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Notice

Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review; Comment Request; Draft Guidance, Emergency Use Authorization of Medical Products

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Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

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This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that a proposed collection of information has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and clearance under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995.

DATES:

Fax written comments on the collection of information by November 5, 2009.

ADDRESSES:

To ensure that comments on the information collection are received, OMB recommends that written comments be faxed to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, OMB, Attn: FDA Desk Officer, FAX: 202-395-6974, or e-mailed to oira_submission@omb.eop.gov. All comments should be identified with the OMB Control Number 0910-0595. Also include the FDA docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Jonna Capezzuto, Office of Information Management (HFA-710), Food and Drug Administration, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, 301-796-3794, JonnaLynn.Capezzuto@fda.hhs.gov.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In compliance with 44 U.S.C. 3507, FDA has submitted the following proposed collection of information to OMB for review and clearance.

Draft Guidance, Emergency Use Authorization of Medical Products—(OMB Control Number 0910-0595)—Extension

The draft guidance describes the agency's general recommendations and procedures for issuance of emergency use authorizations (EUA) under section 564 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3), which was amended by the Project BioShield Act of 2004 (Pub. L. 108-276). The act permits the FDA Commissioner (the Commissioner) to authorize the use of unapproved medical products or unapproved uses of approved medical products during an emergency declared under section 564 of the act. The data to support issuance of an EUA must demonstrate that, based on the totality of the scientific evidence available to the Commissioner, including data from adequate and well-controlled clinical trials (if available), it is reasonable to believe that the product may be effective in diagnosing, treating, or preventing a serious or life-threatening disease or condition (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3(c)). Although the exact type and amount of data needed to support an EUA may vary depending on the nature of the declared emergency and the nature of the candidate product, FDA recommends that a request for consideration for an EUA include scientific evidence evaluating the product's safety and effectiveness, including the adverse event profile for diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of the serious or life-threatening disease or condition, as well as data and other information on safety, effectiveness, risks and benefits, and (to the extent available) alternatives.

Under section 564 of the act, the FDA Commissioner may establish conditions on the approval of an EUA. Section 564(e) requires the FDA Commissioner (to the extent practicable given the Start Printed Page 51286circumstances of the emergency) to establish certain conditions on an authorization that the Commissioner finds necessary or appropriate to protect the public health and permits the FDA Commissioner to establish other conditions that he finds necessary or appropriate to protect the public health. Conditions authorized by section 564(e) of the act include, for example: Requirements for information dissemination to health care providers or authorized dispensers and product recipients; adverse event monitoring and reporting; data collection and analysis; recordkeeping and records access; restrictions on product advertising, distribution, and administration; and limitations on good manufacturing practices requirements. Some conditions, the statute specifies, are mandatory to the extent practicable for authorizations of unapproved products and discretionary for authorizations of unapproved uses of approved products. Moreover, some conditions may apply to manufacturers of an EUA product, while other conditions may apply to any person who carries out any activity for which the authorization is issued. Section 564 of the act also gives the FDA Commissioner authority to establish other conditions on an authorization that he finds to be necessary or appropriate to protect the public health.

For purposes of estimating the burden of reporting, FDA has established six categories of respondents: (1) Those who file a Request for Consideration for an EUA and, in lieu of submitting the data, provide reference to a pending or approved application; (2) those who file a Request for Consideration for an EUA, without reference to a pending or approved application; (3) those who submit pre-EUA submissions to FDA on a candidate EUA product, which references a pending or approved application; (4) those who submit pre-EUA submissions to FDA on a candidate EUA product, for which there is no reference to a pending or approved application; (5) manufacturers of an unapproved EUA product who must report to FDA regarding such activity; and (6) state and local public health officials who carry out an activity related to an unapproved EUA product (e.g., administering the product to recipients) and who must report to FDA regarding such activity.

For purposes of estimating the burden of recordkeeping, FDA has calculated the anticipated burden on manufacturers of unapproved products authorized for emergency use. FDA also anticipates that some state and local public health officials may be required to perform additional recordkeeping (e.g., related to the administration of unapproved EUA products to civilians) and calculated a recordkeeping burden for those activities.

No burden was attributed to reporting or recordkeeping for unapproved uses of approved products, since those products already are subject to approved collections of information (adverse experience reporting for biological products is approved under OMB Control No. 0910-0308 through September 30, 2011; adverse drug experience reporting is approved under OMB Control No. 0910-0230 through July 31, 2012; investigational new drug application regulations are approved under OMB Control No. 0910-0014 through August 31, 2011; and investigational device exemption reporting is approved under OMB Control Number 0910-0078 through January 31, 2010). Thus, FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:

Table 1.—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden1

No. of RespondentsAnnual Frequency per ResponseTotal Annual ResponsesHours per ResponseTotal Hours
Requests for Consideration; Pending Application on File521015150
Requests for Consideration; No Application Pending42850400
Pre-EUA Submissions; Pending Application on File2242080
Pre-EUA Submissions; No Application Pending11222751,650
Manufacturers of an Unapproved EUA Product3412224
State and Local Public Health Officials; Unapproved EUA Product3043602240
Total2,544
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

Table 2.—Estimated Recordkeeping Annual Burden1

No. of RecordkeepersAnnual Frequency per RecordkeepingTotal Annual RecordsHours per RecordTotal Hours
Manufacturers of an Unapproved EUA Product341225300
State and Local Public Health Officials; Unapproved EUA Product3041203360
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Total660
1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.

The annual burden estimate for this information collection is 3,204 hours. The estimated reporting burden for this collection is 2,544 hours, and the estimated recordkeeping burden is 660 hours.

In the Federal Register of April 20, 2009 (74 FR 17962), FDA published a 60-day notice requesting public comment on the proposed collection of information. No comments were received. However, in the period of time since the 60-day notice was drafted, there was a determination of public health emergency involving the 2009 H1N1 virus and multiple declarations supporting the issuance of EUAs. As a result of this increased activity and the likelihood of a continued increase in the number of EUA and pre-EUA submissions, on its own initiative, FDA is providing estimates based on the number of reports that the agency received in the past year.

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Dated: September 29, 2009.

David Horowitz,

Assistant Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. E9-24048 Filed 10-5-09; 8:45 am]

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