Consumer Product Safety Commission.
It is the policy of the Commission to publish settlements which it provisionally accepts under the Consumer Product Safety Act in the Federal Register in accordance with the terms of 16 CFR 1118.20(e). Published below is a provisionally-accepted Settlement Agreement with Marshalls of MA, Inc., containing a civil penalty of $235,000.00.
Any interested person may ask the Commission not to accept this agreement or otherwise comment on its contents by filing a written request with the Office of the Secretary by May 1, 2009.
Persons wishing to comment on this Settlement Agreement should send written comments to the Comment 09-C0004, Office of the Secretary, Consumer Product Safety Commission, 4330 East West Highway, Room 502, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-4408.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Seth B. Popkin, Lead Trial Attorney, Division of Compliance, Office of the General Counsel, Consumer Product Safety Commission, 4330 East West Highway, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-4408; telephone (301) 504-7612.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The text of the Agreement and Order appears below.Start Signature
Dated: April 9, 2009.
Todd A. Stevenson,
1. In accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20, Marshalls of MA, Inc. (“Marshalls”) and the staff (“Staff”) of the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission Start Printed Page 17649(“Commission”) enter into this Settlement Agreement (“Agreement”). The Agreement and the incorporated attached Order (“Order”) settle the Staff's allegations set forth below.
2. The Commission is an independent Federal regulatory agency established pursuant to, and responsible for the enforcement of, the Consumer Product Safety Act, 15 U.S.C. 2051-2089 (“CPSA”).
3. Marshalls is a corporation organized and existing under the laws of Massachusetts, with its principal offices located in Framingham, Massachusetts. At all times relevant hereto, Marshalls sold apparel.
4. From July 2007 to January 2008, Marshalls held for sale and/or sold various quantities of the following children's upper outerwear products with drawstrings at the hood or neck: Apollo Active Wear girls' hooded jackets; Scope Imports boys' hooded sweatshirts; Liberty Apparel Jewel girls' hooded sweatshirts; Rebelette girls' hooded sweatshirts; Kids with Character bongo jackets; GWB II French Fries/Heartbreakers Club hooded henleys; Siegfried & Parzival Karl Kani sweatshirts; and U.S. Design Group Request Jeans sweatshirts. From July to August, 2008, Marshalls held for sale and/or sold the following children's upper outerwear products with drawstrings at the hood or neck: nZania/Element hoodies; and Seven Apparel Group hooded sweatshirts. The products identified in this paragraph are collectively referred to herein as “Sweatshirts.” These Sweatshirts identifications correspond to and are coextensive with information Marshalls reported to the Staff about the Sweatshirts.
5. Marshalls sold Sweatshirts to consumers.
6. The Sweatshirts are “consumer product[s],” and, at all times relevant hereto, Marshalls was a “retailer” of those consumer products, which were “distributed in commerce,” as those terms are defined in CPSA sections 3(a)(5), (8), and (13), 15 U.S.C. 2052(a)(5), (8), and (13).
7. In February 1996, the Staff issued the Guidelines for Drawstrings on Children's Upper Outerwear (“Guidelines”) to help prevent children from strangling or entangling on neck and waist drawstrings. The Guidelines state that drawstrings can cause, and have caused, injuries and deaths when they catch on items such as playground equipment, bus doors, or cribs. In the Guidelines, the Staff recommends that there be no hood and neck drawstrings in children's upper outerwear sized 2T to 12.
8. In June 1997, ASTM adopted a voluntary standard, ASTM F1816-97, that incorporated the Guidelines. The Guidelines state that firms should be aware of the hazards and should be sure garments they sell conform to the voluntary standard.
9. On May 19, 2006, the Commission posted on its Web site a letter from the Commission's Director of the Office of Compliance to manufacturers, importers, and retailers of children's upper outerwear. The letter urges them to make certain that all children's upper outerwear sold in the United States complies with ASTM F1816-97. The letter states that the Staff considers children's upper outerwear with drawstrings at the hood or neck area to be defective and to present a substantial risk of injury to young children under Federal Hazardous Substances Act (“FHSA”) section 15(c), 15 U.S.C. 1274(c). The letter also notes the CPSA's section 15(b) reporting requirements.
10. Marshalls informed the Commission that there had been no incidents or injuries from the Sweatshirts.
11. Marshall's distribution in commerce of the Sweatshirts did not meet the Guidelines or ASTM F1816-97, failed to comport with the Staff's May 2006 defect notice, and posed a strangulation hazard to children.
12. Recalls have been announced regarding the Sweatshirts as warranted.
13. Marshalls had presumed and had actual knowledge that the Sweatshirts distributed in commerce posed a strangulation hazard and presented a substantial risk of injury to children under FHSA section 15(c)(1), 15 U.S.C. 1274(c)(1). Marshalls had obtained information that reasonably supported the conclusion that the Sweatshirts contained a defect that could create a substantial product hazard or that they created an unreasonable risk of serious injury or death. CPSA sections 15(b)(3) and (4), 15 U.S.C. 2064(b)(3) and (4), required Marshalls to immediately inform the Commission of the defect and risk.
