Federal Election Commission.
Final rule and transmittal of rule to Congress.
Congress amended the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, as amended (“FECA”), to extend the expiration date for the Administrative Fines Program (“AFP”) from December 31, 2008 to December 31, 2013. Under the AFP, the Commission may assess civil monetary penalties for violations of the reporting requirements of section 434(a) of the FECA. Accordingly, the Commission is extending the applicability of the AFP rules and the AFP penalty schedules. Further information is provided in the Supplementary Information that follows.
Effective Date: December 31, 2008.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Mr. Robert M. Knop, Assistant General Counsel, or Mr. Albert J. Kiss, Attorney, 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC 20463, (202) 694-1650 or (800) 424-9530.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Explanation and Justification for 11 CFR 111.30
Section 640 of the Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act, 2000, Public Law No. 106-58, 113 Stat. 430, 476-77 (1999) (“2000 Appropriations Act”), amended 2 U.S.C. 437g(a)(4) to provide for a modified enforcement process for violations of certain reporting requirements. Under 2 U.S.C. 437g(a)(4)(C), the Commission may assess a civil monetary penalty for violations of the reporting requirements of 2 U.S.C. 434(a). These amendments to 2 U.S.C. 437g(a)(4) originally applied only to violations occurring between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2001. See 2000 Appropriations Act, section 640(c). Congress, however, extended authorization for the AFP several times. See, e.g., section 721 of the Transportation, Treasury, Housing and Urban Development, Judiciary, District of Columbia, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 2006, Public Law No. 109-115, 119 Stat. 2396, 2493 (2005) (extending the AFP to December 31, 2008).
Commission regulations governing the AFP can be found at 11 CFR part 111, subpart B. The Commission incorporated the legislative sunset date into its rule describing the applicability of the AFP in 11 CFR 111.30, and has consistently revised section 111.30 to extend the AFP sunset date in accordance with subsequent legislation. See, e.g., Final Rule on Extension of Administrative Fines Program, 70 FR 75717 (Dec. 21, 2005) (changing sunset date in 11 CFR 111.30 to December 31, 2008).
Congress amended the FECA by extending the Commission's authority to assess civil monetary penalties under the Administrative Fines Program to violations of the Act's reporting requirements for reporting periods that began on or after January 1, 2000, and that end on or before December 31, 2013. See Public Law No. 110-433, 122 Stat. 4971 (2008), sec. 1(a). It also struck section 640(c) of the 2000 Appropriations Act. See Public Law No. 110-433, sec. 1(b). These amendments are effective as if included in the 2000 Appropriations Act at its enactment (i.e., on September 29, 1999). See Public Law No. 110-433, sec. 1(c).
This final rule implements Congress's extension of the AFP by revising section 111.30 to reflect the extension of the Commission's authority to impose civil monetary penalties for violations that relate to reporting periods that end on or before December 31, 2013. It also deletes the second sentence of section 111.30, which formerly provided that the AFP did not apply to reports that were due between January 1, 2004 and February 10, 2004 and that related to reporting periods that began and ended between January 1, 2004 and February 10, 2004. The Commission is not making any other revisions to the AFP rules at this time.
The Commission is promulgating this final rule without notice or an opportunity for comment because it falls under the “good cause” exemption in the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B). This exemption allows agencies to dispense with notice and comment when “impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest.” Id. A notice and comment period for this final rule is impracticable because it would result in a gap in the applicability of the AFP rules between when the current regulation expires on December 31, 2008 and the date when a new final rule could be effective after additional notice and comment. See Administrative Procedure Act: Legislative History, S. Doc. No. 248, at 200 (1946) (“ `Impracticable' means a situation in which the due and required execution of the agency functions would be unavoidably prevented by its undertaking public rule-making proceedings”). In addition, this final rule merely extends the applicability of the AFP and does not change the substantive regulations themselves. Those regulations were already subject to notice and comment three times: first, when they were proposed in March 2000, 65 FR 16534, and adopted in May 2000, 65 FR 31787; second, when substantive revisions to the AFP were proposed in April 2002, 67 FR 20461, and adopted in March 2003, 68 FR 12572; and third, when substantive revisions to the AFP were proposed in December 2006, 71 FR 71093, and adopted in March 2007, 72 FR 14662. Thus, this final rule satisfies the “good cause” exemption, and it is appropriate and necessary for the Commission to publish this final rule without providing a notice and comment period.
Under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 553(d), and the Congressional Review of Agency Rulemaking Act, 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(1), agencies must submit final rules to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate and publish them in the Federal Register at least 30 calendar days before they take effect. The final rules that follow were transmitted to Congress on November 24, 2008. Because this is a non-major rule, it is not subject to the delayed effective date provisions of 5 U.S.C. 801(a)(3). Start Printed Page 72688
Certification of No Effect Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 605(b) (Regulatory Flexibility Act)
The provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act are not applicable to this final rule because the Commission was not required to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking or to seek public comment under 5 U.S.C. 553 or any other laws. 5 U.S.C. 603(a) and 604(a). Therefore, no regulatory flexibility analysis is required.Start List of Subjects
List of Subjects in 11 CFR Part 111End List of Subjects Start Amendment Part
For the reasons set out in the preamble, subchapter A, Chapter I of Title 11 of theEnd Amendment Part Start Part
PART 111—COMPLIANCE PROCEDURES (2 U.S.C. 437g, 437d(a))End Part Start Amendment Part
1. The authority citation for part 111 continues to read as follows:End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part
2. Section 111.30 is revised to read as follows:End Amendment Part
Subpart B applies to violations of the reporting requirements of 2 U.S.C. 434(a) committed by political committees and their treasurers that relate to the reporting periods that begin on or after July 14, 2000 and end on or before December 31, 2013.
Dated: November 24, 2008.
On behalf of the Commission,
Donald F. McGahn II,
Chairman, Federal Election Commission.
[FR Doc. E8-28398 Filed 11-28-08; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6715-01-P