Skip to Content


Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Indiana

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Final rule.


Pursuant to provisions in the Clean Air Act (Act) which allow EPA to correct State Implementation Plan (SIP) actions made in error, EPA is taking final action to correct an error in part of its June 12, 2006 approval of an amendment to Indiana's ozone SIP. In today's action, EPA is rescinding its approval of the inclusion of the state's codified definition of hazardous air pollutant (HAP) in Indiana's ozone SIP.


This final rule is effective on July 10, 2009.


EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-R05-OAR-2006-0004. All documents in the docket are listed on the Web Start Printed Page 27443site. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., Confidential Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form.

Publicly available docket materials are available either electronically through or in hard copy at the Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, Air and Radiation Division, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604. This facility is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding Federal holidays. We recommend that you telephone Steven Rosenthal, Environmental Engineer, at (312) 886-6052 before visiting the Region 5 office.

Start Further Info


Steven Rosenthal, Environmental Engineer, Criteria Pollutant Section, Air Programs Branch (AR-18J), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 5, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois 60604, (312) 886-6052,

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


Throughout this document whenever “we,” “us,” or “our” is used, we mean EPA. This supplementary information section is arranged as follows:

I. What public comments were received on the proposed correction notice and what is EPA's response?

II. What action is EPA taking and what is the reason for this action?

III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. What public comments were received on the proposed correction notice and what is EPA's response?

EPA did not receive any public comments on the August 4, 2008, proposed correction notice.

II. What action is EPA taking and what is the reason for this action?

Section 110 of the Act is the authority under which Congress has directed EPA to act on SIPs and SIP revisions. Section 110(a) establishes the applicable procedures for SIP development and submission. The trigger for these activities is the promulgation of national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS); and the focus of the State's efforts is to develop “a plan which provides for implementation, maintenance, and enforcement” of the NAAQS. Section 110(a)(1). EPA must then determine whether the submission contains the air quality-related components prescribed in Section 110(a)(2).

Other than for lead, which is both a HAP and criteria pollutant, Section 110 does not provide parameters to determine the approvability of a HAP provision. Instead, in the 1990 Amendments to the Act, Congress envisioned that HAPs (including the then-listed ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGBE)) would be regulated under Section 112. State programs for hazardous pollutants, including delegations, are governed by Section 112(l) of the Act. They should not be included in the SIP under Section 110.

Section 110(k)(6) of the Act provides that “whenever EPA determines that its action approving, disapproving, or promulgating any plan or plan revision (or part thereof), * * * was in error, EPA may revise such action as appropriate without requiring any further submission from the State.” Therefore, under section 110(k)(6), EPA is rescinding its exclusion of EGBE from Indiana's definition of HAP, and is also rescinding Indiana's definition of HAP in 326 IAC 1-2-33.5, from Indiana's ozone SIP.

On June 12, 2006, as requested by the State, EPA took action under section 110(a) of the Act and deleted EGBE from the SIP's definition for HAP in 326 IAC 1-2-33.5. For the reasons discussed above, EPA should not have taken this action under section 110(a) of the Act. On January 10, 2008, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management requested that EPA correct that earlier action.

III. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), this action is not a “significant regulatory action” and therefore is not subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget. For this reason, this action is also not subject to Executive Order 13211, “Actions Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use” (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001). This action merely corrects an error and approves State law as meeting Federal requirements and imposes no additional requirements beyond those imposed by State law. Accordingly, the Administrator certifies that this final rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.). Because this rule corrects an error and approves preexisting requirements under State law and does not impose any additional enforceable duty beyond that required by State law, it does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4).

This final rule also does not have Tribal implications because it will not have a substantial direct effect on one or more Indian Tribes, on the relationship between the Federal Government and Indian Tribes, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal Government and Indian Tribes, as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000). This final action also does not have Federalism implications because it does not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999). This action merely corrects an error and approves a State rule implementing a Federal standard, and does not alter the relationship or the distribution of power and responsibilities established in the Act. This rule also is not subject to Executive Order 13045 “Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks” (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997), because it is not economically significant.

In reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve State choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the Act. In this context, in the absence of a prior existing requirement for the State to use voluntary consensus standards (VCS), EPA has no authority to disapprove a SIP submission for failure to use VCS. It would thus be inconsistent with applicable law for EPA, when it reviews a SIP submission, to use VCS in place of a SIP submission that otherwise satisfies the provisions of the Act. Thus, the requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) do not apply. This rule does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.).

The Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in Start Printed Page 27444the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This correction to 40 CFR 52 for Indiana is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the Act, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by August 10, 2009. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this rule for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2).)

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: April 22, 2009.

Walter W. Kovalick, Jr.,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region 5.

End Signature Start Amendment Part

is amended as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Part


End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

End Authority

Subpart P—Indiana

Start Amendment Part

2. Section 52.770 is amended by revising paragraph (c)(176) to read as follows:

End Amendment Part
Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

(176) On December 21, 2005, Indiana submitted revised regulations to the EPA. As a result, the compounds, 1,1,1,2,2,3,3-heptafluoro-3-methoxy-propane, 3-ethoxy-1,1,1,2,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,6-dodecafluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)hexane, 1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane, and methyl formate, are added to the list of “nonphotochemically reactive hydrocarbons” or “negligibly photochemically reactive compounds” in 326 IAC 1-2-48 and these compounds are deleted from the list of VOCs in 326 IAC 1-2-90. Companies producing or using the four compounds will no longer need to follow the VOC rules for these compounds. The requirements in 326 IAC 1-2-48 and 1-2-90 were also modified for the compound t-butyl acetate. It is not considered a VOC for emission limits and content requirements. T-butyl acetate will still be considered a VOC for the recordkeeping, emissions reporting, and inventory requirements.

(i) Incorporation by reference.

(A) Indiana Administrative Code Title 326: Air Pollution Control Board, Article 1: General Provisions, Rule 2: Definitions, Section 48: “`Nonphotochemically reactive hydrocarbon' or `negligibly photochemically reactive compounds' defined”, and Section 90: “ `Volatile organic compound' or `VOC' defined”. Filed with the Secretary of State on October 20, 2005 and effective November 19, 2005. Published in 29 Indiana Register 795-797 on December 1, 2005.

* * * * *
End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. E9-13486 Filed 6-9-09; 8:45 am]