Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) is proposing to raise user fees for cotton producers for 2008 crop cotton classification services under the Cotton Statistics and Estimates Act. These user fees also are authorized under the Cotton Standards Act of 1923. The 2007 user fee for this classification service was $1.85 per bale. This proposal would raise the fee for the 2008 crop to $2 per bale. The proposed fee and the existing reserve are sufficient to cover the costs of providing classification services, including costs for administration and supervision.
Comments must be received on or before May 2, 2008.
Interested persons are invited to submit written comments concerning this proposed rule to Darryl Earnest, Deputy Administrator, Cotton and Tobacco Programs, AMS, USDA, STOP 0224, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250-0224. Comments should be submitted in triplicate. Comments may also be submitted electronically to: http://www.regulations.gov. All comments should reference the docket number and the date and the page of this issue of the Federal Register. All comments received will be available for public inspection during regular business hours at the above office in Room 2639—South Building, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC. A copy of this notice may be found at: http://www.ams.usda.gov/cotton/rulemaking.htm.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Darryl Earnest, Deputy Administrator, Cotton and Tobacco Programs, AMS, USDA, Room 2639-S, STOP 0224, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC 20250-0224. Telephone (202) 720-2145, facsimile (202) 690-1718, or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Executive Order 12866
This proposed rule has been determined to be not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866; and, therefore, has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
This proposed rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. It is not intended to have retroactive effect. This rule would not preempt any state or local laws, regulations, or policies unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule. There are no administrative procedures that must be exhausted prior to any judicial challenge to the provisions of this rule.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
Pursuant to requirements set forth in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601-612) AMS has considered the economic impact of this action on small entities and has determined that its implementation will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small businesses.
The purpose of the RFA is to fit regulatory actions to the scale of businesses subject to such actions so that small businesses will not be disproportionately burdened. There are an estimated 25,000 cotton growers in the U.S. who voluntarily use the AMS cotton classing services annually, and the majority of these cotton growers are small businesses under the criteria established by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR 121.201). The increase above the 2007 crop level as stated will not significantly affect small businesses as defined in the RFA because:
(1) The fee represents a very small portion of the cost-per-unit currently borne by those entities utilizing the services. (The 2007 user fee for classification services was $1.85 per bale; the fee for the 2008 crop would be increased to $2.00 per bale; the 2008 crop is estimated at 14,000,000 bales).
(2) The fee for services will not affect competition in the marketplace; and
(3) The use of classification services is voluntary. For the 2007 crop, 19,033,000 bales were produced; and, almost all of these bales were voluntarily submitted by growers for the classification service.
(4) Based on the average price paid to growers for cotton from the 2006 crop of 47.3 cents per pound, 500 pound bales of cotton are worth an average of $236.50 each. The proposed user fee increase for classification services, $2.00 per bale, is less than one percent of the value of an average bale of cotton.
Paperwork Reduction Act
In compliance with OMB regulations (5 CFR part 1320), which implement the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), the information collection requirements contained in the provisions to be amended by this proposed rule have been previously approved by OMB and were assigned OMB control number 0581-AC43.
It is anticipated that the proposed changes, if adopted, would be made effective July 1, 2008.
Fees for Classification Under the Cotton Statistics and Estimates Act of 1927
The user fee charged to cotton producers for High Volume Instrument (HVI) classification services under the Cotton Statistics and Estimates Act (7 U.S.C. 473a) was $1.85 per bale during the 2007 harvest season as determined by using the formula provided in the Uniform Cotton Classing Fees Act of 1987, as amended by Public Law 102-237. The fees cover salaries, costs of equipment and supplies, and other overhead costs, including costs for administration and supervision. The fee structure for the 2007 crop year was incorporated under the authority of the Cotton Standards Act of 1923, by an interim final rule effective October 1, 2007 (72 FR 56242).
