United States Marshals Service, Department of Justice.
This rule revises the United States Marshals Service fees to reflect current costs to the United States Marshals Service for personal service and execution of process in federal court proceedings. A proposed rule with request for comment was published in the Federal Register on June 16, 2008, at 73 FR 33955. No comments were received within the 60-day comment period. Accordingly, the proposed rule is finalized without change.
Effective December 19, 2008.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Joe Lazar, Associate General Counsel, United States Marshals Service, Washington, DC 20530-1000, telephone number (202) 307-9054.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Legal Authority for the U.S. Marshals Service to Charge Fees
The Attorney General must establish fees to be taxed and collected for certain services rendered by the U.S. Marshals Service in connection with federal court proceedings. 28 U.S.C. 1921(b). These services include, but are not limited to, serving writs, subpoenas, or summonses, preparing notices or bills of sale, keeping attached property, and certain necessary travel. 28 U.S.C. 1921(a). To the extent practicable, these fees shall reflect the actual and reasonable costs of the services provided. 28 U.S.C. 1921(b).
The Attorney General initially established the fee schedule in 1991 based on the actual costs, e.g., salaries, overhead, etc., of the services rendered and the hours expended at that time. 56 FR 2436 (Jan. 23, 1991). Due to an increase in the salaries and benefits of U.S. Marshals Service personnel over time, the initial fee schedule was amended in 2000. 65 FR 47859 (Aug. 4, 2000). The current fee schedule is inadequate and no longer reflects the actual and reasonable costs of personal service and execution of process.
Federal Cost Accounting and Fee Setting Standards and Guidelines Being Used
When developing fees for services, the U.S. Marshals Service adheres to the principles contained in Office of Management and Budget Circular No. A-25 Revised (“Circular No. A-25”). Circular No. A-25 states that, as a general policy, a “user charge * * * will be assessed against each identifiable recipient for special benefits derived from Federal activities beyond those received by the general public.” Id. § 6.
The U.S. Marshals Service follows the guidance contained in Circular No. A-25 to the extent that it is not inconsistent with any federal statute. Specific legislative authority to charge fees for services takes precedence over Circular No. A-25 when the statute “prohibits the assessment of a user charge on a service or addresses an aspect of the user charge (e.g., who pays the charge; how much is the charge; where collections are deposited).” Id. § 4(b). When a statute does not address issues of how to calculate fees or what costs to include in fee calculations, Circular No. A-25 instructs that its principles and guidance should be followed “to the extent permitted by law.” Id. According to Circular No. A-25, federal agencies should charge the full cost or the market price of providing services that provide a special benefit to identifiable recipients. Id. § 6. Circular No. A-25 defines full cost as including “all direct and indirect costs to any part of the Federal Government of providing a good, resource, or service. These costs include, but are not limited to, an appropriate share of”:
- Direct and indirect personnel costs, including salaries and fringe benefits such as medical insurance and retirement;
- Physical overhead, consulting, and other indirect costs including material and supply costs, utilities, insurance, travel, and rents or imputed rents on land, buildings, and equipment;
- The management and supervisory costs; and
- The costs of enforcement, collection, research, establishment of standards, and regulation. Id. § 6(d). Start Printed Page 69553
Processes Used To Determine the Amount of the Fee Revision
The Attorney General initially established the fee schedule in 1991 based on the average salaries, benefits, and overhead of the Deputy U.S. Marshals who served or executed process on behalf of a requesting party. The fee schedule was revised in 2000. The 2000 rates, which still currently are charged are:
(1) For process forwarded for service from one U.S Marshals Service office or suboffice to another—$8 per item forwarded;
(2) For process served by mail—$8 per item mailed;
(3) For process served or executed personally—$45 per hour (or portion thereof) for each item served by one U.S. Marshals Service employee, agent, or contractor, plus travel costs and any other out-of-pocket expenses. For each additional U.S. Marshals Service employee, agent, or contractor who is needed to serve process—$45 per person per hour for each item served, plus travel costs and any other out-of-pocket expenses.
