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Notice

Controlled Substances: Proposed Aggregate Production Quotas for 2009

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Justice.

ACTION:

Notice of proposed year 2009 aggregate production quotas.

SUMMARY:

This notice proposes initial year 2009 aggregate production quotas for controlled substances in schedules I and II of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

DATES:

Comments or objections must be received on or before December 8, 2008.

ADDRESSES:

To ensure proper handling of comments, please reference “Docket No. DEA-317P” on all written and electronic correspondence. Written comments should be sent to the DEA Headquarters, Attn: DEA Federal Register Representative/ODL, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152. Comments may be directly sent to DEA electronically by sending an electronic message to dea.diversion.policy@usdoj.gov. Comments may also be sent electronically through http://www.regulations.gov using the electronic comment form provided on that site. An electronic copy of this document is also available at the http://www.regulations.gov Web site. DEA will accept attachments to electronic comments in Microsoft Word, WordPerfect, Adobe PDF, or Excel file formats only. DEA will not accept any file format other than those specifically listed here.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Christine A. Sannerud, PhD, Chief, Drug and Chemical Evaluation Section, 8701 Morrissette Drive, Springfield, Virginia 22152, Telephone: (202) 307-7183.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Section 306 of the CSA (21 U.S.C. 826) requires that the Attorney General establish aggregate production quotas for each basic class of controlled substance listed in schedules I and II. This responsibility has been delegated to the Administrator of the DEA by 28 CFR 0.100. The Administrator, in turn, has redelegated this function to the Deputy Administrator, pursuant to 28 CFR 0.104.

The proposed year 2009 aggregate production quotas represent those quantities of controlled substances that may be produced in the United States in 2009 to provide adequate supplies of each substance for: The estimated medical, scientific, research, and industrial needs of the United States; lawful export requirements; and the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. These quotas do not include imports of controlled substances for use in industrial processes.

In determining the proposed year 2009 aggregate production quotas, the Deputy Administrator considered the following factors: Total actual 2007 and estimated 2008 and 2009 net disposals of each substance by all manufacturers; estimates of 2008 year-end inventories of each substance and of any substance manufactured from it and trends in accumulation of such inventories; product development requirements of both bulk and finished dosage form manufacturers; projected demand as indicated by procurement quota applications filed pursuant to 21 CFR 1303.12; and other pertinent information.

Pursuant to 21 CFR 1303, the Deputy Administrator of the DEA will adjust aggregate production quotas and individual manufacturing quotas allocated for the year based upon 2008 year-end inventory and actual 2008 disposition data supplied by quota recipients for each basic class of schedule I or II controlled substance.

Therefore, under the authority vested in the Attorney General by Section 306 of the CSA of 1970 (21 U.S.C. 826), and delegated to the Administrator of the DEA by 28 CFR 0.100, and redelegated to the Deputy Administrator pursuant to 28 CFR 0.104, the Deputy Administrator hereby proposes that the year 2009 aggregate production quotas for the following controlled substances, expressed in grams of anhydrous acid or base, be established as follows:

