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Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices

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National Credit Union Administration (NCUA).


Final rule; withdrawal.


On January 29, 2009, jointly with the Federal Reserve System Board of Governors (FRB) and the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS), the NCUA Board (Board) published a final rule and staff commentary amending its credit practices regulations (UDAP Rule). The UDAP Rule also included technical clarifications and was scheduled to become effective on July 1, 2010. The Board is now revising the UDAP Rule because its stipulations became unnecessary due to the enactment of the Credit Card Accountability, Responsibility, and Disclosure Act of 2009 (Credit CARD Act) on May 22, 2009, and amendments to Regulation Z implementing the Credit CARD Act that will become effective on February 22, 2010. For procedural reasons, the substantive requirements of the UDAP Rule will be removed effective July 1, 2010, but it is the Board's intent that only the technical clarifications become effective and that the substantive requirements will not take effect. This final rule applies only to the NCUA Board's regulations and does not affect the rules issued by the OTS and FRB.


This rule is effective July 1, 2010.

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Moisette I. Green, Staff Attorney, Office of General Counsel, National Credit Union Administration, 1775 Duke Street, Alexandria, Virginia 22314-3428, or telephone: (703) 518-6540.

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On December 18, 2008, NCUA, along with the Federal Reserve Board (FRB) and the Office of Thrift Supervision, exercised its authority under the Federal Trade Commission Act (FTC Act) to issue a final rule prohibiting unfair acts or practices regarding consumer credit card accounts. The rule was published in the Federal Register on January 29, 2009, and the effective date for the amendments was July 1, 2010. 74 FR 5498 (January 29, 2009) (UDAP Rule).

The Credit CARD Act, enacted on May 22, 2009, amended the Truth in Lending Act (TILA) and established new substantive and disclosure requirements to establish fair and transparent practices pertaining to open-end consumer credit plans, including credit card accounts. Public Law 111-24, 123 Stat. 1734 (2009). After consultation with NCUA and other Federal financial regulators, the FRB amended 12 CFR Part 226 and the staff commentary (Regulation Z) to implement the Credit CARD Act. The Credit CARD Act and Regulation Z cover the practices regulated in the UDAP Rule, and in some instances, expand the UDAP Rule's requirements or consumer protections. For example, the UDAP Rule prohibited the financing of security deposits and fees for the availability of a credit card account in excess of 50% of the initial credit limit and limited how fees that did not exceed the 50% limit could be financed. The Credit CARD Act prohibits financing any fees charged within the first year an open-end credit plan in excess of 25% of the credit limit from the available credit. In as much as the UDAP Rule duplicates, overlaps, or conflicts with the Credit CARD Act and recent amendments to Regulation Z, the NCUA Board believes the recent amendments to Part 706 are unnecessary and is withdrawing the substantive requirements of the UDAP Rule. Accordingly, the Board is amending Part 706 to remove the substantive requirements and retain the clarifying technical amendments in the UDAP Rule, such as the addition of an authority, purpose, and scope section and, the removal of the provision for State exemptions.

This revision is applicable only to NCUA's portion of the UDAP Rule. For procedural reasons, the substantive Start Printed Page 6559requirements of the UDAP Rule will be removed effective July 1, 2010. It is the Board's intent, however, that the substantive requirements on the UDAP Rule will not take effect. Additionally, the Board does not intend to finalize the proposed amendments to the UDAP Rule. 74 FR 20804 (May 5, 2009).

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List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 706

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For the reasons set forth in the preamble, NCUA revises

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Purpose and scope.
Unfair credit practices.
Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices.
Late charges.
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Authority: 15 U.S.C. 57a(f).

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Purpose and scope.

(a) Purpose. The purpose of this part is to prohibit unfair or deceptive acts or practices in violation of section 5(a)(1) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, 15 U.S.C. 45(a)(1). The prohibitions in this part do not limit NCUA's authority to enforce the Federal Trade Commission Act with respect to any other unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

(b) Scope. This part applies to Federal credit unions.


(a) Person. An individual, corporation, or other business organization.

(b) Consumer. A natural person member who seeks or acquires goods, services, or money for personal, family, or household use.

(c) Obligation. An agreement between a consumer and a Federal credit union.

(d) Debt. Money that is due or alleged to be due from one to another.

(e) Earnings. Compensation paid or payable to an individual or for his or her account for personal services rendered or to be rendered by him or her, whether denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, or otherwise, including periodic payments pursuant to a pension, retirement, or disability program.

(f) Household goods. Clothing, furniture, appliances, one radio and one television, linens, china, crockery, kitchenware, and personal effects (including wedding rings) of the consumer and his or her dependents, provided that the following are not included within the scope of the term “household goods”:

(1) Works of art;

(2) Electronic entertainment equipment (except one television and one radio);

(3) Items acquired as antiques; and

(4) Jewelry (except wedding rings).