14. Marshalls knowingly failed to immediately inform the Commission about the Sweatshirts as required by CPSA sections 15(b)(3) and (4), 15 U.S.C. 2064(b)(3) and (4), and as the term “knowingly” is defined in CPSA section 20(d), 15 U.S.C. 2069(d). This failure violated CPSA section 19(a)(4), 15 U.S.C. 2068(a)(4). Pursuant to CPSA section 20, 15 U.S.C. 2069, this failure subjected Marshalls to civil penalties.
15. Marshalls denies the Staff's allegations set forth above, including, but not limited to, any allegation that Marshalls failed timely to notify the Commission in accordance with section 15 of the CPSA.
16. Marshalls requires that its vendors represent and warrant that all products sold to Marshalls comply with all applicable regulations, standards and requirements.
17. Marshalls promptly notified the Commission pursuant to section 15 of the CPSA without first being contacted by the Commission upon verifying that certain garments contained drawstrings at the hood or neck.
18. Marshalls fully cooperated with the Commission in providing information necessary for the Commission to determine, with the vendor, whether a recall was warranted and whether the vendor had sold affected garments to any other retailers.
19. Marshalls has entered into the Agreement for settlement purposes only, to avoid incurring additional expenses and the distraction of litigation. The Agreement and Order do not constitute and are not evidence of any fault or wrongdoing by Marshalls.
Agreement of the Parties
20. Under the CPSA, the Commission has jurisdiction over this matter and over Marshalls.
21. The parties enter into the Agreement for settlement purposes only. The Agreement does not constitute an admission by Marshalls, or a determination by the Commission, that Marshalls knowingly violated the CPSA.
22. In settlement of the Staff's allegations, Marshalls shall pay a civil penalty in the amount of two hundred thirty-five thousand dollars ($235,000.00) within twenty (20) calendar days of service of the Commission's final Order accepting the Agreement. The payment shall be by check payable to the order of the United States Treasury.
23. Upon provisional acceptance of the Agreement, the Agreement shall be placed on the public record and published in the Federal Register in accordance with the procedures set forth in 16 CFR 1118.20(e). In accordance with 16 CFR 1118.20(f), if the Commission does not receive any written request not to accept the Agreement within fifteen (15) calendar days, the Agreement shall be deemed finally accepted on the sixteenth (16th) calendar day after the date it is published in the Federal Register.
24. Upon the Commission's final acceptance of the Agreement and Start Printed Page 17650issuance of the final Order, Marshalls knowingly, voluntarily, and completely waives any rights it may have in this matter to the following: (1) An administrative or judicial hearing; (2) judicial review or other challenge or contest of the validity of the Order or of the Commission's actions; (3) a determination by the Commission of whether Marshalls failed to comply with the CPSA and its underlying regulations; (4) a statement of findings of fact and conclusions of law; and (5) any claims under the Equal Access to Justice Act.
25. The Commission may publicize the terms of the Agreement and the Order.
26. The Agreement and the Order shall apply to, and be binding upon, Marshalls and each of its successors and assigns.
27. The Commission issues the Order under the provisions of the CPSA, and violation of the Order may subject Marshalls to appropriate legal action.
28. The Agreement may be used in interpreting the Order. Understandings, agreements, representations, or interpretations apart from those contained in the Agreement and the Order may not be used to vary or contradict their terms. The Agreement shall not be waived, amended, modified, or otherwise altered without written agreement thereto executed by the party against whom such waiver, amendment, modification, or alteration is sought to be enforced.
29. If any provision of the Agreement and the Order is held to be illegal, invalid, or unenforceable under present or future laws effective during the terms of the Agreement and the Order, such provision shall be fully severable. The balance of the Agreement and the Order shall remain in full force and effect, unless the Commission and Marshalls agree that severing the provision materially affects the purpose of the Agreement and the Order.
Marshalls of MA, Inc.
Dated: March 2, 2009.
Secretary, Marshalls of MA, Inc., 770 Cochituate Road, Framingham, MA 01701.
Dated: March 3, 2009.
Eric A. Rubel, Esq.,
Arnold & Porter LLP, 555 12th Street, NW., Washington, DC 20004-1206.
Counsel for Marshalls of MA, Inc.
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission Staff.
Cheryl A. Falvey,
Ronald G. Yelenik,
Assistant General Counsel, Division of Compliance, Office of the General Counsel.
Dated: March 6, 2009.
Seth B. Popkin,
Lead Trial Attorney, Division of Compliance, Office of the General Counsel.
Upon consideration of the Settlement Agreement entered into between Marshalls of MA, Inc. (“Marshalls”) and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (“Commission”) staff, and the Commission having jurisdiction over the subject matter and over Marshalls, and it appearing that the Settlement Agreement and the Order are in the public interest, it is
ordered, that the Settlement Agreement be, and hereby is, accepted; and it is
further ordered, that Marshalls shall pay a civil penalty in the amount of two hundred thirty-five thousand dollars ($235,000.00) within twenty (20) calendar days of service of the Commission's final Order accepting the Agreement. The payment shall be made by check payable to the order of the United States Treasury. Upon the failure of Marshalls to make the foregoing payment when due, interest on the unpaid amount shall accrue and be paid by Marshalls at the Federal legal rate of interest set forth at 28 U.S.C. 1961(a) and (b).
Provisionally accepted and provisional Order issued on the 8th day of April, 2009.
By Order of the Commission.
Todd A. Stevenson,
Secretary, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.End Supplemental Information
[FR Doc. E9-8712 Filed 4-15-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6355-01-P