Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”).
Notice of application for an order pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “Act”) granting exemptions from Sections 2(a)(32) and 27(i)(2)(A) of the Act and Rule 22c-1 thereunder for the recapture of certain bonus credits.
Annuity Investors Life Insurance Company (“Annuity Investors Life”), Annuity Investors Variable Account C (“Variable Account C”), and Great American Advisors, Inc. (“GAA”).
Summary of Application:
Applicants seek an order to permit, under specified circumstances, the recapture of certain Bonuses (defined below) applied to Purchase Payments (defined below) made under: (1) Certain deferred variable annuity contracts and certificates, described herein, that Annuity Investors Life has issued, currently issues, or will issue through Variable Account C under a registration statement field with the Commission under Securities Act of 1933 File No. 333-148459 (the contracts and certificates, including applicable data pages and endorsements, are collectively referred to herein as the “Current Bonus Contracts”); and (2) deferred variable annuity contracts and certificates, including applicable data pages and endorsements, other than Current Bonus Contracts that Annuity Investors Life may issue in the future (“Future Bonus Contracts,” and together with the Current Bonus Contracts, the “Contracts”) through Variable Account C, through any of its existing separate accounts (together with Variable Account C, the “Current Accounts”), or through any future separate account of Annuity Investors Life (“Future Accounts,” and together with the Current Accounts, the “Accounts”). Such Future Bonus Contracts will be substantially similar to the Current Bonus Contracts in all material respects. Applicants also request that the order being sought extend to any other Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) member broker-dealer controlling or controlled by, or under common control with Annuity Investors Life, whether existing or created in the future, that serves as a distributor or principal underwriter of the Contracts offered through the Accounts (“Future Underwriters”).
Filing Dates: The application was filed on December 12, 2008, and an amended and restated application was filed on April 14, 2009 and September 18, 2009.
Hearing or Notification of Hearing:
An order granting the application will be issued unless the Commission orders a hearing. Interested persons may request a hearing by writing to the Secretary of the Commission and serving Applicants with a copy of the request personally or by mail. Hearing requests should be received by the Commission by 5:30 p.m. on October 19, 2009, and should be accompanied by proof of service on Applicants, in the form of an affidavit or for lawyers a certificate of service. Hearing requests should state the nature of the writer's interest, the reason for the request and the issues contested. Persons may request notification of a hearing by writing to the Secretary of the Commission.
Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street, NE., Washington, DC 20549-1090. Applicants, c/o Annuity Investors Life Insurance Company, 525 Vine Street, 7th Floor, Cincinnati, OH 45202, Attn: Karen McLaughlin, Esq. Copy to: Richard Choi, Jorden Burt LLP, 1025 Thomas Jefferson Street, Suite 400 East, Washington, DC 20007.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Michael L. Kosoff, Attorney, or Harry Eisenstein, Branch Chief, Office of Insurance Products, Division of Investment Management, at (202) 551-6795.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
The following is a summary of the application. The complete application may be obtained via the Commission's Web site by searching for the file number or an applicant using the Company name box, at http://www.sec.gov/search/search.htm or by calling (202) 551-8090.
1. Annuity Investors Life desires the flexibility, and is requesting exemptive relief, to recapture Bonuses of up to 5% of each Purchase Payment credited to Purchase Payments under a Contract if the owner returns the Contract for a refund during the free-look period. In addition, Annuity Investors Life is seeking exemptive relief to enable it to recapture the amount of any Bonus of up to 5% of each Purchase Payment credited to a Purchase Payment made under a Contract within the 12 month period that ends on the Death Benefit Valuation Date.
2. Annuity Investors Life is a wholly owned subsidiary of Great American Life Insurance Company, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Great American Financial Resources, Inc. (“GAFRI”). GAFRI is a wholly owned subsidiary of American Financial Group, Inc., a publicly traded holding company. Annuity Investors Life serves as depositor of Variable Account C, which was established on November 7, 2001. Annuity Investors Life may establish one or more Future Accounts for which it will serve as depositor.
