Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
EPA is proposing significant new use rules (SNURs) under section 5(a)(2) of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) for two chemical substances which were the subject of premanufacture notices (PMNs). The two substances are dodecandioic acid, 1, 12-dihydrazide (CAS No. 4080-98-2; PMNs P-01-759 and P-05-555) and thiophene, 2,5-dibromo-3-hexyl- (CAS No. 116971-11-0; PMN P-07-283). This action would require persons who intend to manufacture, import, or process either of these two substances for an activity that is designated as a significant new use by this proposed rule to notify EPA at least 90 days before commencing that activity. The required notification would provide EPA with the opportunity to evaluate the intended use and, if necessary, to prohibit or limit that activity before it occurs.
Comments must be received on or before July 9, 2008.
Submit your comments, identified by docket identification (ID) number EPA-HQ-OPPT-2006-0898, by one of the following methods:
- Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
- Mail: Document Control Office (7407M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001.
- Hand Delivery: OPPT Document Control Office (DCO), EPA East Bldg., Rm. 6428, 1201 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC. Attention: Docket ID Number EPA-HQ-OPPT-2006-0898. The DCO is open from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the DCO is (202) 564-8930. Such deliveries are only accepted during the DCO's normal hours of operation, and special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed information.
Instructions: Direct your comments to docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPPT-2006-0898. EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included in the docket without change and may be made available on-line at http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to be CBI or otherwise protected through regulations.gov or e-mail. The regulations.gov website is an “anonymous access” system, which means EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment directly to EPA without going through regulations.gov, your e-mail address will be automatically captured and included as part of the comment that is placed in the docket and made available on the Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you include your name and other contact information in the body of your comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses. For additional information about EPA's public docket, visit the EPA Docket Center homepage at http://www.epa.gov/epahome/dockets.htm.
Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the docket index available in regulations.gov. To access the electronic docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov, select “Advanced Search,” then “Docket Search.” Insert the docket ID number where indicated and select the “Submit” button. Follow the instructions on the regulations.gov website to view the docket index or access available documents. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, will be publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket materials are available electronically at http://www.regulations.gov, or, if only available in hard copy, at the OPPT Start Printed Page 32509Docket. The OPPT Docket is located in the EPA Docket Center (EPA/DC) at Rm. 3334, EPA West Bldg., 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC. The EPA/DC Public Reading Room hours of operation are 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding Federal holidays. The telephone number of the EPA/DC Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the OPPT Docket is (202) 566-0280. Docket visitors are required to show photographic identification, pass through a metal detector, and sign the EPA visitor log. All visitor bags are processed through an X-ray machine and subject to search. Visitors will be provided an EPA/DC badge that must be visible at all times in the building and returned upon departure.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
For general information contact: Colby Lintner, Regulatory Coordinator, Environmental Assistance Division (7408M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001; telephone number: (202) 554-1404; e-mail address: TSCA-Hotline@epa.gov.
For technical information contact: Tracey Pennington, Chemical Control Division (7405M), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001; telephone number: (202) 564-2209; e-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
I. General Information
A. Does this Action Apply to Me?
You may be potentially affected by this action if you manufacture, import, process, or use the chemical substances contained in this proposed rule. Potentially affected entities may include, but are not limited to:
Manufacturers, importers, or processors of one or both subject chemical substances (NAICS codes 325 and 324110), e.g., Chemical manufacturing and petroleum refineries.
This listing is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a guide for readers regarding entities likely to be affected by this action. Other types of entities not listed in this unit could also be affected. The North American Industrial Classification System (NAICS) codes have been provided to assist you and others in determining whether this action might apply to certain entities. To determine whether you or your business may be affected by this action, you should carefully examine the applicability provisions in 40 CFR 721.5. If you have any questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the technical person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT.
