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Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, HHS.
This notice announces the intention of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to request that the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approve the proposed information collection project: “Evaluation of the GuideLines Into Decision Support (GLIDES).” In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, 44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(A), AHRQ invites the public to comment on this proposed information collection.
Comments on this notice must be received by January 26, 2010.
Written comments should be submitted to: Doris Lefkowitz, Reports Clearance Officer, AHRQ, by e-mail at doris.lefkowitz@AHRQ.hhs.gov.
Copies of the proposed collection plans, data collection instruments, and specific details on the estimated burden can be obtained from the AHRQ Reports Clearance Officer.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Doris Lefkowitz, AHRQ Reports Clearance Officer, (301) 427-1477, or by e-mail at doris.lefkowitz@AHRQ.hhs.gov.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
Evaluation of the GuideLines Into Decision Support (GLIDES)
With this project AHRQ proposes to evaluate how the translation of clinical knowledge into clinical decision support can be routinized in practice and taken to scale in ways that improve the quality of healthcare delivery for children in the U.S. Previously in the GLIDES project, AHRQ designed and implemented decision support tools based on guidelines for the prevention of pediatric overweight and obesity and the management of chronic asthma in Start Printed Page 62328the pediatric population (publication forthcoming). In this phase of the project, conducted for AHRQ through a contract with Yale University and Nemours, physicians will be surveyed about their experiences with the decision support tools developed in the previous phase. The participating study institutions (Yale University and Nemours) are geographically and organizationally diverse, and include a wide range of patients from a variety of social, economic and ethnic backgrounds. This project directly addresses AHRQ's mission of improving health systems practices, in particular for priority populations, including low-income groups, minority groups, women, children, and individuals with chronic diseases. See 42 U.S.C. 299(c)(1)(B).
The evaluation plan includes a physician survey component and an extraction of electronic medical record data. Participating physicians will be surveyed about their experiences with the decision support tools developed for this project. This will allow AHRQ to evaluate the fulfillment of knowledge transformation goals and the effectiveness of the decision support tools in improving the quality of health care at the chosen sites. Without such an evaluation, it would be difficult to determine whether this project has met AHRQ's goals of enhancing the “quality, appropriateness and effectiveness of health services.” See 42 U.S.C. 299(b); 42 U.S.C. 299a(a)(1). Consequently, it is necessary to collect this information to fulfill AHRQ's mission.
Method of Collection
Self-administered questionnaires will be used to elicit physicians' general opinions of guideline-based care and clinical decision support tools on a five point Likert-type scale. Results from low-utilizing physicians will be compared to high-utilizing physicians to determine whether general opinions of guidelines and technology correlate with actual practice. Results will also be analyzed by demographic characteristics included in the survey questionnaire to determine whether opinions vary by age, degree of computer experience and skill, level of training and professional degree. These analyses will be important to future studies and decision support designers because they will help us understand whether interventions need to be targeted differently to different audiences. For example, senior level specialists may have less desire or need for clinical decision support tools than novice generalists have. In-person qualitative interviews lasting approximately 30 minutes will be conducted with key personnel at each site (including physicians, nurse practitioners, and respiratory therapists). Participants will remain anonymous in the transcribed interviews. The interviews will be analyzed using standard qualitative techniques to explore barriers and facilitators to using the clinical decision support tool. The Human Investigation Committee (HIC) at Yale University has reviewed this protocol. The HIC found the survey study to be exempt from review under 45 CFR 46.101(b)(2). The HIC approved the interview study and required signed informed consent from participants.
Electronic medical record data will be extracted into an electronic spreadsheet for analysis. This extraction will occur at regular intervals to ensure continued maintenance and uptake of the tool. Utilization of the decision support tools at the provider and site level will be assessed based on the rate of electronic chart documentation. This is important to determine the rate of uptake of the intervention, as well as to determine whether there are any flaws in the design of the tool. Congruence of actual practice with guideline recommendations will be assessed based on automatically generated disagreement flags in the electronic medical record as well as by manual chart review. This data collection, including the manual chart review, will be performed by project staff and will not impose a burden on the participating sites. In addition, project staff will directly observe a random sampling of clinicians using the tool in clinical settings to determine how the tool affects workflow. These observations will not require any effort, time or action on the part of the clinicians themselves and will not impose a burden on the participating sites. Signed informed consent will be obtained prior to any observations. The Human Investigation Committee at Yale University has reviewed this protocol. It approved the medical record review, approved direct observation of clinicians and interviews of clinicians, required signed informed consent from clinicians, granted a waiver of informed consent from patients per 45 CFR 46.116(d), and granted a waiver of HIPAA authorization.
Estimated Annual Respondent Burden
Exhibit 1 shows the estimated annualized burden hours for the respondents' time to participate in this research. The Asthma Management and Clinical Decision Support System Usability and User Satisfaction Survey (asthma questionnaire) will be completed by 172 health care professionals across 3 sites and is expected to require about 6 minutes to complete. The Obesity Prevention and Clinical Decision Support System Usability and User Satisfaction Survey (obesity questionnaire) will be completed by 82 health care professionals across 2 sites and is expected to require about 6 minutes to complete. The in-person interviews will be conducted with a total of 50 clinicians at 3 sites and are expected to last 30 minutes each. The total burden is estimated to be 51 hours.
Exhibit 2 shows the estimated annualized cost burden associated with the respondents' time to participate in this research. The total cost burden is estimated to be $2,781.
|Form name||Number of sites||Number of responses per site||Hours per response||Total burden hours|
|Form name||Number of sites||Total burden Hours||Average hourly wage rate *||Total cost burden|
|* Based upon the mean of the average wages for other physicians and surgeons, general pediatricians, and pediatric trainees (asthma questionnaire), and general pediatricians and pediatric trainees (obesity questionnaire), National Compensation Survey: Occupational wages in the United States 2008, “U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics,” and Yale Pediatric Residency Program, 2008.|
Estimated Annual Costs to the Federal Government
Exhibit 3 shows the total and annualized cost for this research. Since this project will not exceed one year the total and annualized costs are identical. The total cost is estimated to be $5,703.
|Cost component||Total cost||Annualized cost|
|Data Collection Activities||416||416|
|Data Processing and Analysis||780||780|
|Publication of Results||1,601||1,601|
Request for Comments
In accordance with the above-cited Paperwork Reduction Act legislation, comments on AHRQ's information collection are requested with regard to any of the following: (a) Whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of AHRQ health care research, quality improvement and information dissemination functions, including whether the information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of AHRQ' s estimate of burden (including hours and costs) of the proposed collection(s) of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the collection of information upon the respondents, including the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology.
Comments submitted in response to this notice will be summarized and included in the Agency's subsequent request for OMB approval of the proposed information collection. All comments will become a matter of public record.Start Signature
Dated: November 16 2009.
Carolyn M. Clancy,
[FR Doc. E9-28210 Filed 11-25-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4160-90-M