3. Great American Advisors, Inc. (“GAA”) is the principal underwriter of the variable annuity products issued by Annuity Investors Life. GAA is a wholly owned subsidiary of Great American Financial Resources, Inc. GAA is registered with the Commission as a broker-dealer under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) and is a member of FINRA. The Contracts are offered or will be offered through registered representatives of GAA or others who are registered broker-dealers under the Exchange Act and FINRA members, and who have entered into selling agreements with GAA or any Future Underwriter. GAA or any Future Underwriter may act as principal underwriter for any Current or Future Bonus Contracts issued through any of the Accounts.
4. Each of the Accounts is or will be a segregated asset account of Annuity Investors Life that is or will be Start Printed Page 49413registered with the Commission as a unit investment trust under the Act to the extent required thereby. Each of the Accounts funds or will fund the variable benefits available under the Contracts issued through that Account. Units of interest in the Accounts are registered or will be registered under the Securities Act of 1933 (“1933 Act”) to the extent required thereby. Annuity Investors Life, on behalf of itself and Variable Account C, filed a Form N-4 registration statement relating to the Current Bonus Contract on January 4, 2008 (File No. 333-148459), which was declared effective on April 30, 2008.
5. Annuity Investors Life may issue Future Bonus Contracts through its Current Accounts or Future Accounts. That portion of the assets of the Current Accounts that is equal to the reserves and other contract liabilities with respect to the Current Accounts is not chargeable with liabilities arising out of any other business of Annuity Investors Life, as the case may be. Any income, gains or losses, realized or unrealized, from assets allocated to any Current Account are, in accordance with the Contracts, credited to or charged against the Current Account, without regard to other income, gains or losses of Annuity Investors Life, as the case may be. The same will be true of any Future Accounts of Annuity Investors Life.
6. The Current Bonus Contracts (file no. 333-148459) are individual or group flexible premium deferred annuity contracts that may be issued on a tax-qualified or non-tax-qualified basis. Presently, the Current Bonus Contracts may be purchased with a minimum initial Purchase Payment of $20,000. A Current Bonus Contract owner may make additional Purchase Payments, subject to a $50 minimum. The current maximum single Purchase Payment under a Current Bonus Contract is $1,000,000 without prior approval from Annuity Investors Life. These maximums and minimums may be different for Future Bonus Contracts, and may be prospectively changed by rider or endorsement for Current Bonus Contracts. Any such changes also would be disclosed in the applicable prospectus(es). A “Purchase Payment” under the Current Bonus Contract means the amount received by Annuity Investors Life after the deduction of applicable premium or other taxes. Future Bonus Contracts will be substantially similar in all material respects to the Current Bonus Contracts.
7. Each time Annuity Investors Life receives a Purchase Payment from an owner of a Current Bonus Contract during the first 10 Contract Years (as defined in the Current Bonus Contract), it will credit to the owner's account value a bonus (“Bonus”) equal to 4% of each Purchase Payment (5% if the Bonus Base Amount, as defined in the Current Bonus Contract, equals or exceeds $250,000). The Bonus Base Amount at any point in time is equal to the total of all Purchase Payments that Annuity Investors Life has received since the Contract effective date, before deduction of premium tax or other taxes; less all withdrawals since the Contract effective date. The Bonus Base Amount does not include any bonuses paid on Purchase Payments.
8. The Bonus will be allocated according to the allocation instructions in effect for Purchase Payments under the particular Current Bonus Contract, and will generally be deemed to be a Purchase Payment thereunder.
9. Annuity Investors Life will fund Bonus amounts from its general account assets. Annuity Investors Life will recapture from a Current Bonus Contract owner: (1) Any Bonus previously credited if the owner returns the Current Bonus Contract for a refund during the free-look period; and (2) the amount of any Bonus credited to a Purchase Payment made under a Current Bonus Contract within the 12 month period that ends on the Death Benefit Valuation Date, as defined in the Current Bonus Contract. The owner of an individual Current Bonus Contract may cancel it before midnight of the 20th day following the date the owner receives it unless a longer period is required by State law. If the owner cancels the Current Bonus Contract during the applicable time period, it will be void, and Annuity Investors Life will refund the Purchase Payment(s) in full, less the Bonus amounts credited to the Purchase Payment(s) and plus or minus any investment gains or losses under the Current Bonus Contract as of the end of the valuation period during which the returned Contract or the cancellation request is received by Annuity Investors Life (unless a return of Purchase Payments is required under State law).