This action may also affect certain entities through pre-existing import certification and export notification rules under TSCA. Persons who import any chemical substance governed by a final SNUR are subject to the TSCA section 13 (15 U.S.C. 2612) import certification requirements and the corresponding regulations at 19 CFR 12.118 through 12.127 and 19 CFR 127.28. Those persons must certify that the shipment of the chemical substance complies with all applicable rules and orders under TSCA, including any SNUR requirements. The EPA policy in support of import certification appears at 40 CFR part 707, subpart B. In addition, any persons who export or intend to export a chemical substance that is the subject of this proposed rule on or after July 9, 2008 are subject to the export notification provisions of TSCA section 12(b) (15 U.S.C. 2611(b)) (see 40 CFR 721.20), and must comply with the export notification requirements in 40 CFR part 707, subpart D.
B. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA?
1. Submitting CBI. Do not submit this information to EPA through regulations.gov or e-mail. Clearly mark the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. For CBI information in a disk or CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD-ROM as CBI and then identify electronically within the disk or CD-ROM the specific information that is claimed as CBI. In addition to one complete version of the comment that includes information claimed as CBI, a copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public docket. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2.
2. Tips for preparing your comments. When submitting comments, remember to:
i. Identify the document by docket ID number and other identifying information (subject heading, Federal Register date and page number).
ii. Follow directions. The Agency may ask you to respond to specific questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) part or section number.
iii. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and substitute language for your requested changes.
iv. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information and/or data that you used.
v. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be reproduced.
vi. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns and suggest alternatives.
vii. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of profanity or personal threats.
viii. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline identified.
A. What Action is the Agency Taking?
EPA is proposing significant new use rules (SNURs) under section 5(a)(2) of TSCA for two chemical substances which were the subject of premanufacture notices (PMNs). The two substances are dodecandioic acid, 1, 12-dihydrazide (CAS No. 4080-98-2; PMNs P-01-759 and P-05-555) and thiophene, 2,5-dibromo-3-hexyl- (CAS No. 116971-11-0; PMN P-07-283). These SNURs would require persons who intend to manufacture, import, or process either of these two substances for an activity designated as a significant new use to notify EPA at least 90 days before commencing that activity.
In the Federal Register of September 19, 2007 (72 FR 53470) (FRL-8135-8), EPA issued direct final SNURs on these two substances in accordance with the procedures at 40 CFR 721.170(d)(4)(i)(A). EPA received notices of intent to submit adverse comments on these SNURs. Therefore, as required by 40 CFR 721.170(d)(4)(i)(B), on November 19, 2007 (72 FR 64951) (FRL-8340-8), EPA withdrew the direct final SNURs on these two substances and is now proposing these SNURs. The record for the direct final SNURs for these substances was established as docket EPA-HQ-OPPT-2006-0898. That record includes information considered by the Agency in developing the direct final rules and the notices of intent to submit adverse comments.
The rationale for this proposed rule as well as requests for public comment on specific issues is included in Unit IV.
B. What is the Agency's Authority for Taking this Action?
Section 5(a)(2) of TSCA (15 U.S.C. 2604(a)(2)) authorizes EPA to determine Start Printed Page 32510that a use of a chemical substance is a “significant new use.” EPA must make this determination by rule after considering all relevant factors, including those listed in TSCA section 5(a)(2). Once EPA determines that a use of a chemical substance is a significant new use, TSCA section 5(a)(1)(B) requires persons to submit a significant new use notice (SNUN) to EPA at least 90 days before they manufacture, import, or process the chemical substance for that use (15 U.S.C. 2604(a)(1)(B)). As described in unit II.C., the general SNUR provisions are found at 40 CFR part 721, subpart A.
