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Rule

New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Oxytetracycline; Neomycin

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental new animal drug application (NADA) filed by Pennfield Oil Co. The supplemental NADA provides for the use of fixed-combination Type A medicated articles containing oxytetracycline and neomycin sulfate to formulate two-way, fixed-combination drug Type B and Type C medicated feeds for chickens, turkeys, swine, cattle, and sheep. This approval reflects FDA's effectiveness conclusions which relied on the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (NAS/NRC) Drug Efficacy Study Group's evaluation of the effectiveness of these drugs when used in animal feed as single ingredients.

DATES:

This rule is effective August 13, 2009.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Harlan Howard, Center for Veterinary Medicine (HFV-126), Food and Drug Administration, 7500 Standish Pl., Rockville, MD 20855, 240-276-8111, e-mail: harlan.howard@fda.hhs.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In the Federal Register of August 8, 2003 (68 FR 47332), as corrected October 7, 2003 (68 FR 57911), as part of the Drug Efficacy Study Implementation (DESI) program, CVM announced the effective conditions of use for several drug products and use combinations that were listed in § 558.15 (21 CFR 558.15). CVM proposed to withdraw the NADAs for those products or use combinations lacking substantial evidence of effectiveness following a 90-day opportunity to supplement the NADAs with labeling conforming to the relevant findings of effectiveness.

In response to that notice, Pennfield Oil Co., (Pennfield) 14040 Industrial Rd., Omaha, NE 68144, filed a hearing request for its approved NADA 138-939 NEO-OXY 50/50, NEO-OXY 100/100, and NEO-OXY 100/100 MR (oxytetracycline and neomycin sulfate). These products are two-way, fixed-combination Type A medicated articles used to make two-way combination drug Type C medicated feeds. Pennfield subsequently filed a supplement to NADA 138-939 to revise the labeling of these products to comply with these findings of effectiveness. The supplemental NADA provided for use of these fixed-combination Type A medicated articles to formulate two-way, fixed-combination drug Type B and Type C medicated feeds containing oxytetracycline and neomycin sulfate, in a 1:1 ratio, for several production and therapeutic indications in chickens, turkeys, swine, cattle, and sheep. The supplemental NADA is approved as of July 2, 2009, and the regulations are amended in 21 CFR 558.455 to reflect the approval. Pennfield has since withdrawn its hearing request for NDA 138-939.

Approval of this supplemental NADA did not require review of any new safety or effectiveness data. Therefore, a freedom of information summary was not prepared.

The DESI evaluation was concerned only with the effectiveness of the drug products and use combinations. Nothing in this document constitutes a bar to further proceedings with respect to questions of safety of the subject drugs in treated animals or of the drugs or their metabolites in food products derived from treated animals.

Products that comply with FDA's findings of effectiveness are eligible for copying, as described in the Generic Animal Drug and Patent Term Restoration Act Policy Letter Eight, August 21, 1991 (56 FR 41561). Accordingly, sponsors may now obtain approval of abbreviated NADAs for this fixed combination Type A medicated article.

The agency has determined under 21 CFR 25.33 that this action is of a type that does not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment. Therefore, neither an environmental assessment Start Printed Page 40724nor an environmental impact statement is required.

This rule does not meet the definition of “rule” in 5 U.S.C. 804(3)(A) because it is a rule of “particular applicability.” Therefore, it is not subject to the congressional review requirements in 5 U.S.C. 801-808.

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List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 558

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Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs and redelegated to the Center for Veterinary Medicine,

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PART 558—NEW ANIMAL DRUGS FOR USE IN ANIMAL FEEDS

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1. The authority citation for

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Authority: 21 U.S.C. 360b, 371.

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2. Amend § 558.455 as follows:

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a. Revise paragraph (b);

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b. Redesignate paragraph (d) as paragraph (e);

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c. Add new paragraph (d); and

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d. Revise newly redesignated paragraph (e).

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The redesignation, additions, and revisions read as follows:

Oxytetracycline and neomycin.
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(b) Sponsors. See Nos. 048164 and 066104 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter.

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(d) Special considerations. Cattle feeds shall bear the following warning statement: “Use of more than one product containing neomycin or failure to follow withdrawal times may result in illegal drug residues.”

(e) Indications for use— (1) Chickens. It is used in feed as follows:

Oxytetracycline and neomycin sulfate amount in grams per ton of feedIndications for useLimitationsSponsors
(i) 10 to 50Chickens: For increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency.Feed continuously; do not feed to chickens producing eggs for human consumption; in low calcium feeds withdraw 3 days before slaughter.048164 066104
(ii) 100 to 200Chickens: For control of infectious synovitis caused by Mycoplasma synoviae; control of fowl cholera caused by Pasteurella multocida susceptible to oxytetracycline.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d; do not feed to chickens producing eggs for human consumption; in low calcium feed, withdraw 3 d before slaughter.048164 066104
(iii) 400Chickens: For control of chronic respiratory disease (CRD) and air sac infection caused by M. gallisepticum and Escherichia coli susceptible to oxytetracycline.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d; do not feed to chickens producing eggs for human consumption; in low calcium feeds, withdraw 3 d before slaughter.048164 066104
(iv) 500Chickens: For reduction of mortality due to air sacculitis (air-sac- infection) caused by E. coli susceptible to oxytetracycline.Feed continuously for 5 d; do not feed to chickens producing eggs for human consumption; withdraw 24 hours before slaughter; in low calcium feeds withdraw 3 d before slaughter.048164 066104