This proposed rule establishes the user fee charged to producers for HVI classification at $2.00 per bale during the 2008 harvest season.
The classification fees are based on the prevailing method of classification requested by producers during the previous year. HVI classing was the Start Printed Page 20843prevailing method of cotton classification requested by producers in 2007. Therefore, the 2008 producers' user fee for classification service is based on the 2007 base fee for HVI classification.
The fee was calculated by applying the formula specified in the Uniform Cotton Classing Fees Act of 1987, as amended by Public Law 102-237 which AMS also considers reasonable under the authority of the Cotton Standards Act of 1923. The 2007 base fee for HVI classification exclusive of adjustments, as provided by that Act, was $2.52 per bale. An increase of 3.06 percent, or 7 cents per bale, due to the implicit price deflator of the gross domestic product added to the $2.52 would result in a 2008 base fee of $2.59 per bale. The formula in the Act provides for the use of the percentage change in the implicit price deflator of the gross national product (as indexed for the most recent 12-month period for which statistics are available). However, gross national product has been replaced by gross domestic product by the Department of Commerce as a more appropriate measure for the short-term monitoring and analysis of the U.S. economy.
The number of bales to be classed by the United States Department of Agriculture from the 2008 crop is estimated at 14,000,000 bales. The 2008 base fee was decreased 15 percent based on the estimated number of bales to be classed (1 percent for every 100,000 bales or portion thereof above the base of 12,500,000, limited to a maximum decreased adjustment of 15 percent). This percentage factor amounts to a 39 cents per bale reduction and was subtracted from the 2008 base fee of $2.59 per bale, resulting in a fee of $2.20 per bale.
However, with a fee of $2.20 per bale, the projected operating reserve would be 31.6 percent. The 1987 Act specifies that the Secretary shall not establish a fee which, when combined with other sources of revenue, will result in a projected operating reserve of more than 25 percent. Accordingly, the fee of $2.20 is reduced by 20 cents per bale, to $2.00 per bale, to provide an ending accumulated operating reserve for the fiscal year of not more than 25 percent of the projected cost of operating the program. This would establish the 2008 season fee at $2.00 per bale.
Accordingly, § 28.909, paragraph (b) would reflect the increase of the HVI classification fee to $2.00 per bale.
A 5 cent per bale discount would continue to be applied to voluntary centralized billing and collecting agents as specified in § 28.909(c).
Growers or their designated agents receiving classification data would continue to incur no additional fees if classification data is requested only once. The fee for each additional retrieval of classification data in § 28.910 would remain at 5 cents per bale. The fee in § 28.910(b) for an owner receiving classification data from the National database would remain at 5 cents per bale, and the minimum charge of $5.00 for services provided per monthly billing period would remain the same. The provisions of § 28.910(c) concerning the fee for new classification memoranda issued from the National database for the business convenience of an owner without reclassification of the cotton will remain the same at 15 cents per bale or a minimum of $5.00 per sheet.
The fee for review classification in § 28.911 would increase to $2.00 per bale.
The fee for returning samples after classification in § 28.911 would remain at 50 cents per sample.
A 15-day comment period is provided for public comments. This period is appropriate because it is anticipated that the proposed changes, if adopted, would be made effective for the 2008 cotton crop on July 1, 2008.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 28
- Administrative practice and procedure
- Cotton samples
- Market news
- Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, 7 CFR part 28 is proposed to be amended to read as follows:Start Part
1. The authority citation for 7 CFR part 28, Subpart D, continues to read as follows:
2. In § 28.909, paragraph (b) is revised to read as follows:
(b) The cost of High Volume Instrument (HVI) cotton classification service to producers is $2.00 per bale.
3. In § 28.911, the last sentence of paragraph (a) is revised to read as follows:
(a) * * * The fee for review classification is $2.00 per bale.
Dated: April 15, 2008.
Lloyd C. Day,
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. 08-1148 Filed 4-15-08; 12:36 pm]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P