Skip to Content

Rule

Hazardous Materials Regulations: Minor Editorial Corrections and Clarifications

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

This final rule corrects editorial errors, makes minor regulatory changes and, in response to requests for clarification, improves the clarity of certain provisions in the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR). The intended effect of this rule is to enhance the accuracy and reduce misunderstandings of the regulations. The amendments contained in this rule are non-substantive changes.

DATES:

Effective date: October 1, 2008.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Eileen Edmonson, Office of Hazardous Materials Standards, 202-366-8553, PHMSA, East Building, PHH-10, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

PHMSA annually reviews the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR; 49 CFR parts 171-180) to identify typographical and other errors, outdated addresses or other contact information, and similar errors. In this final rule, we are correcting typographical errors; incorrect CFR references and citations; an incorrect address; inaccurate office names; inconsistent use of terminology; misstatements of certain regulatory requirements; and inadvertent omissions of information. In addition, this final rule revises the address for PHMSA to indicate the new location for the headquarters office. Because these amendments do not impose new requirements, notice and public comment procedures are unnecessary. By making these amendments effective without the customary 30-day delay following publication, the changes will appear in the next revision of Title 49.

II. Section by Section Review

The following is a summary by section of the major changes made in this final rule. The summary does not include minor editorial corrections such as punctuation errors, or similar minor revisions.

Part 171

Section 171.3

This section prescribes requirements for transporting hazardous waste under the HMR. Paragraph (b)(1) requires each motor vehicle to be marked in accordance with 49 CFR 390.21 and 1058.2. Because § 1058.2 no longer exists, in this final rule we are removing this reference in paragraph (b)(1).

Section 171.7

Paragraph (a) of § 171.7 lists materials incorporated by reference into the HMR. In paragraph (a)(3), we are correcting the mailing address for the American Pyrotechnic Association.

Paragraph (b) of § 171.7 lists information materials that are not incorporated by reference. In a final rule published on January 28, 2008 (Docket No. 05-21812 (HM-218D); 73 FR 4699, effective October 1, 2008), we added in paragraph (b) an entry for the Compressed Gas Association's (CGA's) publication, CGA C-1.1 in § 171.7(b). A new paragraph (g)(6) in § 180.205 listed CGA C-1.1 as an example of training material that may be used by persons who requalify cylinders using the volumetric expansion test method. Following the publication of the HM-215D final rule, we received an appeal from Hydro-Test (PHMSA-2005-21812-0025) asking us to either remove this reference to CGA C-1.1 or add examples of other training materials that may be used. Hydro-Test noted that referencing only the CGA publication in the HMR could suggest that other training materials are not acceptable. We added CGA C-1.1 as an example of guidance material that may be used to assist requalifiers in setting up their cylinder training procedures and recordkeeping requirements. The publication is not a stand alone tool for training persons on how to perform requalification of cylinders using the volumetric expansion test method. However, to alleviate confusion for cylinder requalifiers, in this final rule, we are removing the new entry for CGA C-1.1 from § 171.7(b) and paragraph (g)(6) from § 180.205. Start Printed Page 57002

Section 171.8

This section contains definitions for terms used in the HMR. We inadvertently omitted replacing the name “Diagnostic specimens” with the name “Biological substances, category B” when we revised the HMR to harmonize its infectious substance requirements with international requirements and removed the name “Diagnostic specimens” under Docket No. PHMSA-2004-16895 (HM-226A; 71 FR 32244, 6/2/06). In this final rule, we are correcting this oversight. Also, we are revising the definitions for “Elevated temperature material” and “Liquid phase” to specify the metric conversion of 100 °F as 38 °C for consistency throughout the HMR and with that specified in the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard ASTM D 4359, “Standard Test Method for Determining Whether a Material is a Liquid or a Solid,” which the HMR incorporates by reference under § 171.7.

Section 171.23

This section prescribes requirements for specific materials and packagings transported under the International Civil Aviation Organization's Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (ICAO Technical Instructions), International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code), Transport Canada's Transportation of Dangerous Goods Regulations (Transport Canada TDG Regulations), and the International Atomic Energy Agency Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material (IAEA Regulations). In this final rule, we are revising paragraph (a)(3)(iii) to correct the reference “(a)(3)” to “(a)(4).”

