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Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Requirements on Content and Format of Labeling for Human Prescription Drug and Biological Products

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing an opportunity for public comment on the proposed collection of certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (the PRA), Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, and to allow 60 days for public comment in response to the Start Printed Page 56593notice. This notice solicits comments on the information collection provisions of FDA's requirements on content and format of labeling for human prescription drug and biological products.

DATES:

Submit written or electronic comments on the collection of information by November 28, 2008.

ADDRESSES:

Submit electronic comments on the collection of information to http://www.regulations.gov. Submit written comments on the collection of information to the Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852. All comments should be identified with the docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Elizabeth Berbakos, Office of Information Management (HFA-710), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-796-3792.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Under the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520), Federal agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection of information they conduct or sponsor. “Collection of information” is defined in 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c) and includes agency requests or requirements that members of the public submit reports, keep records, or provide information to a third party. Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the PRA (44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A)) requires Federal agencies to provide a 60-day notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of information, including each proposed extension of an existing collection of information, before submitting the collection to OMB for approval. To comply with this requirement, FDA is publishing notice of the proposed collection of information set forth in this document.

With respect to the following collection of information, FDA invites comments on these topics: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of FDA's functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) the accuracy of FDA's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (3) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (4) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques, when appropriate, and other forms of information technology.

Requirements on Content and Format of Labeling for Human Prescription Drug and Biological Products (OMB Control Number 0910-0572)—Extension

FDA's final rule entitled “Requirements on Content and Format of Labeling for Human Prescription Drug and Biological Products” (the final rule), which published on January 24, 2006 (71 FR 3922), and was effective on June 30, 2006, amended FDA's regulations governing the format and content of labeling for human prescription drug and biological products to require that the labeling of new and recently approved products contain highlights of prescribing information, a table of contents for prescribing information, reordering of certain sections, minor content changes, and minimum graphical requirements. These revisions were intended to make it easier for health care practitioners to access, read, and use information in prescription drug labeling; to enhance the safe and effective use of prescription drug products; and to reduce the number of adverse reactions resulting from medication errors due to misunderstood or incorrectly applied drug information.

A. Summary of Prescription Drug Labeling Content and Format Requirements That Contain Collections of Information

Section 201.56 (21 CFR 201.56) requires that prescription drug labeling contain certain information in the format specified in either § 201.57 (21 CFR 201.57) or § 201.80 (21 CFR 201.80), depending on when the drug was approved for marketing.

Section 201.56(a) sets forth general labeling requirements applicable to all prescription drugs. Section 201.56(b) specifies the categories of new and more recently approved prescription drugs subject to the revised content and format requirements in §§ 201.56(d) and 201.57. Section 201.56(c) sets forth the schedule for implementing these revised content and format requirements. Section 201.56(e) specifies the sections and subsections, required and optional, for the labeling of older prescription drugs not subject to the revised format and content requirements.

Section 201.57(a) requires that prescription drug labeling for new and more recently approved prescription drug products include “Highlights of Prescribing Information.” Highlights provides a concise extract of the most important information required under § 201.57(c) (the Full Prescribing Information (FPI)), as well as certain additional information important to prescribers. Section 201.57(b) requires a table of contents to prescribing information, entitled “Full Prescribing Information: Contents,” consisting of a list of each heading and subheading along with its identifying number to facilitate health care practitioners' use of labeling information. Section 201.57(c) specifies the contents of the FPI. Section 201.57(d) mandates the minimum specifications for the format of prescription drug labeling and establishes minimum requirements for key graphic elements such as bold type, bullet points, type size, and spacing.

Older drugs not subject to the revised labeling content and format requirements in § 201.57 remain subject to labeling requirements at § 201.80 (in the final rule, former § 201.57 was redesignated as § 201.80). Section 201.80(f)(2) requires that within 1 year, any FDA-approved patient labeling be referenced in the “Precautions” section of the labeling of older products and either accompany or be reprinted immediately following the labeling.

B. Estimates of Reporting Burden

The PRA information collection analysis in the final rule (71 FR 3964 through 3967) (currently approved under OMB Control Number 0910-0572) estimated the reporting burden for a multi-year period. We are requesting that OMB extend approval for the information in this collection as described below, which will continue to be submitted to FDA during this multi-year period.