(4) For copies at the request of any party—$.10 per page;
(5) For preparing notice of sale, bill of sale, or U.S. Marshal deed—$20 per item;
(6) For keeping and advertisement of property attached—actual expenses incurred in seizing, maintaining, and disposing of the property.
In 2007, the U.S. Marshals Service conducted an analysis to determine whether, in light of the increase in salaries and expenses of its workforce over the previous seven-year time period, the existing fee schedule continued to reflect the costs of serving process. The following cost module was designed to reflect the average hourly cost of serving process in person on behalf of a requesting party.
|Total Personnel Costs||57.46|
The hourly wage was determined by dividing the annual salary, including locality pay, of the average Deputy U.S. Marshal in 2007 who served process into the total work hours for the year. The cost of Law Enforcement Availability Pay also was factored into the hourly wage of an average Deputy U.S. Marshal. The fringe benefits rate reflected 43 percent of wage costs. Finally, the indirect costs, which reflected the costs of administrative services, including management/supervisory compensation and benefits, depreciation, utilities, supplies, and equipment, comprised approximately 22 percent of the total wage and benefits costs. As a result of the cost module, the U.S. Marshals Service determined that the existing fee schedule no longer reflected the actual and reasonable costs of personally serving process.
The total personnel costs of serving process were rounded to the nearest five-dollar increment. Thus, in order to recover the actual and reasonable costs of serving process, the U.S. Marshals Service will be charging $55 per hour (or portion thereof) for each item served by one Deputy U.S. Marshal. This represents a 20 percent increase ($10 per hour) from the existing fee for serving process revised in 2000.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Attorney General, in accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605(b)), has reviewed this rule and, by approving it, certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. Under the current fee structure, the U.S. Marshals Service collected $1,610,552.72 in service-of-process fees in FY2007. The implementation of this rule will provide the U.S. Marshals Service with an estimated additional $325,000 in revenue over the revenue that would be collected under the current fee structure. This revenue increase represents a recovery of costs based on an increase in salaries, expenses, and employee benefits over the previous seven-year period.
The economic impact on individual entities that utilize the services of the U.S. Marshals Service will be minimal. The service of process fees only will affect entities that pursue litigation in Federal court and, in most instances, seek to have the U.S. Marshals levy upon or seize property. The service of process fees will be increased by only $10 per hour from the previous rate increase seven years ago. The fees will be consonant with similar fees already paid by these entities in state court litigation.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 251 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996. 5 U.S.C. 804. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.
Executive Order 12866
This rule has been drafted and reviewed in accordance with Executive Order 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review), section 1(b) (Principles of Regulation). The Department of Justice has determined that this rule is not a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866, section 3(f), and, accordingly, this rule has not been reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget.
This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive Order 13132, the Department of Justice has determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.
This rule meets the applicable standards set forth in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988 concerning civil justice reform. Start Printed Page 69554
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995
This rule does not contain collection of information requirements and would not be subject to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980, as amended (44 U.S.C. 3501-20).Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 28 CFR Part 0
- Authority delegations (Government agencies)
- Government employees
- Organization and functions (Government agencies)
Accordingly, Title 28, Part 0 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:End Amendment Part Start Part
PART 0—[AMENDED]End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for Part 0 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part
2. In § 0.114, paragraph (a)(3) is amended by removing the fee “$45” and adding the fee “$55” in its place wherever it occurs.End Amendment Part Start Signature
Dated: November 12, 2008.
Michael B. Mukasey,
1. The Law Enforcement Availability Pay Act of 1994, Public Law No. 103-329, § 633, 108 Stat. 2425 (1994) (codified at 5 U.S.C. 5545a), provides that law enforcement officers, such as Deputy U.S. Marshals, who are required to work unscheduled hours in excess of each regular work day, are entitled to a 25% premium pay in addition to their base salary.Back to Citation
2. This amount does not include $534,518 in U.S. Marshal commissions collected and the recovery of out-of-pocket expenses for sales during FY2007. This rule does not affect commissions, only the fees charged for service of process.Back to Citation
[FR Doc. E8-27465 Filed 11-18-08; 8:45 am]
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