Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), HHS.
Final rule; correcting amendment.
On March 30, 2007, we published a final rule entitled “Medicare Program; Hospital Conditions of Participation: Requirements for Approval and Re-Approval of Transplant Centers to Perform Organ Transplants.” The effective date was June 28, 2007. This correcting amendment corrects a technical error identified in the March 30, 2007 final rule.
Effective Date: This correcting amendment is effective October 26, 2007.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Jeannie Miller, (410) 786-3164.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
FR Doc. 07-1435 of March 30, 2007 (72 FR 15198) contained a technical error that this rule serves to identify and correct. In amending subpart E of part 482, we inadvertently omitted existing §§ 482.60, 482.61, 482.62, and 482.66. Our intention was to retain these sections, which address psychiatric hospitals and “swing-bed” hospitals, without change.
II. Summary of Errors in the Regulations Text
In amending subpart E of part 482, we inadvertently omitted existing §§ 482.60, 482.61, 482.62, and 482.66. Our intention was to retain these sections, which address psychiatric hospitals and “swing-bed” hospitals, without change.
III. Waiver of Proposed Rulemaking and Delayed Effective Date
We ordinarily publish a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register to provide a period for public comment before the provisions of a notice such as this take effect in accordance with section 553(b) of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553(b)). We also ordinarily provide a 30-day delay in the effective date of the provisions of a rule in accordance with section 553(d) of the APA (5 U.S.C. 553(d)). However, we can waive both the notice and comment procedure and the 30-day delay in effective date if the Secretary finds, for good cause, that a notice and comment process and a 30-day delay in effective date are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest, and incorporates a statement of the finding and the reasons therefore in the notice.
We find for good cause that it is unnecessary to undertake notice and comment rulemaking because this final rule merely provides technical corrections to the regulations. We are not making any changes to our existing regulations, but reinstating provisions that have previously been approved and were unintentionally omitted from the final rule that appeared in the March 30, 2007 Federal Register (72 FR 15198). Therefore, we believe that undertaking further notice and comment procedures to incorporate these corrections into the update notice is unnecessary and contrary to the public interest.
Further, we believe a delayed effective date is unnecessary because this correcting amendment merely reinstates provisions already approved and in effect. Therefore, we find good cause to waive notice and comment procedures, as well as the 30-day delay in effective date.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 42 CFR Part 482End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part
Accordingly, 42 CFR chapter IV is corrected by making the following correcting amendments to part 482.End Amendment Part Start Part Start Printed Page 60788
PART 482—CONDITIONS OF PARTICIPATION FOR HOSPITALSEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 482 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Subpart E—Requirements for Specialty Hospitals is amended by adding §§ 482.60, 482.61, 482.62, and 482.66, to read as follows:End Amendment Part
- Special provisions applying to psychiatric hospitals.
- Condition of participation: Special medical record requirements for psychiatric hospitals.
- Condition of participation: Special staff requirements for psychiatric hospitals.
- Special requirements for hospital providers of long-term care services (“swing-beds”).
Subpart E—Requirements for Specialty Hospitals
Psychiatric hospital must—
(a) Be primarily engaged in providing, by or under the supervision of a doctor of medicine or osteopathy, psychiatric services for the diagnosis and treatment of mentally ill persons;
(b) Meet the conditions of participation specified in §§ 482.1 through 482.23 and §§ 482.25 through 482.57;
(c) Maintain clinical records on all patients, including records sufficient to permit CMS to determine the degree and intensity of treatment furnished to Medicare beneficiaries, as specified in § 482.61; and
(d) Meet the staffing requirements specified in § 482.62.
The medical records maintained by a psychiatric hospital must permit determination of the degree and intensity of the treatment provided to individuals who are furnished services in the institution.
(a) Standard: Development of assessment/diagnostic data. Medical records must stress the psychiatric components of the record, including history of findings and treatment provided for the psychiatric condition for which the patient is hospitalized.
(1) The identification data must include the patient's legal status.
(2) A provisional or admitting diagnosis must be made on every patient at the time of admission, and must include the diagnoses of intercurrent diseases as well as the psychiatric diagnoses.
(3) The reasons for admission must be clearly documented as stated by the patient and/or others significantly involved.
(4) The social service records, including reports of interviews with patients, family members, and others, must provide an assessment of home plans and family attitudes, and community resource contacts as well as a social history.
(5) When indicated, a complete neurological examination must be recorded at the time of the admission physical examination.
(b) Standard: Psychiatric evaluation. Each patient must receive a psychiatric evaluation that must—
(1) Be completed within 60 hours of admission;
(2) Include a medical history;
(3) Contain a record of mental status;
(4) Note the onset of illness and the circumstances leading to admission;
(5) Describe attitudes and behavior;
(6) Estimate intellectual functioning, memory functioning, and orientation; and
(7) Include an inventory of the patient's assets in descriptive, not interpretative, fashion.
(c) Standard: Treatment plan. (1) Each patient must have an individual comprehensive treatment plan that must be based on an inventory of the patient's strengths and disabilities.
The written plan must include—
(i) A substantiated diagnosis;
(ii) Short-term and long-range goals;
(iii) The specific treatment modalities utilized;
(iv) The responsibilities of each member of the treatment team; and
(v) Adequate documentation to justify the diagnosis and the treatment and rehabilitation activities carried out.
(2) The treatment received by the patient must be documented in such a way to assure that all active therapeutic efforts are included.
(d) Standard: Recording progress. Progress notes must be recorded by the doctor of medicine or osteopathy responsible for the care of the patient as specified in § 482.12(c), nurse, social worker and, when appropriate, others significantly involved in active treatment modalities. The frequency of progress notes is determined by the condition of the patient but must be recorded at least weekly for the first 2 months and at least once a month thereafter and must contain recommendations for revisions in the treatment plan as indicated as well as precise assessment of the patient's progress in accordance with the original or revised treatment plan.
