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Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Revisions to the Nevada State Implementation Plan; Updated Statutory and Regulatory Provisions; Rescissions

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

Under the Clean Air Act, EPA is approving certain revisions, and disapproving certain other revisions, to the Nevada state implementation plan. These revisions were the subject of a proposed rule published in the Federal Register on December 14, 2007. The provisions that EPA is approving include certain definitions; prohibitory rules; provisions related to legal authority and enforcement; rules establishing opacity, sulfur and volatile organic compounds limits; and rescission of abbreviations. EPA is disapproving the rescission of a certain definition and the rescission of a rule related to emission discharge information. EPA is taking this action under the Clean Air Act obligation to take action on submittals of revisions to state implementation plans. The effect of this action is to update the Nevada state implementation plan with amended or recodified rules and to rescind a provision found to be unnecessary for further retention in the plan.

DATES:

Effective Date: This rule is effective on May 9, 2008.

ADDRESSES:

EPA has established docket number EPA-R09-OAR-2007-1155 for this action. The index to the docket is available electronically at http://www.regulations.gov and in hard copy at EPA Region IX, 75 Hawthorne Street, San Francisco, California. While all documents in the docket are listed in the index, some information may be publicly available only at the hard copy location (e.g., copyrighted material), and some may not be publicly available in either location (e.g., CBI). To inspect the hard copy materials, please schedule an appointment during normal business hours with the contact listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Andrew Steckel, EPA Region IX, (415) 947-4115, steckel.andrew@epa.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Throughout this document, “we,” “us” and “our” refer to EPA.

Table of Contents

I. Proposed Action

II. Public Comments

III. EPA Action

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. Proposed Action

On December 14, 2007 (72 FR 71095), under the Clean Air Act (CAA or “Act”), EPA proposed approval of certain revisions, and disapproval of certain other revisions, to the Nevada state implementation plan (SIP) that had been submitted by the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) on January 12, 2006 and June 26, 2007.

Specifically, in our December 14, 2007 action, we proposed to approve the amended rules or statutory provisions shown in table 1. In today's document, we are taking final action on the provisions in table 1 as we had proposed on December 14, 2007, except for NRS 445B.310 for which we take no action today, as explained below. The provisions listed in table 1 replace early 1980's versions of these provisions. We proposed to approve the provisions in table 1 based on our review of applicable CAA and EPA regulatory requirements and a comparison of the provisions with the corresponding existing SIP provisions that they would replace. In general, we found that the submitted provisions mirror the corresponding provisions in the existing SIP or strengthen the SIP by eliminating exceptions, deleting limitations, or expanding legal authority, and on that basis, found that they would not interfere with attainment or maintenance of the national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS).

With respect to public participation requirements under CAA section 110(l), in our December 14, 2007 proposed rule, we found that adequate documentation had been submitted by NDEP (or otherwise acquired by EPA) to show compliance with CAA procedural requirements for SIP revisions under CAA section 110(l) except for NRS 445B.310. Thus, we made our proposed approval of NRS 445B.310 contingent upon receipt of documentation of notice and opportunity for public hearing on adoption of NRS 445B.310 as a revision to the Nevada SIP. We have not received this documentation and thus are not taking final action on NRS 445B.310 in this document.

Table 1.—Submitted Rules and Statutory Provision

Submitted NAC or NRSTitleAdoption dateSubmittal date
NAC 445B.172“Six-Minute Period” defined09/16/7606/26/07
NAC 445B.190“Stop order” defined11/03/9306/26/07
NAC 445B.220Severability09/06/0606/26/07
NAC 445B.225Prohibited conduct: Concealment of emissions10/03/9506/26/07
NAC 445B.227Prohibited conduct: Operation of source without required equipment; removal or modification of required equipment; modification of required procedure10/03/9501/12/06
NAC 445B.229Hazardous emissions: Order for reduction or discontinuance10/03/9506/26/07
NAC 445B.275Violations: Acts constituting; notice03/08/0606/26/07
NAC 445B.277Stop orders03/08/0606/26/07
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NRS 445B.310Limitations on enforcement of federal and state regulations concerning indirect sourcesNo adoption date06/26/07

