In compliance with the requirement of Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on proposed data collection projects, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. To request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans and instruments, call 404-639-5960 and send comments to Maryam I. Daneshvar, CDC Acting Reports Clearance Officer, 1600 Clifton Road, MS-D74, Atlanta, GA 30333 or send an e-mail to email@example.com.
Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information shall have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Written comments should be received within 60 days of this notice.
The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Surveillance System (NISVSS), New, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Background and Brief Description
The health burden of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), Sexual Violence (SV) and stalking are substantial. Approximately 1.5 million women and 834,700 men are raped and/or physically assaulted by an intimate partner each year. Women are more likely than men to be victimized by almost every type of IPV, including rape, physical assault, and stalking by a current or former intimate partner. The health care costs of IPV exceed $5.8 billion each year, nearly $3.9 billion of which is for direct medical and mental health care services.
SV also has a profound and long-term impact on the physical and mental health of the victim. Existing estimates of lifetime experiences of rape range Start Printed Page 7696from 15% to 36% for females. Sexual violence against men, although less prevalent, is also a public health problem; approximately 1 in 6 women and 1 in 33 men have experienced an attempted or completed rape in their lifetime. Over 302,000 women and 92,000 men were raped in the past 12 months. Thirty percent of rape victims experience major depressions at some time in their lives; 33% of victimized women and 24.2% of victimized men are counseled by a health professional; 31% develop post traumatic stress disorder; 33% contemplate suicide; and 13% attempt suicide.
Each year, approximately 1 million women and 371,000 men in the United States are stalked. There is a strong link between stalking and other forms of violence in intimate relationships; 81% of women who were stalked by a current or former intimate partner were also physically assaulted by that partner and 31% were sexually assaulted by that partner. Furthermore, 76% of female victims of intimate partner homicides were stalked by their partners before they were killed.
Currently, the United States lacks a national data source that systematically and routinely collects valid and reliable information on the magnitude and trends in IPV, SV and stalking. Such a system is needed to (1) Help formulate public policies and prevention strategies related to IPV, SV and stalking; (2) guide and evaluate progress in reducing the huge health and social burden associated with IPV, SV and stalking; and (3) improve the effectiveness of federal agencies responding to IPV, SV and stalking.
In order to address this important public health problem, CDC plans to develop a national surveillance system that will generate national and state level estimates of IPV, SV and stalking. A total of 20,948 eligible households will be screened; out of the households screened 10,948 are estimated to consent or agree to participate and 10,000 are estimated to complete the survey each year. The survey will be conducted among English and/or Spanish speaking male and female adults (18 years and older) living in the United States. In addition, special populations are also being targeted such as an oversample of American Indian/Alaska Native populations, female active duty military service members (first year of data collection only), and female spouses of married male active duty military service members (first year of data collection only).
Each year, NISVSS will provide precise and stable annual prevalence estimates for IPV, SV, and stalking victimization at the national level. As data collection continues in subsequent years, sample sizes will increase and stable state-level lifetime prevalence data will also be available for both women and men in all states. All information will be collected in a 20-25 minute anonymous interview conducted over the telephone, using computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) software. The use of CATI will reduce respondent burden, reduce coding errors, and increase efficiency and data quality. Questions will be asked about all forms of IPV victimization (including physical aggression, psychological aggression, and sexual violence); all forms of SV victimization by any perpetrator (including unwanted sexual situations, abusive sexual contact, and forced/nonconsensual sex [completed and attempted]); and stalking victimization by any perpetrator. NISVSS will gather information regarding experiences that occurred across the lifespan and within the 12 and 36 months preceding the survey.
Such data will help inform public policies and prevention strategies at both the national and state levels and will help guide and evaluate progress toward reducing the substantial health and social burden associated with IPV, SV, and stalking.
There are no costs to respondents other than their time.
|Type of respondent||Form name||Number of responses||Number of responses per respondent||Average burden per response (in hours)||Total burden (in hours)|
Dated: February 6, 2009.
Maryam I. Daneshvar,
Acting Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. E9-3495 Filed 2-18-09; 8:45 am]
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