Section 171.25

This section prescribes additional requirements for the use of the IMDG Code under the HMR. In this final rule, we are correcting several inadvertent errors in this section. In paragraph (b)(1), we are revising the regulatory text to clarify that the segregation requirements in Part 7 of the IMDG Code may be utilized for both rail and highway transportation. The rail mode was inadvertently removed in the printing of the HM-215F final rule published on May 3, 2007. We are also correcting the word “subpart” to read “subchapter” in the second sentence of this paragraph, and the reference to “Part 7, Chapter 2,” of the IMDG Code to read “Part 7, Chapter 7.2” in the last sentence. In paragraph (b)(2), we are clarifying that the paragraph applies to transportation by vessel.

Part 172

In the heading to Part 172, we are adding the words “Security Plans” to reflect the security plan requirements in Subpart I of Part 172.

Section 172.201

This section prescribes requirements on the preparation and retention of shipping papers. Paragraph (a)(1)(iii) is corrected to clarify the use of the letter “X” to identify hazardous materials on a shipping paper. The clarification allows the letter “X” to be placed in a column titled “HM” appearing before the basic shipping description instead of the proper shipping name of a hazardous material to recognize that the identification number may appear first in the basic shipping description as provided in § 172.202(b).

Section 172.202

This section prescribes requirements for shipping descriptions on shipping papers. In paragraphs (a)(5) and (a)(6)(ii), we are inserting the U.S. standard measurement conversions after the metric measurements for clarity.

Section 172.203

This section prescribes additional description requirements for hazardous materials on shipping papers. In this final rule, we are correcting the examples provided in this section as follows:

  • We are revising paragraph (c)(2) to reflect in the example the basic shipping description sequence prescribed in § 172.202(b), with the UN identification number appearing first, and to correct the example of the basic description for “Allyl alcohol” to state that this material is a Zone B toxic inhalation hazard.
  • We are revising paragraph (d)(1) to correct the spelling of the word “radionuclides” in the second sentence.
  • We are revising paragraph (i)(2), which contains additional shipping paper description requirements for flammable liquids transported by vessel, to reflect a flash point at 60 °C (140 °F) in place of 61 °C for consistency with the provisions contained in 49 CFR 173.120(a) and paragraph 5.4.1.4.3 of the IMDG Code.
  • Paragraph (k) requires the use of a technical name with a proper shipping name designated as generic with the letter “G” in Column 1 of the § 172.101 Table. We are making a minor editorial revision to the last sentence in paragraph (k) and adding two new sentences to refer readers to the definition of “Technical name” in § 171.8 and to other relevant information in § 172.301.

Section 172.320

This section prescribes the marking requirements for explosive hazardous materials. In paragraph (b), we are correcting the reference to the regulation requiring a product code for commercial explosives from “27 CFR part 55” to read “27 CFR part 555.”

In addition, we are removing current paragraph (e)(4), which contains an expired transitional provision, and redesignating current paragraph (e)(5) as paragraph (e)(4).

Section 172.704

This section prescribes training requirements for hazmat employees. In paragraph (a)(2)(ii), we are revising the reference to “§§ 171.11 and 171.12” to read “authorized by subpart C of part 171 of this subchapter” to be consistent with revisions adopted in the final rule issued under Docket No. PHMSA-2005-24131 (HM-215F, 72 FR 25162, 3/5/07).

Part 173

Section 173.21

This section prescribes the hazardous materials and packages that are forbidden in transportation. In this final rule, we are revising paragraph (f)(3) to clearly state that approvals issued by the Bureau of Explosives are no longer valid.

Section 173.25

This section prescribes requirements for transporting hazardous materials packages in overpacks. In this final rule, we are removing the second sentence in paragraph (a)(4) because it contains an expired compliance date.

Section 173.219

This section prescribes requirements for transporting life-saving appliances and matches. In this final rule, we are amending paragraph (a) by replacing the word “movement” with “shifting” to clarify the devices must be placed in inner packagings that are packed in outer packagings in a manner to prevent the devices from shifting within the outer packaging.

Section 173.227

This section prescribes requirements for packaging poisonous-by-inhalation materials, in Division 6.1, Packing Group I, Hazard Zone B. We are revising paragraph (b) to include UN 6HH1 composite packagings with an inner protective plastic drum. This revision was inadvertently omitted in a final rule issued under Docket No. RSPA-04-Start Printed Page 5700317036 (HM-215G, 69 FR 76043, 12/20/04).

