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Proposed Rule

Airworthiness Directives; Bombardier Model CL-600-1A11 (CL-600), CL-600-2A12 (CL-601), and CL-600-2B16 (CL-601-3A, CL-601-3R, and CL-604) Airplanes

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION:

Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

SUMMARY:

We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above. This proposed AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) originated by an aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition as:

* * * [S]everal cases of wing anti-ice piccolo duct failure reported on CL-600-2B19 (CRJ) aircraft. Although there have been no failures reported on Challenger aircraft, similar ducts are installed on the above Challenger models.

* * * * *

Cracking of the wing anti-ice piccolo ducts could result in air leakage, with an adverse effect on the anti-ice air distribution pattern and a possible unannunciated insufficient heat condition. * * *

The unsafe condition is anti-ice system air leakage with a possible adverse effect on the anti-ice air distribution pattern and anti-ice capability without annunciation to the flightcrew, and consequent reduced controllability of the airplane. The proposed AD would require actions that are intended to address the unsafe condition described in the MCAI.

DATES:

We must receive comments on this proposed AD by December 17, 2008.

ADDRESSES:

You may send comments by any of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
  • Fax: (202) 493-2251.
  • Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC 20590.
  • Hand Delivery: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-40, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

Examining the AD Docket

You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Operations office between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street address for the Docket Operations office (telephone (800) 647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Dan Parrillo, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe and Propulsion Branch, ANE-171, FAA, New York Aircraft Certification Office, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, New York 11590; telephone (516) 228-7305; fax (516) 794-5531.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Comments Invited

We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or arguments about this proposed AD. Send your comments to an address listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include “Docket No. FAA-2008-1216; Directorate Identifier 2008-NM-111-AD” at the beginning of your comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend this proposed AD based on those comments.

We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we receive about this proposed AD.

Discussion

Transport Canada Civil Aviation (TCCA), which is the aviation authority for Canada, has issued Canadian Airworthiness Directive CF-2008-18, dated May 9, 2008 (referred to after this as “the MCAI”), to correct an unsafe condition for the specified products. The MCAI states:

There have been several cases of wing anti-ice piccolo duct failure reported on CL-600-2B19 (CRJ) aircraft. Although there have been no failures reported on Challenger aircraft, similar ducts are installed on the above Challenger models [CL-600-1A11, CL-600-2A12, and CL-600-2B16].

Upon investigation, it has been determined that ducts manufactured since June 2000, and installed since 1 August 2000, are susceptible to cracking due to the process used to drill the holes in the ducts. These ducts were installed on CL-600-2B16 aircraft, serial numbers 5469 through 5635 in production, but may also have been installed as replacements on CL-600-1A11, CL-600-2A12 and other CL-600-2B16 aircraft.

Cracking of the wing anti-ice piccolo ducts could result in air leakage, with an adverse effect on the anti-ice air distribution pattern and a possible unannunciated insufficient heat condition. As a result, the airplane flight manual (AFM) instructions have been revised to provide proper annunciation of an insufficient heat condition, utilizing existing messages and indications, with instructions, to the pilot, to leave icing conditions if Start Printed Page 67821sufficient heat cannot be achieved or maintained.

This directive mandates the amendment of the AFM procedures, in addition to checking the part numbers and serial numbers of the installed wing anti-ice piccolo ducts and replacing them as necessary.

The unsafe condition is anti-ice system air leakage with a possible adverse effect on the anti-ice air distribution pattern and anti-ice capability without annunciation to the flightcrew, and consequent reduced controllability of the airplane. You may obtain further information by examining the MCAI in the AD docket.

Relevant Service Information

Bombardier has issued the service information listed in the “Temporary Revisions (TRs)” and “Service Bulletins” tables. The actions described in this service information are intended to correct the unsafe condition identified in the MCAI.

Temporary Revisions (TRs)

Canadair TR—To the—Date—
600/23Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-1A11 Airplane Flight Manual (AFM)August 16, 2006.
600-1/19Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-1A11 (Winglets) AFMAugust 16, 2006.
601/14Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2A12 AFM, Product Support Publication (PSP) 601-1B-1August 16, 2006.
601/15Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2A12 AFM, PSP 601-1A-1August 16, 2006.
601/19Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2A12 AFM, PSP 601-1BAugust 16, 2006.
601/26Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2B16 AFM, PSP 601A-1August 16, 2006.
601/27Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2A12 AFMAugust 16, 2006.
601/27Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2B16 AFM, PSP 601A-1-1August 16, 2006.
604/20Canadair Challenger Model CL-604 AFM, PSP 604-1April 17, 2006.

Service Bulletins

Bombardier Service Bulletin—Revision level—Date—
600-0734OriginalNovember 30, 2006.
601-0585OriginalNovember 30, 2006.
604-30-00301January 21, 2008.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of This Proposed AD

This product has been approved by the aviation authority of another country, and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to our bilateral agreement with the State of Design Authority, we have been notified of the unsafe condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced above. We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all pertinent information and determined an unsafe condition exists and is likely to exist or develop on other products of the same type design.

