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Global Terrorism Sanctions Regulations; Terrorism Sanctions Regulations; Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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AGENCY:

Office of Foreign Assets Control, Treasury.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Office of Foreign Assets Control of the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“OFAC”) is amending the Global Terrorism Sanctions Regulations and the Terrorism Sanctions Regulations to expand the scope of authorizations in each of those programs for the provision of certain legal services. Similarly, OFAC is amending the Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations to expand the scope of a statement of licensing policy concerning payment for certain legal services.

DATES:

Effective Date: December 23, 2008.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Assistant Director for Licensing, tel.: 202-622-2480, Assistant Director for Policy, tel.: 202-622-4855, Office of Foreign Assets Control, or Chief Counsel (Foreign Assets Control), tel.: 202-622-2410, Office of the General Counsel, Department of the Treasury, Washington, DC 20220 (not toll free numbers).

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Electronic and Facsimile Availability

This document and additional information concerning the Office of Foreign Assets Control (“OFAC”) are available from OFAC's Web site (http://www.treas.gov/​ofac) or via facsimile through a 24-hour fax-on demand service, tel.: 202-622-0077.

Background

OFAC administers three sanctions programs with respect to terrorists and terrorist organizations. The Terrorism Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 595 (“TSR”), implement Executive Order 12947 of January 23, 1995, in which the President declared a national emergency with respect to “grave acts of violence committed by foreign terrorists that disrupt the Middle East peace process * * *. ” The Global Terrorism Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 594 (“GTSR”), implement Executive Order 13224 of September 23, 2001, in which the President declared an emergency Start Printed Page 78632more generally with respect to “grave acts of terrorism and threats of terrorism committed by foreign terrorists * * *.” The Foreign Terrorist Organizations Sanctions Regulations, 31 CFR part 597 (“FTOSR”), implement provisions of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996.

OFAC is revising sections in the GTSR and the TSR that authorize the provision of specified legal services. Section 594.506 of the GTSR and § 595.506 of the TSR authorize U.S. persons to provide certain specified legal services to or on behalf of persons whose assets are blocked under those regulations, provided that any payment of professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses must be specifically licensed. OFAC is expanding the scope of these general licenses by adding to the specified legal services the representation of persons detained within the jurisdiction of the United States or by the U.S. government with respect to either such detention or any charges made against such persons. The general licenses also authorize the initiation and conduct of proceedings. OFAC has long had in place general licenses that authorize the provision of specified legal services on behalf of blocked persons and payment for those services when specifically licensed. OFAC is expanding these categories to cover this additional factual situation in the GTSR and the TSR, as well as related changes in the FTOSR discussed below. OFAC also is making non-substantive revisions to § 595.506 of the TSR in order to conform it to parallel § 594.506 of the GTSR. As a result, OFAC is reissuing § 595.506 in its entirety.

In addition, OFAC is amending § 597.505 of the FTOSR, which states that specific licenses may be issued, on a case-by-case basis, authorizing payment of professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses through a U.S. financial institution for certain specified legal services by U.S. persons. OFAC is amending this statement of licensing policy to add to the list of services for which payment may be specifically licensed the representation of agents of foreign terrorist organizations detained within the jurisdiction of the United States or by the U.S. government, including, but not limited to, the conduct of military commission prosecutions and the initiation and conduct of federal court proceedings.

These amendments are not intended to, and do not, imply or create any substantive right or cause of action against the United States, its officers or employees, or any other person.

Public Participation

Because the amendments of 31 CFR parts 594, 595, and 597 involve a foreign affairs function, Executive Order 12866 and the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553) requiring notice of proposed rulemaking, opportunity for public participation, and delay in effective date, are inapplicable. Because no notice of proposed rulemaking is required for this rule, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-612) does not apply.

Paperwork Reduction Act

The collections of information related to 31 CFR parts 594, 595, and 597 are contained in 31 CFR part 501 (the “Reporting, Procedures and Penalties Regulations”). Pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507), those collections of information have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 1505-0164. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless the collection of information displays a valid control number.