C. Applicability of General Provisions
General provisions for SNURs appear under 40 CFR part 721, subpart A. These provisions describe persons subject to the rule, recordkeeping requirements, exemptions to reporting requirements, and applicability of the rule to uses occurring before the effective date of the final rule. Provisions relating to user fees appear at 40 CFR part 700. According to 40 CFR 721.1(c), persons subject to these SNURs must comply with the same notice requirements and EPA regulatory procedures as submitters of PMNs under TSCA section 5(a)(1)(A). In particular, these requirements include the information submission requirements of TSCA section 5(b) and 5(d)(1), the exemptions authorized by TSCA section 5(h)(1), (h)(2), (h)(3), and (h)(5), and the regulations at 40 CFR part 720. Once EPA receives a SNUN, EPA may take regulatory action under TSCA section 5(e), 5(f), 6, or 7 to control the significant new use activities described in the SNUN. If EPA does not take action, EPA is required under TSCA section 5(g) to explain in the Federal Register its reasons for not taking action.
Persons who export or intend to export a chemical substance identified in a proposed or final SNUR are subject to the export notification provisions of TSCA section 12(b). The regulations that interpret TSCA section 12(b) appear at 40 CFR part 707, subpart D. Persons who import a chemical substance identified in a final SNUR are subject to the TSCA section 13 import certification requirements, codified at 19 CFR 12.118 through 12.127 and 19 CFR 127.28. Such persons must certify that the shipment of the chemical substance complies with all applicable rules and orders under TSCA, including any SNUR requirements. The EPA policy statement in support of the import certification appears at 40 CFR part 707, subpart B.
III. Substances Subject to this Rule
EPA is proposing to establish significant new use and recordkeeping requirements for two chemical substances under 40 CFR part 721, subpart E. In this unit, EPA provides the following information for each chemical substance:
- PMN number.
- Chemical name (generic name if the specific name is claimed as CBI).
- CAS number (if assigned for non-confidential chemical identities).
- Basis for the SNUR.
- Toxicity concerns.
- Tests recommended by EPA to provide sufficient information to evaluate the chemical substance (see Unit VI. for more information).
- CFR citation assigned in the regulatory text section of this proposed rule.
The specific activities designated as significant new uses are listed in 40 CFR part 721, subpart E.
PMN Numbers P-01-759 and P-05-555
Chemical name: Dodecandioic acid, 1, 12-dihydrazide.
CAS number: 4080-98-2.
Basis for action: The PMNs (submitted by two different chemical manufacturing companies) state that the generic (non-confidential) uses of the substance will be as a raw material for coating and sealants and as a curing agent, respectively. Based on the molecular structure of the PMN substance and test data on analogous substances, EPA believes the PMN substance may cause carcinogenicity, developmental toxicity, and irritation to mucous membranes. Also, based on test data on the PMN substance, it may cause dermal sensitization. As described in the companies' PMNs and accompanying Material Safety Data Sheets, workers will be warned that the substance may cause dermal sensitization and will wear gloves and National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) approved respirators with an assigned protection factor (APF) of 50 or greater. Based on this expectation that adequate hazard communication and personal protective equipment will be used, EPA believes significant worker exposure is unlikely. Further, consumer use is not expected. EPA has determined, however, that potential use of the substance without workers wearing gloves and a respirator, and without an appropriate hazard communication program, may cause serious human health effects. Respirators must provide a NIOSH APF of at least 50. The following NIOSH-approved respirators meet the minimum requirement for § 721.63(a)(4): Air-purifying, tight-fitting full-face respirator equipped with N100 (if oil aerosols absent), R100, or P100 filters; powered air-purifying respirator equipped with a tight-fitting full facepiece and High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters; supplied air respirator operated in pressure demand or continuous flow mode and equipped with a tight-fitting full facepiece. Because the substance is a dermal sensitizer and irritates mucous membranes, half-face respirators do not provide adequate protection. Based on this information, the PMN substance meets the concern criteria at § 721.170 (b)(1)(i)(C), (b)(3)(i), and (b)(3)(ii).
Recommended testing: EPA has determined that the results of a 90-day oral toxicity test in rats (OPPTS 870.3100 test guideline) and a mammalian erythrocyte micronucleus test (OPPTS 870.5395 test guideline) would help characterize the human health effects of the PMN substance.