Differences Between This AD and the MCAI or Service Information

We have reviewed the MCAI and related service information and, in general, agree with their substance. But we might have found it necessary to use different words from those in the MCAI to ensure the AD is clear for U.S. operators and is enforceable. In making these changes, we do not intend to differ substantively from the information provided in the MCAI and related service information.

We might also have proposed different actions in this AD from those in the MCAI in order to follow FAA policies. Any such differences are highlighted in a Note within the proposed AD.

Costs of Compliance

Based on the service information, we estimate that this proposed AD would affect about 108 products of U.S. registry. We also estimate that it would take about 37 work-hours per product to comply with the basic requirements of this proposed AD. The average labor rate is $80 per work-hour. Based on these figures, we estimate the cost of the proposed AD on U.S. operators to be $319,680, or $2,960 per product.

Authority for This Rulemaking

Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the authority of the FAA Administrator. “Subtitle VII: Aviation Programs,” describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.

We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in “Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General requirements.” Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed regulation:

1. Is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866;

2. Is not a “significant rule” under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and

3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

We prepared a regulatory evaluation of the estimated costs to comply with this proposed AD and placed it in the AD docket.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

End List of Subjects Start Printed Page 67822

The Proposed Amendment

Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

Start Part

PART 39—AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

Start Authority

Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.

End Authority
[Amended]

2. The FAA amends § 39.13 by adding the following new AD:

Bombardier, Inc. (Formerly Canadair): Docket No. FAA-2008-1216; Directorate Identifier 2008-NM-111-AD.

Comments Due Date

(a) We must receive comments by December 17, 2008.

Affected ADs

(b) None.

Applicability

(c) This AD applies to the airplanes identified in Table 1, paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(3), and (c)(4) of this AD, certificated in any category.

Table 1—Airplanes Affected by This AD

Bombardier modelSerial Nos.
(1) CL-600-1A11 (CL-600) airplanes1004 through 1085 inclusive.
(2) CL-600-2A12 (CL-601) airplanes3001 through 3066 inclusive.
(3) CL-600-2B16 (CL-601-3A, CL-601-3R, & CL-604) airplanes5001 through 5194 inclusive.
(4) CL-600-2B16 (CL-601-3A, CL-601-3R, & CL-604) airplanes5301 through 5635 inclusive.

Subject

(d) Air Transport Association (ATA) of America Code 30: Ice and Rain Protection.

Reason

(e) The mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) states:

There have been several cases of wing anti-ice piccolo duct failure reported on CL-600-2B19 (CRJ) aircraft. Although there have been no failures reported on Challenger aircraft, similar ducts are installed on the above Challenger models.

Upon investigation, it has been determined that ducts manufactured since June 2000, and installed since 1 August 2000, are susceptible to cracking due to the process used to drill the holes in the ducts. These ducts were installed on CL-600-2B16 aircraft, serial numbers 5469 through 5635 in production, but may also have been installed as replacements on CL-600-1A11, CL-600-2A12 and other CL-600-2B16 aircraft.

Cracking of the wing anti-ice piccolo ducts could result in air leakage, with an adverse effect on the anti-ice air distribution pattern and a possible unannunciated insufficient heat condition. As a result, the airplane flight manual (AFM) instructions have been revised to provide proper annunciation of an insufficient heat condition, utilizing existing messages and indications, with instructions, to the pilot, to leave icing conditions if sufficient heat cannot be achieved or maintained.

This directive mandates the amendment of the AFM procedures, in addition to checking the part numbers and serial numbers of the installed wing anti-ice piccolo ducts and replacing them as necessary.

The unsafe condition is anti-ice system air leakage with a possible adverse effect on the anti-ice air distribution pattern and anti-ice capability without annunciation to the flightcrew, and consequent reduced controllability of the airplane.

Actions and Compliance

(f) Unless already done, do the following actions.

(1) For airplanes identified in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), (c)(3), and (c)(4) of this AD: Within 30 days after the effective date of this AD, revise the Normal and Abnormal Procedures sections of the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) by inserting a copy of the applicable Temporary Revision (TR) listed in Table 2 of this AD. When the information in the applicable TR is included in the general revisions of the AFM, the general revisions may be inserted in the AFM and the TR may be removed.

Table 2—Temporary Revisions

Canadair TR—To the—Date—
(i) 600/23Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-1A11 Airplane Flight Manual (AFM)August 16, 2006.
(ii) 600-1/19Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-1A11 (Winglets) AFMAugust 16, 2006.
(iii) 601/14Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2A12 AFM, Product Support Publication (PSP) 601-1B-1August 16, 2006.
(iv) 601/15Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2A12 AFM, PSP 601-1A-1August 16, 2006.
(v) 601/19Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2A12 AFM, PSP 601-1BAugust 16, 2006.
(vi) 601/26Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2B16 AFM, PSP 601A-1August 16, 2006.
(vii) 601/27Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2A12 AFMAugust 16, 2006.
(viii) 601/27Canadair Challenger Model CL-600-2B16 AFM, PSP 601A-1-1August 16, 2006.
(ix) 604/20Canadair Challenger Model CL-604 AFM, PSP 604-1April 17, 2006.