(2) Turkeys. It is used in feed as follows:

Oxytetracycline and neomycin sulfate amountIndications for useLimitationsSponsors
(i) 10 to 50 grams per ton (g/ton) of feedGrowing turkeys: For increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency.Feed continuously; do not feed to turkeys producing eggs for human consumption.048164 066104
(ii) 100 g/ton of feedTurkeys: For control of hexamitiasis caused by Hexamita meleagridis susceptible to oxytetracycline.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d; do not feed to turkeys producing eggs for human consumption.048164 066104
(iii) 200 g/ton of feedTurkeys: For control of infectious synovitis caused by M. synoviae susceptible to oxytetracycline.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d; withdraw 5 d before slaughter; do not feed to turkeys producing eggs for human consumption.048164 066104
(iv) To provide 25 milligrams per pound (mg/lb) of body weight daily.Turkeys: For control of complicating bacterial organisms associated with bluecomb (transmissible enteritis; coronaviral enteritis) susceptible to oxytetracycline.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d; withdraw 5 d before slaughter; do not feed to turkeys producing eggs for human consumption.048164 066104

(3) Swine. It is used in feed as follows:Start Printed Page 40725

Oxytetracycline and neomycin sulfate amountIndications for useLimitationsSponsors
(i) 10 to 50 g/ton of feedSwine: For increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency.Feed continuously.048164 066104
(ii) To provide 10 mg/lb of body weight daily.1. Swine: For treatment of bacterial enteritis caused by E. coli and Salmonella choleraesuis and treatment of bacterial pneumonia caused by P. multocida susceptible to oxytetracycline; treatment and control of colibacillosis (bacterial enteritis) caused by E. coli susceptible to neomycin.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d; withdraw 5 d before slaughter.048164 066104
2. Breeding swine: For control and treatment of leptospirosis (reducing the incidence of abortion and shedding of leptospirae) caused by Leptospira pomona susceptible to oxytetracycline.Feed continuously for not more than 14 d; withdraw 5 d before slaughter.048164 066104

(4) Cattle and sheep. It is used in feed as follows:

Oxytetracycline and neomycin sulfate amountIndications for useLimitationsSponsors
(i) 10 to 20 g/ton of feedSheep: For increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency.Feed continuously.048164 066104
(ii) To provide 0.05 to 0.1 mg/lb of body weight daily.Calves (up to 250 lb): For increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency.Feed continuously; in milk replacers or starter feed.048164 066104
(iii) To provide 10 mg/lb of body weight daily.1. Calves and beef and nonlactating dairy cattle: For treatment of bacterial enteritis caused by E. coli and bacterial pneumonia (shipping fever complex) caused by P. multocida susceptible to oxytetracycline; treatment and control of colibacillosis (bacterial enteritis) caused by E. coli susceptible to neomycin.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d; in feed or milk replacers. If symptoms persist after using for 2 or 3 days, consult a veterinarian. Treatment should continue 24 to 48 hours beyond remission of disease symptoms. A withdrawal period has not been established for use in preruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. A milk discard time has not been established for use in lactating dairy cattle. Do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older. Withdraw 5 d before slaughter.048164 066104
2. Calves (up to 250 lb): For treatment of bacterial enteritis caused by E. coli susceptible to oxytetracycline; treatment and control of colibacillosis (bacterial enteritis) caused by E. coli susceptible to neomycin.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d; in milk replacers or starter feed. If symptoms persist after using for 2 or 3 days, consult a veterinarian. Treatment should continue 24 to 48 hours beyond remission of disease symptoms. A withdrawal period has not been established for use in preruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. A milk discard time has not been established for use in lactating dairy cattle. Do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older. Withdraw 5 d before slaughter.048164 066104
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3. Sheep: For treatment of bacterial enteritis caused by E. coli and bacterial pneumonia caused by P. multocida susceptible to oxytetracycline; treatment and control of colibacillosis (bacterial enteritis) caused by E. coli susceptible to neomycin.Feed continuously for 7 to 14 d. If symptoms persist after using for 2 or 3 days, consult a veterinarian. Treatment should continue 24 to 48 hours beyond remission of disease symptoms. Withdraw 5 d before slaughter.048164 066104
(iv) To provide 25 mg/head/dayCalves (250 to 400 lb): For increased rate of weight gain and improved feed efficiency.Feed continuously.048164 066104
(v) To provide 75 mg/head/dayGrowing cattle (over 400 lb): For increased rate of weight gain; improved feed efficiency, and reduction of liver condemnation due to liver abscesses.Feed continuously.048164 066104
(vi) To provide 0.5 to 2.0 g/head/ dayCattle: For prevention and treatment of the early stages of shipping fever complex.Feed 3 to 5 d before and after arrival in feedlots. A withdrawal period has not been established for use in preruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal. A milk discard time has not been established for use in lactating dairy cattle. Do not use in female dairy cattle 20 months of age or older.048164 066104
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Dated: August 7, 2009.

William T. Flynn,

Acting Director, Center for Veterinary Medicine.

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[FR Doc. E9-19414 Filed 8-12-09; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4160-01-S