Basic class—Schedule IProposed 2009 quotas (g)
2,5-Dimethoxyamphetamine2
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylamphetamine (DOET)2
3-Methylfentanyl2
3-Methylthiofentanyl2
3,4-Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA)25
3,4-Methylenedioxy-N-ethylamphetamine (MDEA)10
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)20
3,4,5-Trimethoxyamphetamine2
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4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOB)2
4-Bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (2-CB)2
4-Methoxyamphetamine27
4-Methylaminorex2
4-Methyl-2,5-dimethoxyamphetamine (DOM)2
5-Methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine2
5-Methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine5
Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl2
Acetyldihydrocodeine2
Acetylmethadol2
Allylprodine2
Alphacetylmethadol2
Alpha-ethyltryptamine2
Alphameprodine2
Alphamethadol2
Alpha-methylfentanyl2
Alpha-methylthiofentanyl2
Aminorex2
Benzylmorphine2
Betacetylmethadol2
Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl2
Beta-hydroxyfentanyl2
Betameprodine2
Betamethadol2
Betaprodine2
Bufotenine3
Cathinone3
Codeine-N-oxide602
Diethyltryptamine2
Difenoxin50
Dihydromorphine2,549,000
Dimethyltryptamine3
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid21,940,000
Heroin20
Hydromorphinol2
Hydroxypethidine2
Ibogaine1
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)10
Marihuana4,500,000
Mescaline7
Methaqualone5
Methcathinone4
Methyldihydromorphine2
Morphine-N-oxide605
N,N-Dimethylamphetamine7
N-Ethylamphetamine2
N-Hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine2
Noracymethadol2
Norlevorphanol52
Normethadone2
Normorphine16
Para-fluorofentanyl2
Phenomorphan2
Pholcodine2
Psilocybin7
Psilocyn7
Tetrahydrocannabinols312,500
Thiofentanyl2
Trimeperidine2 g
Basic class—Schedule IIProposed 2009 quotas (g)
1-Phenylcyclohexylamine2
Alfentanil8,000
Alphaprodine2
Amobarbital3
Amphetamine (for sale)17,000,000
Amphetamine (for conversion)5,000,000
Cocaine247,000
Codeine (for sale)39,605,000
Codeine (for conversion)65,000,000
Dextropropoxyphene106,000,000
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Dihydrocodeine1,200,000
Diphenoxylate947,000
Ecgonine83,000
Ethylmorphine2
Fentanyl1,428,000
Glutethimide2
Hydrocodone (for sale)55,000,000
Hydromorphone3,300,000
Isomethadone2
Levo-alphacetylmethadol (LAAM)3
Levomethorphan5
Levorphanol10,000
Lisdexamfetamine6,200,000
Meperidine8,600,000
Metazocine1
Methadone (for sale)25,000,000
Methadone Intermediate26,000,000
Methamphetamine3,130,000
[680,000 grams of levo-desoxyephedrine for use in a non-controlled, non-prescription product; 2,405,000 grams for methamphetamine mostly for conversion to a schedule III product; and 45,000 grams for methamphetamine (for sale)]
Methylphenidate50,000,000
Morphine (for sale)35,000,000
Morphine (for conversion)100,000,000
Nabilone5,502
Noroxymorphone (for sale)10,000
Noroxymorphone (for conversion)9,000,000
Opium (powder)1,050,000
Opium (tincture)230,000
Oripavine15,000,000
Oxycodone (for sale)70,000,000
Oxycodone (for conversion)3,400,000
Oxymorphone (for sale)2,000,000
Oxymorphone (for conversion)12,000,000
Pentobarbital28,000,000
Phenazocine1
Phencyclidine20
Phenmetrazine2
Phenylacetone1
Racemethorphan2
Remifentanil500
Secobarbital67,000
Sufentanil10,300
Thebaine126,000,000

The Deputy Administrator further proposes that aggregate production quotas for all other schedules I and II controlled substances included in 21 CFR 1308.11 and 1308.12 be established at zero.

All interested persons are invited to submit their comments in writing or electronically regarding this proposal following the procedures in the ADDRESSES section of this document. A person may object to or comment on the proposal relating to any of the above-mentioned substances without filing comments or objections regarding the others. If a person believes that one or more of these issues warrant a hearing, the individual should so state and summarize the reasons for this belief.

In the event that comments or objections to this proposal raise one or more issues which the Deputy Administrator finds warrant a hearing, the Deputy Administrator shall order a public hearing by notice in the Federal Register, summarizing the issues to be heard and setting the time for the hearing.

The Office of Management and Budget has determined that notices of aggregate production quotas are not subject to centralized review under Executive Order 12866.

This action does not preempt or modify any provision of state law; nor does it impose enforcement responsibilities on any state; nor does it diminish the power of any state to enforce its own laws. Accordingly, this action does not have federalism implications warranting the application of Executive Order 13132.

The Deputy Administrator hereby certifies that this action will have no significant impact upon small entities whose interests must be considered under the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq. The establishment of aggregate production quotas for schedules I and II controlled substances is mandated by law and by international treaty obligations. The quotas are necessary to provide for the estimated medical, scientific, research and industrial needs of the United States, for export requirements and the establishment and maintenance of reserve stocks. While aggregate production quotas are of primary importance to large manufacturers, their impact upon small entities is neither negative nor beneficial. Accordingly, the Deputy Administrator has determined that this action does not require a regulatory flexibility analysis.

This action meets the applicable standards set forth in Sections 3(a) and Start Printed Page 662593(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988 Civil Justice Reform.

This action will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $120,000,000 or more in any one year, and will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.

This action is not a major rule as defined by Section 804 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996. This action will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100,000,000 or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.

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Dated: October 31, 2008.

Michele M. Leonhart,

Deputy Administrator.

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[FR Doc. E8-26609 Filed 11-6-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4410-09-P