10. Current Bonus Contract owners may allocate their Purchase Payments to any of the available sub-accounts or fixed account options. Each sub-account invests in shares of a corresponding registered investment company or series thereof (each, a “Portfolio”).
11. The Current Bonus Contracts provide for various optional living benefits, surrender options, annuity benefits, and annuity payout options, as well as transfer privileges among the Portfolios, dollar cost averaging, and other features. The Current Bonus Contracts contain the following charges: (1) A contingent deferred sales charge based on the number of full years elapsed between the date of receipt of the Purchase Payment and the date that the request for withdrawal, surrender, or annuitization was received equal to a maximum of 9% of Purchase Payments (including any Bonuses credited thereto) withdrawn, surrendered, or annuitized, declining to 0% after eight years, which may be waived in certain circumstances as disclosed in the prospectus for the Current Bonus Contract; (2) a $30 annual Contract maintenance fee, which may be waived in certain circumstances as disclosed in the prospectus for the Current Bonus Contract; (3) a mortality and expense risk fee at an effective annual rate of 1.40% (1.60% with enhanced death benefit rider); (4) an administration charge at an effective annual rate of 0.15%, which may be waived where Annuity Investors Life incurs reduced sales and servicing expenses; (5) a current transfer fee of $25 for each transfer in excess of twelve in any Contract year; (6) any applicable State and local government premium taxes; and (7) optional living benefit rider charges currently ranging, depending on the rider selected, from an annual rate of 0.40% to 0.95% of the benefit base amount determined under the Contract. In addition, assets invested in the Portfolios are charged with annual operating expenses of those Portfolios. All such fees and charges, and circumstances under which such fees and charges may be reduced or waived, are described in greater detail in the “Charges And Deductions” section of the prospectus contained in the Form N-4 Registration Statement for file no. 333-148459 of Annuity Investors Life and Current Accounts that has been incorporated by reference into the Application.
Applicants' Legal Analysis
1. Section 6(c) of the Act authorizes the Commission to exempt any person, security or transaction, or any class or classes of persons, securities or transactions from the provisions of the Act and the rules promulgated thereunder, if and to the extent that such exemption is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the policy and provisions of the Act.
2. Section 27(i) of the Act provides that Section 27 does not apply to any registered separate account funding variable insurance contracts, or to the sponsoring insurance company and principal underwriter of such account, except as provided in paragraph (2) of the subsection. Paragraph (2) provides that it shall be unlawful for any Start Printed Page 49414registered separate account funding variable insurance contracts or a sponsoring insurance company of such account to sell a contract funded by the registered separate account unless such contract is a “redeemable security.”8 Section 2(a)(32) of the Act defines “redeemable security” as any security, other than short-term paper, under the terms of which the holder, upon presentation to the issuer, is entitled to receive approximately his proportionate share of the issuer's current net assets, or the cash equivalent thereof.
3. Rule 22c-1 under the Act prohibits a registered investment company issuing any redeemable security, a person designated in such issuer's prospectus as authorized to consummate transactions in any such security, and a principal underwriter of, or dealer in, such security, from selling, redeeming, or repurchasing any such security except at a price based on the current net asset value of such security which is next computed after receipt of a tender of such security for redemption or of an order to purchase or sell such security.
4. Applicants request exemptions pursuant to Section 6(c) from Sections 2(a)(32), and 27(i)(2)(A) of the Act and Rule 22c-1 thereunder to the extent deemed necessary to permit Applicants to recapture: (1) Any Bonus previously credited if the owner returns the Current Bonus Contract for a refund during the free-look period; and (2) the amount of any Bonus credited to a Purchase Payment made under a Current Bonus Contract within the 12 month period that ends on the Death Benefit Valuation Date, as defined in the Current Bonus Contract. Applicants believe that the requested exemptions are appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors and the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions of the Act.