Annual Burden for Prescription Drug Labeling Design, Testing, and Submitting to FDA for New Drug Applications (NDAs) and Biologics License Applications (BLAs) (§§ 201.56 and 201.57) (Table 1)

New drug product applicants must: (1) Design and create prescription drug labeling containing Highlights, Contents, and FPI, (2) test the designed labeling (e.g., to ensure that the designed labeling fits into carton-enclosed products), and (3) submit it to FDA for approval. Based on the projected data estimated in the final rule, FDA estimates that it takes applicants approximately 3,349 hours to design, test, and submit prescription drug labeling to FDA as part of an NDA or BLA under the revised regulations. Approximately 85 applicants submit approximately 107 new applications (NDAs and BLAs) to FDA per year, totaling 358,343 hours.Start Printed Page 56594

Burden Associated with Labeling Supplements for Applications Approved Within 5 Years Prior to the Effective Date of the Rule (§ 201.57) (Table 2)

The final rule required that prescription drug applications approved during the 5 years before, or pending on, the effective date conform to format and content requirements at § 201.57. For these products, applicants must redesign and negotiate the labeling, including Highlights and Contents, test the redesigned labeling, and prepare and submit that labeling to FDA for approval. Based on the projected data estimated in the final rule, labeling supplements for a total of approximately 344 innovator products are expected to be submitted to FDA over a 5-year period (beginning in year 3 and ending in year 7 after the effective date of the final rule). Approximately 172 applicants submit these labeling supplements, and the time required for redesigning, testing, and submitting the labeling to FDA is approximately 196 hours per application, totaling 67,424 hours.

Burden Associated with Revised Labeling Efficacy Supplements Submitted on or After the Effective Date of the Rule (§§ 201.56(d) and 201.57) (Table 2)

Efficacy supplemental applications for older drugs submitted to FDA on or after the effective date of the final rule are subject to the content and format requirements of §§ 201.56(d) and 201.57. To meet these requirements, applicants must revise the existing labeling for these products. Each year an increasing number of innovator drug labeling will have been revised, and over time, very few efficacy supplements independently will generate labeling revisions. Based on the projected data estimated in the final rule, the number of affected efficacy supplements over 10 years, beginning with year 3, is 186, with a decreasing number each year over the period. Approximately 172 applicants will trigger approximately 186 efficacy supplements, each one requiring approximately 196 hours to revise the labeling in the application, totaling 36,456 hours. (As stated in the final rule, in addition to this burden, a minimal annual reporting burden (fewer than 7) will continue indefinitely).

Burden Associated with Revised Labeling for Efficacy Supplements for Generic Drug Products (§ 201.57) (Table 2)

Based on the projected data estimated in the final rule, beginning in year 3 and continuing throughout the 10-year period analyzed, approximately 42 generic applicants per year must submit labeling supplements. Approximately 336 already approved generic drug applications must submit labeling supplements over the 10-year period after the effective date of the rule. The time required to revise and submit this labeling to FDA is approximately 27 hours per application, totaling 9,072 hours. (As stated in the final rule, in addition to this burden, a minimal annual reporting burden associated with a very small number of generic applications referencing older drugs may continue indefinitely).

C. Capital Costs

As discussed in the final rule, a small number of carton-enclosed products may require new packaging to accommodate longer inserts. As many as 5 percent of the existing products affected by the final rule (i.e., products with new efficacy supplements, products approved in the 5 years prior to the effective date of the rule, and affected abbreviated new drug applications) may require equipment changes at an estimated cost of $200,000 each product.

Table 1.—Estimated Reporting Burden For New Drug Applications1

Category (21 CFR Section)No. of RespondentsNo. of Responses per RespondentTotal ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal Hours
Annual Burden for Labeling Requirements in §§ 201.56 and 201.57851.261073,349358,343
Total358,343
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

Table 2.—Estimated Reporting Burdens For Labeling Revisions To Already-Approved Drug Products1

Category (21 CFR Section)Year(s) In Which Burdens Occur After June 30, 2006No. of RespondentsNo. of Responses per RespondentTotal ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal HoursTotal Capital Costs
Burden associated with revised labeling for applications approved within 5 years prior to June 30, 2006 (§ 201.57)Beginning year 3, ending year 7172234419667,424$3.3 million
Burden associated with revised labeling for efficacy supplements submitted on or after June 30, 2006 (§§ 201.56(d) and 201.57)Beginning year 3, diminishing over time1721.0818619636,456$2.5 million
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Burden associated with revised labeling for efficacy supplements for generic drug products (§ 201.57)Beginning year 3, continuing annually thereafter428336 (for years 1-10)279,072$2.5 million
Total112,952Up to $8.3 million
1 There are no operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

Please note that on January 15, 2008, the FDA Division of Dockets Management Web site transitioned to the Federal Dockets Management System (FDMS). FDMS is a Government-wide, electronic docket management system. Electronic comments or submissions will be accepted by FDA only through FDMS at http://www.regulations.gov.

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Dated: September 17, 2008.

Jeffrey Shuren,

Associate Commissioner for Policy and Planning.

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[FR Doc. E8-22731 Filed 9-26-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-S