CFR citation: 40 CFR 721.10057.
PMN Number P-07-283
Chemical name: Thiophene, 2,5-dibromo-3-hexyl-.
CAS number: 116971-11-0.
Basis for action: The PMN states that the substance will be used as a reactive intermediate monomer for use in manufacturing a p-type organic semiconductor polymer. The polymer will be used in printed organic electronics applications. Based on structure activity relationship analyses for thiophenes, EPA is concerned that toxicity to aquatic organisms may occur at concentrations above 1 part per billion (ppb) of the PMN substance in surface waters. At the production volume stated for the company in the PMN, releases of the PMN substance are not expected to result in surface water concentrations above 1 ppb. Therefore, EPA has not determined that the proposed manufacturing, processing, or use of the substance, as described in the PMN, may present an unreasonable risk. EPA has determined, however, that potential increased production or importation volumes or other uses of the substance resulting in surface water concentrations above 1 ppb may cause significant adverse environmental effects. Based on this information, the PMN substance meets the concern criteria at § 721.170(b)(4)(ii).
Recommended testing: EPA has determined that the results of a fish early-life stage toxicity test (OPPTS 850.1400 test guideline (public draft)); a daphnid chronic toxicity test (OPPTS 850.1300 test guideline (public draft)); and an algal toxicity test, tiers I and II (OPPTS 850.5400 test guideline (public draft)) would help characterize the Start Printed Page 32511environmental effects of the PMN substance. The fish and daphnid tests should use flow-through conditions and measured concentrations.
CFR citation: 40 CFR 721.10088.
IV. Objectives and Rationale of the Rule
During review of the PMNs submitted for these two chemical substances, EPA determined that one or more of the criteria of concern established at 40 CFR 721.170 were met, as discussed in Unit III.
1. Rationale for the proposed SNUR for dodecandioic acid, 1, 12-dihydrazide (CAS No. 4080-98-2). The hazard communication terms of the SNUR being proposed today for dodecandioic acid, 1, 12-dihydrazide (CAS No. 4080-98-2) differ from the terms in the direct final SNUR, based on submitted comments that clarified existing uses of the substance. The notice of intent to submit adverse comment states that hazard communication materials currently in use for this substance in the marketplace do not contain two of the health hazard statements included in the direct final SNUR. The two statements are, “this substance may cause cancer” and “this substance may cause developmental toxicity.” As EPA interprets its SNUR authority under section 5(a)(2) of TSCA, if an activity is already ongoing before EPA first publishes a Federal Register notice of intent to designate that activity as a significant new use, then EPA may not issue a SNUR designating that activity as a significant “new” use. Therefore, EPA is proposing a SNUR that would not designate as a “significant new use” the failure to identify cancer and developmental toxicity in workplace hazard communication materials accompanying this chemical substance (under 40 CFR 721.72). However, for the reasons described in this paragraph and in the direct final rule preamble, the Agency's concerns for these toxic endpoints remain. Therefore, the Agency encourages companies to voluntarily include these potential health concerns in their hazard communication materials for the substance. The workplace personal protective equipment requirements (under 40 CFR 721.63) and other requirements listed in the direct final rule would remain unchanged in today's proposed SNUR. The Agency requests comments on the approach being taken in the proposed SNUR for this substance.
