Skip to Content

Rule

Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Montana; Revisions to the Administrative Rules of Montana-Air Quality, Incinerators

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The EPA is approving revisions to the State Implementation Plan (SIP) submitted by the Governor of Montana on December 8, 1997, May 28, 2003, and August 25, 2004. The December 8, 1997 submittal revised the Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM) chapter 8, subchapter 3, section 17.8.316 (Incinerators) by adding subsection (6). ARM 17.8.316(6) excludes incinerators from having to comply with the other provisions of ARM 17.8.316, including the particulate matter emissions standard of 0.10 grains per cubic foot and the 10% opacity standard, if these sources have been issued a Montana air quality permit under 75-2-215, Montana Code Annotated (MCA), and ARM 17.8.770, which pertain to permitting of solid or hazardous waste incinerators. The August 25, 2004 submittal made a minor editorial revision to ARM 17.8.316(5). The May 28, 2003 submittal made minor editorial revisions to ARM 17.8.316(6). In a December 12, 2007 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (72 FR 70540), we proposed to approve these revisions to the Montana State Implementation Plan (SIP). This action is being taken under section 110 of the Clean Air Act (CAA).

DATES:

Effective Date: This final rule is effective August 28, 2008.

ADDRESSES:

EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-R08-OAR-2006-0806. All documents in the docket are listed on the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the Air and Radiation Program, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Region 8, 1595 Wynkoop Street, Denver, Colorado 80202-1129. EPA requests that if at all possible, you contact the individual listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section to view the hard copy of the docket. You may view the hard copy of the docket Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4 p.m., excluding Federal holidays.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Kathy Dolan, Air Program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Region 8, 1595 Wynkoop Street, Denver, Colorado 80202-1129, 303-312-6142, dolan.kathy@epa.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Table of Contents

I. Summary of SIP Revision

II. Final Action

III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

Definitions

For the purpose of this document, we are giving meaning to certain words or initials as follows:

(i) The words or initials Act or CAA mean or refer to the Clean Air Act, unless the context indicates otherwise.

(ii) The words EPA, we, us or our mean or refer to the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

(iii) The initials SIP mean or refer to State Implementation Plan.

(iv) The words State or Montana mean the State of Montana, unless the context indicates otherwise.

I. Summary of SIP Revision

On December 8, 1997, the State of Montana submitted a SIP revision for EPA's approval. The revision added subsection (6) to section 17.8.316 (Incinerators) of the Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM), chapter 8 (Air Quality), subchapter 3 (Emission Standards). Subsection (6) exempts incinerators from the requirements of ARM 17.8.316, including the particulate matter emissions standard of 0.10 grains per cubic foot and the 10% opacity standard, if these sources have been issued a Montana air quality permit Start Printed Page 43872under 75-2-215, MCA, and ARM 17.8.706(5).[1] [2]

The revision also included wording changes to ARM 17.8.316. Most are minor editorial or technical corrections and do not change the substance of the rule. One of the changes was to substitute the words “solid and hazardous waste” for the word “refuse” in the rule. The effect of this change was to extend the rule requirements to incinerators burning solid or hazardous waste, not just refuse. The full text of the changes can be found in our Technical Support Document (TSD), which is contained in the Docket for this action.

We interpret ARM 17.8.316(6) to allow terms of a permit to override a requirement that has been approved as part of the SIP (i.e., the provisions in ARM 17.8.316(1)-(5)). Therefore, an analysis was needed to show that this new rule would not interfere with compliance with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) or Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) increments. Section 110(l) of the CAA states that EPA cannot approve a SIP revision that would interfere with any applicable requirement concerning attainment or reasonable further progress, as defined in section 171 of the CAA, or any other applicable requirements of the CAA. Montana did not provide any demonstration in its December 8, 1997 submittal that ARM 17.8.316(6) meets these criteria. Subsequent to the State's submittal, we requested information from the Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) in order to conduct our own analysis on the impact of ARM 17.8.316(6) on the attainment and maintenance of the NAAQS for particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter less than or equal to 10 and 2.5 micrometers (PM-10 and PM-2.5) and compliance with the PSD PM-10 increments. Based on this analysis, we have determined that this specific change to a SIP requirement will not adversely impact the attainment and maintenance of the PM-10 and PM-2.5 NAAQS, or compliance with the PM-10 increments, in Montana. Our analysis of this revision's impact is contained in the TSD for this action. In addition, the TSD discusses our verification that ARM 17.8.316(6) will not impact compliance with, or the ability to enforce, the Federal New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) or Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) regulations. Based on a letter from the Montana DEQ dated October 2, 2007, and our own consideration of the rule change, we have determined that ARM 17.8.316(6) will not interfere with, supersede, or replace any NSPS or MACT requirements for sources, or affect in any way the State's, EPA's, or any other person's ability to enforce such NSPS or MACT requirements. The TSD and the DEQ letter are available for review as part of the Docket for this action.

On August 25, 2004, the State of Montana submitted for our approval a revision to subsection (5) to ARM 17.8.316 (Incinerators). This revision makes a minor change to the third sentence of subsection (5), from: “Testing shall be conducted in accordance with ARM 17.8.106 and the Montana Source Testing Protocol and Procedures Manual”; to: “Testing shall be conducted in accordance with ARM 17.8.106 and the Montana Source Test Protocol and Procedures Manual.”

On May 28, 2003, the State of Montana submitted for our approval a revision to ARM 17.8.316(6). This revision makes minor changes to subsection (6), from: “This rule does not apply to incinerators for which an air quality preconstruction permit has been issued under 75-2-215, MCA, and ARM 17.8.706(5)”; to: “This rule does not apply to incinerators for which a Montana air quality permit has been issued under 75-2-215, MCA, and ARM 17.8.770.”

II. Final Action

Our review of the revisions to ARM 17.8.316 indicates that they are consistent with the CAA. Thus, we are approving the revisions to ARM 17.8.316, submitted on December 8, 1997, May 28, 2003, and August 25, 2004, into the Montana SIP.

III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and
  • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and Start Printed Page 43873the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: June 5, 2008.

Carol Rushin,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region 8.

End Signature Start Amendment Part

is amended to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 52—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

End Authority

Subpart BB—Montana

Start Amendment Part

2. Section 52.1370 is amended by adding paragraph (c)(67) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(67) On December 8, 1997, May 28, 2003, and August 25, 2004, the Governor of Montana submitted revisions to the Montana State Implementation Plan. The December 8, 1997 submittal adds subsection (6) to Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM) section 17.8.316 (Incinerators); the August 25, 2004 submittal makes a minor revision to ARM 17.8.316(5); and, the May 28, 2003 submittal makes minor editorial revisions to ARM 17.8.316(6).

(i) Incorporation by reference. Administrative Rules of Montana (ARM) section 17.8.316, Incinerators, effective April 9, 2004.

(ii) Additional Material.

(A) October 2, 2007 Letter from MT DEQ to EPA regarding NSPS/MACT compliance.

End Supplemental Information

Footnotes

1.  MCA section 75-2-215 is titled “Solid or hazardous waste incineration—Additional permit requirements”.

2.  ARM 17.8.706(5) was recodifed to ARM 17.8.770 effective on December 6, 2002. This provision has not been submitted by the State to be incorporated into the federally approved SIP. ARM 17.8.770 (formerly ARM 17.8.706(5)) requires applicants for a preconstruction permit for an incineration facility to submit a human health risk assessment protocol and a human health risk assessment.

Back to Citation

[FR Doc. E8-17094 Filed 7-28-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P