(g) Antique. Any item over one hundred years of age, including such items that have been repaired or renovated without changing their original form or character.

(h) Cosigner. A natural person who renders himself or herself liable for the obligation of another person without receiving goods, services, or money in return for the credit obligation, or, in the case of an open-end credit obligation, without receiving the contractual right to obtain extensions of credit under the obligation. The term includes any person whose signature is requested as a condition to granting credit to a consumer, or as a condition for forbearance on collection of a consumer's obligation that is in default. The term does not include a spouse whose signature is required on a credit obligation to perfect a security interest pursuant to State law. A person is a cosigner within the meaning of this definition whether or not he or she is designated as such on a credit obligation.

Unfair credit practices.

In connection with the extension of credit to consumers, it is an unfair act or practice for a Federal credit union, directly or indirectly, to take or receive from a consumer an obligation that:

(a) Constitutes or contains a cognovit or confession of judgment (for purposes other than executory process in the State of Louisiana), warrant of attorney, or other waiver of the right to notice and the opportunity to be heard in the event of suit or process thereon.

(b) Constitutes or contains an executory waiver or a limitation of exemption from attachment, execution, or other process on real or personal property held, owned by, or due to the consumer, unless the waiver applies solely to property subject to a security interest executed in connection with the obligation.

(c) Constitutes or contains an assignment of wages or other earnings unless:

(1) The assignment by its terms is revocable at the will of the debtor, or

(2) The assignment is a payroll deduction plan or preauthorized payment plan, commencing at the time of the transaction, in which the consumer authorizes a series of wage deductions as a method of making each payment, or

(3) The assignment applies only to wages or other earnings already earned at the time of the assignment.

(d) Constitutes or contains a nonpossessory security interest in household goods other than a purchase money security interest.

Unfair or deceptive cosigner practices.

(a) Prohibited practices. In connection with the extension of credit to consumers, it is:

(1) A deceptive act or practice for a Federal credit union, directly or indirectly, to misrepresent the nature or extent of cosigner liability to any person.

(2) An unfair act or practice for a Federal credit union, directly or indirectly, to obligate a cosigner unless the cosigner is informed prior to becoming obligated, which in the case of open-end credit means prior to the time that the agreement creating the cosigner's liability for future charges is executed, of the nature of his or her liability as cosigner.

(b) Disclosure requirement. (1) To comply with the cosigner information requirement of paragraph (a)(2) of this section, a clear and conspicuous disclosure statement shall be of this section given in writing to the cosigner prior to becoming obligated. The disclosure statement will contain only the following statement, or one which is substantially equivalent, and shall either be a separate document or included in the documents evidencing the consumer credit obligation.

Notice to Cosigner

You are being asked to guarantee this debt. Think carefully before you do. If the borrower doesn't pay the debt, you will have to. Be sure you can afford to pay if you have to, and that you want to accept this responsibility.

You may have to pay up to the full amount of the debt if the borrower does not pay. You may also have to pay late fees or collection costs, which increase this amount.

The creditor can collect this debt from you without first trying to collect from the borrower. The creditor can use the same collection methods against you that can be used against the borrower, such as suing you, garnishing your wages, etc. If this debt is ever in default, that fact may become a part of your credit record.

This notice is not the contract that makes you liable for the debt.

(2) If the notice to cosigner is a separate document, nothing other than the following items may appear with the notice. The following paragraphs (b)(2)(i) through (v) may not be part of Start Printed Page 6560the narrative portion of the notice to cosigner.

(i) The name and address of the Federal credit union;

(ii) An identification of the debt to be cosigned (e.g., a loan identification number);

(iii) The amount of the loan;

(iv) The date of the loan;

(v) A signature line for a cosigner to acknowledge receipt of the notice; and

(vi) To the extent permitted by State law, a cosigner notice required by State law may be included in the notice in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

(3) To the extent the notice to cosigner specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section refers to an action against a cosigner that is not permitted by State law, the notice to cosigner may be modified.

Late charges.

(a) In connection with collecting a debt arising out of an extension of credit to a consumer, it is an unfair act or practice for a Federal credit union, directly or indirectly, to levy or collect any delinquency charge on a payment, which payment is otherwise a full payment for the applicable period and is paid on its due date or within an applicable grace period, when the only delinquency is attributable to late fee(s) or delinquency charge(s) assessed on earlier installment(s).

(b) For purposes of this section, “collecting a debt” means any activity other than the use of judicial process that is intended to bring about or does bring about repayment of all or part of a consumer debt.

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By the National Credit Union Administration Board, on January 29, 2010.

Mary F. Rupp,

Secretary of the Board.

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[FR Doc. 2010-2311 Filed 2-9-10; 8:45 am]