2. Rationale for the proposed SNUR for thiophene, 2,5-dibromo-3-hexyl- (CAS No. 116971-11-0). The Agency is requesting comments on the proposed SNUR for this substance as well as two alternative approaches. A discussion of the rationale behind each option and specific issues on which the Agency is requesting comment follows. EPA requests that commenters making specific recommendations include supporting documentation where appropriate.
i. Proposed SNUR - maximum surface water concentration of 1 ppb from manufacturing, processing, or use activities and annual company production limit of 500 kg. The terms of the SNUR being proposed today for thiophene, 2,5-dibromo-3-hexyl- (CAS No. 116971-11-0) remain the same as in the direct final SNUR. See proposed § 721.10088 (a)(2)(i) and (a)(2)(ii). EPA is proposing to designate the surface water release and production volume limits as significant new uses for the reasons stated in Unit V., including concerns associated with potential changes in the extent to which these activities could increase the magnitude and duration of exposure of human beings or the environment to the chemical substance. Inclusion of a production volume limit gives the Agency an opportunity to review the substance again at a higher production volume.
ii. Alternative A -maximum surface water concentration of 1 ppb from manufacture, processing, or use activities up to an annual production volume of 500 kg, and no release to surface water at annual company production volumes higher than 500 kg. This option was suggested in the notice of intent to submit adverse comment on the direct final SNUR for this substance. The commenter also stated that they recognize the Agency's concern for water releases of the substance. While this option would be protective of the aquatic environment, the Agency requests comment on whether industry compliance would be impractical or confusing.
iii. Alternative B - SNUR for no release to surface water. If the substance is not currently being released to water during manufacturing, processing, or use activities, the Agency could consider finalizing a SNUR designating any release to water during those activities as a significant new use. This option would be sufficiently protective of the aquatic environment and is less complicated than Alternative A. To implement this option, EPA would need to be satisfied that there are no ongoing releases to water, taking into account 40 CFR 721.90 (a)(1), (b)(1), and (c)(1). EPA solicits comment on whether there are ongoing releases to water during manufacturing, processing, or use activities.
EPA is proposing these SNURs for specific chemical substances which have undergone premanufacture review because the Agency wants to achieve the following objectives with regard to the significant new uses designated in this proposed rule:
- EPA would receive notice of any person's intent to manufacture, import, or process a listed chemical substance for the described significant new use before that activity begins.
- EPA would have an opportunity to review and evaluate data submitted in a SNUN before the notice submitter begins manufacturing, importing, or processing a listed chemical substance for the described significant new use.
- EPA would be able to regulate prospective manufacturers, importers, or processors of a listed chemical substance before the described significant new use of that chemical substance occurs, provided that regulation is warranted pursuant to TSCA sections 5(e), 5(f), 6, or 7.
V. Significant New Use Determination
Section 5(a)(2) of TSCA states that EPA's determination that a use of a chemical substance is a significant new use must be made after consideration of all relevant factors including:
- The projected volume of manufacturing and processing of a chemical substance.
- The extent to which a use changes the type or form of exposure of human beings or the environment to a chemical substance.
- The extent to which a use increases the magnitude and duration of exposure of human beings or the environment to a chemical substance.
- The reasonably anticipated manner and methods of manufacturing, processing, distribution in commerce, and disposal of a chemical substance.
In addition to these factors enumerated in TSCA section 5(a)(2), the statute authorizes EPA to consider any other relevant factors.
To determine what would constitute a significant new use of the two chemical substances that are the subject of this proposed rule, EPA considered relevant information about the toxicity of the substances, likely human exposures and environmental releases associated with possible uses, and the four factors listed in section 5(a)(2) of TSCA. In these cases, EPA did not find that the use scenarios described in the three PMNs triggered the determinations set forth Start Printed Page 32512under section 5(e) of TSCA. EPA did, however, believe that certain changes from the use scenarios described in the PMNs could result in increased exposures, and constitute “significant new uses.” These so-called “Non-5(e) SNURs” (i.e., SNURs for chemicals that are not regulated by a section 5(e) Consent Order under § 721.160) are promulgated pursuant to 40 CFR 721.170. EPA has determined that every activity designated as a “significant new use” in all the non-5(e) SNURs issued under 40 CFR 721.170 satisfies the two requirements stipulated in § 721.170(c)(2), i.e., these significant new use activities, “(i) are different from those described in the premanufacture notice for the substance, including any amendments, deletions, and additions of activities to the premanufacture notice, and (ii) may be accompanied by changes in exposure or release levels that are significant in relation to the health or environmental concerns identified” for the PMN substance.