Section 173.308

This section sets forth requirements for the transportation of lighters. In this final rule, we are revising paragraph (b)(3)(ii) to specify the metric conversion of 100 °F as 38 °C for consistency throughout the HMR.

Part 175

Section 175.30

This section prescribes requirements for inspecting hazardous materials shipments aboard an aircraft. A capitalization error is corrected in paragraph (a)(2). In paragraph (a)(3), we are revising the reference to § 171.11 to read “as authorized by subpart C of part 171 of this subchapter” to be consistent with the revisions adopted under HM-215F.

Part 176

Section 176.83

This section prescribes segregation requirements for hazardous materials transported by vessel. In this final rule, we are revising paragraph (b) to clarify that although Column 1 of Table § 176.83(b) is titled “Class,” it also lists certain hazard class divisions.

Part 178

Section 178.36

This section contains the design and manufacture requirements for DOT 3A and 3AX seamless steel cylinders. In paragraph (a)(2), we are correcting the wording “seamless stainless steel cylinder” to remove the word stainless, and in the first sentence in paragraph (f), the wording “service pressure less than 900 pounds” to read “service pressure less than 900 psig”.

Section 178.275

This section prescribes design and manufacture standards for UN portable tanks intended for the transportation of liquid and solid hazardous materials. In the HM-215G final rule, paragraph (i)(2), the introductory text was revised to clarify the combined delivery capacity of a UN portable tank's relief system. However, the amendatory language incorrectly stated that paragraph (i)(2) was revised. As a result, all the vent capacity formulas and tables referenced in the paragraph were removed. We are reinstating paragraphs (i)(2)(i)-(iv) in this final rule. In addition, in paragraph (d)(3), the reference to “(c)(2)” is corrected to read “(d)(2).”

Section 178.605

This section prescribes the hydrostatic test requirements for non-bulk UN standard packagings. In this final rule, we are relocating the last sentence in paragraph (d)(3) requiring the performance of a pressure test on packagings intended to contain Packing Group I hazardous materials at a minimum test pressure of 250 kPa (36 psig) to paragraph (d) introductory text, preceding the list of methods contained in paragraphs (d)(1)-(d)(3). We are making this revision to clarify that this pressure test requirement applies regardless of the method chosen to determine the pressure.

Part 179

Section 179.400-18

This section prescribes pressure test requirements for the inner tanks of DOT-113 and DOT-107A cryogenic liquid tank car tanks and seamless steel tanks. Paragraph (a) is revised to specify the metric conversion of 100 °F as 38 °C for consistency throughout the HMR.

Part 180

Section 180.209

This section prescribes requirements for the periodic requalification of DOT specification cylinders. We are revising paragraph (l) introductory text to change “§ 171.12a” to correctly reference §§ 171.12(a) and 171.23(a), and paragraph (l)(2) to correctly reference certain export requirements contained in § 171.23(a)(4).

III. Regulatory Analyses and Notices

Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures

This final rule is not considered a significant regulatory action under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866 and, therefore, was not reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget. This rule is not significant under the Regulatory Policies and Procedures of the Department of Transportation (44 FR 11034). This final rule does not impose new or revised requirements for hazardous materials shippers or carriers; therefore, it is not necessary to prepare a regulatory impact analysis.

Executive Order 13132

This final rule has been analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria in Executive Order 13132 (“Federalism”). This final rule does not adopt any regulation that: (1) Has substantial direct effects on the states, the relationship between the national government and the states, or the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government; or (2) imposes substantial direct compliance costs on state and local governments. PHMSA is not aware of any state, local, or Indian tribe requirements that would be preempted by correcting editorial errors and making minor regulatory changes. This final rule does not have sufficient federalism impacts to warrant the preparation of a federalism assessment.

Executive Order 13175

This final rule has been analyzed in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 13175 (“Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments”). Because this final rule does not have tribal implications, does not impose substantial direct compliance costs on Indian tribal governments, and does not preempt tribal law, the funding and consultation requirements of Executive Order 13175 do not apply, and a tribal summary impact statement is not required.

Regulatory Flexibility Act, Executive Order 13272, and DOT Procedures and Policies

I certify that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This rule makes minor editorial changes which will not impose any new requirements on persons subject to the HMR; thus, there are no direct or indirect adverse economic impacts for small units of government, businesses, or other organizations.