(2) For airplanes identified in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), and (c)(3) of this AD, and for Model CL-600-2B16 (CL-601-3A, CL-601-3R, & CL-604) airplanes, serial numbers 5301 through 5468 inclusive: Prior to the accumulation of 2,000 total flight hours, or within 60 months after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs first, review the airplane maintenance records to determine if any anti-ice piccolo ducts or complete leading edge sections were replaced since August 1, 2000.

(3) For airplanes identified in paragraphs (c)(1), (c)(2), and (c)(3) of this AD, and for Model CL-600-2B16 (CL-601-3A, CL-601-3R, & CL-604) airplanes, serial numbers 5301 through 5468 inclusive: If, during the action required by paragraph (f)(2) of this AD, it is determined that any anti-ice piccolo duct has been replaced since August 1, 2000, before further flight do a visual inspection to determine if any affected serial number is installed as identified in paragraph 2.C. of the applicable service bulletin identified in Table 3 of this AD. A review of airplane maintenance records is acceptable in lieu of this inspection if the serial number of the duct can be conclusively determined from that review. If any affected serial number is installed, before further flight replace the piccolo duct with a serviceable piccolo duct that does not have a serial number identified in paragraph 2.C. of the applicable service bulletin identified in Table 3 of this AD. Do all actions in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of the applicable service bulletin listed in Table 3 of this AD.Start Printed Page 67823

Table 3—Service Bulletins

Model—Bombardier service bulletin—Revision level—Date—
(i) CL-600-1A11 (CL-600) airplanes600-0734OriginalNovember 30, 2006.
(ii) CL-600-2A12 (CL-601) airplanes601-0585OriginalNovember 30, 2006.
(iii) CL-600-2B16 (CL-601-3A, CL-601-3R) airplanes601-0585OriginalNovember 30, 2006.
(iv) CL-600-2B16 (CL-604) airplanes604-30-00301January 21, 2008.

(4) For Model CL-600-2B16 (CL-601-3A, CL-601-3R, & CL-604) airplanes, serial numbers 5469 through 5635 inclusive: Prior to the accumulation of 2,000 total flight hours, or within 60 months after the effective date of this AD, whichever occurs first, do a visual inspection of the anti-ice piccolo ducts to determine if any affected serial number identified in paragraph 2.C. of the Bombardier Service Bulletin 604-30-003, Revision 01, dated January 21, 2008 (“the service bulletin”), is installed. If any affected serial number is installed, before further flight replace the piccolo duct with a serviceable piccolo duct that does not have a serial number identified in paragraph 2.C. of the service bulletin. Do all actions in accordance with the Accomplishment Instructions of the service bulletin.

(5) As of the effective date of this AD, no person may install on any airplane an anti-ice piccolo duct with a serial number identified in paragraph 2.C. of the applicable service bulletin identified in Table 3 of this AD.

(6) Actions done before the effective date of this AD in accordance with Bombardier Service Bulletin 604-30-003, dated November 30, 2006, are acceptable for compliance with the corresponding actions in this AD.

FAA AD Differences

Note 1:

This AD differs from the MCAI and/or service information as follows: No differences.

Other FAA AD Provisions

(g) The following provisions also apply to this AD:

(1) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs): The Manager, New York Aircraft Certification Office, FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. Send information to ATTN: Dan Parrillo, Aerospace Engineer, Airframe and Propulsion Branch, ANE-171, FAA, New York Aircraft Certification Office, 1600 Stewart Avenue, Suite 410, Westbury, New York 11590; telephone (516) 228-7305; fax (516) 794-5531. Before using any approved AMOC on any airplane to which the AMOC applies, notify your appropriate principal inspector (PI) in the FAA Flight Standards District Office (FSDO), or lacking a PI, your local FSDO.

(2) Airworthy Product: For any requirement in this AD to obtain corrective actions from a manufacturer or other source, use these actions if they are FAA-approved. Corrective actions are considered FAA-approved if they are approved by the State of Design Authority (or their delegated agent). You are required to assure the product is airworthy before it is returned to service.

(3) Reporting Requirements: For any reporting requirement in this AD, under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has approved the information collection requirements and has assigned OMB Control Number 2120-0056.

Related Information

(h) Refer to MCAI Canadian Airworthiness Directive CF-2008-18, dated May 9, 2008, and the service information identified in Table 2 and Table 3 of this AD, for related information.

Start Signature

Issued in Renton, Washington, on November 6, 2008.

Stephen P. Boyd,

Assistant Manager, Transport Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service.

End Signature End Part End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. E8-27162 Filed 11-14-08; 8:45 am]

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