Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF), Department of Justice.
This final rule conforms the regulations in 27 CFR Part 447 to the revised International Traffic in Arms Start Printed Page 72937Regulations by amending the list of countries from which the importation of defense articles into the United States is proscribed by adding Afghanistan and removing South Africa and some of the states composing the former Soviet Union (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Tajikistan). The rule also removes the arms embargo against the countries of Serbia and Montenegro. It also clarifies an outdated reference in the regulations to Zaire, currently known as the “Democratic Republic of the Congo,” and makes a miscellaneous technical amendment to the regulations.
This rule is effective December 26, 2007.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Lawrence G. White; Firearms and Explosives Imports Branch; Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives; U.S. Department of Justice; 99 New York Avenue, NE., Washington, DC 20226; (202) 648-7113.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The Arms Export Control Act of 1976 (“AECA”), 22 U.S.C. 2778, gives the President of the United States the authority to control the import and export of defense articles and defense services. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (“ATF”) is responsible for administering the import provisions of the AECA. Importation regulations issued under this law are in 27 CFR Part 447.
Executive Order (“E.O.”) 11958 of January 18, 1977 (42 FR 4311, Jan. 24, 1977), as amended by E.O. 13284 of January 23, 2003 (68 FR 4075, Jan. 28, 2003), delegated authority to control exports of defense articles and defense services to the Secretary of State. The Executive Order also delegated to the Attorney General the authority to control the import of such articles and services. However, as stated in 27 CFR 447.55, ATF is guided by the views of the Secretaries of State and Defense on matters affecting world peace and the external security and foreign policy of the United States. After consulting the Department of State, ATF is revising the provisions of 27 CFR Part 447 to conform to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (22 CFR Parts 120-130).
On March 17, 2005, the Department of State informed ATF that on August 27, 1994, the Department of State rescinded the sanctions on trade in defense articles and services from South Africa and technical data relating to defense articles from South Africa as set forth in Category XXII of the U.S. Munitions Import List, 27 CFR 447.21. In an open letter, dated July 11, 2005, ATF advised federally licensed firearms importers and registered importers of this change and that it planned to revise § 447.21. Accordingly, this rule amends § 447.21 by removing Category XXII and the reference to Category XXII in the definition of “Defense articles” in § 447.11.
On March 28, 2003, the Department of State advised ATF of the publication of a final rule on March 29, 2002 (67 FR 15101), formally removing Armenia and Azerbaijan from the list of proscribed destinations for the exports and imports of defense articles and defense services. ATF is therefore amending 27 CFR Part 447 to conform to this change.
The Department of State also advised ATF of the publication of a final rule on January 9, 2002 (67 FR 1074), formally removing Tajikistan, Serbia and Montenegro (formerly known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) from the arms embargo with the United States. Accordingly, the list of proscribed countries in part 447 is being amended to reflect this change in foreign policy.
On November 20, 2005, the Department of State advised ATF of the publication of a final rule on June 27, 1996 (61 FR 33313), formally adding Afghanistan to the list of proscribed countries for the exports and imports of defense articles and defense services. ATF is therefore amending 27 CFR Part 447 to conform to this change.
The Department is also taking this opportunity to clarify an outdated reference contained in § 447.52(a). “Zaire” is currently listed as a country to which the United States maintains an arms embargo and this listing is amended to read “the Democratic Republic of the Congo.”
The Department also is making a technical amendment to § 447.52 to indicate the current phone number for ATF's Firearms and Explosives Imports Branch.
How This Document Complies With the Federal Administrative Requirements for Rulemaking
A. Executive Order 12866
Because the amendments to 27 CFR Part 447 involve a foreign affairs function of the United States, Executive Order 12866 does not apply.
This regulation will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive Order 13132, the Attorney General has determined that this regulation does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.
This regulation meets the applicable standards set forth in subsections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.
D. Administrative Procedure Act
As reflected in 27 CFR 447.54, amendments made to 27 CFR Part 447 are excluded from the rulemaking provisions of 5 U.S.C. 553 because this part involves a foreign affairs function of the United States. Accordingly, it is not necessary to issue this rule using the notice and public procedure set forth in 5 U.S.C. 553(b), and the requirement of a delayed effective date in 5 U.S.C. 553(d) does not apply.
E. Regulatory Flexibility Act
The provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act relating to an initial and final regulatory flexibility analysis are not applicable to this rule because the agency was not required to publish a general notice of proposed rulemaking under 5 U.S.C. 553 or any other law.
F. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a “major rule,” as defined by section 251 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, 5 U.S.C. 804. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.
G. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. Start Printed Page 72938
H. Paperwork Reduction Act
The provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13, 44 U.S.C. Chapter 35, and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR Part 1320, do not apply to this rule because there are no reporting or recordkeeping requirements.
The author of this document is Elizabeth Gillis; Enforcement Programs and Services; Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 27 CFR Part 447
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Arms control
- Arms and munitions
- Authority delegation
- Customs duties and inspection
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
- Scientific equipment
- Seizures and forfeitures
Authority and IssuanceStart Amendment Part
Accordingly, for the reasons discussed in the preamble,End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 447—IMPORTATION OF ARMS, AMMUNITION AND IMPLEMENTS OF WAREnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation forEnd Amendment Part
2. Section 447.11 is amended by removing the last sentence in the definition of the term “Defense articles”.End Amendment Part
3. Section 447.21 is amended by removing Category XXII (South Africa) in its entirety from the U.S. Munitions Import List.End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
4. Section 447.52 is amended by revising the second and third sentences in paragraph (a), and by removing “(202) 927-8320” in the “Note” at the end of paragraph (a) and adding in its place “(304) 616-4550”, to read as follows:End Amendment Part
(a) * * * This policy applies to Afghanistan, Belarus (one of the states composing the former Soviet Union), Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Mongolia, North Korea, Sudan, Syria, and Vietnam. This policy applies to countries or areas with respect to which the United States maintains an arms embargo (e.g., Burma, China, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Liberia, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, and UNITA (Angola)).
Dated: December 17, 2007.
Michael B. Mukasey,
[FR Doc. E7-24910 Filed 12-21-07; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4410-FY-P