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

This rule does not impose unfunded mandates under the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. It does not result in costs of $120.7 million or more to either state, local, or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or to the private sector, and is the least burdensome alternative that achieves the objectives of the rule.

Paperwork Reduction Act

There are no new information collection requirements in this final rule.

Environmental Impact Analysis

There are no environmental impacts associated with this final rule.

Regulation Identifier Number (RIN)

A regulation identifier number (RIN) is assigned to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulations. The Regulatory Information Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each Start Printed Page 57004year. The RIN number contained in the heading of this document can be used to cross-reference this action with the Unified Agenda.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects

End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part

In consideration of the foregoing, 49 CFR Chapter I is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 171—GENERAL INFORMATION, REGULATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 171 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.45 and 1.53; Pub. L. 101-410 section 4 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); Pub. L. 104-134 section 31001.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. In § 171.3, paragraph (b)(1) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Hazardous waste.
* * * * *

(b) * * *

(1) Has marked each motor vehicle used to transport hazardous waste in accordance with § 390.21 of this title even though placards may not be required;

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

3. In § 171.7, in the table in paragraph (a)(3), in the first column, under “American Pyrotechnics Association,” revise the organization's mailing address to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Reference material.

(a) * * *

(3) Table of material incorporated by reference. * * *

Source and name of material49 CFR reference
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
American Pyrotechnics Association (APA), P.O. Box 30438, Bethesda, MD 20824, (301) 907-8181, www.americanpyro.com:
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

4. In § 171.8, the definition for “Diagnostic specimen” is removed, a definition for “Biological substance, category B” is added in appropriate alphabetical order, and the definitions for “Elevated temperature material” and “Liquid phase” are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Definitions and abbreviations.
* * * * *

Biological substances, Category B. See § 173.134 of this subchapter.

* * * * *

Elevated temperature material means a material which, when offered for transportation or transported in a bulk packaging:

(1) Is in a liquid phase and at a temperature at or above 100 °C (212 °F);

(2) Is in a liquid phase with a flash point at or above 38 °C (100 °F) that is intentionally heated and offered for transportation or transported at or above its flash point; or

(3) Is in a solid phase and at a temperature at or above 240 °C (464 °F).

* * * * *

Liquid phase means a material that meets the definition of liquid when evaluated at the higher of the temperature at which it is offered for transportation or at which it is transported, not at the 38 °C (100 °F) temperature specified in ASTM D 4359 (IBR, see § 171.7).

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

5. In § 171.23, paragraph (a)(3)(iii) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Requirements for specific materials and packagings transported under the ICAO Technical Instructions, IMDG Code, Transport Canada TDG Regulations, or the IAEA Regulations.
* * * * *

(a) * * *

(3) * * *

(iii) The cylinder is not refilled for export unless in compliance with paragraph (a)(4) of this section.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

6. In § 171.25, paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Additional requirements for the use of the IMDG Code.
* * * * *

(b) * * *

(1) Unless otherwise excepted, a shipment must conform to the requirements in part 176 of this subchapter. For transportation by rail or highway prior to or subsequent to transportation by vessel, a shipment must conform to the applicable requirements of parts 174 and 177 respectively, of this subchapter, and the motor vehicle or rail car must be placarded in accordance with subpart F of part 172 of this subchapter. When a hazardous material regulated by this subchapter for transportation by highway is transported by motor vehicle Start Printed Page 57005on a public highway or by rail under the provisions of subpart C of part 171, the segregation requirements of Part 7, Chapter 7.2 of the IMDG Code are authorized.

(2) For transportation by vessel, the stowage and segregation requirements in Part 7 of the IMDG Code may be substituted for the stowage and segregation requirements in part 176 of this subchapter.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 172—HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE, SPECIAL PROVISIONS, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS COMMUNICATIONS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION, AND TRAINING REQUIREMENTS

End Part Start Amendment Part

7. The authority citation for part 172 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.53.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

8. The heading to part 172 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Part

PART 172—HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TABLE, SPECIAL PROVISIONS, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS COMMUNICATIONS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE INFORMATION, TRAINING REQUIREMENTS, AND SECURITY PLANS

End Part Start Amendment Part

9. In § 172.201, paragraph (a)(1)(iii) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Preparation and retention of shipping papers.

