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Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled “Role of HIV Resistance Testing in Antiretroviral Drug Development.” This guidance is intended to assist sponsors in the clinical development of drugs for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Specifically, this guidance addresses the agency's current thinking regarding the role of HIV resistance testing during antiretroviral drug development and postmarketing. This guidance discusses important nonclinical studies that are recommended before the initiation of phase 1 clinical studies in HIV-infected patients. In addition, this guidance addresses the use of resistance testing in clinical phases of drug development and recommends the type of information that should be collected and the types of analyses that should be conducted to characterize an antiretroviral's resistance profile. This guidance finalizes the draft guidance published on November 29, 2004.
Submit written or electronic comments on agency guidances at any time.
Submit written requests for single copies of this guidance to the Division of Drug Information (HFD-240), Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist that office in processing your requests. Submit written comments on the guidance to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. Submit electronic comments to http://www.fda.gov/dockets/ecomments or http://www.regulations.gov. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the guidance document.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Jeffrey Murray, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 22, rm. 6360, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-1500, or
Kimberly Struble, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 22, rm. 6374, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-1500.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
FDA is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled “Role of HIV Resistance Testing in Antiretroviral Drug Development.” This guidance is intended to assist sponsors in the clinical development of drugs for the treatment of HIV infection. Specifically, this guidance addresses the agency's current thinking regarding the role of HIV resistance testing during antiretroviral drug development and postmarketing. This guidance discusses the nonclinical studies (mechanism of action, antiviral activity in vitro, the effects of serum protein binding on antiviral activity, cytotoxicity and therapeutic index, and in vitro combination activity) that should be completed before the initiation of phase 1 clinical studies in HIV-infected patients. In addition, this guidance Start Printed Page 61657addresses the use of resistance testing in clinical phases of drug development and recommends the type of information that should be collected and the types of analyses that should be conducted to characterize an antiretroviral's resistance profile. This guidance also is intended to serve as a focus for continued discussions among the Division of Antiviral Products, pharmaceutical sponsors, the academic community, and the public.
This guidance is based on a 2-day session of the Antiviral Drug Product Advisory Committee convened on November 2 and 3, 1999, to address issues relating to HIV resistance testing, the division's experience with reviewing resistance data for antiretroviral drugs, and input from pharmaceutical sponsors and the HIV community.
This guidance has been updated to address public comments on the draft version. The following significant changes were made to the guidance: (1) The inclusion of more details and clarification on the recommendations about the amount and type of nonclinical studies that should be conducted before phase 1 clinical studies, (2) the inclusion of more details and clarification regarding data collection and types of analyses for treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced patients, (3) the inclusion of additional details regarding exposure-response analyses, and (4) updated guidance for submitting HIV resistance data.
The guidance reviews the role of resistance testing in initial activity and dose-finding studies, for study enrollment criteria, and background regimen selection. The guidance also reviews the use of resistance data to establish an indication. This guidance includes an appendix that provides recommendations on how to submit HIV resistance data to FDA.
This guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The guidance represents the agency's current thinking on the role of HIV resistance testing in antiretroviral drug development. It does not create or confer any rights for or on any person and does not operate to bind FDA or the public. An alternative approach may be used if such approach satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations.
II. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995
This guidance refers to previously approved collections of information found in FDA regulations. These collections of information are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520). The collections of information in 21 CFR part 312 have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0014.
Interested persons may submit to the Division of Dockets Management (see ADDRESSES) written or electronic comments regarding this document. Submit a single copy of electronic comments or two paper copies of any mailed comments, except that individuals may submit one paper copy. Comments are to be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document. Received comments may be seen in the Division of Dockets Management between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.
IV. Electronic AccessStart Signature
Dated: October 24, 2007.
Assistant Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. E7-21403 Filed 10-30-07; 8:45 am]
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