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Walnuts Grown in California; Section 610 Review

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA.


Confirmation of regulations.


This action summarizes the results under the criteria contained in section 610 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA), of an Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) review of Marketing Order No. 984, regulating the handling of walnuts grown in California (order). AMS has determined that the order should be continued.


Interested persons may obtain a copy of the review. Requests for copies should be sent to the Docket Clerk, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 1400 Independence Avenue, SW., STOP 0237, Washington, Start Printed Page 78152DC 20250-0237; Fax: (202) 720-8938; or E-mail: A copy of the review may also be obtained via the Internet at:

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Kurt J. Kimmel or Martin Engeler, Marketing Order Administration Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Programs, AMS, USDA, 2202 Monterey Street, #102-B, Fresno, CA 93721; Telephone: (559) 487-5901; Fax: (559) 487-5906; or E-mail: or

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Marketing Order No. 984, as amended (7 CFR part 984), regulates the handling of walnuts grown in California, hereinafter referred to as the “order.” The order is effective under the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937, as amended (7 U.S.C. 601-674), hereinafter referred to as the “Act.”

The order establishes the California Walnut Board (Board) as the administrative body charged with overseeing program operations. Staff is hired to conduct the daily administration of the program. The Board consists of 10 members. Five of the members are growers of walnuts, four are handlers, and one member is a non-industry member. Each member has an alternate. Board members and alternates are nominated by the industry and selected by the Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Currently, there are approximately 4,000 producers and approximately 58 handlers of California walnuts. The majority of growers and handlers may be classified as small entities. The regulations implemented under the order are applied uniformly and are designed to benefit all entities, regardless of size.

AMS published in the Federal Register on February 18, 1999 (64 FR 8014), a plan to review certain regulations, including Marketing Order No. 984, under criteria contained in section 610 of the RFA (5 U.S.C. 601-612). Updated plans were published in the Federal Register on January 4, 2002 (67 FR 525), August 14, 2003 (68 FR 48574), and again on March 24, 2006 (71 FR 14827). Accordingly, AMS published a notice of review and request for written comments on the California walnut marketing order in the March 18, 2008, issue of the Federal Register (73 FR 14400). The deadline for comments ended May 19, 2008. No comments were received in response to the notice.

The review was undertaken to determine whether the California walnut marketing order should be continued without being changed, amended, or rescinded to minimize the impacts on small entities. In conducting this review, AMS considered the following factors: (1) The continued need for the order; (2) the nature of complaints or comments received from the public concerning the order; (3) the complexity of the order; (4) the extent to which the order overlaps, duplicates, or conflicts with other Federal rules, and, to the extent feasible, with State and local governmental rules; and (5) the length of time since the order has been evaluated or the degree to which technology, economic conditions, or other factors have changed in the area affected by the order.

The order authorizes quality regulations including minimum grades and sizes for shelled and inshell walnuts, with mandatory inspection to ensure these requirements are met. The order also authorizes production research and marketing research, and marketing promotion (including paid advertising) activities, as well as collection and dissemination of information. Finally, the order authorizes the use of volume control to manage excess supplies in years of oversupply, but this feature has not been used since the 1980s. The grade and size regulations and inspection requirements are also applied to imported walnuts under section 608e of the Act.

The grade and size requirements have helped ensure that good quality product reaches the consumer, thus contributing to consumer confidence. The marketing promotion activities have helped to build consumer awareness of the product and to increase and maintain demand over the years. Production research projects have enabled the industry to address production-related issues, resulting in improved techniques and more efficient operations. The compilation and dissemination of aggregate industry statistical information is a valuable tool used by producers and handlers to assist them in their harvesting, marketing, and sales decisions. In the past, the volume control provisions of the order have helped the industry manage excess supplies, but their use has not been necessary in recent years as supply is more in line with demand. Funds to administer the order are obtained from handler assessments.

Regarding complaints or comments received from the public concerning the order, AMS received no comments in response to the Notice of Review.

Marketing order issues and programs are discussed at public meetings, and all interested persons are allowed to express their views. All comments are considered in the decision making process by the Committee and the AMS before any program changes are implemented.

In considering the order's complexity, AMS has determined that the order is not unduly complex.

During the review, the order was also checked for duplication and overlap with other regulations. AMS did not identify any relevant Federal rules, or State and local regulations that duplicate, overlap, or conflict with the marketing order for California walnuts. There is, however, a state program that provides related services to the California walnut industry. The California Walnut Commission (Commission) works cooperatively with the Federal order to ensure there is no duplication of effort. The Commission is primarily responsible for international promotion activities. This complements the activities of the Federal order pertaining to domestic promotion activities. The programs share staff and office space, and several of the Federal marketing order Board members are also members of the state Commission. This arrangement helps assure that the programs complement each other rather than conflict, duplicate, or overlap. Both programs operate in concert with each other to benefit the California walnut industry.

The order was established in 1948 and was last amended in April, 2008. During the 60 years the order has been in effect, AMS and the California walnut industry have continuously monitored marketing operations. Changes in regulations have been implemented to reflect current industry operating practices, and to solve marketing problems as they occur. The goal of periodic evaluations is to ensure that the order and the regulations implemented under it fit the needs of the industry and are consistent with the Act.

The Board meets several times a year to discuss the order and the various regulations issued thereunder, and to determine if, or what, changes may be necessary to reflect current industry practices. As a result, regulatory changes have been made numerous times over the years to address industry operation changes and to improve program administration. In addition, the order has been amended seven times since its inception. Different authorities have been added to the order, and numerous changes to existing authorities under the order have been made to reflect the evolving needs of the industry.

Based on the potential benefits of the order to producers, handlers, and Start Printed Page 78153consumers, AMS has determined that the California walnut marketing order should be continued. The order was established to help the California walnut industry work with USDA to solve marketing problems. The order's regulations on grade and size, as well as research and promotion, and collection and dissemination of information continue to be beneficial to producers, handlers, and consumers.

AMS will continue to work with the California walnut industry in maintaining an effective marketing order program.

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Dated: December 16, 2008.

James E. Link,

Administrator, Agricultural Marketing Service.

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[FR Doc. E8-30309 Filed 12-19-08; 8:45 am]