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List of Subjects

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For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the Office of Foreign Assets Control amends

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PART 594—GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

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1. The authority citation for part 594 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 3 U.S.C. 301; 22 U.S.C. 287c; 31 U.S.C. 321(b); 50 U.S.C. 1601-1651, 1701-1706; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); Pub. L. 110-96, 121 Stat. 1011; E.O. 13224, 66 FR 49079, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 786; E.O. 13268, 67 FR 44751, 3 CFR, 2002 Comp., p. 240; E.O. 13284, 64 FR 4075, 3 CFR, 2003 Comp., p. 161.

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Subpart E—Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy

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2. Amend § 594.506 by revising paragraph (a)(4), redesignating existing paragraph (a)(5) as (a)(6), and adding a new paragraph (a)(5) to read as follows:

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Provision of certain legal services authorized.

(a) * * *

(4) Representation of persons before any federal or state agency with respect to the imposition, administration, or enforcement of U.S. sanctions against such persons;

(5) Representation of persons, wherever located, detained within the jurisdiction of the United States or by the United States government, with respect to either such detention or any charges made against such persons, including, but not limited to, the conduct of military commission prosecutions and the initiation and conduct of federal court proceedings; and

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PART 595—TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

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3. The authority citation for part 595 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 3 U.S.C. 301; 31 U.S.C. 321(b); 50 U.S.C. 1601-1651, 1701-1706; Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); Pub. L. 110-96, 121 Stat. 1011; E.O. 12947, 60 FR 5079, 3 CFR, 1995 Comp., p. 319; E.O. 13099, 63 FR 45167, 3 CFR, 1998 Comp., p. 208.

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Subpart E—Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy

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4. Revise § 595.506 to read as follows:

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Provision of certain legal services authorized.

(a) The provision of the following legal services to or on behalf of persons whose property or interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 595.201(a) is authorized, provided that all receipts of payment of professional fees and reimbursement of incurred expenses must be specifically licensed:

(1) Provision of legal advice and counseling on the requirements of and compliance with the laws of any jurisdiction within the United States, provided that such advice and counseling are not provided to facilitate transactions in violation of this part;

(2) Representation of persons when named as defendants in or otherwise made parties to domestic U.S. legal, Start Printed Page 78633arbitration, or administrative proceedings;

(3) Initiation and conduct of domestic U.S. legal, arbitration, or administrative proceedings in defense of property interests subject to U.S. jurisdiction;

(4) Representation of persons before any federal or state agency with respect to the imposition, administration, or enforcement of U.S. sanctions against such persons;

(5) Representation of persons, wherever located, detained within the jurisdiction of the United States or by the United States government, with respect to either such detention or any charges made against such persons, including, but not limited to, the conduct of military commission prosecutions and the initiation and conduct of federal court proceedings; and

(6) Provision of legal services in any other context in which prevailing U.S. law requires access to legal counsel at public expense.

(b) The provision of any other legal services to persons whose property or interests in property are blocked pursuant to § 595.201(a), not otherwise authorized in this part, requires the issuance of a specific license.

(c) Entry into a settlement agreement affecting property or interests in property or the enforcement of any lien, judgment, arbitral award, decree, or other order through execution, garnishment, or other judicial process purporting to transfer or otherwise alter or affect property or interests in property blocked pursuant to § 595.201(a) is prohibited except to the extent otherwise provided by law or unless specifically licensed in accordance with § 595.202(e).

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PART 597—FOREIGN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

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5. The authority citation for part 597 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 31 U.S.C. 321(b); Pub. L. 101-410, 104 Stat. 890 (28 U.S.C. 2461 note); Pub. L. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214, 1248-53 (8 U.S.C. 1189, 18 U.S.C. 2339B).

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Subpart E—Licenses, Authorizations, and Statements of Licensing Policy

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6. Amend § 597.505 by redesignating existing paragraphs (e) and (f) as (f) and (g), respectively, and adding a new paragraph (e) to read as follows:

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Payment for certain legal services.
* * * * *

(e) Representation of an agent of a foreign terrorist organization, wherever located, detained within the jurisdiction of the United States or by the United States government, with respect to either such detention or any charges made against such agent, including, but not limited to, the conduct of military commission prosecutions and the initiation and conduct of federal court proceedings;

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Dated: December 17, 2008.

Adam J. Szubin,

Director, Office of Foreign Assets Control.

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[FR Doc. E8-30532 Filed 12-22-08; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4811-45-P