(a) * * *

(1) * * *

(iii) Must be identified by the entry of an “X” placed before the basic shipping description required by § 172.202 in a column captioned “HM.” (The “X” may be replaced by “RQ,” if appropriate.)

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

10. In § 172.202, paragraph (a)(5) introductory text and paragraph (a)(6)(ii) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Description of hazardous material on shipping papers.

(a) * * *

(5) Except for transportation by aircraft, the total quantity of hazardous materials covered by the description must be indicated (by mass or volume, or by activity for Class 7 materials) and must include an indication of the applicable unit of measurement, for example, “200 kg” (440 pounds) or “50 L” (13 gallons). The following provisions also apply:

* * * * *

(6) * * *

(ii) For chemical kits and first aid kits, the total net mass of hazardous materials must be shown. Where the kits contain only liquids, or solids and liquids, the net mass of liquids within the kits is to be calculated on a 1 to 1 basis, i.e., 1 L (0.3 gallons) equals 1 kg (2.2 pounds);

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

11. In § 172.203, the following amendments are made:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Paragraphs (c)(2), (d)(1), (i)(2), and the last sentence in paragraph (k) introductory text are revised, and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. At the end of paragraph (k) introductory text, two new sentences are added.

End Amendment Part

The revisions and addition read as follows:

Additional description requirements.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(2) The letters “RQ” must be entered on the shipping paper either before or after the basic description required by § 172.202 for each hazardous substance (see definition in § 171.8 of this subchapter). For example: “RQ, UN 1098, Allyl alcohol, 6.1, I, Toxic-inhalation hazard, Zone B”; or “UN 3077, Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., 9, III, RQ (Adipic acid)”.

(d) * * *

(1) The name of each radionuclide in the Class 7 (radioactive) material that is listed in § 173.435 of this subchapter. For mixtures of radionuclides, the radionuclides required to be shown must be determined in accordance with § 173.433(g) of this subchapter. Abbreviations, e.g., “99 Mo,” are authorized.

* * * * *

(i) * * *

(2) Minimum flash point if 60 °C (140 °F) or below (in °C closed cup (c.c.)) in association with the basic description.

* * * * *

(k) * * * A material classed as Division 6.2 and assigned identification number UN 2814 or UN 2900 that is suspected to contain an unknown Category A infectious substance must have the words “suspected Category A infectious substance” entered in parentheses in place of the technical name as part of the proper shipping description. For additional technical name options, see the definition for “Technical name” in § 171.8. A technical name should not be marked on the outer package of a Division 6.2 material (see § 172.301(b)).

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

12. In § 172.320, paragraph (b) is revised, paragraph (e)(4) is removed, and paragraph (e)(5) is redesignated as (e)(4) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Explosive hazardous materials.
* * * * *

(b) Except for fireworks approved in accordance with § 173.56(j) of this subchapter, a package of Class 1 materials may be marked, in lieu of the EX-number required by paragraph (a) of this section, with a national stock number issued by the Department of Defense or identifying information, such as a product code required by regulations for commercial explosives specified in 27 CFR part 555, if the national stock number or identifying information can be specifically associated with the EX-number assigned.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

13. In § 172.704, paragraph (a)(2)(ii) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Training requirements.

(a) * * *

(2) * * *

(ii) As an alternative to function-specific training on the requirements of this subchapter, training relating to the requirements of the ICAO Technical Instructions and the IMDG Code may be provided to the extent such training addresses functions authorized by subpart C of part 171 of this subchapter.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 173—SHIPPERS—GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS

End Part Start Amendment Part

14. The authority citation for part 173 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.45, 1.53.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

15. In § 173.21, paragraph (f)(3) introductory text is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Forbidden materials and packages.
* * * * *

(f) * * *

(3) Refrigeration may be used as a means of stabilization only when approved by the Associate Administrator. Approvals issued by the Bureau of Explosives are no longer valid (see § 171.19 of this subchapter). Methods of stabilization approved by the Associate Administrator are as follows: * * *

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

16. In § 173.25, paragraph (a)(4) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Authorized packagings and overpacks.

