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Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Maryland; Amendments to the Control of Incinerators

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Final rule.


EPA is approving a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE). This revision pertains to amendments to the regulations for the control of incinerators. This action is being taken under the Clean Air Act (CAA or the Act).


Effective Date: This final rule is effective on October 15, 2008.


EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID Number EPA-R03-OAR-2005-MD-0013. All documents in the docket are listed in the Web site. Although listed in the electronic docket, some information is not publicly available, i.e., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through or in hard copy for public inspection during normal business hours at the Air Protection Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region III, 1650 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103. Copies of the State submittal are available at the Maryland Department of the Environment, 1800 Washington Boulevard, Suite 705, Baltimore, Maryland 21230.

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Marilyn Powers, (215) 814-2308, or by e-mail at Start Printed Page 53131

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I. Background

On January 31, 2006 (70 FR 5033), EPA published a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPR) for the State of Maryland. The NPR proposed approval of the amendments to regulations .01 and .05 under COMAR 26.11.08 Control of Incinerators. The formal SIP revision was submitted by the MDE on October 31, 2005 (#05-06). Other specific requirements of the SIP revision and the rationale for EPA's proposed action are explained in the NPR and will not be restated here. On March 2, 2006, EPA received an adverse comment on its January 31, 2006 NPR. A summary of the comment submitted and EPA's response is provided in Section II of this document.

II. Summary of Public Comments and EPA Responses

Comment: A commenter submitted test results from the following pollutants: visible emissions, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, metals (cadmium, mercury, and lead), dioxins, and furans concerning human and animal crematories. The test results show that the emissions of nearly all the tested pollutants increased when the operating temperature was raised. From the test results, the commenter indicates that there is no benefit to the higher operating temperatures required in many states. The commenter indicates that the test results also demonstrate that crematories are capable of low emissions without the use of additional control equipment.

Response: This rulemaking is limited to the amendments of .01 and .05 under COMAR 26.11.08 Control of Incinerators. These amendments define the term “crematory” and clarify that crematories are subject to the 0.1 grain loading particulate matter requirement. This rulemaking does not address visible emissions or emissions of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, hydrogen chloride, metals, dioxins, and furans. Comments regarding emissions of these pollutants are not relevant to this rulemaking. EPA is required to respond only to comments relevant to the rulemaking. See, e.g., Whitman v. American Trucking Ass'n., 531 U.S. 457, 471 (2001). To the extent that the comment addresses a pollutant relevant to this rulemaking, such as particulate matter, the commenter appears to be challenging the State's decision to regulate crematories in the particular manner it has chosen. The CAA is based upon “cooperative federalism,” which contemplates that each State will develop its own SIP, and that States retain a large degree of flexibility in choosing which sources to control and to what degree. EPA must approve a State's plan if it meets the minimum requirements of the CAA. Union Electric Co. v. EPA, 427 U.S. 246, 264-266 (1976). The comment therefore presents no basis for EPA disapproving the proposed SIP revision.

III. Final Action

EPA is approving Maryland's SIP revision submitted on October 31, 2005. The SIP revision clarifies that crematories are subject to the particulate matter requirements of COMAR 26.11.08 by amending the definitions in section .01 and the emissions requirements in section .05.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. General Requirements

Under the Clean Air Act, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Clean Air Act. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993);
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have Federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of Section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and
  • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, this rule does not have tribal implications as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000), because the SIP is not approved to apply in Indian country located in the state, and EPA notes that it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law.

B. Submission to Congress and the Comptroller General

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

C. Petitions for Judicial Review

Under section 307(b)(1) of the Clean Air Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by November 14, 2008. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action approving a Maryland SIP revision that amends COMAR 26.11.08 may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).) Start Printed Page 53132

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List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

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Dated: August 29, 2008.

Donald S. Welsh,

Regional Administrator, Region III.

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is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

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Subpart V—Maryland

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2. In (52.1070, the table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising the entries for COMAR and to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
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(c) * * *

EPA-Approved Regulations in the Maryland SIP

Code of Maryland administrative regulations (COMAR) citationTitle/subjectState effective dateEPA approval dateAdditional explanation/ citation at 40 CFR § 52.1100
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COMAR 10.18.08/26.11.08Control of Incinerators
10.18.08/ [Insert page number where the document begins]Definition of “crematory” is added.
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10.18.08/ Matter9/12/059/15/08 [Insert page number where the document begins]Sections .05A(3) and .05B(2)(a) are revised.
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[FR Doc. E8-21310 Filed 9-12-08; 8:45 am]