VI. Applicability of Rule to Uses Occurring Before Effective Date of the Final Rule
To establish a significant “new” use, EPA must determine that the use is not ongoing. EPA solicits comments on whether any of the uses proposed as significant new uses are ongoing. As discussed in the Federal Register of April 24, 1990 (55 FR 17376), EPA has decided that the intent of section 5(a)(1)(B) of TSCA is best served by designating a use as a significant new use as of the date of publication of the proposed rule, rather than as of the effective date of the final rule. If uses begun after publication of the proposed rule were considered ongoing rather than new, it would be difficult for EPA to establish SNUR notice requirements, because a person could defeat the SNUR by initiating the significant new use before the rule became final, and then argue that the use was ongoing as of the effective date of the final rule. Thus, persons who begin commercial manufacture, import, or processing activities with the chemical substances that would be regulated as a “significant new use” through this proposed rule, must cease any such activity as of the effective date of the rule if and when finalized. To resume their activities, these persons would have to comply with all applicable SNUR notice requirements and wait until the notice review period, including all extensions, expires.
EPA has promulgated provisions to allow persons to comply with this SNUR before the effective date. If a person were to meet the conditions of advance compliance under § 721.45(h), the person would be considered to have met the requirements of the final SNUR for those activities.
VII. Test Data and Other Information
EPA recognizes that TSCA section 5 does not require developing any particular test data before submission of a SNUN. Persons are required only to submit test data in their possession or control and to describe any other data known to or reasonably ascertainable by them (15 U.S.C. 2604(d); 40 CFR 721.25 and 720.50). However, upon review of PMNs and SNUNs, the Agency has the authority to require appropriate testing. Unit III. lists recommended testing for the two chemical substances that are the subject of these proposed SNURs. Descriptions of tests are provided for informational purposes. EPA strongly encourages persons, before performing any testing, to consult with the Agency pertaining to protocol selection. Many test guidelines are now available on the Internet at http://www.epa.gov/opptsfrs/home/guidelin.htm.
The recommended tests may not be the only means of assessing the potential toxicity, exposure, and risks of the chemical substances regulated under this rule. However, submitting SNUNs without any test data may increase the likelihood that EPA will take action under TSCA section 5(e), particularly if satisfactory test results have not been obtained from a prior submitter. EPA recommends that potential SNUN submitters contact EPA early enough so that they will be able to conduct the appropriate tests.
SNUN submitters should be aware that EPA will be better able to evaluate SNUNs which provide detailed information on the following:
- Human exposure and environmental release that may result from the significant new use of the chemical substances.
- Potential benefits of the chemical substances.
- Information on risks posed by the chemical substances compared to risks posed by potential substitutes.
VIII. SNUN Submissions
EPA recommends that submitters consult with the Agency prior to submitting a SNUN to discuss what data may be useful in evaluating a significant new use. Discussions with the Agency prior to notice submission can afford ample time to conduct any tests that might be helpful in evaluating risks posed by the substance. According to 40 CFR 721.1(c), persons submitting a SNUN must comply with the same notice requirements and EPA regulatory procedures as persons submitting a PMN, including submission of test data on health and environmental effects as described in 40 CFR 720.50.
SNUNs must be mailed to the Environmental Protection Agency, OPPT Document Control Office (7407M), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001. Information must be submitted in the form and manner set forth in EPA Form No. 7710-25. This form is available from the Environmental Assistance Division (7408M), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001 (see 40 CFR 721.25 and 720.40). Forms and information are also available electronically at http://www.epa.gov/opptintr/newchems/pubs/pmnforms.htm.
