Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.
This final rule amends the Fluid Milk Promotion Order (Order) by reducing the burden of late-payment charges applied to processors who mistakenly underreport the amount of assessments owed to the National Fluid Milk Processor Promotion Board (Board), provided that the processor has not made more than two reporting errors in the prior 12 months.
Effective Date: July 1, 2008.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Whitney A. Rick, Chief, Promotion and Research Branch, Dairy Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Ave., SW., Room 2958-S, Stop 0233, Washington, DC 20250-0233. Phone: (202) 720-6909. E-mail: Whitney.Rick@usda.gov.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
This final rule adopts a proposal submitted by the Board to reduce the burden of late payment fees applied to processors who underreport the amount of assessments they owe due to unintentional errors or miscalculations. Specifically, the amendment reduces late-payment charges provided that the processor has not made more than two reporting errors in the prior 12 months.
The Fluid Milk Promotion Order is issued under the Fluid Milk Promotion Act as amended (Act) [7 U.S.C. 6401-6417].
Executive Order 12866
The Office of Management and Budget has waived the review process required by Executive Order 12866 for this action.
This final rule has been reviewed under Executive Order 12988, Civil Justice Reform. This rule is not intended to have a retroactive effect. This rule will not preempt any State or local laws, regulations, or policies unless they present an irreconcilable conflict with this rule.
The Act provides that administrative proceedings must be exhausted before parties may file suit in court. Under section 1999K of the Act, any person subject to the Order may file with the Secretary of Agriculture (Secretary) a petition stating that the Order, any provision of the Order, or any obligation imposed in connection with the Order is not in accordance with the law and request a modification of the Order or to be exempted from the Order. Such person is afforded the opportunity for a hearing on the petition. After a hearing, the Secretary would rule on the petition. The Act provides that the district court of the United States in any district in which the person is an inhabitant, or has his principal place of business, has jurisdiction to review the Secretary's ruling on the petition, provided a complaint is filed not later than 20 days after the date of the entry of the ruling.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has determined that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities, as defined by the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612). The final rule imposes no new burden on the industry but will in fact reduce late-payment charges applied to processors who underreport the amount of assessments which they owe to the Board provided that the processors have not made more than two reporting errors in the prior 12 months.
Small businesses in the fluid milk processing industry have been defined by the Small Business Administration (13 CFR 121.201) as those processors employing not more than 500 employees. As of April 2008, there were approximately 100 fluid milk processors subject to the provisions of the Order. While some processors own multiple plants, the majority of processors own just one plant with fewer than 500 employees, and are, therefore, small entities.
Paperwork Reduction Act
Information collection requirements and recordkeeping provisions contained in 7 CFR Part 1250 have been previously approved by the Office of Management Start Printed Page 29390and Budget and assigned OMB Control No. 0581-0093 under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980.
Prior Documents in This Proceeding
Proposed Rule: Issued January 18, 2008; published January 28, 2008 (73 FR 4762).
Statement of Consideration
This final rule amends the Fluid Milk Promotion order (Order) by reducing the burden of late payment fees on processors who mistakenly underreport their pounds of fluid milk processed and marketed commercially (excluding direct delivery to the residence of a consumer). Processors will not be required to pay late-fee charges on additional assessments owed the National Fluid Milk Processor board (Board) provided: (1) that no more than two erroneous reports have occurred in the preceding 12-month period and; (2) the processor pays its past due assessments not later than the last day of the month following notification by the Board that additional assessments are due. If more than two erroneous reports have occurred in the preceding 12-month period or the processor fails to submit a past due assessment when notified, late-payment charges will be assessed in accordance with § 1160.214 of the Order.
The Fluid Milk Promotion Order (7 CFR Part 1160) is authorized under the Fluid Milk Promotion Act of 1990 (Act) (7 U.S.C. 6401-6417). The Order, in § 1160.211(a)(1) provides that each fluid milk processor shall pay to the Board an assessment of $0.20 per hundredweight on fluid milk products processed and marketed commercially in consumer-type packages in the United States by such fluid milk processors. The Order further provides in § 1160.213 that if the Board or the Secretary determines through an audit of a processor's reports, records, books or accounts or through some other means that additional money is due to the Board, the Board is to notify that processor of the amount due or overpaid. If the processor owes money to the Board, the processor is to remit the underpaid amount by the next due date as provided in § 1160.211 of the Order. If the processor has overpaid, that amount is credited to the processor's account and applied against amounts due in succeeding months.
At the request and on behalf of the Board, Milk Market Administrators verify the total pounds of fluid milk products processed and commercially marketed in consumer-type packages (excluding delivering directly to the residence of a consumer) that were reported to the Board by the milk processors. Total fluid milk products are the sum of fluid milk product route sales and packaged fluid milk products sold to any other plant, less any fluid milk products purchased from other plants. The results of the Market Administrators' verification are forwarded to the Board, and, in accordance with § 1160.214(a), any unpaid assessments are increased by 1.5 percent each month beginning with the day following the date such assessments were due.
Interested parties were provided an opportunity to file comments on the proposed rule. One comment, filed on behalf of the Milk Processor Education Program (MilkPEP) supported the proposed changes to the Order. MilkPEP stated that the proposed changes would encourage and ensure the receipt of assessments owed to the Board.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 1160End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part
For the reasons set forth in the preamble,End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 1160—FLUID MILK PROMOTION PROGRAMEnd Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation forEnd Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 1160.213 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Whenever the Board or the Secretary determines through an audit of a processor's reports, records, books or accounts or through some other means that additional money is due the Board or to such processor from the Board, the Board shall notify that person of the amount due or overpaid. If the processor owes money to the Board, it shall remit that amount by the next date for remitting assessments as provided in § 1160.211. For the first two erroneous reports submitted by a processor in the preceding 12-month period, late-payment charges assessed pursuant to § 1160.214 shall not begin to accrue until the day following such date. For all additional erroneous reports submitted by a processor during the 12-month period, late-payment charges shall accrue from the date the payment was due. If the processor has overpaid, that amount shall be credited to its account and applied against amounts due in succeeding months.
Dated: May 15, 2008.
Lloyd C. Day,
Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.
[FR Doc. E8-11355 Filed 5-20-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-02-P