5. Applicants also request that the Commission, pursuant to Section 6(c) of the Act, grant the above exemptions with respect to the Current Bonus Contracts and any Future Bonus Contracts funded by the Current Accounts or Future Accounts that are issued by Annuity Investors Life and underwritten or distributed by GAA or any Future Underwriters. Applicants undertake that Future Bonus Contracts funded by the Current Accounts or by the Future Accounts which seek to rely on the order issued pursuant to this Application will be substantially similar in all material respects to the Current Bonus Contracts. Applicants submit that their request for an order that applies to the Current Accounts or any Future Accounts established by Annuity Investors Life, in connection with the issuance of the Current Bonus Contracts and Future Bonus Contracts that are substantially similar in all material respects to the Current Bonus Contracts described herein, and that are underwritten or distributed by GAA or any Future Underwriter, is appropriate in the public interest. Applicants submit that such an order would promote competitiveness in the variable annuity market by eliminating the need to file redundant exemptive applications, thereby reducing administrative expenses and maximizing the efficient use of Applicants' resources as well as those of the Commission. Investors would not receive any benefit or additional protection by requiring Applicants to repeatedly seek exemptive relief that would present no issue under the Act that has not already been addressed in this Application. Further, having Applicants file additional applications would impair their ability quickly and effectively to take advantage of business opportunities as they arise.
6. Applicants submit that the recapture of the Bonuses will not raise concerns under sections 2(a)(32), and 27(i)(2)(A) of the Act, and rule 22c-1 thereunder. The amounts recaptured will equal the Bonuses paid for by Annuity Investors Life out of its general account assets. Therefore, the Bonus recapture provisions described herein will not deprive a Contract owner of his or her proportionate share of the issuer's current net assets.
7. Applicants represent that under the terms of the Current Bonus Contract a Contract owner's interest in the amount of the Bonus allocated to his or her annuity account value upon receipt of an initial Purchase Payment is not vested if the Contract is returned during the applicable free-look period. Similarly, under the terms of the Current Bonus Contract a Contract owner's interest in the amount of any Bonuses allocated upon receipt of any Purchase Payments made during the 12 month period ending on the Death Benefit Valuation Date is not vested. Until or unless the amount of any Bonus is vested, Annuity Investors Life retains the right and interest in the Bonus amount, although not in the earnings attributable to that amount. Thus, when any Bonus amounts are recaptured, Annuity Investors Life is simply retrieving its own assets. Since the Contract owner's interest in the Bonus is not vested, the Contract owner has not been deprived of a proportionate share of the applicable Account's assets.
8. With respect to the Bonus recapture upon the exercise of the free-look privilege, the Applicants assert that it would be patently unfair to allow a Contract owner to exercise that privilege and retain a Bonus amount under a Contract that has been returned for a refund after a period of a few weeks or days. If Annuity Investors Life could not recapture the Bonus, individuals could purchase a Contract with no intention of retaining it, and simply return it for a quick profit.
9. Furthermore, Applicants assert that the recapture of the amount of any Bonus credited to a Purchase Payment made under a Current Bonus Contract within the 12 month period that ends on the Death Benefit Valuation Date, as defined in the Current Bonus Contract, is designed to afford Annuity Investors Life with a measure of protection from anti-selection. The risk here is that the Contract owner could make very large Purchase Payments shortly before death, thereby leaving Annuity Investors Life less time to recover the cost of the Bonuses, to its financial detriment.
10. Applicants submit that the recapture of a Bonus might be viewed as resulting in the redemption of redeemable securities for a price other than one based on the current net asset value of the Accounts. Applicants contend, however, that recapture of any Bonus would not violate Rule 22c-1.
11. Applicants maintain that the recapture does not involve either of the problems that Rule 22c-1 was designed to prevent, namely (i) the dilution of the value of outstanding redeemable securities of registered investment companies through their sale at a price below net asset value or their redemption or repurchase at a price above it, and (ii) other unfair practices such as speculative trading practices. These problems were the result of backward pricing, the practice of basing the price of a mutual fund share on the net asset value per share determined as of the close of the market on the previous day. Backward pricing allowed investors to take advantage of increases in net asset value that were not yet reflected in the price, thereby diluting the value of outstanding mutual fund shares.