In our December 14, 2007 proposed rule, we proposed action on three rules (listed in table 2, below) that NDEP seeks to rescind from the existing SIP. NDEP's rescissions of NAC 445.655 and NAC 445.694 are included in a January 12, 2006 SIP submittal, and NDEP's rescission of NAC 445.436 is included in a June 26, 2007 SIP submittal. In our proposed rule, we proposed to disapprove the rescission of NAC 445.436 (“ `Air contaminant' defined”) because it is relied upon by certain SIP rules that remain in the applicable SIP. We proposed to approve the rescission of NAC 445.655 (“Abbreviations”) because the abbreviations listed therein that are not simply superseded by our approval of the current version of the rule (i.e., NAC 445B.211 (“Abbreviations”), approved on March 27, 2006 at 71 FR 15040) are not relied upon by any rules in the applicable SIP. Lastly, with respect to NAC 445.694 (“Emission discharge information”), we proposed to disapprove the rescission because we found that the rule is needed to comply with requirements under 40 CFR 51.116(c). We are taking final action in today's document on the requested rescissions listed in table 2 as we had proposed on December 14, 2007.

Table 2.—Requested Rescissions

SIP ruleTitleSubmittal dateApproval date
NAC 445.436“Air contaminant” defined10/26/8206/26/84
NAC 445.655Abbreviations10/26/8206/26/84
NAC 445.694Emission discharge information10/26/8206/26/84

In our December 14, 2007 proposed rule, we proposed to approve rule recodifications submitted by NDEP to EPA on June 26, 2007 to replace corresponding SIP rules recently approved by EPA in the Nevada SIP (see table 3). The recodified rules reflect the January 2007 update to chapter 445B of the Nevada Administrative Code (NAC), as published by the Nevada Legislative Counsel Bureau. On the basis of a comparison of the rule recodifications submitted by NDEP and listed in table 3 above with the corresponding SIP rules, we found all of the changes, which include revised titles and updates to internal rule references and historical notes, to be administrative in nature and acceptable. Therefore, we are taking final action in today's document to approve the rule recodifications listed in table 3 as proposed on December 14, 2007.

Table 3.—Submitted Rule Recodifications

Recodified ruleTitleSubmittal date
NAC 445B.001Definitions06/26/07
NAC 445B.063“Excess emissions” defined.06/26/07
NAC 445B.153“Regulated air pollutant” defined06/26/07
NAC 445B.22017Visible emissions: Maximum opacity; determination and monitoring of opacity06/26/07
NAC 445B.2202Visible emissions: Exceptions for stationary sources06/26/07
NAC 445B.22043Sulfur emissions: Calculation of total feed sulfur06/26/07
NAC 445B.2205Sulfur emissions: Other processes which emit sulfur06/26/07
NAC 445B.22093Organic solvents and other volatile compounds06/26/07

Our December 14, 2007 proposed rule and related technical support document (TSD) provide additional background information and a more detailed rationale for our actions summarized above.

II. Public Comments

EPA's December 14, 2007 proposed rule provided a 30-day public comment period. No comments were submitted.

III. EPA Action

As authorized under section 110(k) of the Act, and for the reasons described above and in our proposed rule, EPA is approving certain revisions, and disapproving certain other revisions, to the Nevada SIP submitted by NDEP on January 12, 2006 and June 26, 2007. Specifically, we are approving the provisions listed in table 1, above, except for NRS 445B.310; we are approving the rescission of NAC 445.655 (“Abbreviations”); and we are approving the rule recodifications listed in table 3, above.[1] We are disapproving the rescissions of NAC 445.436 (“Air contaminant” defined) and NAC 445.694 (“Emission discharge information”). We will take final action on our proposed approval of NRS 445B.310 in a separate document upon receipt of documentation of notice and opportunity for public hearing on Start Printed Page 19146adoption of NRS 445B.310 as a revision to the Nevada SIP.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule approves pre-existing requirements under state law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4).

