Federal Election Commission.
Notice of proposed rulemaking.
The Federal Election Commission (“Commission”) proposes removing its rules regarding funds received in response to solicitations. The Commission also proposes removing two additional rules regarding the allocation of certain expenses by separate segregated funds and nonconnected committees. The United States District Court for the District of Columbia ordered that these rules are vacated, in accordance with a Court of Appeals decision. Further information is provided in the supplementary information that follows.
Comments must be received on or before January 28, 2010.
All comments must be in writing, must be addressed to Mr. Robert M. Knop, Assistant General Counsel, and must be submitted in either e-mail, facsimile, or paper copy form. Commenters are strongly encouraged to submit comments by e-mail to ensure timely receipt and consideration. E-mail comments must be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org. If e-mail comments include an attachment, the attachment must be in either Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) or Microsoft Word (.doc) format. Faxed comments must be sent to (202) 219-3923, with paper copy follow-up. Paper comments and paper copy follow-up of faxed comments must be sent to the Federal Election Commission, 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC 20463. All comments must include the full name and postal service address of the commenter or they will not be considered. The Commission will post all comments on its Web site after the comment period ends.Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Mr. Robert M. Knop, Assistant General Counsel, or Mr. Neven F. Stipanovic, Attorney, 999 E Street, NW., Washington, DC 20463, (202) 694-1650 or (800) 424-9530.End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information
On September 18, 2009, the United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit (“D.C. Circuit Court”) ruled that 11 CFR 100.57, 106.6(c), and 106.6(f) violated the First Amendment of the United States Constitution. See EMILY's List v. FEC, 581 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2009). The court also ruled that 11 CFR 100.57 and 106.6(f), as well as one provision of 106.6(c), exceeded the Commission's authority under the Federal Election Campaign Act (“Act”). See id. At the direction of the D.C. Circuit Court, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia ordered that these rules are vacated. See Final Order, EMILY's List v. FEC, No. 05-0049 (D.D.C. Nov. 30, 2009). The Commission now proposes to remove these rules from its regulations.
I. Proposed Deletion of 11 CFR 100.57—Funds Received in Response to Solicitations
The Commission regulation at 11 CFR 100.57 went into effect on January 1, 2005. See Political Committee Status, Definition of Contribution, and Allocation for Separate Segregated Funds and Nonconnected Committees, 69 FR 68056 (Nov. 23, 2004). Under paragraph (a) of section 100.57, funds provided in response to a communication are treated as contributions if the communication indicates that any portion of the funds received would be used to support or oppose the election of a clearly identified Federal candidate. Paragraph (b)(1) of section 100.57 provides that all funds received in response to a solicitation described in section 100.57(a) that refers to both a clearly identified Federal candidate and a political party, but not to any non-Federal candidates, have to be treated as contributions. Paragraph (b)(2) states that if a solicitation described in section 100.57 refers to at least one clearly identified Federal candidate and one or more clearly identified non-Federal candidate, then at least fifty percent of the funds received in response to the Start Printed Page 68721solicitation has to be treated as contributions. Paragraph (c) of section 100.57 provides an exception for certain solicitations for joint fundraisers conducted between or among authorized committees of Federal candidates and the campaign organizations of non-Federal candidates.
The Commission proposes removing section 100.57 from its regulations because the D.C. Circuit Court held that this rule is unconstitutional and that it exceeded the Commission's statutory authority under the Act. See EMILY's List v. FEC, 581 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2009). Moreover, as explained above, the D.C. District Court has ordered that 11 CFR 100.57 is vacated. See Final Order, EMILY's List v. FEC, No. 05-0049 (D.D.C. Nov. 30, 2009).
II. Proposed Deletion of 11 CFR 106.6(c) and 106.6(f)—Allocation of Expenses Between Federal and Non-Federal Activities by Separate Segregated Funds and Nonconnected Committees
At the same time that the Commission adopted 11 CFR 100.57, the Commission substantially revised its allocation rules at 11 CFR 106.6. See Political Committee Status, Definition of Contribution, and Allocation for Separate Segregated Funds and Nonconnected Committees, 69 FR 68056 (Nov. 23, 2004). The revised rule at 11 CFR 106.6(c) requires nonconnected committees and separate segregated funds (SSFs) to use at least fifty percent Federal funds to pay for administrative expenses, generic voter drives, and public communications that refer to a political party, but not to any Federal or non-Federal candidates. The Commission also added a new paragraph (f) to section 106.6, which specifies that nonconnected committees and SSFs must pay for public communications and voter drives that refer to both Federal and non-Federal candidates using a percentage of Federal funds proportionate to the amount of the communication that is devoted to the Federal candidates. Id.