(e) Standard: Discharge planning and discharge summary. The record of each patient who has been discharged must have a discharge summary that includes a recapitulation of the patient's hospitalization and recommendations from appropriate services concerning follow-up or aftercare as well as a brief summary of the patient's condition on discharge.
The hospital must have adequate numbers of qualified professional and supportive staff to evaluate patients, formulate written, individualized comprehensive treatment plans, provide active treatment measures, and engage in discharge planning.
(a) Standard: Personnel. The hospital must employ or undertake to provide adequate numbers of qualified professional, technical, and consultative personnel to:
(1) Evaluate patients;
(2) Formulate written individualized, comprehensive treatment plans;
(3) Provide active treatment measures; and
(4) Engage in discharge planning.
(b) Standard: Director of inpatient psychiatric services; medical staff. Inpatient psychiatric services must be under the supervision of a clinical director, service chief, or equivalent who is qualified to provide the leadership required for an intensive treatment program. The number and qualifications of doctors of medicine and osteopathy must be adequate to provide essential psychiatric services.
(1) The clinical director, service chief, or equivalent must meet the training and experience requirements for examination by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology or the American Osteopathic Board of Neurology and Psychiatry.
(2) The director must monitor and evaluate the quality and appropriateness of services and treatment provided by the medical staff.
(c) Standard: Availability of medical personnel. Doctors of medicine or osteopathy and other appropriate professional personnel must be available to provide necessary medical and surgical diagnostic and treatment services. If medical and surgical diagnostic and treatment services are Start Printed Page 60789not available within the institution, the institution must have an agreement with an outside source of these services to ensure that they are immediately available or a satisfactory agreement must be established for transferring patients to a general hospital that participates in the Medicare program.
(d) Standard: Nursing services. The hospital must have a qualified director of psychiatric nursing services. In addition to the director of nursing, there must be adequate numbers of registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and mental health workers to provide nursing care necessary under each patient's active treatment program and to maintain progress notes on each patient.
(1) The director of psychiatric nursing services must be a registered nurse who has a master's degree in psychiatric or mental health nursing, or its equivalent from a school of nursing accredited by the National League for Nursing, or be qualified by education and experience in the care of the mentally ill. The director must demonstrate competence to participate in interdisciplinary formulation of individual treatment plans; to give skilled nursing care and therapy; and to direct, monitor, and evaluate the nursing care furnished.
(2) The staffing pattern must insure the availability of a registered professional nurse 24 hours each day. There must be adequate numbers of registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and mental health workers to provide the nursing care necessary under each patient's active treatment program.
(e) Standard: Psychological services. The hospital must provide or have available psychological services to meet the needs of the patients.
(f) Standard: Social services. There must be a director of social services who monitors and evaluates the quality and appropriateness of social services furnished. The services must be furnished in accordance with accepted standards of practice and established policies and procedures.
(1) The director of the social work department or service must have a master's degree from an accredited school of social work or must be qualified by education and experience in the social services needs of the mentally ill. If the director does not hold a masters degree in social work, at least one staff member must have this qualification.
(2) Social service staff responsibilities must include, but are not limited to, participating in discharge planning, arranging for follow-up care, and developing mechanisms for exchange of appropriate, information with sources outside the hospital.
(g) Standard: Therapeutic activities. The hospital must provide a therapeutic activities program.
(1) The program must be appropriate to the needs and interests of patients and be directed toward restoring and maintaining optimal levels of physical and psychosocial functioning.
(2) The number of qualified therapists, support personnel, and consultants must be adequate to provide comprehensive therapeutic activities consistent with each patient's active treatment program.
A hospital that has a Medicare provider agreement must meet the following requirements in order to be granted an approval from CMS to provide post-hospital extended care services, as specified in § 409.30 of this chapter, and be reimbursed as a swing-bed hospital, as specified in § 413.114 of this chapter:
(a) Eligibility. A hospital must meet the following eligibility requirements:
(1) The facility has fewer than 100 hospital beds, excluding beds for newborns and beds in intensive care type inpatient units (for eligibility of hospitals with distinct parts electing the optional reimbursement method, see § 413.24(d)(5) of this chapter).
(2) The hospital is located in a rural area. This includes all areas not delineated as “urbanized” areas by the Census Bureau, based on the most recent census.
(3) The hospital does not have in effect a 24-hour nursing waiver granted under § 488.54(c) of this chapter.
(4) The hospital has not had a swing-bed approval terminated within the two years previous to application.
(b) Skilled nursing facility services. The facility is substantially in compliance with the following skilled nursing facility requirements contained in subpart B of part 483 of this chapter.
(1) Resident rights (§ 483.10 (b)(3), (b)(4), (b)(5), (b)(6), (d), (e), (h), (i), (j)(1)(vii), (j)(1)(viii), (l), and (m)).
(2) Admission, transfer, and discharge rights (§ 483.12 (a)(1), (a)(2), (a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(6), and (a)(7)).
(3) Resident behavior and facility practices (§ 483.13).
(4) Patient activities (§ 483.15(f)).
(5) Social services (§ 483.15(g)).
(6) Discharge planning (§ 483.20(e)).
(7) Specialized rehabilitative services (§ 483.45).
(8) Dental services (§ 483.55).
(Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance Program No. 93.773, Medicare—Hospital Insurance; and Program No. 93.774, Medicare—Supplementary Medical Insurance Program)
Dated: October 22, 2007.
Ann C. Agnew,
Executive Secretary to the Department.
[FR Doc. E7-21213 Filed 10-25-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4120-01-P