This rule also does not have tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This action also does not have Federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely approves state law implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Clean Air Act. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.

In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Clean Air Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by June 9, 2008. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

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List of Subjects in 40 CFR part 52

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Dated: January 24, 2008.

Wayne Nastri,

Regional Administrator, Region IX.

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Part 52, chapter I, title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

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PART 52—[AMENDED]

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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart DD—Nevada

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2. Section 52.1470 is amended by:

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a. Adding paragraph (c)(25)(v);

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b. Revising paragraph (c)(56)(i)(A)(

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c. Adding paragraph (c)(66) to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(25) * * *

(v) Previously approved on March 27, 1984, in paragraph (c)(25)(i)(A) of this section and now deleted without replacement: Nevada Administrative Code (NAC) section: 445.655.

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(56) * * *

(i) * * *

(A) * * *

(3) * * *

(i) October 3, 1995: 445B.005, 445B.059, 445B.077, 445B.112, 445B.116, 445B.130, 445B.145, 445B.152, 445B.177, 445B.180, 445B.22037, and 445B.227.

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(66) The following plan revision was submitted on June 26, 2007 by the Governor's designee. All section citations listed below refer to the January 2007 codification of chapter 445B of the Nevada Administrative Code as published by the Nevada Legislative Counsel Bureau.

(i) Incorporation by reference.

(A) Nevada Division of Environmental Protection.

(1) The following section of the Nevada Air Quality Regulations was adopted on the date listed below and recodified as Chapter 445B of the Nevada Administrative Code in November 1994:

(i) September 16, 1976, effective date December 4, 1976: 445B.172, “Six-Minute Period defined.”

(2) The following section of Chapter 445 of the Nevada Administrative Code was adopted on the date listed below and recodified as Chapter 445B of the Nevada Administrative Code in November 1994:

(i) November 3, 1993: 445B.190, “Stop order defined.”

(3) The following sections of Chapter 445B of the Nevada Administrative Code were adopted on the dates listed below:

(i) October 3, 1995: 445B.225, “Prohibited conduct: Concealment of Start Printed Page 19147emissions;” and 445B.229, “Hazardous emissions: Order for reduction or discontinuance.”

(ii) August 19, 2004, effective date September 24, 2004: 445B.001, “Definitions;” 445B.22043, “Sulfur emissions: Exceptions for stationary sources;” and 445B.2205, “Sulfur emissions: Other processes which emit sulfur.”

(iii) October 4, 2005: 445B.063, “Excess emissions defined;” 445B.153, “Regulated air pollutant defined;” 445B.22017, “Visible emissions: Maximum opacity; determination and monitoring of opacity;” 445B.2202, “Visible emissions: Exceptions for stationary sources;” and 445B.22093, “Organic solvents and other volatile compounds.”

(iv) March 8, 2006: 445B.275, “Violations: Acts constituting; notice;” and 445B.277, “Stop orders.”

(v) September 6, 2006: 445B.220, “Severability.”

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Footnotes

1.  Upon the effective date of today's final rule, the following provisions will be superseded in the applicable SIP upon the established compliance date for any new or amended requirements in the superseding provisions (superseding rules from table 1 shown in parentheses): NAC 445.617 (NAC 445B.172), NAC 445.630 (NAC 445B.190), NAC 445.660 (NAC 445B.220), NAC 445.663 (NAC 445B.225), NAC 445.664 (NAC 445B.227), NAC 445.665 (NAC 445B.229), NAC 445.696 (NAC 445B.275), and NAC 445.697 (NAC 445B.277). Also, upon the effective date of this final rule, the rule recodifications listed in table 3 of this document will supersede existing SIP rules with the same section number in NAC chapter 445B.

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[FR Doc. E8-7046 Filed 4-8-08; 8:45 am]

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