(a) * * * Start Printed Page 57006

(4) The overpack is marked with the word “OVERPACK” when specification packagings are required, unless specification markings on the inside packages are visible.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

17. In § 173.27, the headings of paragraphs (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) and (g) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
General requirements for transportation by aircraft.
* * * * *

(b) Packages authorized onboard aircraft. * * *

(c) Pressure requirements. * * *

(d) Closures. * * *

(e) Absorbent materials. * * *

(f) Combination packagings. * * *

(g) Cylinders. * * *

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

18. In § 173.219, paragraph (a) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Life-saving appliances.

(a) A life-saving appliance, self-inflating or non-self-inflating, containing small quantities of hazardous materials that are required as part of the life-saving appliance must conform to the requirements of this section. Packagings must conform to the general packaging requirements of subpart B of this part but need not conform to the requirements of part 178 of this subchapter. The appliances must be packed, so that they cannot be accidentally activated and, except for life vests, the hazardous materials must be in inner packagings packed so as to prevent shifting within the outer packaging. The hazardous materials must be an integral part of the appliance and in quantities that do not exceed those appropriate for the actual appliance when in use.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

19. In § 173.227, the heading and the first sentence in paragraph (b) introductory text is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Materials poisonous by inhalation, Division 6.1, Packing Group I, Hazard Zone B.
* * * * *

(b) 1A1, 1B1, 1H1, 1N1, 6HA1, or 6HH1 drums further packed in a 1A2 or 1H2 drum. Both the inner and outer drums must conform to the performance test requirements of subpart M of part 178 of this subchapter at the Packing Group I performance level. * * *

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

20. In § 173.308, paragraph (b)(3)(ii) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Lighters.
* * * * *

(b) * * *

(3) * * *

(ii) After weighing, place the lighters together in an explosion-proof, controlled-temperature laboratory oven capable of maintaining 38 ± 1°C (100 ± 2°F) for 96 continuous hours (4 days). At the end of 96 hours, remove the lighters from the oven and place them in the same desiccator and allow the lighters to cool to ambient temperature.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 175—CARRIAGE BY AIRCRAFT

End Part Start Amendment Part

21. The authority citation for part 175 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128, 44701; 49 CFR 1.45 and 1.53.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

22. In § 175.30, paragraphs (a)(2) and (a)(3) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Inspecting shipments.

(a) * * *

(2) Described and certified on a shipping paper prepared in duplicate in accordance with part 172 of this subchapter or as authorized by subpart C of part 171 of this subchapter. See § 175.33 for shipping paper retention requirements;

(3) Marked and labeled in accordance with subparts D and E of part 172 or as authorized by subpart C of part 171 of this subchapter, and placarded (when required) in accordance with subpart F of part 172 of this subchapter; and

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

23. In § 175.33, paragraph (a)(6) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Shipping paper and notification of pilot-in-command.

(a) * * *

(6) For Class 7 (radioactive) materials, the number of packages, overpacks or freight containers, their category, transport index (if applicable), and their location aboard the aircraft;

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 176—CARRIAGE BY VESSEL

End Part Start Amendment Part

24. The authority citation for part 176 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128; 49 CFR 1.53.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

25. In § 176.2, the definitions for “Explosive article” and “INF cargo” are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Definitions.
* * * * *

Explosive article means an article or device that contains one or more explosive substances. Individual explosive substances are identified in column 17 of the Dangerous Goods List in the IMDG Code (IBR, see § 171.7 of this subchapter).

* * * * *

INF cargo means packaged irradiated nuclear fuel, plutonium or high-level radioactive wastes as those terms are defined in the “International Code for the Safe Carriage of Packaged Irradiated Nuclear Fuel, Plutonium and High-Level Radioactive Wastes on Board Ships” (INF Code) contained in the IMDG Code.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

26. In § 176.83, paragraph (b) introductory text is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Segregation.
* * * * *

(b) General Segregation Table. The following table sets forth the general requirements for segregation between the various classes (divisions) of hazardous materials. Certain divisions are listed as separate hazard classes for the purpose of this table (e.g., “2.1” and “2.2”). The properties of materials within each class may vary greatly and may require greater segregation than is reflected in this table. If the § 172.101 Table sets forth particular requirements for segregation, they take precedence over these general requirements.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 178—SPECIFICATIONS FOR PACKAGINGS

End Part Start Amendment Part

27. The authority citation for part 178 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128; 49 CFR 1.53.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

28. In § 178.36, paragraph (a)(2) introductory text and the first sentence in paragraph (f) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Specification 3A and 3AX seamless steel cylinders.