IX. Economic Analysis
EPA has evaluated the potential costs of establishing SNUN requirements for potential manufacturers, importers, and processors of the chemical substances at the time of the direct final rule. The Agency's complete economic analysis is available in the public docket for the direct final rule (EPA-HQ-OPPT-2006-0898). The difference in hazard communication requirements in the direct final SNUR and this proposed rule (i.e., removal of the requirement for specific identification of cancer and developmental toxicity endpoints in workplace hazard communication materials) could slightly reduce estimated costs to regulated entities. The difference in a production volume trigger and type of release to water restriction in the direct final SNUR and this proposed rule will not impact the estimated costs to regulated entities.
X. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
A. Executive Order 12866
Under Executive Order 12866, entitled Regulatory Planning and Review (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has determined that this proposed rule is not a “significant regulatory action” because it does not meet the criteria in section 3(f) of the Executive order.
B. Paperwork Reduction Act
According to the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq., an Agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection of information that requires OMB approval under the PRA, unless it has been approved by OMB and displays a currently valid OMB control number. The OMB control Start Printed Page 32513numbers for EPA's regulations in title 40 of the CFR, after appearing in the Federal Register, are listed in 40 CFR part 9, and included on the related collection instrument or form, if applicable.
The information collection requirements related to this action have already been approved by OMB pursuant to the PRA under OMB control number 2070-0012 (EPA ICR No. 574). This action does not impose any burden requiring additional OMB approval. If an entity were to submit a SNUN to the Agency, the annual burden is estimated to average between 30 and 170 hours per submission. This burden estimate includes the time needed to review instructions, search existing data sources, gather and maintain the data needed, and complete, review, and submit the required SNUN.
Send any comments about the accuracy of the burden estimate, and any suggested methods for minimizing respondent burden, including through the use of automated collection techniques, to the Director, Collection Strategies Division, Office of Environmental Information (2822T), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001. Please remember to include the OMB control number in any correspondence, but do not submit any completed forms to this address.
C. Regulatory Flexibility Act
Pursuant to section 605(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), the Agency hereby certifies that promulgation of these SNURs would not have a significant adverse economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The rationale supporting this conclusion is as follows. A SNUR applies to any person (including small or large entities) who intends to engage in any activity described in the proposed rule as a “significant new use.” By definition of the word “new,” and based on all information currently available to EPA, it appears that no small or large entities presently engage in such activity. Since a SNUR only requires that any person who intends to engage in such activity in the future must first notify EPA by submitting a SNUN, no economic impact would even occur until someone decides to engage in those activities. Although some small entities may decide to conduct such activities in the future, EPA cannot presently determine how many, if any, there may be. However, EPA's experience to date is that, in response to the promulgation of over 1,000 SNURs, the Agency receives on average only 10 notices per year. Of those SNUNs submitted, none appear to be from small entities in response to any SNUR. In addition, the estimated reporting cost for submission of a SNUN (see Unit IX.) are minimal regardless of the size of the firm. Therefore, EPA believes that the potential economic impacts of complying with these SNURs are not expected to be significant or adversely impact a substantial number of small entities. In a SNUR that published on June 2, 1997 (62 FR 29684) (FRL-5597-1), the Agency presented its general determination that SNURs are not expected to have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities, which was provided to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration.
D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
Based on EPA's experience with proposing and finalizing SNURs, State, local, and Tribal governments have not been impacted by these rulemakings, and EPA does not have any reasons to believe that any State, local, or Tribal government would be impacted by this rulemaking. As such, EPA has determined that this regulatory action would not impose any enforceable duty, contain any unfunded mandate, or otherwise have any affect on small governments subject to the requirements of sections 202, 203, 204, or 205 of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA) (Public Law 104-4).
This action would not have a substantial direct effect on States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132, entitled Federalism (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999).
This proposed rule would not have Tribal implications because it is not expected to have substantial direct effects on Indian Tribes. This proposed rule would not significantly or uniquely affect the communities of Indian Tribal governments, nor would it involve or impose any requirements that affect Indian Tribes. Accordingly, the requirements of Executive Order 13175, entitled Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments (65 FR 67249, November 6, 2000), do not apply to this proposed rule.