12. Applicants also maintain that the proposed recapture of the Bonus poses no threat of dilution. To effect a Start Printed Page 49415recapture of a Bonus, Annuity Investors Life will redeem interests in the Contract owner's annuity account at a price determined on the basis of current net asset value of the relevant Account. The amount recaptured will equal the amount of the Bonus that Annuity Investors Life paid or will pay out of its general account assets. Although Contract owners will be entitled to retain any investment gain attributable to the Bonus, the amount of such gain will be determined on the basis of the current net asset value of the relevant Account. Thus, no dilution will result from the recapture of the Bonus. The second problem that Rule 22c-1 was designed to address, namely, speculative trading practices calculated to take advantage of backward pricing, also will not occur as a result of the recapture of the Bonus.
Because neither of the problems that Rule 22c-1 was designed to address is found in the recapture of the Bonus, Rule 22c-1 should have no application to any Bonus under the Current Bonus Contracts or Future Bonus Contracts. However, to avoid any uncertainty as to full compliance with the Act, Applicants request exemptions from the provisions of Rule 22c-1 to the extent deemed necessary to permit them to recapture the Bonus under the Current Bonus Contracts and Future Bonus Contracts.
13. Applicants assert that the Bonus is and will be attractive to and in the interests of investors because it will allow Contract owners to apply 104% or 105%, as the case may be, of their Purchase Payments to work for them in their selected investment options. Also, any earnings attributable to the Bonus will be retained by the Contract owner, and the principal amount of the Bonus also will be retained if the contingencies set forth in this Application are satisfied, i.e., the Contract is not returned for a refund during the free-look period and the Bonus is not credited to a Purchase Payment made under the Contract within the 12 month period that ends on the Death Benefit Valuation Date.
14. Further, Applicants submit that the recapture of any Bonus only applies in relation to the risk of anti-selection against Annuity Investors Life. In the context of the contingencies described in this Application, anti-selection can generally be described as a risk that Contract owners obtain an undue advantage based on elements of fairness to Annuity Investors Life and the actuarial and other factors it takes into account in designing the Contracts. Annuity Investors Life provides the Bonuses from its general accounts on a guaranteed basis. Thus, Annuity Investors Life undertakes a financial obligation that contemplates the retention of the Contracts by its owners over an extended period, consistent with the long term nature of retirement planning. Annuity Investors Life generally expects to recover its costs, including Bonuses, over an anticipated duration while a Contract is in force. The right to recapture Bonuses credited to Purchase Payments made within the 12 month period ending on the Death Benefit Valuation Date protects Annuity Investors Life against the risk that Contract owners will contribute larger amounts shortly before death, while avoiding Contract charges over the long term. With respect to refunds paid upon the return of Contracts within the free-look period, the amount payable by the applicable Annuity Investors Life must be reduced by the allocated Bonuses. Otherwise, purchasers could apply for Contracts for the sole purpose of exercising the free-look refund provision and making a quick profit.
For the reasons summarized above, Applicants submit that their exemptive request meets the standards set out in Sections 6(c) of the Act, namely, that the exemptions requested are necessary or appropriate in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors and the purposes fairly intended by the policy and provisions of the Act, and that, therefore, the Commission should grant the requested order.Start Signature
For the Commission, by the Division of Investment Management, pursuant to delegated authority.
Florence E. Harmon,
1. The Death Benefit Valuation Date means the earlier of (1) the date that the Company has received both due proof of death and a written request with instructions as to the form of the death benefit or (2) the Death Benefit Commencement Date, which is the first day of the first payment interval for a death benefit that is paid as periodic payments or the date of payment for a death benefit that is paid as a lump sum.Back to Citation
2. Annuity Investors Life intends to recover the cost of the Bonuses applied from the revenue from the charges imposed under the Current Bonus Contracts, which are described earlier in this Application. Annuity Investors Life may use any excess to recover distribution costs relating to the Current Bonus Contracts and as a source of profit.Back to Citation
3. See Adoption of Rule 22c-1 under the Act, Investment Company Act Release No. 5519 (Oct. 16, 1968).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. E9-23277 Filed 9-25-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8010-01-P