(a) * * *

(2) A DOT-3AX is a seamless steel cylinder with a water capacity not less than 1,000 pounds and a service pressure of at least 500 psig, conforming to the following requirements:

* * *

* * * * *

(f) Wall thickness. For cylinders with service pressure less than 900 psig, the wall stress may not exceed 24,000 psig. * * *

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

29. In § 178.275, paragraph (d)(3) introductory text and paragraph (i)(2) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Start Printed Page 57007
Specification for UN portable tanks intended for the transportation of liquid and solid hazardous materials.
* * * * *

(d) * * *

(3) Except as provided in paragraph (d)(2) of this section, every bottom discharge outlet must be equipped with three serially fitted and mutually independent shut-off devices. The design of the equipment must include: * * *

* * * * *

(i) * * *

(2) The combined delivery capacity of the pressure relief system (taking into account the reduction of the flow when the portable tank is fitted with frangible-discs preceding spring-loaded pressure-relief devices or when the spring-loaded pressure-relief devices are provided with a device to prevent the passage of the flame), in condition of complete fire engulfment of the portable tank must be sufficient to limit the pressure in the shell to 20% above the start to discharge pressure limiting device (pressure relief device). The total required capacity of the relief devices may be determined using the formula in paragraph (i)(2)(i)(A) of this section or the table in paragraph (i)(2)(iii) of this section.

(i)(A) To determine the total required capacity of the relief devices, which must be regarded as being the sum of the individual capacities of all the contributing devices, the following formula must be used:

Where:

Q = minimum required rate of discharge in cubic meters of air per second (m3/s) at conditions: 1 bar and 0 °C (273 °K);

F = for uninsulated shells: 1; for insulated shells: U(649−t)/13.6 but in no case is less than 0.25

Where:

U = thermal conductance of the insulation, in kW m−2K−1, at 38 °C (100 °F); and t = actual temperature of the hazardous material during filling (in °C) or when this temperature is unknown, let t = 15 °C (59 °F). The value of F given in this paragraph (i)(2)(i)(A) for insulated shells may only be used if the insulation is in conformance with paragraph (i)(2)(iv) of this section;

A = total external surface area of shell in square meters;

Z = the gas compressibility factor in the accumulating condition (when this factor is unknown, let Z equal 1.0);

T = absolute temperature in Kelvin (°C + 273) above the pressure relief devices in the accumulating condition;

L = the latent heat of vaporization of the liquid, in kJ/kg, in the accumulating condition;

M = molecular weight of the hazardous material.

(B) The constant C, as shown in the formula in paragraph (i)(2)(i)(A) of this section, is derived from one of the following formulas as a function of the ratio k of specific heats:

Where:

cp is the specific heat at constant pressure; and

cv is the specific heat at constant volume.

(C) When k >1:

(D) When k = 1 or k is unknown, a value of 0.607 may be used for the constant C. C may also be taken from the following table:

C Constant Value Table

kC
1.000.607
1.020.611
1.040.615
1.060.620
1.080.624
1.100.628
1.120.633
1.140.637
1.160.641
1.180.645
1.200.649
1.220.652
1.240.656
1.260.660
1.280.664
1.300.667
1.320.671
1.340.674
1.360.678
1.380.681
1.400.685
1.420.688
1.440.691
1.460.695
1.480.698
1.500.701
1.520.704
1.540.707
1.560.710
1.580.713
1.600.716
1.620.719
1.640.722
1.660.725
1.680.728
1.700.731
2.000.770
2.200.793

(ii) As an alternative to the formula in paragraph (i)(2)(i)(A) of this section, relief devices for shells used for transporting liquids may be sized in accordance with the table in paragraph (i)(2)(iii) of this section. The table in paragraph (i)(2)(iii) of this section assumes an insulation value of F = 1 and must be adjusted accordingly when the shell is insulated. Other values used in determining the table in paragraph (i)(2)(iii) of this section are: L = 334.94 kJ/kg; M = 86.7; T = 394 °K; Z = 1; and C = 0.607.