This action is not subject to Executive Order 13045, entitled Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because this is not an economically significant regulatory action as defined by Executive Order 12866, and this action does not address environmental health or safety risks disproportionately affecting children.
This proposed rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, entitled Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001), because this action is not expected to affect energy supply, distribution, or use.
I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
In addition, since this action does not involve any technical standards, section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA), Public Law 104-113, section 12(d) (15 U.S.C. 272 note), does not apply to this action.
This action does not entail special considerations of environmental justice related issues as delineated by Executive Order 12898, entitled Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
In issuing this proposed rule, EPA has taken the necessary steps to eliminate drafting errors and ambiguity, minimize potential litigation, and provide a clear legal standard for affected conduct, as required by section 3 of Executive Order 12988, entitled Civil Justice Reform (61 FR 4729, February 7, 1996).Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 721End List of Subjects Start Signature
Dated: May 30, 2008.
Charles M. Auer,
Director, Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics.
Therefore, it is proposed that 40 CFR part 721 be amended as follows:Start Part
PART 721—[AMENDED]End Part
1. The authority citation for part 721 would continue to read as follows:Start Printed Page 32514
2. By adding new § 721.10057 to subpart E to read as follows:
(a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as dodecanedioic acid, 1, 12-dihydrazide (PMNs P-01-759 and P-05-555; CAS No. 4080-98-2) is subject to reporting under this section for the significant new uses described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section.
(2) The significant new uses are:
(i) Protection in the workplace. Requirements as specified in § 721.63 (a)(1), (a)(2)(i), (a)(3), (a)(4), (a)(5), (a)(6)(i), (a)(6)(ii), (b), and (c). Respirators must provide a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) assigned protection factor (APF) of at least 50. The following NIOSH-approved respirators meet the minimum requirement for § 721.63(a)(4): Air-purifying, tight-fitting full-face respirator equipped with N100 (if oil aerosols absent), R100, or P100 filters; powered air-purifying respirator equipped with a tight-fitting full facepiece and High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters; supplied air respirator operated in pressure demand or continuous flow mode and equipped with a tight-fitting full facepiece. Because the substance is a dermal sensitizer and irritates mucous membranes, half-face respirators do not provide adequate protection.
(ii) Hazard communication program. Requirements as specified in § 721.72 (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) (concentration set at 0.1 percent), (f), (g)(1)(i), and (g)(2)(i).
(b) Specific requirements. The provisions of subpart A of this part apply to this section except as modified by this paragraph.
(1) Recordkeeping. Recordkeeping requirements as specified in § 721.125 (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), and (h) are applicable to manufacturers, importers, and processors of this substance.
(2) Limitations or revocation of certain notification requirements. The provisions of § 721.185 apply to this section.
3. By adding new § 721.10088 to subpart E to read as follows:
(a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as thiophene, 2,5-dibromo-3-hexyl- (PMN P-07-283; CAS No. 116971-11-0) is subject to reporting under this section for the significant new uses described in paragraph (a)(2) of this section.
(2) The significant new uses are:
(i) Industrial, commercial, and consumer activities. Requirements as specified in § 721.80(s) (500 kilograms).
(ii) Release to water. Requirements as specified in § 721.90 (a)(4), (b)(4), and (c)(4) (N=1).
(b) Specific requirements. The provisions of subpart A of this part apply to this section except as modified by this paragraph.
(1) Recordkeeping. Recordkeeping requirements as specified in § 721.125 (a), (b), (c), (i), and (k) are applicable to manufacturers, importers, and processors of this substance.
(2) Limitations or revocation of certain notification requirements. The provisions of § 721.185 apply to this section.End Supplemental Information
[FR Doc. E8-12862 Filed 6-6-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-S