The Commission proposes removing paragraphs (c) and (f) from section 106.6 because the DC Circuit Court held that these provisions are unconstitutional. See EMILY's List v. FEC, 581 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2009). Moreover, as explained above, the DC District Court ordered that paragraphs (c) and (f) of section 106.6 are vacated. See Final Order, EMILY's List v. FEC, No. 05-0049 (D.D.C. Nov. 30, 2009).
In an abundance of caution with respect to the notice and comment requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. 552 et seq., the Commission seeks public comments on how best to effectuate the courts' opinion and order in EMILY'S List. The Commission invites comment on whether the DC Circuit Court's opinion is subject to a reading that the ruling, as well as the District Court's order that the rules are vacated, is limited only to non-profit, non-connected entities.
Thus, the Commission invites public comment on whether the DC Circuit Court's decision extends to SSFs as well as to nonconnected committees. The section 106.6 allocation rules, including paragraphs (c) and (f), apply to nonconnected committees and to SSFs. EMILY's List is a non-profit non-connected political committee, not an SSF. The EMILY's List decision stated that “this case concerns the FEC's regulation of non-profit entities that are not connected to a * * * for-profit corporation.” (Emphasis in original). See EMILY's List, 581 F.3d at 8. Moreover, in footnote 7 of the decision, the court stated: “In referring to non-profit entities, we mean non-connected non-profit corporations * * * as well as unincorporated non-profit groups. `Non-connected' means that the non-profit is not a * * * committee established by a corporation or labor union.” Id., n.7. Does the EMILY's List analysis provide any basis for treating SSFs differently from the non-connected committee at issue in the EMILY's List case?
Alternatively, the Commission seeks comment on whether the DC Circuit Court's statutory analysis should be read as not depending on the type of entity involved, but rather on the nature of the expenses that the entity incurs. See e.g., EMILY's List, 581 F.3d at 21-22. Moreover, even under the constitutional analysis, could the DC Circuit Court's rationale reasonably be read to apply to SSFs as well as nonconnected committees? For example, the DC Circuit Court's opinion seems to rely more on the distinction between parties and other entities than the corporate status of those other entities.
The Commission invites comments on the merits of these two alternative readings. In short, the Commission seeks comment as to whether the allocation provisions in paragraphs (c) and (f) of section 106.6 should be removed in their entirety, or revised so as not to apply to nonconnected committees but to continue to apply to SSFs. Alternatively, is the court's order vacating 11 CFR 106.6(c) and (f) so clear that the Commission has no discretion to do anything but repeal those provisions in their entirety?
Please note that the Commission intends to initiate a separate rulemaking regarding other potential changes to its regulations, such as conforming changes to the remaining portions of 11 CFR 106.6 and other changes to 11 CFR 102.5. The Commission invites comment regarding what other changes to its regulations it should consider implementing in order to conform to the DC Circuit Court's ruling.
Certification of No Effect Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 605(b) (Regulatory Flexibility Act)
The Commission certifies that the attached proposed rule, if promulgated, would not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The basis for this certification is that few, if any, small entities would be affected by this rulemaking. The Commission is proposing to remove regulations that a Federal court ordered vacated. Accordingly, removing these regulations would not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities.Start List of Subjects
List of SubjectsEnd List of Subjects
For the reasons set out in the preamble, subchapter A of chapter I of title 11 of the Code of Federal Regulations is proposed to be amended as follows:Start Part
PART 100—SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431)
1. The authority citation for part 100 continues to read as follows:
2. Section 100.57 is removed and reserved.Start Printed Page 68722
PART 106—ALLOCATIONS OF CANDIDATE AND COMMITTEE ACTIVITIES
3. The authority citation for part 106 continues to read as follows:
4. In § 106.6, paragraphs (c) and (f) are removed and reserved.
Dated: December 21, 2009.
On behalf of the Commission,
Steven T. Walther,
Chairman, Federal Election Commission.
1. Section 106.6(a) defines a non-connected committee as “any committee which conducts activities in connection with an election but which is not a party committee, an authorized committee of any candidate for Federal election, or a separate segregated fund.” A separate segregated fund is a political committee established, administered, or financially supported by a corporation or labor organization. 2 U.S.C. 441b(b)(2)(C); 11 CFR 114.1(a)(2)(iii). A generic voter drive includes voter identification, voter registration, and get-out-the-vote drives, or any other activities that urge the general public to register, vote or support candidates of a particular party or associated with a particular issue, without mentioning a specific candidate. 11 CFR 106.6(b)(1)(iii).Back to Citation
[FR Doc. E9-30768 Filed 12-28-09; 8:45 am]
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