(iii) Minimum emergency vent capacity, Q, in cubic meters of air per second at 1 bar and 0 °C (273 °K) shown in the following table:

Minimum Emergency Vent Capacity

[Q Values]

A Exposed area (square meters)Q (Cubic meters of air per second)A Exposed area (square meters)Q (Cubic meters of air per second)
20.23037.52.539
30.320402.677
40.40542.52.814
50.487452.949
60.56547.53.082
70.641503.215
80.71552.53.346
90.788553.476
100.85957.53.605
120.998603.733
141.13262.53.860
161.263653.987
181.39167.54.112
201.517704.236
22.51.670754.483
251.821804.726
27.51.969854.967
302.115905.206
32.52.258955.442
352.4001005.676

(iv) Insulation systems, used for the purpose of reducing venting capacity, must be specifically approved by the approval agency. In all cases, insulation systems approved for this purpose must—

(A) Remain effective at all temperatures up to 649 °C (1200 °F); and

(B) Be jacketed with a material having a melting point of 700 °C (1292 °F) or greater.

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

30. In § 178.605, paragraph (d) introductory text, and paragraph (d)(3) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Hydrostatic pressure test.
* * * * *

(d) Test method and pressure to be applied. Metal packagings and composite packagings other than plastic (e.g., glass, porcelain or stoneware), including their closures, must be subjected to the test pressure for 5 minutes. Plastic packagings and Start Printed Page 57008composite packagings (plastic material), including their closures, must be subjected to the test pressure for 30 minutes. This pressure is the one to be marked as required in § 178.503(a)(5). The receptacles must be supported in a manner that does not invalidate the test. The test pressure must be applied continuously and evenly, and it must be kept constant throughout the test period. In addition, packagings intended to contain hazardous materials of Packing Group I must be tested to a minimum test pressure of 250 kPa (36 psig). The hydraulic pressure (gauge) applied, taken at the top of the receptacle, and determined by any one of the following methods must be:

* * * * *

(3) Not less than 1.5 times the vapor pressure at 55 ° C (131 °F) of the material to be transported minus 100 kPa (15 psi), but with a minimum test pressure of 100 kPa (15 psig).

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

31. In § 178.700, paragraph (c)(1) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Purpose, scope and definitions.

(c) * * *

(1) Body means the receptacle proper (including openings and their closures, but not including service equipment), that has a volumetric capacity of not more than three cubic meters (3,000 L, 793 gallons, or 106 cubic feet) and not less than 0.45 cubic meters (450 L, 119 gallons, or 15.9 cubic feet) or a maximum net mass of not less than 400 kg (882 pounds).

* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

32. In § 178.801, paragraph (c)(1) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
General requirements.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(1) IBC design type refers to an IBC that does not differ in structural design, size, material of construction, wall thickness, manner of construction and representative service equipment.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 179—SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS

End Part Start Amendment Part

33. The authority citation for part 179 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128; 49 CFR part 1.53.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

34. In § 179.400-18, paragraph (a) is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Test of inner tank.

(a) After all items to be welded to the inner tank have been welded in place, the inner tank must be pressure tested at the test pressure prescribed in § 179.401-1. The temperature of the pressurizing medium may not exceed 38 °C (100 °F) during the test. The inner tank must hold the prescribed pressure for a period of not less than ten minutes without leakage or distortion. In a pneumatic test, due regard for the protection of all personnel should be taken because of the potential hazard involved. After a hydrostatic test the container and piping must be emptied of all water and purged of all water vapor.

* * * * *
Start Part

PART 180—CONTINUING QUALIFICATION AND MAINTENANCE OF PACKAGINGS

End Part Start Amendment Part

35. The authority citation for part 180 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 5101-5128; 49 CFR 1.53.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

36. In § 180.209, paragraphs (l) introductory text and (l)(2) are revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Requirements for requalification of specification cylinders.
* * * * *

(l) Requalification of foreign cylinders filled for export. A cylinder manufactured outside the United States, other than as provided in §§ 171.12(a) and 171.23(a) of this subchapter, that has not been manufactured, inspected, tested and marked in accordance with part 178 of this subchapter may be filled with compressed gas in the United States, and shipped solely for export if it meets the following requirements, in addition to other requirements of this subchapter:

(1) * * *

(2) It is offered for transportation in conformance with the requirements of § 171.12(a)(4) or § 171.23(a)(4) of this subchapter.

* * * * *
Start Signature

Issued in Washington, DC, on September 23, 2008, under authority delegated in 49 CFR part 1.

Carl T. Johnson,

Administrator.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. E8-22743 Filed 9-30-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4910-60-P