reference Rule 200(a) of Regulation SHO, not Rule 200 of Regulation SHO to eliminate any confusion.
Additionally, FINRA is proposing to amend the definition of “OTC equity security” in Rule 3360 to delete the specific reference to The Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc. as it is now covered under the term “national securities exchange.”
As noted above, FINRA has filed the proposed rule change for immediate effectiveness. FINRA proposes July 6, 2007 as the compliance date of the proposed rule change, to coincide with the compliance date of the amendments to SEC Rule 10a-1 and Regulation SHO. However, with respect to the repeal of the short sale exempt marking requirements, firms are permitted to continue to mark transactions as “short exempt” for a ninety-day transitional period after the July 6, 2007 compliance date in accordance with the SEC No-Action relief relating to the “short exempt” marking requirement of Rule 200(g) of Regulation SHO.
2. Statutory Basis
FINRA believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with the provisions of section 15A(b)(6) of the Act, which requires, among other things, that FINRA rules must be designed to prevent fraudulent and manipulative acts and practices, to promote just and equitable principles of trade, and, in general, to protect investors and the public interest. FINRA believes that the proposed rule change is necessary and appropriate to comply with the amendments to SEC Rule 10a-1 and Regulation SHO.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
FINRA does not believe that the proposed rule change will result in any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others
Written comments were neither solicited nor received.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
Because the foregoing proposed rule change does not: (i) Significantly affect the protection of investors or the public interest; (ii) impose any significant burden on competition; and (iii) become operative for 30 days from the date on which it was filed, or such shorter time as the Commission may designate, it has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A)  of the Act and Rule 19b-4(f)(6) thereunder.
FINRA has asked the Commission to waive the 30-day operative delay. The Commission believes such waiver is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest because it would allow the proposed rule change to be effective on July 6, 2007, the compliance date for the amendments to Rule 10a-1 and Regulation SHO. For this reason, the Commission designates the proposal to be operative upon filing with the Commission.
At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission may summarily abrogate such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:
- Use the Commission's Internet comment form (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml); or
- Send an e-mail to email@example.com. Please include File Number SR-NASD-2007-047 on the subject line.
- Send paper comments in triplicate to Nancy M. Morris, Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street, NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090.
All submissions should refer to File Number SR-NASD-2007-047. This file number should be included on the subject line if e-mail is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Internet Web site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for inspection and copying in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street, NE., Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. Copies of such filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of FINRA. All comments received will be posted without change; the Commission does not edit personal identifying information from submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR-NASD-2007-047 and should be submitted on or before September 14, 2007.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Market Regulation, pursuant to delegated authority.
Florence E. Harmon,
4. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 55970 (June 28, 2007), 72 FR 36348 (July 3, 2007).Back to Citation
5. See Rule 3360(b)(1).Back to Citation
6. As part of the Commission's approval of amendments to expand Rule 3360 to OTC equity securities, the Commission urged FINRA to review the exceptions to short interest reporting to determine whether further rulemaking is appropriate. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 53224 (February 3, 2006), 71 FR 7101 (February 10, 2006) (order approving SR-NASD-2005-112). Additionally, as part of the Commission's approval of rule changes by FINRA, Amex, and the NYSE to increase the frequency of short interest reporting to twice per month, the Commission instructed FINRA, among other SROs, to review the exceptions to short interest reporting to determine whether further rulemaking is appropriate. FINRA, together with the other SROs, is currently conducting such a review. If, based on this review, a determination is made that further rulemaking is warranted, FINRA will file a separate rule change with the Commission. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 55406 (March 6, 2007), 72 FR 11071 (March 12, 2007) (order approving SR-NASD-2006-131; SR-NYSE-2006-111; SR-Amex-2007-05).Back to Citation
10. For purposes only of waiving the 30-day pre-operative period, the Commission has considered the proposed rule change's impact on efficiency, competition and capital formation. 15 U.S.C. 78c(f).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. E7-16758 Filed 8-23-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P